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"When Johnny Comes Marching Home" (sometimes "When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again") is a popular song from the American Civil War that expressed people's longing for the return of their friends and relatives who were fighting in the war.

Contents

1 Origins

1.1 Other versions 1.2 Popular culture (after 1950)

2 Lyrics 3 "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl"

3.1 Lyrics

4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

Origins[edit] The lyrics to "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" were written by the Irish-American bandleader Patrick Gilmore
Patrick Gilmore
during the American Civil War. Its first sheet music publication was deposited in the Library of Congress on September 26, 1863, with words and music credited to "Louis Lambert"; copyright was retained by the publisher, Henry Tolman & Co., of Boston.[1] Why Gilmore chose to publish under a pseudonym is not clear, but popular composers of the period often employed pseudonyms to add a touch of romantic mystery to their compositions.[2] Gilmore is said to have written the song for his sister Annie as she prayed for the safe return of her fiancé, Union Light Artillery Captain John O'Rourke, from the Civil War,[3][4][5] although it is not clear if they were already engaged in 1863, as the two were not married until 1875.[6] Gilmore later acknowledged that the music was not original but was, as he put it in an 1883 article in the Musical Herald, "a musical waif which I happened to hear somebody humming in the early days of the rebellion, and taking a fancy to it, wrote it down, dressed it up, gave it a name, and rhymed it into usefulness for a special purpose suited to the times."[7] The melody was previously published around July 1, 1863, as the music to the Civil War drinking song "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl".[8] A color-illustrated, undated slip of Gilmore's lyrics, printed by his own Boston publisher, actually states that "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" should be sung to the tune of "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl".[9] The original sheet music for "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl" states that the music was arranged (not composed) by J. Durnal.[10] There is a melodic resemblance of the tune to that of "John Anderson, My Jo" (to which Robert Burns
Robert Burns
wrote lyrics to fit a pre-existing tune dating from about 1630 or earlier), and Jonathan Lighter has suggested a connection to the seventeenth-century ballad "The Three Ravens".[11] "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" is also sung to the same tune as "Johnny I Hardly Knew Ye" and is frequently thought to have been a rewriting of that song. However, "Johnny I Hardly Knew Ye" was not published until 1867, and it originally had a different melody.[12] "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" was immensely popular and was sung by both sides of the American Civil War.[13] It became a hit in England as well.[14] Other versions[edit] Quite a few variations on the song, as well as songs set to the same tune but with different lyrics, have appeared since "When Johnny Comes Marching Home' was popularized. The alleged larcenous tendencies of some Union soldiers in New Orleans
New Orleans
were parodied in the lyrics "For Bales", to the same tune. A British version appeared in 1914, with the similar title, "When Tommy Comes Marching Home".

The 1880 U.S. Presidential election campaign featured a campaign song called "If the Johnnies Get Into Power".[15] Morton Gould's classical arrangement "American Salute" of the song (1943). Harris, Roy (1934), When Johnny Comes Marching Home
When Johnny Comes Marching Home
— An American Overture . The Andrews Sisters, a "Swing Era" sister act sang an upbeat "swing" version in the 1940s.

Popular culture (after 1950)[edit]

