White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census. As a result of the 2011 census the White British population stood at 51,736,290 (81.9% of the UK total population).[1][2][3] (NB. This total includes the population estimate for Northern Ireland, where only the term 'White' is used in ethnic classification. National identity is listed separately in NI, where 40% classified themselves as British, making up a significant portion of the population, along with those specifying their national identity as Irish.[4])


1 Census classifications 2 Demographics

2.1 Population and distribution 2.2 Employment 2.3 Religion 2.4 Households

3 See also 4 References

Census classifications[edit] For the 2011 census, in England and Wales, the White British self-classification option included the subcategories of: White English, White Welsh, White Scottish and White Northern Irish.[6][7] In Scotland, the White British category was broken down into two different categories: White Scottish and Other White British.[8] In Northern Ireland, the White British classification did not appear, the only choice being 'White'.[9] The 2011 census for England, Wales and Scotland also included additional White ethnic classifications of White Irish, Irish Traveller and White Other. There were calls for the 2011 national census in England and Wales to include an extra subcategory so people could identify their ethnic group as Cornish.[10][11] Demographics[edit] Population and distribution[edit] The White British census classification have their ages more evenly distributed in their population pyramid and have the highest percent female population of all ethnic-based classifications. About 64% percent of the White British classification are between the ages of 16 and 64 while about 19% percent are under 16 and 19% percent are over 64. All other census classifications have a higher percentage of their population under 16 and a lower percentage over 64. Of those aged 65 or over, White British are 41% percent male and 59% percent female, making them have the lowest percent male population among all census classifications defined as "ethnic" in the census.[12] According to the 2011 Census results, White British people make up the largest percentage of the population in rural areas, such as Allerdale (99.4%) and Copeland (99.3%) in Cumbria, Ryedale (99.4%) in North Yorkshire, North Norfolk (99.2%) and North Devon (99%). Cities across the UK regions with high White British populations include Swansea, Wales (91.5%), Plymouth (92.2%), Darlington, England (93.7%), Belfast (96.4% - NI classification "white"),[13] Norwich, England (84.7%), Chelmsford, England (90.0%) and Lichfield, England (94.6%). Within London, Havering (83.3%) has the highest White British percentage, followed by Bromley (77.4%), Bexley (77.3%) and Richmond upon Thames (71.4%).[1] As at 2011 London contains by far the lowest percentage of English and other White British people of all the UK regions, where they make up less than half of the population in 24 of the 32 boroughs, including Newham (16.7%), Brent (18.0%), Ealing (30.4%), Harrow (30.9%), Tower Hamlets (31.2%), Westminster (35.2%) and Hackney (36.2%). The city with the lowest White British population as a percentage is Leicester (45.1%). The Unitary Authority with the lowest White British percentage is Slough (34.5%), followed by Luton (44.6%).[1]

UK Region ‡White British population Percentage of local population Year

Northern Ireland 1,738,604 96.0% 2011[3]

Scotland 4,863,000 91.9% 2011[2]

Wales 2,855,450 93.2% 2011[1]

North East England 2,431,423 93.6% 2011[1]

South West England 4,855,676 91.8% 2011[1]

North West England 6,141,069 87.1% 2011[1]

Yorkshire and The Humber 4,531,137 85.8% 2011[1]

East of England 4,986,170 85.3% 2011[1]

East Midlands 3,871,146 85.4% 2011[1]

South East England 7,358,998 85.2% 2011[1]

West Midlands 4,434,333 79.2% 2011[1]

Greater London 3,669,284 44.9% 2011[1]

(Note:- though since 2001 census data for White British and White Irish have not been collected as a combined figure under the category of ‘White’, new tables which cross-reference ethnicity with National Identity provide a comparable population estimate).[3] Employment[edit] Based on data published in 2004 derived from the 2001 UK Census, the unemployment rates for White British, at about 4%, were below those for other ethnic groups, including the Indian ethnic group at 7%, and other ethnic minority groups which were around 15%. The proportion of White British who were self-employed - around 13% - was similar to the level in the Indian (14%) ethnic group, significantly lower than the proportions in the Pakistani (22%) and Chinese (18%) groups, and higher than in the Black Caribbean and Bangladeshi ethnic groups (both 10%), and Black Africans (6%). A higher proportion of White British (12%) worked in professional occupations, compared with the Black Caribbean group (8%); the proportion was comparable to that in the Black African, Pakistani and Bangladeshi groups (both 10%), but lower than in the Indian and Chinese ethnic groups (about 18%).[14] Religion[edit] Statistically, White British are more likely to be Christian than other ethnic-based classifications. According to the 2011 Census, White British are 64% Christian, mostly Anglican in England (or Presbyterian in Scotland), while the percentage for all groups is about 59%. About 27% of the White British population reported having "no religion". The 27% percent figure for "no religion" is about the same for all groups. About 7% percent of the White British declined to state any religion.[15]

