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Whitewater is a city in Walworth (mostly) and Jefferson counties in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Wisconsin. Located near the southern portion of the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Whitewater is the home of the University of Wisconsin–Whitewater. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 14,390.[6] Of this, 11,150 were in Walworth County, and 3,240 were in Jefferson County.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics

3.1 2010 census 3.2 2000 census

4 Local government 5 Culture 6 Religion 7 Education 8 Recreation 9 Notable people 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit] Whitewater was founded at the confluence of Whitewater Creek and Spring Brook, and named for the white sand in their beds.[7] A gristmill was built on Whitewater creek, the resulting pond now called Lake Cravath. The town grew quickly when the first railroad line in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
passed through in 1853, but struggled when the two largest employers left town.[7] Whitewater was a New England
New England
settlement. The original founders of Whitewater consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankees", that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans
Puritans
who settled New England
New England
in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England
New England
farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory
during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal. When they arrived in what is now Whitewater, then nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee
Yankee
New England values, such as staunch support for abolitionism and a passion for education, establishing many schools as well. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church
Congregationalist Church
though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism before moving to what is now Whitewater. Whitewater, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.[8][9] Geography[edit] Whitewater is located at 42°50′6″N 88°44′10″W / 42.83500°N 88.73611°W / 42.83500; -88.73611 (42.834950, -88.736119).[10] According to the United States Census
Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.06 square miles (23.47 km2), of which, 8.76 square miles (22.69 km2) is land and 0.30 square miles (0.78 km2) is water.[1] Most of the city lies in Walworth County. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1860 2,731

1880 3,617

1890 4,359

20.5%

1900 3,405

−21.9%

1910 3,224

−5.3%

1920 3,215

−0.3%

1930 3,465

7.8%

1940 3,689

6.5%

1950 5,101

38.3%

1960 6,380

25.1%

1970 12,038

88.7%

1980 11,520

−4.3%

1990 12,636

9.7%

2000 13,437

6.3%

2010 14,390

7.1%

Est. 2016 14,517 [4] 0.9%

U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

Welcome sign on WIS 59

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 14,390 people, 4,766 households, and 1,781 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,642.7 inhabitants per square mile (634.3/km2). There were 5,113 housing units at an average density of 583.7 per square mile (225.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 3.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population. There were 4,766 households of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 62.6% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age in the city was 21.9 years. 11.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 53.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.7% were from 25 to 44; 11.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female. 2000 census[edit] As of the census of 2000,[5] there were 13,437 people, 4,132 households, and 1,685 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,923.5 people per square mile (742.2/km²). There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 621.3 per square mile (239.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.25% White, 2.34% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.48% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.50% of the population. There were 4,132 households out of which 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.2% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 12.5% under the age of 18, 53.2% from 18 to 24, 15.7% from 25 to 44, 9.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,600, and the median income for a family was $48,185. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $22,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,965. About 10.6% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. (Note: information in this paragraph is still from the 2000 census.) Local government[edit]

City
City
hall

Birge Fountain, built in 1903, was renovated and rededicated in 2003.

Whitewater has a council-manager form of government. The city manager is Cameron Clapper. The municipal judge is Richard Kelly. Whitewater's Common Council is made up of one member from each of the five districts in the city and two members-at-large. The Common Council meets on the first and third Tuesdays of the month at City
City
Hall, with its meetings being broadcast live on Whitewater Public Television. Culture[edit]

Lake Cravath has a newly developed lakefront.

Annual events in Whitewater include "Freeze Fest" in January, the Bridal Fair, Farm Toy Show in February, Maxwell Street Day and the 4th of July Celebration in July. The Minneiska Water Ski Shows perform in the summer on Whitewater Lake.[12] Departing from the Highway 12 crossing of the Ice Age Trail, group biking tours depart several times a week from the area. September through April, Young Auditorium at the university hosts entertainment.[13] Religion[edit] Whitewater has several places of worship:

Anchor Bible Church[14] Community of St. Patrick Catholic Church Congregational United Church of Christ[15] First English Lutheran Church First United Methodist Church[16] Kettle Moraine Baptist Church[17] Living Word Fellowship[18] St. Luke's Episcopal Church Whitewater Bible Church Whitewater Islamic center[19] Crosspointe Community Church Hope Ministries

Education[edit] Whitewater is served by the Whitewater Unified School District (WWUSD), which has five schools in the city:

Lakeview Elementary School Lincoln Elementary School Washington Elementary School Whitewater Middle School (WMS) Whitewater High School (WHS)

