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WILLIAM AMBROISE MARçAIS (6 November 1872, Rennes
Rennes
– 1 October 1956, Paris
Paris
), was a French Orientalist , particularly noted as an expert on the Maghrebi Arabic
Maghrebi Arabic
dialects.

BIOGRAPHY

William Marçais was born in Rennes
Rennes
in 1872. After finishing the local lycée , he studied Law at the University of Rennes
Rennes
. Soon after his successful graduation and as he was contemplating a career in the diplomatic service , his lecture of the works of Ernest Renan
Ernest Renan
turned him towards the study of the Semitic languages
Semitic languages
.

In 1894 he therefore went to Paris
Paris
and enrolled in the École des langues orientales , where he studied Literary Arabic
Literary Arabic
, Maghrebi Arabic , Turkish and Persian under Hartwig Derenbourg and Octave Houdas . In 1898 he successfully defended his doctoral thesis on Islamic law. In the same year he assumed the position of director of the madrasa of Tlemcen
Tlemcen
in French Algeria
French Algeria
. In 1904 he became director of the madrasa of Algiers
Algiers
, five years later advanced to the position of inspector general of the education system for the native population, and in 1913 he was named as director of the École supérieure de langue et littérature arabe at Tunis
Tunis
. In 1916, he returned to Paris, where he became teacher of vulgate Arabic at the École des langues orientales, rising to professor in 1920. He remained there until 1927, when he assumed a chair at the Collège de France
France
, where he remained until his retirement in 1942.

He was a member of the following societies:

* Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
* Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques * Archaeological society of the Département de Constantine * Société de Linguistique de Paris
Paris

He was the brother of Georges Marçais and father of Philippe Marçais (1910-1984), also an Arabist
Arabist
.

PUBLICATIONS

* William Marçais, Des parents et alliés successibles en droit musulman, University of Rennes, Faculty of Law, Doctoral thesis. 1898 * William Marçais, Le Taqrîb de En-Nawawi. Translated ">

* ^ A B Martine François (2010-06-14). "MARCAIS William Ambroise" (in French). Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques . Retrieved 2012-11-22. * ^ A B C D Perrin, Charles-Edmond (1956). "Éloge funèbre de M. William Marçais, membre ordinaire". Comptes-rendus des séances de l' Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
(in French). 100 (3): 36

.