Wikramawardhana was a Javanese king and succeeded
Hayam Wuruk as the
fifth monarch of the Majapahit empire, reigning from 1389 to 1429. He
was the nephew and also the son-in-law of the previous monarch:241
after taking princess Kusumawardhani, Hayam Wuruk's daughter, as his
wife. His co-reign with his queen consort was challenged by Hayam
Wuruk's other offspring, Bhre Wirabhumi. Bhre Wirabhumi felt that he
had a better right to be successor since he was the only son of the
late monarch. Wirabhumi, however, lacked legitimacy because his mother
was a concubine, not the queen consort. The struggle for succession
resulted in the Paregreg war. Despite Wikramawardhana's success in
winning the war and defeating Wirabhumi, the civil war gravely
weakened previously unchallenged Majapahit hegemony in
loosened Majapahit's grip on its far flung vassal kingdoms.
Wikramawardhana ruled until 1429, and was succeeded by his daughter,
^ Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized states of Southeast Asia.
University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824803681.
Pringle, Robert. A Short History of Bali: Indonesia's Hindu Realm.
Crows Nest, NSW: Allan & Unwin, 2004.
Monarch of Majapahit Empire
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