The Info List - Wheeling, West Virginia

Wheeling is a city in Ohio
and Marshall counties in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of West Virginia. Located almost entirely in Ohio
County, of which it is the county seat,[5] it lies along the Ohio River
Ohio River
in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. Wheeling was originally a settlement in the British colony of Virginia and later an important city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Wheeling was the first state capital of West Virginia. Due to its location along major transportation routes, including the Ohio
River, National Road, and the B&O Railroad, Wheeling became a manufacturing center in the late nineteenth century. After experiencing the closing of factories and substantial population loss following World War II, Wheeling's major industries now include healthcare, education, law and legal services, entertainment and tourism, and energy. Wheeling is the principal city of the Wheeling, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 147,950, and the city itself had a population of 28,486. Wheeling is the current seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Wheeling–Charleston.


1 History

1.1 Arrival of early Europeans 1.2 Establishment of European settlement 1.3 Fort Henry 1.4 Role as transportation hub 1.5 Anti-slavery sentiment 1.6 Post-Civil War growth

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 2010 census 3.2 2000 census

4 Government 5 Attractions

5.1 Historical buildings 5.2 Parks and recreation

6 Education

6.1 K–12 6.2 Colleges and universities

7 Entertainment

7.1 Music 7.2 Theater 7.3 Sports 7.4 Live racing and gaming

7.4.1 Table gaming

8 Media 9 Infrastructure

9.1 Transportation

9.1.1 Roads and bridges 9.1.2 Bus transportation 9.1.3 Air transportation 9.1.4 Uber

10 Neighborhoods 11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Wheeling, West Virginia Arrival of early Europeans[edit] The origins of the name "Wheeling" are disputed. One of the more credible explanations is that the word comes from the Lenni-Lenape phrase wih link, which meant "place of the head." This supposedly referred to a white settler who was scalped and decapitated. His severed head was displayed at the confluence of Wheeling Creek and the Ohio
River.[6] The area had been inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years. In the 17th century, the Iroquois from present-day New York state conquered the upper Ohio
Valley, pushing out other tribes and maintaining the area as their hunting ground. Originally explored by the French, Wheeling still has a lead plate remnant buried by the explorer Céloron de Blainville in 1749 at the mouth of Wheeling Creek to mark his claim. Later, Christopher Gist
Christopher Gist
and George Washington
George Washington
surveyed the land in 1751 and 1770, respectively.[7] Establishment of European settlement[edit] During the fall of 1769, Ebenezer Zane
Ebenezer Zane
explored the Wheeling area and established claim to the land via "tomahawk rights." (This process meant to deaden a few trees near the head of a spring, and mark the bark with the initials of the name of the person who made the claim). He returned the following spring with his wife Elizabeth and his younger brothers, Jonathan and Silas; they established the first permanent European settlement in the Wheeling area, naming it Zanesburg. Other families joined the settlement, including the Shepherds (see Monument Place), the Wetzels, and the McCollochs (see McColloch's Leap). In 1787, the United States gave Virginia this portion of lands west of the Appalachians, and some to Pennsylvania
at its western edge, to settle their claims. By the Northwest Ordinance that year, it established the Northwest Territory
Northwest Territory
to cover other lands north of the Ohio River
Ohio River
and west to the Mississippi River. Settlers began to move into new areas along the Ohio. In 1793, Ebenezer Zane
Ebenezer Zane
divided the town into lots, and Wheeling was officially established as a town in 1795 by legislative enactment. The town was incorporated January 16, 1805. On March 11, 1836, the town of Wheeling was incorporated into the city of Wheeling. By an act of the Virginia General Assembly
Virginia General Assembly
on December 27, 1797, Wheeling was named the county seat of Ohio
County.[8] Fort Henry[edit] Originally dubbed Fort Fincastle in 1774, the fort was later renamed Fort Henry in honor of Virginia's American governor, Patrick Henry. In 1777, Native Americans of the Shawnee, Wyandot and Mingo
tribes joined to attack pioneer settlements along the upper Ohio
River, which were illegal according to the Crown's Proclamation of 1763. They hoped an alliance with the British would drive the colonial settlers out of their territory. Local men defended the fort, later joined by recruits from Fort Shepherd (in Elm Grove) and Fort Holliday. The native force burned the surrounding cabins and destroyed livestock.

