The Info List - William Frederick Poole

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William Frederick Poole
William Frederick Poole
(24 December 1821, Salem, Massachusetts
Salem, Massachusetts
– 1 March 1894) was an American bibliographer and librarian.


1 Biography 2 Works 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] He graduated from Yale University
Yale University
in 1849, where he assisted John Edmands, who was a student at the Brothers in Unity Library. Poole succeeded Edmands' position at the library and in 1848, while still a student, published his own 154-page index to periodical literature. A 524-page edition was published in 1853, and a third 1469-page edition in 1882.[1] He was assistant librarian of the Boston Athenaeum
Boston Athenaeum
in 1851, and in 1852 became librarian of the Boston Mercantile Library. From 1856 to 1869 he was librarian of the Boston Athenaeum, where he inspired the careers of Charles Evans, William I. Fletcher, and Caroline Hewins.[2] Poole was a pioneer in the public library movement. He was the first librarian of the Cincinnati Public Library from 1869 to 1873, where he successfully introduced the idea of opening the library on Sundays,[3] and the first librarian of the Chicago Public Library
Chicago Public Library
from 1873 to 1887. Poole built the initial Chicago collection in part through persuading friends in the academic community across the United States to donate volumes. It did not hurt that his appeal suggested many books had perished in the great Chicago fire of 1871, even though the disaster had occurred two years before the city had begun a library. Poole capped his career as librarian of the Newberry Library, a private research institution, from 1887 to 1894. Poole designed the building, which still stands at 60 West Walton Street.[4] While he was a moving force in the modern library movement, Poole's ideas ultimately put him on the wrong side of history. Poole believed each collection was unique and that librarians should design a building and catalogue system to fit his collection. The name of his contemporary, Melvil Dewey, is attached to the idea of standardizing classification. Poole served as president of the American Library Association,[5] and also as president of the American Historical Association. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society
American Antiquarian Society
in 1877.[6] Works[edit]

An alphabetical index to subjects, treated in the reviews, and other periodicals, to which no indexes have been published, 1848 An index to periodical literature, 1853 Cotton Mather and Salem Witchcraft, 1869 Anti-slavery opinions before the year 1800, 1873[7] The ordinance of 1787, and Dr. Manasseh Cutler as an agent in its formation, 1876[8] Poole's Index to Periodical Literature, 1888 Columbus and the Founding of the New World, 1892

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^ Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American biography ^ George S. Bobinski. "William Isaac Fletcher, an Early American Library Leader." The Journal of Library History, v5n2, Apr 1970, pgs. 101-118. ^ "Library opening on Sunday; results in Cincinnati". New York Times. 1 July 1872. p. 5.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ William Landram Williamson, William Frederick Poole
William Frederick Poole
and the Modern Library Movement', Columbia University Press, 1963. ^ "ALA Presidents, Treasurers, Secretaries, and Executive Directors". ala.org.  ^ American Antiquarian Society
American Antiquarian Society
Members Directory ^ Sabin, 64041; Lib. Company. Afro-Americana, 8294 ^ Sabin, 64047

External links[edit]

Library resources about William Frederick Poole

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By William Frederick Poole

Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

Works by William Frederick Poole
William Frederick Poole
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about William Frederick Poole
William Frederick Poole
at Internet Archive W.L. Williamson's William Frederick Poole
William Frederick Poole
Papers at Newberry Library

v t e

Presidents of the American Historical Association


Andrew Dickson White
Andrew Dickson White
(1884-85) George Bancroft
George Bancroft
(1886) Justin Winsor
Justin Winsor
(1887) William Frederick Poole
William Frederick Poole
(1888) Charles Kendall Adams
Charles Kendall Adams
(1889) John Jay (1890) William Wirt Henry (1891) James Burrill Angell
James Burrill Angell
(1892-93) Henry Adams
Henry Adams
(1893-94) George Frisbie Hoar
George Frisbie Hoar
(1895) Richard Salter Storrs
Richard Salter Storrs
(1896) James Schouler (1897) George Park Fisher (1898) James Ford Rhodes
James Ford Rhodes
(1899) Edward Eggleston
Edward Eggleston


Charles Francis Adams Jr.
Charles Francis Adams Jr.
(1901) Alfred Thayer Mahan
Alfred Thayer Mahan
(1902) Henry Charles Lea
Henry Charles Lea
(1903) Goldwin Smith
Goldwin Smith
(1904) John Bach McMaster
John Bach McMaster
(1905) Simeon Eben Baldwin
Simeon Eben Baldwin
(1906) J. Franklin Jameson (1907) George Burton Adams (1908) Albert Bushnell Hart
Albert Bushnell Hart
(1909) Frederick Jackson Turner
Frederick Jackson Turner
(1910) William Milligan Sloane
William Milligan Sloane
(1911) Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
(1912) William Archibald Dunning (1913) Andrew C. McLaughlin
Andrew C. McLaughlin
(1914) H. Morse Stephens
H. Morse Stephens
(1915) George Lincoln Burr
George Lincoln Burr
(1916) Worthington C. Ford (1917) William Roscoe Thayer
William Roscoe Thayer
(1918-19) Edward Channing (1920) Jean Jules Jusserand
Jean Jules Jusserand
(1921) Charles Homer Haskins
Charles Homer Haskins
(1922) Edward Potts Cheyney
Edward Potts Cheyney
(1923) Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
(1924) Charles McLean Andrews
Charles McLean Andrews


