Wilhelm Scherer
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Wilhelm Scherer (26 April 18416 August 1886) was a
German German(s) may refer to: * Germany (of or related to) **Germania (historical use) * Germans, citizens of Germany, people of German ancestry, or native speakers of the German language ** For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law **Ger ...

German
philologist Philology is the study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languag ...
and historian of literature.


Life

Scherer was born in Schönborn,
Austrian Empire The Austrian Empire (german: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling ') was a Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It compr ...
(present-day Göllersdorf,
Lower Austria Lower Austria (german: Niederösterreich; Austro-Bavarian Austro-Bavarian (also known as Austrian or Bavarian; or ; german: Bairisch ) is a West Germanic language spoken in parts of Bavaria and most of Austria. Before 1945, Austro-Bavarian w ...
,
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
). He was educated at the academic gymnasium in Vienna and afterwards at the
University of Vienna The University of Vienna (german: Universität Wien) is a public university, public research university located in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, Duke Rudolph IV in 1365 and is the oldest university in the Geograph ...
, where he was a favorite pupil of the distinguished
Germanist German studies is the field of humanities that researches, documents, and disseminates German language and German literature, literature in both its historic and present forms. Academic departments of German studies often include classes on Cultur ...
,
Karl Müllenhoff Karl Viktor Müllenhoff (born September 8, 1818, in Marne Marne can refer to: Places France *Marne (river) The Marne () is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or anoth ...

Karl Müllenhoff
(1818–1884). Having taken the degree of ''doctor philosophiae'', he became ''
privatdozent ''Privatdozent'' (for men) or ''Privatdozentin'' (for women), abbreviated PD, P.D. or Priv.-Doz., is an academic title conferred at some European universities, especially in German-speaking countries, to someone who holds certain formal qualific ...
'' for German language and literature in 1864. In 1868 he was named a full professor at Vienna, and in 1872 received a call in a like capacity to the
University of Strasbourg The University of Strasbourg (french: Université de Strasbourg, Unistra) is a Public university, public research university located in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, with over 52,000 students and 3,300 researchers. The French university traces it ...
, and in 1877 to the
University of Berlin Humboldt University of Berlin (german: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an ...
, where in 1884 he was made a member of the
Academy of Sciences An academy of sciences is a type of learned society or academy (as special scientific institution) dedicated to sciences that may or may not be state funded. Some state funded academies are tuned into national academy, national or royal (in ...
. He died in
Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inhabitants, as of 31 December 2019 makes it the List of cities in the European Union by ...

Berlin
,
German Empire The German Empire or the Imperial State of Germany,, officially '.Herbert Tuttle Herbert Tuttle (1846–1894) was an American historian. Biography Herbert Tuttle was born in Bennington, Vermont Bennington is a New England town, town ...
at the age of 45.


Works

Scherer's literary activity falls into three categories: in Vienna was the philologist, at Strasbourg the professor of literature and Berlin the author. His earliest work was a biography of the philologist
Jakob Grimm Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm (4 January 1785 – 20 September 1863), also known as Ludwig Karl, was a German linguist, philologist, jurist, and folklore studies, folklorist. He is known as the discoverer of Grimm's law of linguistics, the co-aut ...

Jakob Grimm
(1865, 2nd ed. 1885); the next, in conjunction with his former teacher Müllenhoff, published ''Denkmäler deutscher Poesie und Prose aus dem 8. bis 12. Jahrhundert'' (1864, ed. 1892). His first major work was ''Zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache'' (Berlin, 1868; 3rd ed., 1890), a history of the German language with special reference to
phonetic laws
phonetic laws
. He contributed the section on
Alsatian
Alsatian
literature to
Ottokar Lorenz Ottokar is the German form of the Germanic name Audovacar Audovacar (from Proto-Germanic *''Audawakraz'') is a masculine Germanic name. Composed of the roots (wealth) and (awake), it may be translated "warden of riches" or "watchman of property ...
's ''Geschichte des Elsasses'' (1871, 3rd ed. 1886). Other important works are ''Geschichte Poeten der deutschen Kaiserzeit'' (Strassburg, 1875); ''Geschichte der deutschen Dichtung im 11. und 12. Jarhundert'' (1875); and ''Vorträge und Aufsätze zur Geschichte des geistlichen Lebens in Deutschland und Österreich'' (1874). Scherer's best known work is his history of German literature, ''Geschichte der deutschen Literatur'' (Berlin, 1883; 10th ed., 1905; English translation Mrs F. C. Conybeare, 1883; new ed., 1906). This work is distinguished by the clearness with which details are co-ordinated with general and comprehensive survey of German literature from the beginning to the death of
Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of G ...

Goethe
. Besides many other philological treatises, Scherer wrote largely on Goethe (''Aus Goethes Frühzeit'', 1879; ''Aufsätze über Goethe'', 1886), and took an active part in the foundation of the Goethe archives at Weimar. A small treatise on ''Poetik'', a biography of Karl Müllenhoff, and two volumes of ''
Kleine Schriften ' is a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language ...
'' were published after his death.


Notes


References

* which in turn cites: **
Victor Basch Basch Viktor Vilém, or Victor-Guillaume Basch (18 August 1863/1865, Budapest – 10 January 1944) was a French politician and professor of germanistics and philosophy at the University of Paris, Sorbonne descending from Hungary. He was engaged i ...
, ''Wilhelm Scherer et la philologie allemande'' (Paris, 1889) **


External links


Wilhelm Scherer
in the ''Deutsche Biographie'' (ADB & NDB) * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Scherer, Wilhelm German philologists Austrian philologists German literary historians University of Vienna alumni University of Vienna faculty
Humboldt University of Berlin faculty {{CatAutoTOC Faculty by university or college in Berlin, Humboldt Humboldt University of Berlin, Faculty ...
University of Strasbourg faculty People from Hollabrunn District 1841 births 1886 deaths