"McColloch's Leap"

During the first attack of the year, Major Samuel McColloch led a small force of men from Fort Vanmetre along Short Creek to assist the besieged Fort Henry. Separated from his men, McColloch was chased by attacking Indians. Upon his horse, McColloch charged up Wheeling Hill and made what is known as McColloch's Leap
McColloch's Leap
300 feet (91 m) down its eastern side. In 1782, a native army along with British soldiers attempted to take Fort Henry. During this siege, Fort Henry's supply of ammunition was exhausted. The defenders decided to dispatch a man to secure more ammunition from the Zane homestead. Betty Zane
Betty Zane
volunteered for the dangerous task. During her departing run, she was heckled by both native and British soldiers. After reaching the Zane homestead, she gathered a tablecloth and filled it with gunpowder. During her return, she was fired upon but was uninjured. As a result of her heroism, Fort Henry remained in American control.[8] Role as transportation hub[edit]

Wheeling Suspension Bridge

The National Road
National Road
arrived in Wheeling in 1818, linking the Ohio
River to the Potomac River, and allowing goods from the Ohio
Valley to flow through Wheeling and on to points east. As the endpoint of National Road, Wheeling became a gateway to early western expansion. In 1849 the Wheeling Suspension Bridge
Wheeling Suspension Bridge
crossed the Ohio River
Ohio River
and allowed the city to expand onto Wheeling Island. Lessons learned constructing the bridge were used in the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. Rail transportation reached Wheeling in 1853 when the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad connected Wheeling to Pennsylvania, Maryland and markets in the Northeast. A bridge over the river connected it to Bellaire, Ohio and western areas. Anti-slavery sentiment[edit] Much of this area had been settled by yeomen farmers, few of whom owned slaves. With the railroad, a larger industrial or mercantile middle-class developed that depended on free labor; it either felt disinterest or hostility to slavery. The Wheeling Intelligencer newspaper expressed the area's anti-secession sentiment as tensions rose over slavery and national issues. The city became part of the movement of western areas to secede from Virginia after the beginning of the Civil War. It was the location of the aforementioned Wheeling Convention.[9] It served as the provisional capital of the Restored Government of Virginia from 1861 to 1863, and became the first capital of West Virginia
West Virginia
after it seceded from Virginia and was admitted to the Union in its own right in 1863. The growing German population, which included immigrants after the 1848 Revolutions, was firmly anti-slavery. The Germans of Wheeling organized the "First West Virginia
West Virginia
Artillery" to oppose the Confederacy and played a role in the initial movement to separate from Virginia.[10] The Germans' culture influenced the city, such as their "German Singing Societies," the first of which began in 1855.[11] Post-Civil War growth[edit]

Map of Wheeling in 1920

Although Wheeling lost its position as state capital in 1865, it continued to grow. In the late nineteenth century, Wheeling was the new state's prime industrial center. One early nickname (until an 1885 strike) was "Nail City", reflecting the iron manufacture in several mills which dated from the 1840s. Mills transformed pig iron into sheets which could be cut, and some mills also produced boiler plates, stoves, barrel rings and/or ornamental ironwork.[12] Noted businesses of the era included the Bloch Brothers Tobacco Company
Bloch Brothers Tobacco Company
(owned by state Senator Jesse A. Bloch who would in 1913 introduce legislation which became the state's Workmen's Compensation Act), and later steel concerns after development of the Bessemer process.[13] Wheeling Steel Corporation was created in 1920 and grew after a 1927 strike caused J.P. Morgan and other investors to sell National Tube Company, which had been created in 1899, six years after local owners had consolidated five plants in the area as Wheeling Steel & Iron Company.[14] Wheeling also had considerable associations with the American labor movement. In 1904 it became the first city in the country to refuse a proposed Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
gift of a free library, because of the industrialist's labor record, especially the notorious Homestead Strike of 1892. By contrast, cigar tycoon Augustus Pollack (despite once rousing controversy by a plan to use convict labor) left many bequests to the labor movement, which erected a memorial statue. The city's earliest union was the United Nailers (1860, which later merged into the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers), followed by the cigar makers in 1862. The 1877 railroad strike at Martinsburg, West Virginia
West Virginia
reached Wheeling and became nationwide. In 1897, Eugene Debs, Mother Jones and Samuel Gompers
Samuel Gompers
were among the speakers at a national labor convention in Wheeling to discuss a nationwide coal strike.[15] As the city grew, prosperous Wheeling residents built fine houses, especially on Wheeling Island, but slums also expanded.[16] As a result of that growth, an ordinance was passed regulating personal cesspools, including a ban on pipe communications with other homes and businesses unless offensive smells were properly trapped.[17] With industry, Wheeling reached its peak of population in 1930. The Great Depression, and later changes and restructuring in heavy industry following World War II, led to a loss of working-class jobs and population. Capitalizing on its rich architectural heritage, Wheeling has worked to revive its main street, as well as promote heritage tourism near the Ohio
River. West Virginia
West Virginia
has also invested in fiber optics networks for advanced communication. Wheeling is becoming a center in health services and education as well. Geography[edit] Wheeling is located at 40°4′13″N 80°41′55″W / 40.07028°N 80.69861°W / 40.07028; -80.69861 (40.070348, -80.698604).[18] According to the United States Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.01 square miles (41.47 km2), of which 13.79 square miles (35.72 km2) is land and 2.22 square miles (5.75 km2) is water.[1] Wheeling is located in northern West Virginia, on what is known as the northern panhandle. The area lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau.[19] The city is directly across the river from the state of Ohio
and only 11 miles (18 km) west of Pennsylvania. It is a part of the Tri-State area of Ohio, Pennsylvania
and West Virginia, which is commonly referred to as the Ohio River
Ohio River
Valley Region or "The Ohio
Valley". Wheeling Creek flows through the city, and meets the Ohio River
Ohio River
in downtown Wheeling. The city is located both on the West Virginia
West Virginia
side of the Ohio
River, and on an island in the middle of the river called Wheeling Island. Climate[edit] Wheeling lies on the transitional climate zone between the humid subtropical climate and the humid continental climate (Köppen: Cfa/Dfa, respectively) with hot humid summers and cold winters. The annual precipitation is about 37 inches.

