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William Lewis Safire[1] (/ˈsæfaɪər/; December 17, 1929 – September 27, 2009)[2] was an American author, columnist, journalist, and presidential speechwriter. He was a long-time syndicated political columnist for The New York Times and the author of "On Language" in The New York Times
The New York Times
Magazine, a column on popular etymology, new or unusual usages, and other language-related topics from its inception.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Writing on English

3 Political views 4 Death 5 Bibliography 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Safire was born William Lewis Safir in New York City, New York, the son of Ida (née Panish) and Oliver Craus Safir.[3][4] His family was Jewish, and originated in Romania
Romania
on his father's side.[5] Safire later added the "e" to his surname for pronunciation reasons, though some of his relatives continue to use the original spelling. Safire graduated from the Bronx High School of Science, a specialized public high school in New York City. He attended Syracuse University but dropped out after two years. He delivered the commencement address at Syracuse in 1978 and 1990, and became a trustee of the university. Career[edit]

William Safire
William Safire
memo to H. R. Haldeman
H. R. Haldeman
to be used in the event that Apollo 11
Apollo 11
ended in disaster.

He was a public relations executive from 1955 to 1960. Previously, he had been a radio and television producer and an Army correspondent. He worked as a publicist for a homebuilder who exhibited a model home at an American trade fair at Sokolniki Park
Sokolniki Park
in Moscow
Moscow
in 1959—the one in which Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
and Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
had their famous Kitchen Debate. A widely circulated black-and-white photograph of the event was taken by Safire.[6] Safire joined Nixon's campaign for the 1960 Presidential race, and again in 1968. After Nixon's 1968 victory, Safire served as a speechwriter for him and for Spiro Agnew; he is well known for having created Agnew's famous term, "nattering nabobs of negativism."

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: In Event of Moon Disaster

Safire prepared a speech called In Event of Moon Disaster for President Nixon to read on television if the Apollo 11
Apollo 11
astronauts were stranded on the Moon.[7] According to the plans, Mission Control would "close down communications" with the LEM and a clergyman would have commended their souls to "the deepest of the deep" in a public ritual likened to burial at sea. Presidential telephone calls to the astronauts' wives were also planned. The speech originated in a memo from Safire to Nixon's chief of staff H. R. Haldeman
H. R. Haldeman
in which Safire suggested a protocol the administration might follow in reaction to such a disaster.[8][9] The last line of the prepared text contained an allusion to Rupert Brooke's First World War poem "The Soldier".[9] In a 2013 piece for Foreign Policy magazine, Joshua Keating included the speech as one of six entries in a list of "The Greatest Doomsday Speeches Never Made."[10] He joined The New York Times
The New York Times
as a political columnist in 1973. Soon after joining the Times, Safire learned that he had been the target of "national security" wiretaps authorized by Nixon, and, after noting that he had worked only on domestic matters, wrote with what he characterized as "restrained fury" that he had not worked for Nixon through a difficult decade "to have him—or some lizard-lidded paranoid acting without his approval—eavesdropping on my conversations."[11] In 1978, Safire won the Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Commentary on Bert Lance's alleged budgetary irregularities; in 1981, Lance was acquitted by a jury on all nine charges. Safire's column on October 27, 1980, entitled "The Ayatollah Votes", was quoted in a campaign ad for Ronald Reagan in that year's presidential election.[12] Safire also frequently appeared on the NBC's Meet the Press. Upon announcing the retirement of Safire's political column in 2005, Arthur Sulzberger Jr., publisher of The New York Times, said:

The New York Times
The New York Times
without Bill Safire is all but unimaginable, Bill's provocative and insightful commentary has held our readers captive since he first graced our Op-Ed Page in 1973. Reaching for his column became a critical and enjoyable part of the day for our readers across the country and around the world. Whether you agreed with him or not was never the point, his writing is delightful, informed and engaging.