The children's songs "The Ants Go Marching" and "The Animals Went in Two by Two" ('Into the Ark')" re-used the tune and the refrain.[16] The song was used in a 2013 Australian commercial for Volkswagen and a 2014 commercial for the Nissan Pathfinder. British pop singer Adam Faith
Adam Faith
sang a version titled "Johnny Comes Marching Home," used over the opening and closing title credits for the British crime thriller Never Let Go
Never Let Go
(1960). This version was arranged and conducted by John Barry. Another version was released as a single, reaching #5 in the UK charts. Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
included the song in a medley on his album 101 Gang Songs (1961). A French version (without vocals) "Johnny Revient d'la Guerre" was recorded by Bérurier Noir, on the album Macadam Massacre (1983). The Pittsburgh Pirates
Pittsburgh Pirates
organ player would play the song, each time second baseman Johnny Ray would come to bat. In Finland the tune is known as "Kapteeni Koukku" (Captain Hook), a children's song with lyrics by Keijo Voudinmäki, and most recently recorded by the Finnish children's music band Hevisaurus on their album Jurahevin kuninkaat (fi).[17] United States soccer fans sing the chorus to this song during matches as a patriotic hymn to support their national team.[18] Alvin and the Chipmunks covered the song for their 1960 album Sing Again with The Chipmunks. The song or its melody has also been used in many movie soundtracks, including Cavalcade, 1933; Gone with the Wind, 1939 (a Confederate military band plays it in the background of a scene taking place in Atlanta); The Great Dictator, 1940; Yankee Doodle Dandy, 1942; Stalag 17, 1953 (it is sung by American prisoners of war); The Horse Soldiers, 1959 (the phrase "we'll all feel gay" is changed to "we'll all raise hell" when Johnny comes marching home); How The West Was Won, 1962; Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, 1964; Run, Man, Run, 1968; The Crazies, 1973; Monty Python and the Holy Grail, 1975; Born on the Fourth of July, 1989; Joe Versus the Volcano 1990; Die Hard with a Vengeance
Die Hard with a Vengeance
1995; The Second Civil War, 1997; Antz, 1998; and The Majestic, 2001. The Clash
The Clash
used the melody and some of the lyrics for their song "English Civil War" on the Give 'Em Enough Rope
Give 'Em Enough Rope
album. Jacob Miller used the melody for his song "Peace Treaty", which was written for the One Love Peace Concert in Kingston, Jamaica, on April 22, 1978, to celebrate a peace treaty between the opposing leading parties. The melody of When Johnny Comes Marching Home
When Johnny Comes Marching Home
can be heard in the fade out of the song Out in the Fields by Gary Moore and Phil Lynott (1985) played on keyboard. The song has an anti-war theme. A Galician Celtic folk music ensemble Luar na Lubre
Luar na Lubre
used the tune in the song "Os animais" on the 2007 Camiños da fin da terra album. German EBM band Tyske Ludder
Tyske Ludder
recorded a version on their album Anonymous called March. American singer Angel Snow's rendition of the song appears on the compilation album Divided & United: Songs of the Civil War It is used as the ending theme for the OVA series, Black Lagoon: Roberta's Blood Trail. The Fightin' Texas Aggie Band, the marching band of Texas A&M University, often plays an arrangement of the song as a field march. An instrumental rendition was featured in the 2015 anime movie Girls und Panzer der Film.[19]

Lyrics[edit] The original lyrics as written by Gilmore, are:[20]

Illustration of a Zouave
Zouave
company on Civil War era broadside of "When Johnny Comes Marching Home".

When Johnny comes marching home again

Hurrah! Hurrah!

We'll give him a hearty welcome then

Hurrah! Hurrah!

The men will cheer and the boys will shout The ladies they will all turn out

And we'll all feel gay

When Johnny comes marching home.

The old church bell will peal with joy

Hurrah! Hurrah!

To welcome home our darling boy,

Hurrah! Hurrah!

The village lads and lassies say With roses they will strew the way,

And we'll all feel gay

When Johnny comes marching home.

Get ready for the Jubilee,

Hurrah! Hurrah!

We'll give the hero three times three,

Hurrah! Hurrah!

The laurel wreath is ready now To place upon his loyal brow

And we'll all feel gay

When Johnny comes marching home.

Let love and friendship on that day,

Hurrah, hurrah!

Their choicest pleasures then display,

Hurrah, hurrah!

And let each one perform some part, To fill with joy the warrior's heart,

And we'll all feel gay

When Johnny comes marching home.

"Johnny Fill Up the Bowl"[edit] "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl", which provided the tune for "When Johnny Comes Marching Home", was a topical drinking song that commented on events in the American Civil War. It was frequently refitted with new words by soldiers and other publishers.[10] A satirical variant of "Johnny Fill Up the Bowl", entitled "For Bales" or, more fully, "For Bales! An O'er True Tale. Dedicated to Those Pure Patriots Who Were Afflicted with "Cotton on the Brain" and Who Saw The Elephant, was published in New Orleans
New Orleans
in 1864, by A. E. Blackmar. Lyrics[edit]

[1] We all went down to New Orleans, For Bales, for Bales; We all went down to New Orleans, For Bales, says I; We all went down to New Orleans, To get a peep behind the scenes, "And we'll all drink stone blind, Johnny fill up the bowl".