Climate data for Wheeling, West Virginia

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 73 (23) 78 (26) 84 (29) 90 (32) 92 (33) 98 (37) 103 (39) 98 (37) 95 (35) 88 (31) 81 (27) 73 (23) 103 (39)

Average high °F (°C) 38 (3) 42 (6) 51 (11) 63 (17) 73 (23) 82 (28) 85 (29) 84 (29) 77 (25) 66 (19) 54 (12) 42 (6) 63 (17)

Average low °F (°C) 21 (−6) 23 (−5) 31 (−1) 39 (4) 50 (10) 59 (15) 64 (18) 63 (17) 56 (13) 43 (6) 35 (2) 27 (−3) 43 (6)

Record low °F (°C) −16 (−27) −3 (−19) 5 (−15) 20 (−7) 33 (1) 41 (5) 49 (9) 50 (10) 37 (3) 26 (−3) 15 (−9) −10 (−23) −16 (−27)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.71 (68.8) 2.53 (64.3) 3.46 (87.9) 3.02 (76.7) 4.35 (110.5) 3.82 (97) 4.92 (125) 3.59 (91.2) 3.31 (84.1) 2.16 (54.9) 3.32 (84.3) 3.15 (80) 40.34 (1,024.7)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.2 (18.3) 4.2 (10.7) 3.8 (9.7) 1.6 (4.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.1 (0.3) 0.9 (2.3) 3.4 (8.6) 21.2 (54)

Source: [20]


Historical population

Census Pop.

1840 7,885

1850 11,435


1860 14,083


1870 19,280


1880 30,737


1890 34,522


1900 38,878


1910 41,641


1920 56,208


1930 61,659


1940 61,099


1950 58,891


1960 53,400


1970 48,188


1980 43,070


1990 34,882


2000 31,419


2010 28,486


Est. 2016 27,375 [3] −3.9%

U.S. Decennial Census[21] 2014 Estimate[22]

2010 census[edit] As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 28,486 people, 12,816 households, and 6,949 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,065.7 inhabitants per square mile (797.6/km2). There were 14,661 housing units at an average density of 1,063.2 per square mile (410.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.2% White, 5.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population. There were 12,816 households of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.8% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age in the city was 45.2 years. 18.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.8% were from 45 to 64; and 20.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female. 2000 census[edit] As of the census of 2000, there were 31,419 people, 13,719 households, and 7,806 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,258.4 people per square mile (872.1/km²). There were 15,706 housing units at an average density of 1,128.9 per square mile (436.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.72% White, 4.99% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population. There were 13,719 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,388, and the median income for a family was $38,708. Males had a median income of $30,750 versus $22,099 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,923. About 13.1% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.3% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit] Under West Virginia
West Virginia
law, cities may adopt the Manager-Mayor Plan. The elected mayor presides over meetings of the Wheeling City
Council, which has six members elected from geographic wards. City
Council members serve four-year terms. The City
Council also confirms executive nominations for members to various boards which have limited regulatory authority, including the Planning Commission, the Board of Zoning Appeals, and the Traffic Commission.[23] The City
Manager serves as Chief Executive and Administrative officer for the city.[24] The current Mayor of Wheeling is Glenn Elliott, and the current City Manager of Wheeling is Robert Herron. The current members of City Council are Vice-Mayor Chad Thalman (1st Ward), Ken Imer (2nd Ward), Brian Wilson (3rd Ward), Wendy Scatterday (4th Ward), Ty Thorngate (5th Ward), and Dave Palmer (6th Ward).[23] City
elections were held on May 10, 2016, and the current term began on July 1, 2016. City elections will be held again on May 12, 2020.