Safire served as a member of the Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
Board from 1995 to 2004. After ending his op-ed column, he became the full-time chief executive of the Dana Foundation, where he was chairman from 2000. In 2006, Safire was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
by President George W. Bush. Portions of Safire's FBI
FBI
file were released in 2010. The documents "detail wiretapping ordered by the Nixon administration, including the tapping of Safire's phone."[13] Writing on English[edit] In addition to his political columns, Safire wrote a column, "On Language", in the weekly The New York Times
The New York Times
Magazine from 1979 until the month of his death. Many of the columns were collected in books.[2] According to the linguist Geoffrey Pullum, over the years Safire became less of a "grammar-nitpicker," and Benjamin Zimmer cited Safire's willingness to learn from descriptive linguists.[14] Another book on language was The New Language
Language
of Politics (1968),[2] which developed into what Zimmer called Safire's "magnum opus," Safire's Political Dictionary.[15] Political views[edit] Safire described himself as a "libertarian conservative." A Washington Post story on the ending of his op-ed column quotes him on the subject:

I'm willing to zap conservatives when they do things that are not libertarian. [After the 9/11 attacks,] I was the first to really go after George W. on his treatment of prisoners.

After voting for Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
in 1992, Safire became one of the leading critics of Clinton's administration. Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in particular was often the target of his ire. He caused controversy in a January 8, 1996, essay when, after reviewing her record, he concluded she was a "congenital liar". She did not respond to the specific instances cited, but said that she didn't feel offended for herself, but for her mother's sake. According to the president's press secretary at the time, Mike McCurry, "the President, if he were not the President, would have delivered a more forceful response to that on the bridge of Mr. Safire's nose".[16] Safire was one of several voices who called for war with Iraq, and predicted a "quick war" and wrote: "Iraqis, cheering their liberators, will lead the Arab world toward democracy."[17] He consistently brought up the point in his Times columns that an Iraqi intelligence agent met with Mohamed Atta, one of the 9/11 attackers, in Prague,[18] which he called an "undisputed fact", a theory which was disputed by the CIA and other intelligence agencies.[19] Safire insisted that the theory was true and used it to make a case for war against Iraq. He also incorrectly predicted that "freed scientists" would lead coalition forces to "caches [of weapons of mass destruction] no inspectors could find".[20] Safire was staunchly pro-Israel. He received the Guardian of Zion Award of Bar-Ilan University
Bar-Ilan University
in 2005. President George W. Bush appointed him to serve on the Honorary Delegation to accompany him to Jerusalem
Jerusalem
for the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the State of Israel
Israel
in May 2008.[21] Death[edit] Safire died from pancreatic cancer at a hospice in Rockville, Maryland, on September 27, 2009, aged 79. He was survived by his wife, Helene Belmar (Julius); their children, Mark and Annabel; and granddaughter, Lily.[2][22] Bibliography[edit] The following is a partial list of his writings: Language

The Right Word in the Right Place at the Right Time: Wit and Wisdom from the Popular Language
Language
Column in the New York Times Magazine (2004) ISBN 0-7432-4244-0 No Uncertain Terms: More Writing from the Popular "On Language" Column in The New York Times
The New York Times
Magazine (2003) ISBN 0-7432-4243-2 Take My Word For It (1986) ISBN 0-8129-1323-X On Language
Language
(1980) Times Books ISBN 0-8129-0937-2 Fumblerules: A Lighthearted Guide to Grammar and Good Usage (1990) ISBN 0-440-21010-0

Novels

Scandalmonger (2000) ISBN 0-684-86719-2 Sleeper Spy (1995) ISBN 0-679-43447-X Freedom: A Novel of Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War (1987) ISBN 0-385-15903-X Full Disclosure (1978) ISBN 0-385-12115-6

Edited collections

Lend Me Your Ears: Great Speeches in History (1997) ISBN 0-393-04005-4 Words of Wisdom: More Good Advice (1989) ISBN 0-671-67535-4 Good Advice (1982) quotations compiled with his brother, Leonard Safir ISBN 0-517-08473-2

Political works

Safire's Political Dictionary, 3rd edition, Random House, NY, 1968, 1972, 1978. ISBN 0-394-50261-2 The Relations Explosion Plunging into Politics Before the Fall: An Inside View of the Pre-Watergate White House The First Dissident: The Book of Job in Today's Politics, Random House, NY, 1992

Speeches

In Event of Moon Disaster, a presidential speech Safire wrote (but Nixon never delivered)

Notes[edit]

