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WHITEWATER is a city in Walworth (mostly) and Jefferson counties in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
. Located near the southern portion of the Kettle Moraine State Forest , Whitewater is the home of the University of Wisconsin–Whitewater . As of the 2010 census , the city's population was 14,390. Of this, 11,150 were in Walworth County, and 3,240 were in Jefferson County.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 2000 census

* 4 Local government * 5 Culture * 6 Religion * 7 Education * 8 Recreation * 9 Notable people * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

HISTORY

Whitewater was founded at the confluence of Whitewater Creek and Spring Brook, and named for the white sand in their beds. A gristmill was built on Whitewater creek, the resulting pond now called Lake Cravath. The town grew quickly when the first railroad line in Wisconsin
Wisconsin
passed through in 1853, but struggled when the two largest employers left town.

Whitewater was a New England
New England
settlement. The original founders of Whitewater consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankees ", that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans
Puritans
who settled New England
New England
in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England
New England
farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory
during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal
Erie Canal
. When they arrived in what is now Whitewater, then nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee
Yankee
New England values, such as staunch support for abolitionism and a passion for education, establishing many schools as well. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian . Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism before moving to what is now Whitewater. Whitewater, like much of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.

GEOGRAPHY

Whitewater is located at 42°50′6″N 88°44′10″W / 42.83500°N 88.73611°W / 42.83500; -88.73611 (42.834950, -88.736119).

According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau , the city has a total area of 9.06 square miles (23.47 km2), of which, 8.76 square miles (22.69 km2) is land and 0.30 square miles (0.78 km2) is water. Most of the city lies in Walworth County.

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1860 2,731

1880 3,617

1890 4,359

20.5%

1900 3,405

−21.9%

1910 3,224

−5.3%

1920 3,215

−0.3%

1930 3,465

7.8%

1940 3,689

6.5%

1950 5,101

38.3%

1960 6,380

25.1%

1970 12,038

88.7%

1980 11,520

−4.3%

1990 12,636

9.7%

2000 13,437

6.3%

2010 14,390

7.1%

EST. 2016 14,517

0.9%

U.S. Decennial Census
Census

2010 CENSUS

Welcome sign on WIS 59

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,390 people, 4,766 households, and 1,781 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,642.7 inhabitants per square mile (634.3/km2). There were 5,113 housing units at an average density of 583.7 per square mile (225.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White , 3.5% African American , 0.3% Native American , 1.9% Asian , 0.1% Pacific Islander , 4.5% from other races , and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population.

There were 4,766 households of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 62.6% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 21.9 years. 11.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 53.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.7% were from 25 to 44; 11.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 CENSUS

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,437 people, 4,132 households, and 1,685 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,923.5 people per square mile (742.2/km²). There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 621.3 per square mile (239.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.25% White , 2.34% African American , 0.27% Native American , 1.47% Asian , 0.01% Pacific Islander , 2.48% from other races , and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.50% of the population.

There were 4,132 households out of which 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.2% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out with 12.5% under the age of 18, 53.2% from 18 to 24, 15.7% from 25 to 44, 9.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,600, and the median income for a family was $48,185. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $22,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,965. About 10.6% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line , including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. (Note: information in this paragraph is still from the 2000 census.)

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

City
City
hall Birge Fountain, built in 1903, was renovated and rededicated in 2003.

Whitewater has a council-manager form of government. The city manager is Cameron Clapper. The municipal judge is Richard Kelly. Whitewater's Common Council is made up of one member from each of the five districts in the city and two members-at-large. The Common Council meets on the first and third Tuesdays of the month at City
City
Hall, with its meetings being broadcast live on Whitewater Public Television.

CULTURE

Lake Cravath has a newly developed lakefront.

Annual events in Whitewater include "Freeze Fest" in January, the Bridal Fair, Farm Toy Show in February, Maxwell Street Day and the 4th of July Celebration in July. Adding to these annual events are the Minneica Water Ski Shows Saturday evenings on Whitewater Lake. Departing from the Highway 12 crossing of the Ice Age Trail
Ice Age Trail
, group biking tours depart several times a week from the area. September through April, Young Auditorium at the university features world-class entertainment.

RELIGION

Whitewater has several places of worship:

* Anchor Bible Church * Community of St. Patrick Catholic Church * Congregational United Church of Christ * First English Lutheran Church * First United Methodist Church * Kettle Moraine Baptist Church * Living Word Fellowship * St. Luke's Episcopal Church * Whitewater Bible Church * Whitewater Islamic center * Crosspointe Community Church * Hope Ministries

EDUCATION

Whitewater is served by the Whitewater Unified School District (WWUSD), which has five schools in the city:

* Lakeview Elementary School * Lincoln Elementary School * Washington Elementary School * Whitewater Middle School (WMS) * Whitewater High School (WHS)

Kettle Moraine Baptist Academy, which serves students in grades kindergarten through 12, is also located in the city.

The University of Wisconsin–Whitewater
University of Wisconsin–Whitewater
is in Whitewater.

RECREATION

See also: Whitewater, Wisconsin, parks and trails

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Stephen Ambrose
Stephen Ambrose
, author, historian * James C. Bartholf , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician and newspaper editor * Zadoc P. Beach , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician * Tom Bigelow , auto racer * Marvin H. Bovee , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician * Edwin Coe , newspaper editor and politician * Charles Coleman , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician * Edward S. Curtis , photographer, director, actor, cinematographer * Frank A. Dudley , New York state legislator and lawyer * Ben Heller , Major League baseball player * Tom Hulce , actor * George W. Hull , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician * Jeff Jagodzinski , NFL
NFL
assistant coach, former head coach of the Boston College Eagles * Dale Markham , NFL
NFL
player * Benjamin McCready , painter * Stephen Nass , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician * Leon Pescheret , fine artist, designer, printmaker * Elaine Roe , U.S. Army officer, one of the first four women to be awarded the Silver Star * Edward J. Roethe , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
legislator * Henry Edgar Roethe , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
legislator * Byron Storm , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
legislator * Eric Studesville , NFL
NFL
assistant coach * Eleazer Wakeley
Eleazer Wakeley
, Justice of the Nebraska Territory Supreme Court * Jerome Anthony Watrous , (September 6, 1840 – June 5, 1922) was an American author, newspaper writer, Republican politician, and a Lt. Colonel as a US soldier * Thompson Weeks , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician * Samuel A. White , Wisconsin
Wisconsin
politician

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-18. * ^ A B "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey . 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ A B "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2012-11-18. * ^ A B "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ A B "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Whitewater city, Wisconsin". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 5, 2012. * ^ A B History of Whitewater * ^ History of Walworth County, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
by Albert Clayton Beckwith, 1912 page 779 * ^ The History of Wisconsin
Wisconsin
by William Fletcher Thompson State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Dec 1, 1998 ISBN 0870203037 , 9780870203039 * ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census
Census
Bureau . 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. * ^ " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. * ^ Whitewaterskiteam.org * ^ UWW.edu * ^ Anchor Bible Church * ^ Congregational United Church of Christ * ^ "FUMC Home Page". Fumcwhitewater.org. Retrieved 2013-10-05. * ^ Kettle Moraine Baptist Church * ^ Living Word Fellowship * ^ whitewater Islamic center * ^ Kettle Moraine Baptist Academy * ^ ' Wisconsin
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