List of mayors of Wheeling, West Virginia

Name Portrait Term start Term end

George Miller[25]

1806 1807

Moses Chapline[25]

1807 1809

William Irwin[25]

1809 1810

Noah Linsly[25]

1810 1814

William Irwin[26]

March 1814 September 1814

George Knox[26]

1815 1816

William Irwin[26]

1816 1817

Peter Yarnall[26]

1817 1819

Moses Chapline[26]

1819 1824

Z. Jacobs[26]

1824 1828

Samuel Sprigg[26]

March 1828 September 1828

John McLure[26]

September 1828 March 1830

Moses W. Chapline[26]

1830 1834

Z. Jacobs[26]

1834 1836

Moses W. Chapline[27][28]

May 1836 January 1840

George Dulty[27]

January 1840 January 1846

Moses C. Good

January 1846 January 1847

William W. Shriver

January 1847 June 1848

Sobieski Brady[29]

June 1848 January 1850

Alfred Caldwell[30]

January 1850 January 1852

Morgan Nelson

January 1852 January 1853

Sobieski Brady

January 1853 January 1855

James Paull

January 1855 January 1856

Alfred Caldwell

January 1856 January 1858

James Tanner

January 1858 January 1859

Andrew Wilson

January 1859 January 1861

Andrew J .Sweeney[31]

January 1861 January 1863

George Baird

January 1863 January 1864

Henry Crangle

January 1864 January 1865

Andrew J. Sweeney

January 1865 January 1868

Sobieski Brady

January 1868 January 1869

Samuel McClellan, Jr.

January 1869 January 1871

George W. Jeffers

January 1871 January 1875

Andrew J. Sweeney

January 1875 January 1881

Alfred Egerter

January 1881 January 1883

Jeremiah A. Miller

January 1883 January 1885

Jacob W. Grubb[29]

January 1885 January 1887

Charles W. Seabright

January 1887 January 1893

Benjamin F. Caldwell

January 1893 January 1897

John R. Butts

January 1897 January 1899

Andrew T. Sweeney

January 1899 1905[32]

Charles C. Schmidt[32][30]

1905 August 1912 (died in office)

William O. Alexander (acting mayor)[32]

August 1912 1912

Harvey L. Kirk[32][30]

October 1912 1917

Clifford M. Vester[32]

1917 1918

Thomas F. Thoner[32]

1919 1925

William J. Steen[32]

1925 1928

Thomas Y. Beckett[32]

1929 1932

Gordon P. Fought[32]

1932 1934

Charles F. Schultze[32]

May 1935 (died in office) 1938

John J. Mathison[32]

May 1938 1943

Russell S. Goodwin[32]

1943 1947

Carl G. Bachmann[32]

1947 1951

Charles J. Schuck[32]

1951 1955

Jack R. Adams[32]

1955 1959

John J. Gast[32]

1959 1963

Charles L. Ihlenfeld[31]

1964 1967

James L. Rogers[32]

1967 1971

James J. Haranzo[32]

1971 1975

John E. Fahey[32]

1975 1979

Cuyler E. Ewing[32]

1979 1981

William H. Muegge[32]

1981 1984

John W. Lipphardt[32]

1984 1985

Stella C. Koerner[32]

1985 1988

Thomas J. Baller[32]

1988 1992

John W. Lipphardt[32]

1992 2000

Nicholas A. Sparachane[33]

2000 2008[34]

Andy McKenzie[35]

2008 2016

Glenn Elliott[36]