[2] We thought when we got in the "Ring", For Bales, for Bales; We thought when we got in the "Ring", For Bales, says I; We thought when we got in the "Ring", Greenbacks would be a dead sure thing, "And we'll all drink stone blind, Johnny fill up the bowl".

[3] The "ring" went up, with bagging and rope, For Bales, for Bales; Upon the "Black Hawk" with bagging and rope, For Bales, says I; Went up "Red River" with bagging and rope, Expecting to make a pile of "soap", "And we'll all drink stone blind, Johnny fill up the bowl".

[4] But Taylor and Smith, with ragged ranks, For Bales, for Bales; But Taylor and Smith, with ragged ranks, For Bales, says I; But Taylor and Smith, with ragged ranks, Burned up the cotton and whipped old Banks, "And we'll all drink stone blind, Johnny fill up the bowl".

[5] Our "ring" came back and cursed and swore, For Bales, for Bales; Our "ring" came back and cursed and swore, For Bales, says I; Our "ring" came back and cursed and swore, For we got no cotton at Grand Ecore, "And we'll all drink stone blind, Johnny fill up the bowl".

[6] Now let us all give praise and thanks, For Bales, for Bales; Now let us all give praise and thanks, For Bales, says I; Now let us all give praise and thanks, For the victory gained by General Banks, "And we'll all drink stone blind, Johnny fill up the bowl".[21]

References[edit]

^ Lighter, pp. 16–17. ^ Lighter, p. 16. ^ [1][dead link] ^ Peterson, Patti Jo (August 30, 2007). "The House that O'Rourke Built". The Plattsmouth Journal: 5.  ^ Peterson, Patti Jo (June 15, 2006). "=The O'Rourke House". The Plattsmouth Journal: 11.  ^ Lighter, pp. 70–71. ^ Lighter, p. 17. ^ Lighter, pp. 18–19. ^ Lighter, p. 21. ^ a b Lighter, p. 19. ^ Lighter, pp. 21–28. ^ Lighter, pp. 28–29. ^ Erbsen, p. 68 ^ Lighter, p. 15. ^ Jay Nordlinger, "American Sounds: A little music with your politics – music at political conventions", National Review, 2000-09-11 ^ "The Ants Go Marching". Kids Environment Kids Health. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Archived from the original on 2016-06-23. Retrieved 2016-05-20.  ^ "Fono.fi - Äänitetietokanta". Fono.fi. Retrieved 12 October 2017.  ^ "2006 World Cup - Nuremberg". YouTube. 2006-07-30. Retrieved 2012-03-14.  ^ "Girls und Panzer Der Film- Original Soundtrack set for release on November 18, 2015". Infinitemirai.wordpress.com. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2017.  ^ Lambert, "When Johnny Comes Marching Home". ^ "For bales" (PDF). Lcweb2.loc.gov. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

Erbsen, Wayne: Rousing Songs and True Tales of the Civil War. Native Ground Books & Music, 2008. ISBN 1-883206-33-2 Lambert, Louis (Patrick Gilmore). "When Johnny Comes Marching Home". Boston: Henry Tolman & Co. (1863) Lighter, Jonathan. "The Best Antiwar Song
Song
Ever Written," Occasional Papers in Folklore No. 1. CAMSCO Music and Loomis House Press, 2012. ISBN 978-1-935243-89-2

External links[edit]

"When Johnny Comes Marching Home" , John Terrill (E. Berliner's Gramaphone (1893)—Library of Congress Performing Arts Encyclopedia. "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" (Overview Page—Library of Congress Performing Arts Encyclopedia. "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" (Sheet Music), Oldroyd, Osbourne H. The Good Old Songs We Used to Sing, '61 to '67, —Project Gutenberg. "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" - A Civil War Song
Song
Marches On MIDI and description Library of Congress copy, For Bales The short film A NATION SINGS (1963) is available for free download at the Inte

.