Kettle Moraine Baptist Academy, which serves students in grades kindergarten through 12, is also located in the city.[20] The University of Wisconsin–Whitewater
University of Wisconsin–Whitewater
is in Whitewater. Recreation[edit] See also: Whitewater, Wisconsin, parks and trails Notable people[edit]

Stephen Ambrose, author, historian James C. Bartholf, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician and newspaper editor Zadoc P. Beach, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician Tom Bigelow, auto racer Marvin H. Bovee, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician Edwin Coe, newspaper editor and politician[21] Charles Coleman, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician Edward S. Curtis, photographer, director, actor, cinematographer Frank A. Dudley, New York state legislator and lawyer Ben Heller, Major League baseball player Tom Hulce, actor George W. Hull, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician Jeff Jagodzinski, NFL
NFL
assistant coach, former head coach of the Boston College Eagles Dale Markham, NFL
NFL
player Benjamin McCready, painter Stephen Nass, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician Leon Pescheret, fine artist, designer, printmaker Elaine Roe, U.S. Army
U.S. Army
officer, one of the first four women to be awarded the Silver Star Edward J. Roethe, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
legislator Henry Edgar Roethe, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
legislator Byron Storm, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
legislator Eric Studesville, NFL
NFL
assistant coach Eleazer Wakeley, Justice of the Nebraska Territory
Nebraska Territory
Supreme Court Jerome Anthony Watrous, (September 6, 1840 – June 5, 1922) was an American author, newspaper writer, Republican politician, and a Lt. Colonel as a US soldier Thompson Weeks, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician Samuel A. White, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician

References[edit]

^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.  ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Whitewater city, Wisconsin". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 5, 2012.  ^ a b History of Whitewater Archived 2008-01-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ History of Walworth County, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
by Albert Clayton Beckwith, 1912 page 779 ^ The History of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
by William Fletcher Thompson State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Dec 1, 1998 ISBN 0870203037, 9780870203039 ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ Whitewaterskiteam.org ^ UWW.edu ^ Anchor Bible Church ^ Congregational United Church of Christ ^ "FUMC Home Page". Fumcwhitewater.org. Retrieved 2013-10-05.  ^ Kettle Moraine Baptist Church ^ Living Word Fellowship ^ whitewater Islamic center ^ Kettle Moraine Baptist Academy ^ ' Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Blue Book 1887,' Biographical Sketch of Edwin Coe, pg. 512

Further reading[edit]

Kraege, Fred G. Whitewater. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Press, 2006.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Whitewater, Wisconsin.

City
City
of Whitewater

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States

County seat: Jefferson

Cities

Fort Atkinson Jefferson Lake Mills Waterloo Watertown‡ Whitewater‡

Villages

Cambridge‡ Johnson Creek Lac La Belle‡ Palmyra Sullivan

Towns

Aztalan Cold Spring Concord Farmington Hebron Ixonia Jefferson Koshkonong Lake Mills Milford Oakland Palmyra Sullivan Sumner Waterloo Watertown

CDPs

Hebron Helenville Ixonia Lake Koshkonong Lake Ripley Rome

Unincorporated communities

Aztalan Blackhawk Island Breezy Knoll Busseyville Carcajou Cold Spring Concord Ebenezer Farmington Glenn Oaks Beach Grellton Heath Mills Hoopers Mill Hubbleton Jefferson Junction Koshkonong‡ Koshkonong Manor Koshkonong Mounds Kroghville Lake Lac La Belle London‡ Milford North Shore Oak Hill Oakland Pipersville Portland‡ Slabtown Sylvan Mounds Vinnie Ha Ha

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Walworth County, Wisconsin, United States

County seat: Elkhorn

Cities

Burlington‡ Delavan Elkhorn Lake Geneva Whitewater‡

Villages

Bloomfield Darien East Troy Fontana-on-Geneva Lake Genoa City‡ Mukwonago‡ Sharon Walworth Williams Bay

Towns

Bloomfield Darien Delavan East Troy Geneva La Grange Lafayette Linn Lyons Richmond Sharon Spring Prairie Sugar Creek Troy Walworth Whitewater

CDPs

Como Delavan Lake Lake Ivanhoe Lake Lorraine Lauderdale Lakes Potter Lake Springfield Turtle Lake

Unincorporated communities

Abells Corners Adams Allen's Grove Bardwell Big Foot Prairie‡ Bowers East Delavan Fairfield‡ Heart Prairie Hilburn Honey Creek Honey Lake‡ Inlet La Grange Lake Beulah Lake Como Lake Lawn Lauderdale Lauderdale Shores Linton Little Prairie Lyons Millard North Bloomfield Richmond Spring Prairie Tibbets Troy Troy Center Voree Zenda

Ghost towns/neighborhoods

Army Lake Mayhews

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent

.