West Virginia
West Virginia
Independence Hall

Historical buildings[edit] The city of Wheeling has a rich and varied history. West Virginia Independence Hall was the site of the Wheeling Convention, two meetings held in 1861 that ultimately reversed Virginia's Ordinance of Secession. Twenty-six counties in Virginia's north and west voted against secession from the Union and created the new state of West Virginia, which the United States quickly admitted. Later in 1861 and continuing to 1863, the building was the site of many heated debates during the First Constitutional Convention of West Virginia[37] including the name of the new state.[38] The oldest building in the area is Shepherd Hall (Monument Place), built in 1798.[39] Wheeling is home to Centre Market, formerly Wheeling's market house. Built in 1853,[40] the market house and the surrounding area have been adapted for use as retail shops and restaurants. The first official memorial monument in the state of West Virginia, dedicated specifically to men killed in the Vietnam War, was dedicated in Wheeling, with full military honors, in a Memorial Day 1986 ceremony. The monument was erected in front of the flagpole near the main shelter of Bethlehem Community Park in the village of Bethlehem, just southeast of Wheeling. The roughly 6-foot-high granite memorial consists of a large, bronze dedication plaque with the names of KIAs from the Wheeling/ Ohio
County region. Below the dedication plaque is a bronze map of South Vietnam, complete with names of 28 major cities. Parks and recreation[edit] Wheeling features several municipal parks including Oglebay Resort & Conference Center and Wheeling Park. Ohio
County has six golf courses, including designs by renowned golfer Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
and architect Robert Trent Jones. The Wheeling Suspension Bridge, which was once the longest suspension bridge in the world, connects downtown Wheeling to Wheeling Island. In October 2007 the City
of Wheeling opened the state's first concrete skateboard park. The 12,000-square-foot (1,100 m2) facility was designed and built by world-renowned skatepark builder, Grindline, of Seattle, Washington. The park consists of 60% bowls and 40% street elements; it is located within the Chambers Ballfield Complex in the Elm Grove section of the City. An addition to the street section of the park was completed by Grindline in November 2009. A covered shelter, restrooms, and webcam are scheduled to be installed in early 2010. The park is lighted and open 24/7. Education[edit] See also: Ohio
County, West Virginia
West Virginia
§ Education K–12[edit] As elsewhere in West Virginia, K–12 schools are organized at the county level of government. The public school system, Ohio
County Schools, consists of 14 schools: nine elementary schools, four middle schools, which include Triadelphia Middle which has been nominated for the blue ribbon school award; and the nationally recognized Wheeling Park High School. Several parochial and private schools, including Wheeling Central Catholic High School
Wheeling Central Catholic High School
and the Linsly School, are located in the city. Colleges and universities[edit] Wheeling is the hub of higher education in the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia. Wheeling Jesuit University, a private Jesuit university and the only Catholic college in the state of West Virginia, is located here.[41] The main campus of West Virginia
West Virginia
Northern Community College has recently been expanding with centers in downtown Wheeling; it focuses on job training and community development. Also located within close proximity to the city are West Liberty University
West Liberty University
(formerly West Liberty State College), a four-year university, and private Bethany College, giving area residents a wide variety of educational options. Entertainment[edit] Music[edit] Wheeling has a long tradition of live musical performance and radio broadcasting. With over 2,500 seats, The Capitol Theatre is the largest theatre in West Virginia. Opened in 1928, The Capitol was home to It's Wheeling Steel, a popular radio program in the early forties featuring musical performances by workers at a local steel plant. The Capitol has welcomed musical performances of all types, from Johnny Cash, Merle Haggard, and Tammy Wynette, to Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, B.B. King
B.B. King
and Black Sabbath. Other past performers include Jerry Seinfeld, David Copperfield, and George Carlin.