Dana Carleton Munro
Dana Carleton Munro
(1926) Henry Osborn Taylor (1927) James Henry Breasted
James Henry Breasted
(1928) James Harvey Robinson
James Harvey Robinson
(1929) Evarts Boutell Greene (1930) Carl L. Becker (1931) Herbert Eugene Bolton
Herbert Eugene Bolton
(1932) Charles A. Beard
Charles A. Beard
(1933) William Dodd (1934) Michael Rostovtzeff
Michael Rostovtzeff
(1935) Charles Howard McIlwain (1936) Guy Stanton Ford (1937) Laurence M. Larson (1938) William Scott Ferguson (1939) Max Farrand
Max Farrand
(1940) James Westfall Thompson (1941) Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr. (1942) Nellie Neilson (1943) William Linn Westermann
William Linn Westermann
(1944) Carlton J. H. Hayes (1945) Sidney Bradshaw Fay (1946) Thomas J. Wertenbaker
Thomas J. Wertenbaker
(1947) Kenneth Scott Latourette
Kenneth Scott Latourette
(1948) Conyers Read (1949) Samuel Eliot Morison
Samuel Eliot Morison


Robert Livingston Schuyler (1951) James G. Randall (1952) Louis R. Gottschalk (1953) Merle Curti (1954) Lynn Thorndike
Lynn Thorndike
(1955) Dexter Perkins (1956) William L. Langer (1957) Walter Prescott Webb
Walter Prescott Webb
(1958) Allan Nevins
Allan Nevins
(1959) Bernadotte Everly Schmitt (1960) Samuel Flagg Bemis (1961) Carl Bridenbaugh (1962) Crane Brinton (1963) Julian P. Boyd (1964) Frederic C. Lane (1965) Roy Franklin Nichols (1966) Hajo Holborn (1967) John K. Fairbank (1968) C. Vann Woodward
C. Vann Woodward
(1969) Robert Roswell Palmer (1970) David M. Potter (1971) Joseph Strayer (1971) Thomas C. Cochran (1972) Lynn Townsend White Jr. (1973) Lewis Hanke (1974) Gordon Wright (1975)


Richard B. Morris (1976) Charles Gibson (1977) William J. Bouwsma (1978) John Hope Franklin (1979) David H. Pinkney (1980) Bernard Bailyn (1981) Gordon A. Craig
Gordon A. Craig
(1982) Philip D. Curtin (1983) Arthur S. Link (1984) William H. McNeill (1985) Carl Neumann Degler (1986) Natalie Zemon Davis
Natalie Zemon Davis
(1987) Akira Iriye (1988) Louis R. Harlan (1989) David Herlihy (1990) William Leuchtenburg (1991) Frederic Wakeman (1992) Louise A. Tilly (1993) Thomas C. Holt (1994) John Henry Coatsworth (1995) Caroline Bynum (1996) Joyce Appleby (1997) Joseph C. Miller (1998) Robert Darnton
Robert Darnton
(1999) Eric Foner
Eric Foner


William Roger Louis (2001) Lynn Hunt (2002) James M. McPherson
James M. McPherson
(2003) Jonathan Spence (2004) James J. Sheehan
James J. Sheehan
(2005) Linda K. Kerber (2006) Barbara Weinstein (2007) Gabrielle M. Spiegel (2008) Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
(2009) Barbara D. Metcalf (2010) Anthony Grafton
Anthony Grafton
(2011) William Cronon
William Cronon
(2012) Kenneth Pomeranz
Kenneth Pomeranz
(2013) Jan E. Goldstein (2014) Vicki L. Ruiz (2015) Patrick Manning (2016) Tyler E. Stovall (2017) Mary Beth Norton (2018)

v t e

Presidents of the American Library Association

Winsor Poole Cutter Crunden Dewey Green Linderfelt Fletcher Dewey Larned H.M. Utley Dana Brett Winsor Putnam Lane Thwaites Carr Billings Hosmer Putnam Richardson Hill Andrews Bostwick Gould Hodges J.I. Wyer Elmendorf Legler Anderson Wellman Plummer W.L. Brown Montgomery Bishop Hadley Tyler Root G.B. Utley Jennings Meyer Belden Locke Roden Eastman Keogh Strohm Rathbone Lydenberg Countryman Compton Wilson M.G. Wyer Craver Ferguson Munn Culver C.H. Brown Metcalf Warren Vitz Ulveling Rothrock Rice McDiarmid Lord Graham Fyan Downs Ludington Mumford Richards Shaw Morsch Greenaway Powell Spain Morton Bryan Wagman Castagna Vosper Gaver Mohrhardt McDonough Dix Bradshaw Doms Laich Lowrie Holley Martin Jones Moon Shank Galvin Sullivan Stone Nemeyer Sheldon Josey Lynch Minudri Chisholm Summers Berger Dougherty Schuman Miller Franklin Curley Turock Somerville Ford Symons Long Kranich Berry Freedman Hayden Brey-Casiano Gorman Burger Roy Rettig Alire Stevens Raphael Sullivan Stripling Young Feldman Todaro Neal (President-elect)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 37281099 LCCN: n84140084 ISNI: 0000 0000 8116 5456 GND: 101409362 SUDOC: 069570787 NDL: 00743925 BNE: XX1133028 SNAC: w6vx0rs9

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