Religion Percentage of White population in England and Wales[15]

Christianity 63.93%

No religion 27.30%

Judaism 0.50%

Islam 0.44%

Buddhism 0.17%

Hinduism 0.02%

Sikhism 0.02%

Not Stated 7.24%

Other religions 0.38%

Total 100%

Households[edit] In 2001, the average size of 2.3 people in White British households is tied for the second smallest of all ethnic groups.[16] See also[edit]

Ethnic groups in the United Kingdom Demographics of the United Kingdom Demography of England Demographics of Scotland Demographics of Wales Demographics of Northern Ireland List of United Kingdom censuses Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom National Statistics Socio-economic Classification Genetic history of the British Isles Historical immigration to Great Britain List of English districts and their ethnic composition


^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Accessed 13 June 2014 ^ a b c d Table 2 - Ethnic groups, Scotland, 2001 and 2011 Scotlands Census published 30 September 2013, Accessed 13 June 2014. ^ a b c d National Identity (Classification 1) by Ethnic Group DC2206NI (administrative geographies), Accessed 13 June 2014 ^ a b "2011 Census - Key Statistics for Northern Ireland". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. 11 January 2017.  ^ "Table DC2206NI: National identity (classification 1) by ethnic group". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 25 October 2016.  ^ 2011-2001 Census questionnaire comparability, Office for National Statistics, Accessed 28 December 2012 ^ Census 2011 Wales Household Questionnaire 2011, Accessed 28 December 2012 ^ Scotland's Census 2011 Household Questionnaire 2011, Accessed 28 December 2012 ^ NISRA 2011 census Questionnaire, Accessed 28 December 2012 ^ Fight goes on to include Cornish ethnicity and language in Census 2011 options [dead link] ^ "2006 local govt abstracts". Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-23.  ^ National Statistics. "Age/Sex Distribution". 2001. 18 August 2001.<> ^ Table DC2201NI: Country of Birth by ethnic Group 2011 Census NISRA, Retrieved 8 October 2013 ^ Focus on Ethnicity and Religion March 2005 National Statistics, Accessed 30 March 2012 ^ a b DC2201EW - Ethnic group and religion (Excel sheet 21Kb) ONS. 2015-09-15. Retrieved on 2016-01-14. ^ National Statistics. "Households". 2001. 18 August 2006. <>.

v t e

White people

Caucasian race European peoples West Asian peoples Central Asian peoples North African peoples

Bold refers to countries and territories in which White/European people are the majority group

Worldwide diaspora


Algeria Angola Botswana Democratic Republic of the Congo Kenya Morocco Namibia Saint Helena South Africa Tunisia Zambia Zimbabwe



United States Canada Bermuda Bahamas Barbados Cayman Islands Jamaica Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Latin America

Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Haiti Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Peru Puerto Rico Uruguay Venezuela


Australia New Caledonia New Zealand

Historical concepts

Apartheid Aryan First white child Honorary whites Play the white man Racial whitening

Branqueamento / Blanqueamiento

White Australia policy The White Man's Burden White gods

Sociological phenomena and theories

Acting white (Passing as white) Angry white male Missing white woman syndrome Skin whitening White flight

South African farm attacks

White fragility White guilt White privilege Whiteness studies Whitewashed film roles White savior

White American caricatures and stereotypes

Poor Whites

Redlegs Rednecks Mountain whites

Identity politics in the United States

US definitions of whiteness

One-drop rule

Alt-right Christian Identity Non-Hispanic whites White Anglo-Saxon Protestant Old Stock Americans White ethnic White Hispanic White nationalism White pride White separatism White supremacy

Scientific racism

Human skin color Color terminology for race Alpine Armenoid Dinaric East Baltic Irano-Afghan Mediterranean


v t e

Ethnic group classifications in the 2011 UK Census


White British White Irish Gypsy/Irish Traveller Any other white background


White and Black Caribbean White and Black African White and Asian Any other mixed background

Asian or Asian British

Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Chinese Any other Asian background

Black or Black British

African Caribbean Other Black

Other ethnic group

Arab Any other