Capitol Theatre Wheeling sm

The Wheeling Symphony Orchestra is housed at the Capitol Theatre and performs a range of contemporary, classical, and seasonal arrangements. Wheeling is also home to the Victoria Theater, the oldest theater in West Virginia. The 700-seat Victorian-style theater served as home to the WWVA Jamboree program from 1933–1936. More recently, it has been the site for the "Wheeling Jamboree", a local initiative started in 2009 and modeled after the original WWVA Jamboree (which changed its name in the 1960s to Jamboree U.S.A.). The original WWVA Jamboree ran from 1933–2007, making it the second longest running country radio program and a variety show in the country after the "Grand Ole Opry" in Nashville, Tennessee. Live music echoes from the amphitheatre at the Wheeling Heritage Port several nights per week from mid-Spring through late-Fall. The waterfront park area hosts numerous festivals, concerts, movie nights, celebrations, a regatta and numerous visits from the Delta, Mississippi and American Queen riverboats. The Port holds over 8,000 spectators and has become a focal point to the City. Held in nearby Belmont County, Ohio
Jamboree In The Hills draws over 100,000 country music fans to the Wheeling area every July. Theater[edit] Fans of theater have several options in Wheeling. The Capitol Theatre hosts numerous touring musical performances. In addition, the Oglebay Institute's Towngate Theatre in Center Wheeling has, for over 35 years, produced plays.[42] Sports[edit] Wheeling, known as Nail City
is home to the Wheeling Nailers
Wheeling Nailers
hockey team. The Nailers play in the WesBanco Arena
WesBanco Arena
(formerly the Wheeling Civic Center), and participate in the North division, American Conference of the ECHL. High school football and soccer are played at Wheeling Island
Wheeling Island
Stadium. Formerly home to the Ohio
Valley Greyhounds, Wheeling became home to a second team in 2009.[43] The team, known as the Wheeling Wildcats, played in the Continental Indoor Football League but folded after the 2009 season.[44] Wheeling is also home to the headquarters of the Mountain East Conference, a NCAA Division II
NCAA Division II
conference that launched in the 2013–14 school year. Wheeling Jesuit and West Liberty are both charter members of the new conference, an offshoot of the disbanding West Virginia
West Virginia
Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Live racing and gaming[edit] Wheeling is the home of Wheeling Island
Wheeling Island
Hotel-Casino-Racetrack located on Wheeling Island. Formerly known as Wheeling Downs, the facility features live greyhound racing, slots, poker games, and casino-style table games. Table gaming[edit] In accordance with House Bill 271,[45] adopted on March 8, 2007, Ohio County and Jefferson County held special elections on June 9, 2007, to approve the legalization of table games within the respective counties. The Ohio
County measure passed, but the Jefferson County one failed. A similar measure was successfully adopted in Hancock County on June 30, 2007.[46] Media[edit] See also: List of newspapers in West Virginia, List of radio stations in West Virginia, and List of television stations in West Virginia Due to its close proximity to Pittsburgh, Wheeling is heavily influenced by that city's broadcast media outlets, which are easily received in the area. Besides broadcast stations Wheeling's cable providers also carry Root Sports Pittsburgh
and the Pittsburgh-centric news/talk channel PCNC
as its "home" sports and information sources. In addition to the Pittsburgh
outlets, the Wheeling television market is served by CBS affiliate WTRF-TV
Channel 7, PBS affiliate W41AA Channel 41, and NBC affiliate WTOV-TV
Channel 9 in nearby Steubenville, Ohio. The city is served by cable television provider Comcast
and parts of the city are also served by Centre TV. Wheeling is home to WWVA 1170 AM, the state's only 50,000-watt AM station that can be heard throughout the East Coast at night. WVLY 1370 AM and WKKX
1600 AM provide local news, sports, and talk. On the FM dial, WVKF
95.7, WKWK 97.3, WOVK 98.7 and WEGW 107.5 provide the area with various music genres. The Wheeling area is the home of WDUQ-LP, a listener-supported commercial-free station, which also serves as the local Pacifica affiliate. Pittsburgh's radio stations provide Wheeling with coverage. A number of translators and repeater stations provide NPR
and American Family Radio networks. Wheeling also has a student-run radio station, WPHP 91.9, operated by Wheeling Park High School students. WPHP plays top 40 songs and also covers all of the Wheeling Park
Wheeling Park
Patriots' football and basketball games. The city is home to The Intelligencer and Wheeling News-Register newspapers. Both papers are owned by Ogden Newspapers Inc., based in Wheeling. The Intelligencer is published weekday mornings and Saturdays, while the News-Register is published weekday afternoons and Sundays. The Times-Leader of Martins Ferry, Ohio, another Ogden Newspapers Inc. paper, also covers Wheeling issues. In Wheeling magazine is published quarterly and covers society and events in the city.[47] Two local websites, Weelunk and Dateline: Wheeling, serve as independent news sources for the city.[48][49] Infrastructure[edit]

The Fort Henry Bridge
Fort Henry Bridge
carries I-70, US 40, and US 250 across the Ohio River, Wheeling, West Virginia

Transportation[edit] Roads and bridges[edit] Interstate 70 and its spur Interstate 470 run through the city east-west and link it with suburban Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
to the east and Ohio
to the west. U.S. Route 40/ National Road
National Road
links downtown with residential neighborhoods to the east. West Virginia
West Virginia
Route 2 connects Wheeling with Moundsville to the south and Weirton to the north. U.S. Route 250 also runs through the city. The Fort Henry Bridge
Fort Henry Bridge
and Vietnam Veterans Memorial Bridge carry I-70 and I-470 respectively over the Ohio
River. The historic Wheeling Suspension Bridge, completed in 1849, which was part of National Road, now carries cars and light trucks as well as pedestrian traffic between downtown and Wheeling Island. I-70 passes under Wheeling Hill through the Wheeling Tunnel. Bus transportation[edit] Bus transportation to points throughout North America is available from Wheeling through Greyhound
Lines. The bus terminal, the Robert C. Byrd Intermodal Transportation Center, was built with $11.1 million in federal funds.[50] Regional transportation through West Virginia
West Virginia
and Eastern Ohio
is provided by the East Ohio
and Ohio
Valley Regional Transit Authorities, which shares the Intermodal Transportation Center as its hub for its Hub-and-Spoke routes throughout the area.[51] Wheeling once operated streetcars from the 1880s until 1943 under the Wheeling Traction Company and Co-operative Transit Company. Buses replaced streetcar operations due to operating costs.[52] Air transportation[edit] The city is served by the Wheeling Ohio
County Airport for general aviation and Pittsburgh
International Airport for passenger service. Uber[edit] The city is served by Uber, which began service August 22, 2017. John Greskevitch made Wheeling history by delivering Wheeling City
Council member Ty Thorngate from the Dimmydale section of Wheeling to the restaurant Later Alligator in Center Wheeling for a fare of $10.25. Neighborhoods[edit]

