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White rice
White rice
is milled rice that has had its husk, bran, and germ removed. This alters the flavor, texture and appearance of the rice and helps prevent spoilage and extend its storage life. After milling, the rice is polished, resulting in a seed with a bright, white, shiny appearance.[citation needed] The milling and polishing processes both remove nutrients. A diet based on unenriched white rice leaves many people vulnerable to the neurological disease beriberi, due to a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1).[1] White rice
White rice
is often enriched with some of the nutrients stripped from it during its processing.[2] Enrichment of white rice with B1, B3, and iron is required by law in the United States.[3][4] As with all natural foods, the precise nutritional composition of rice varies slightly depending on the variety, soil conditions, environmental conditions and types of fertilizers. At various times, starting in the 19th century, brown rice and wild rice have been advocated as more healthful alternatives.[5][6] The bran in brown rice contains significant dietary fiber and the germ contains many vitamins and minerals.[7] Typically, 100 grams of uncooked rice produces around 240 to 260 grams of cooked grains, the difference in weight being due to absorbed cooking water. See also[edit]

Food portal

Parboiled rice Rice
Rice
husks Whole grain Maratelli

References[edit]

^ Carpenter, Kenneth, Beriberi, White Rice, and Vitamin B - A Disease, a Cause, and a Cure ^ "Christiaan Eijkman, Beriberi
Beriberi
and Vitamin B1". nobelprize.org. Retrieved 28 September 2015.  ^ Sharon Perkins. "How Is White Rice
Rice
Healthy for Our Body?". LIVESTRONG.COM. Retrieved 28 September 2015.  ^ "7 U.S. Code § 1431c - Enrichment and packaging of cornmeal, grits, rice, and white flour available for distribution". cornell.edu. Retrieved 28 September 2015.  ^ "Brown Rice
Rice
vs. White Rice: Which Is Better?". WebMD. Retrieved 28 September 2015.  ^ "White or brown rice? Mee pok or spaghetti? Take our food quiz and digest the facts about glycaemic index". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2016-06-15.  ^ Difference between white and brown rice

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rice
Rice
as food.

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Rice

Species of rice

African rice Asian rice

Varieties of Asian rice

Ambemohar Arborio Basmati Bhutanese red rice Bora saul Calasparra rice Calrose rice Camargue red rice Carnaroli Champa Dubraj Golden rice IR8 Japanese rice Japonica rice Jasmati Jasmine Joha rice Koshihikari Maratelli Matta rice Molakolukulu Nàng Thơm Chợ Đào Navara Nishiki rice Patna rice Paw hsan hmwe Pokkali Ponni rice Pusa 1121 rice Red Cargo Riceberry Samba Sasanishiki Semi-dwarf IR36 Sona Masuri Tulaipanji Vialone Nano Wehani Yamada Nishiki

Varieties of African rice

New Rice
Rice
for Africa

Characteristics of rice

Aromatic rice Hybrid rice Perennial rice Glutinous rice Weedy rice

Processed forms of rice

Flattened rice Puffed rice Broken rice Brown rice

Red rice Black rice Germinated brown rice

Parboiled rice White rice

Rice
Rice
dishes

Yellow rice

Deco

.