^ Safire, William (1986). Take my word for it: more On language. Times Books, ISBN 978-0-8129-1323-1, p. 185 ^ a b c d McFadden, Robert D. (2009-09-27). "William Safire, Nixon Speechwriter
Speechwriter
and Times Columnist, Is Dead at 79". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-27.  ^ " William Safire
William Safire
Biography". BookRags.com. Retrieved 2013-10-17.  ^ "No Bull Bill – People & Politics". Washingtonian. Retrieved 2013-10-17.  ^ Safire, William (1981). On language. Avon Books. p. 236. ISBN 0-380-56457-2.  ^ "Safire, William. "The Cold War's Hot Kitchen," The New York Times, Friday, July 24, 2009". The New York Times. 2009-07-24. Retrieved 2013-10-17.  ^ "Scanned copy of the "In event of moon disaster" memo" (PDF). National Archives and Records Administration.  ^ Jim Mann (1999-07-07). "The Story of a Tragedy That Was Not to Be". L.A. Times. p. 5. Retrieved 2007-10-27.  ^ a b William Safire
William Safire
(1999-07-12). "Essay; Disaster Never Came". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-27.  ^ Keating, Joshua E. (August 1, 2013). "The Greatest Doomsday Speeches Never Made". Foreign Policy. Retrieved December 8, 2016.  ^ Safire, William (August 9, 1973). "The Suspicious 17; ESSAY". The New York Times.  ^ "Reagan campaign ad". Livingroomcandidate.org. 1979-11-04. Retrieved 2013-10-17.  ^ Gresko, Jessica (2010-04-13) William Safire's FBI
FBI
File
File
Unlocked, Associated Press ^ Zimmer, Benjamin (2009-09-28). "William Safire, 1929-2009". Language Log. Retrieved 2009-09-30.  ^ Zimmer, Benjamin (2009-09-28). "Remembering the Language
Language
Maven". Word Routes: Exploring the Pathways of our Lexicon. Retrieved 2009-09-30.  ^ Safire, William (February 4, 1996). "On Language;Congenital, Liar, Punch". The New York Times.  ^ "Iraqis, cheering their liberators, will lead the Arab world toward democracy"."To Fight Freedom's Fight", The New York Times, January 21, 2002 ^ "Missing Links Found", The New York Times, November 24, 2003 ^ 9/11 Commission Report, pp. 228–29 ^ "Jubilant V-I Day", The New York Times, April 10, 2003 ^ Lake, Eli (May 13, 2008). "Bush Visit May Boost Olmert". New York Sun.  ^ Folkenflik, David. "Political Columnist
Columnist
William Safire
William Safire
Dies At 79". NPR. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 

References[edit]

Larry Berman and Bruce W. Jentleson, "Bush and the Post-Cold War World" New Challenges for American Leadership" in The Bush Presidency: First Appraisals. eds. Colin Campbell, S.J., Bert A. Rockman. 1991. Chatham House. ISBN 0-934540-90-X.

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: William Safire

Columnist
Columnist
Biography, William Safire, from The New York Times Archive of political columns from The New York Times William Safire
William Safire
Retires Times Op-Ed Column, a January 2005 story from NPR William Safire
William Safire
to End Op-Ed Run at N.Y. Times, a November 2004 article from The Washington Post Clinton's reaction after Safire calls his wife a liar, from the National Archives and Records Administration Profile: William Safire, SourceWatch FBI
FBI
files on William Safire Appearances on C-SPAN William Safire
William Safire
at Find a Grave The short film Safire on Safire, Part I (1987) is available for free download at the Internet Archive The short film Safire on Safire, Part II (1987) is available for free download at the Internet Archive Works by or about William Safire
William Safire
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog)

v t e

Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Commentary (1976–2000)

Walter Wellesley (Red) Smith (1976) George Will
George Will
(1977) William Safire
William Safire
(1978) Russell Baker (1979) Ellen Goodman (1980) Dave Anderson (1981) Art Buchwald
Art Buchwald
(1982) Claude Sitton (1983) Vermont C. Royster (1984) Murray Kempton
Murray Kempton
(1985) Jimmy Breslin
Jimmy Breslin
(1986) Charles Krauthammer (1987) Dave Barry
Dave Barry
(1988) Clarence Page (1989) Jim Murray (1990) Jim Hoagland (1991) Anna Quindlen
Anna Quindlen
(1992) Liz Balmaseda (1993) William Raspberry (1994) Jim Dwyer (1995) E. R. Shipp (1996) Eileen McNamara (1997) Mike McAlary (1998) Maureen Dowd
Maureen Dowd
(1999) Paul Gigot
Paul Gigot
(2000)

Complete list (1970–1975) (1976–2000) (2001–2025)

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 17273671 LCCN: n50016473 ISNI: 0000 0001 1041 4512 GND: 109000749 SELIBR: 346152 SUDOC: 030892287 BNF: cb12221692k (data) NLA: 35471

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