Benwood (partial) Bethlehem (partial) Center Wheeling Claytor Dimmeydale Downtown East Wheeling Edgewood Elm Grove Elm Terrace Fulton Glenwood Goosetown Greggsville Mozart North Park North Wheeling Oakmont Oglebay Overbrook South Wheeling Springdale Warwood Triadelphia Washington Avenue Wheeling Heights (Grandview Heights) Wheeling Island
Wheeling Island
(North and South) Woodsdale

Notable people[edit]

Jodi Applegate, TV news anchor Leon "Chu" Berry, jazz saxophonist Thais Blatnik, West Virginia
West Virginia
journalist and politician Leo Brady, playwright, novelist, and director Adelbert R. Buffington, U.S. Army
U.S. Army
general Jesse Burkett, Hall of Fame baseball player Bobby Campo, actor Jack Canfield, motivational speaker John Corbett, actor Billy Cox, bassist Henrietta Crosman, actress Annie Sinclair Cunningham
Annie Sinclair Cunningham
(1832–1897), religious worker, Wheeling Hall of Fame Faith Daniels, network broadcaster Rebecca Harding Davis, author Joseph M. Devine, Governor
of North Dakota
North Dakota
from 1898 to 1899[53] Joyce DeWitt, actress Joanne Dru, actress William L. Elkins, 19th Century business tycoon Doug Fetherling, writer Walter L. Fisher, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Mike Florio, sportswriter Kelsey Fowler, Broadway actress Virginia Fox, actress Gene Freese, baseball player Doug Wojcik, College Basketball Coach Dave Wojcik, College Basketball Coach Jack Glasscock, Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
player[54] George Herbig, astronomer Chuck Howley, NFL linebacker for Chicago Bears and Dallas Cowboys Lois Kibbee, actress Alvan Macauley, president of Packard
1916-1939 Keith Maillard, writer Bill Mazeroski, Hall of Fame second baseman William J. Mitsch, Stockholm Water Prize Laureate, ecology professor and author Darvin Moon, 2009 World Series of Poker
finalist Cy Morgan, Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
pitcher Bob Ney, U.S. Representative from Ohio Robert Nutting and family, principal owners of the Pittsburgh
Pirates Mollie O'Brien, Grammy-winning bluegrass singer Tim O'Brien, Grammy-winning bluegrass musician, brother of Mollie O'Brien Jesse L. Reno, Civil War general; Reno, Nevada
Reno, Nevada
named for him Walter Reuther, labor leader Rick Schneider-Calabash, animation producer, writer, and director Eleanor Steber, operatic soprano associated with Metropolitan Opera Robert E. L. Strider, President of Colby College Andy Tonkovich, basketball player selected first in the 1948 BAA Draft Edith Lake Wilkinson (1868-1957), was an artist whose life was featured in a documentary[55] Nan Wynn, big band singer and actress John Yarnall, naval officer during War of 1812

See also[edit]

