William Amherst (British Army officer)


Lieutenant General (United Kingdom), Lieutenant General William Amherst (5 February 1732 – 13 May 1781) was a British military commander. In 1762 during the Seven Years' War he led British forces that defeated a French expedition which had occurred earlier that year in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's, Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland at the Battle of Signal Hill.

Early life

William Amherst was born, in Sevenoaks, Kent, into a family of lawyers. He was the son of Jeffery Amherst and Elizabeth Kerril and the brother of Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, Jeffery 1st Lord Amherst and Admiral John Amherst. He later married Elizabeth Amherst (Patterson). Their children included: * William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst, William Pitt Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst of Arracan, Royal Guelphic Order, GCH, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, PC, a future List of governors-general of India, Governor-General of India * Elizabeth Amherst Hale, Elizabeth Frances Amherst

Seven Years' War

Amherst was Commissioned officer, commissioned as an Ensign (rank), ensign in the Grenadier Guards, First Regiment of Foot Guards in 1755.The Recapture of St. John's, Newfoundland in 1762
/ref> He eventually rose to the rank of lieutenant general in 1779. As a lieutenant colonel, Amherst was instrumental in the re-capture of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's from the French in 1762 at the Battle of Signal Hill. An area near Signal Hill at the entrance of St. John's harbour is named "Fort Amherst, St. John's, Fort Amherst" in commemoration of his victory in 1762. In 1766 he became Member of Parliament for Hythe (UK Parliament constituency), Hythe, and in 1768 he became MP for Launceston (UK Parliament constituency), Launceston until 1774. In 1769 he built a house in Ryde, on the Isle of Wight. He named the house and estate St John's, after his victory in Newfoundland. The neighborhood of Ryde that surrounds the house is still known by that name. He was appointed Adjutant-General to the Forces in 1778: he died while serving in that role in 1781.Light Infantry




External links

Biography at Newfoundland Grand Banks

The Rooms article on Conflict in Newfoundland
{{DEFAULTSORT:Amherst, William 1732 births 1781 deaths British military personnel of the French and Indian War British MPs 1761–1768 British MPs 1768–1774 Grenadier Guards officers People from Sevenoaks Members of the Parliament of Great Britain for English constituencies Members of the Parliament of Great Britain for Launceston British Army generals 32nd Regiment of Foot officers