List of cities and towns along the Ohio


^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-24.  ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2013-01-24.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ Jack M. Weatherford (1991), Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America, p. 263, ISBN 0-449-90713-9 ^ Sullivan, Ken, ed. (2006) [2006]. The West Virginia
West Virginia
Encyclopedia. West Virginia
West Virginia
Humanities Council. ISBN 0-9778498-0-5.  ^ a b Cranmer, Hon. Gibson Lamb., ed. (1902) [1902]. History of Wheeling City
and Ohio
County, West Virginia
West Virginia
and Representative Citizens. Chicago: Biographical Publishing Company.  ^ Ronald L. Lewis. Transforming the Appalachian Countryside: Railroads, Deforestation, and ... Books.google.com. p. 15. Archived from the original on 2018-01-05. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ Herrmann Schuricht. History of the German Element in Virginia. Books.google.com. p. 120. Archived from the original on 2016-12-04. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ Edward C. Wolf, "Wheeling's German Singing Societies", West Virginia History, 1980-1981 42(1-2): 1-56 ^ Doug Fetherling, Wheeling: An Illustrated History Windsor Publications Inc. 1981) pp. 53-57 ^ Otis K. Rice; Stephen W. Brown. West Virginia: A History. Books.google.com. p. 9. Archived from the original on 2018-01-05. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ Fetherling p. 57 ^ Fetherling pp. 56, 58-59 ^ John Alexander Williams (1984-08-17). West Virginia: A History. Books.google.com. p. 9. Archived from the original on 2018-01-05. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "Laws and Ordinances for the Government of the City
of Wheeling, West Virginia" Archived 2017-02-16 at the Wayback Machine., Wheeling (W. Va.). Intelligencer Publishing Company, 1901. p. 389. Retrieved 10 February 2017 ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Level III Ecoregions of West Virginia". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2013.  ^ "Bridgeport Historic Weather Averages in Ohio
(43912)". Intellicast.com. Archived from the original on 2015-10-21. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ United States Census
Bureau. " Census
of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2013.  ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 19, 2015.  ^ a b [1][dead link] ^ [2] ^ a b c d White & Allen, ed. (1891). "Mayors". Laws and Ordinances for the Government of the City
of Wheeling, West Virginia. Printed by the West Virginia
West Virginia
Printing Company. Archived from the original on 2018-01-05.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j J.H. Newton; G.G. Nichols; A.G. Sprankle (1879). "Wheeling: Past and Present". History of the Pan-handle: Being Historical Collections of the Counties of Ohio, Brooke, Marshall and Hancock, West Virginia. Wheeling: J.A. Caldwell. Archived from the original on 2018-01-05.  ^ a b John J. Coniff, ed. (1901). "Mayors of the City
of Wheeling". Laws and Ordinances for the Government of the City
of Wheeling, West Virginia. Archived from the original on 2018-01-05 – via Google Books.  ^ J.B. Bowen (1839), " City
Authorities of 1839", Wheeling Directory and Advertiser, Wheeling: John M. M'Creary, Printer, OCLC 3456530 – via Internet Archive  ^ a b History of the Upper Ohio
Valley, with Family History and Biographical Sketches. Madison, Wisconsin: Brant & Fuller. 1890. Archived from the original on 2016-04-27.  ^ a b c Thomas Condit Miller; Hu Maxwell (1913). West Virginia
West Virginia
and Its People. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company.  ^ a b "Wheeling History: Wheeling Hall of Fame". Ohio
County Public Library. Archived from the original on July 3, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Charles A. Julian (2009), Wheeling Mayors (PDF), archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-04-07 – via wvgenweb.org  (list) ^ "Office of the Mayor". City
of Wheeling. Archived from the original on April 7, 2003.  ^ "Office of the Mayor". City
of Wheeling. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008.  ^ "Mayor of Wheeling". City
of Wheeling, West Virginia. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016.  ^ "Mayor-Elect Glenn Elliott Leads Fresh Faces For Wheeling", The Intelligencer, Wheeling, WV, May 11, 2016, archived from the original on July 4, 2016  ^ "First Constitutional Convention of West Virginia". Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ "The Naming of West Virginia". Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ Newton, J. H., Nichols, G. G., & Sprankle, A. G. (1990). History of the Pan-handle: Being historical collections of the counties of Ohio, Brooke, Marshall and Hancock, West Virginia
West Virginia
... Bowie, MD: Heritage Books. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2016-02-07.  ^ "Value of a Jesuit Education - Wheeling Jesuit University". Wju.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-14. [permanent dead link] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-12-29.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-08. Retrieved 2016-02-07.  ^ "Wildcats Leaving Wheeling - WTRF-TV
- WTRF.com". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2011-10-23. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "COM SUB 2 LINES". Legis.state.wv.us. Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ [3][dead link] ^ "INWheeling Home". Inwheelingmagazine.com. 2017-05-15. Archived from the original on 2017-05-21. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "Weelunk - Do Something". Archived from the original on 24 November 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ "Blog". Archived from the original on 17 October 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ "News, Sports, Jobs". The Intelligencer. 1975-03-06. Archived from the original on 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "The City
of Wheeling, West Virginia
West Virginia
About Wheeling > Getting Around". Wheelingwv.gov. Archived from the original on 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-07-14.  ^ "Trolleys & Trains, Wheeling, WV - Wheeling Area Genealogical Society". Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ "Joseph M. Devine". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.  ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.  ^ " Edith Lake Wilkinson - Chronology". www.edithlakewilkinson.com. Archived from the original on 2016-11-04. 

Further reading[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Wheeling, West Virginia

Duffy, Sean, & Rinkes, Paul, Wheeling: Then & Now. Mount Pleasant, S. Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2010. Fones-Wolf, Ken, “‘Traitors in Wheeling’: Secessionism in an Appalachian Unionist City,” Journal of Appalachian Studies, 13 (Spring–Fall 2007), 75–95. Minder, Mike. Wheeling’s Gambling History to 1976. Wheeling: Nail City
Publishing, 1997. " Ohio
River: Wheeling". James' River Guide ... Mississippi Valley. Cincinnati: U.P. James. 1871.  Schramm, Robert W. The Linsly School. Mount Pleasant, S. Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2003. "Wheeling". Commercial Directory of the Western States. St. Louis: Richard Edwards. 1867. 

External links[edit]

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wheeling, West Virginia.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Wheeling.

has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Wheeling.

Official website Wheeling Convention
Wheeling Convention
and Visitor's Bureau Official Site of The Wheeling Jamboree Country Music Show 2nd Only to Nashville's Grand Ole Opry
Grand Ole Opry
in longevity Memorials, monuments, statues & other outdoor art in & around Wheeling (with pictures) The Highlands Shopping and Entertainment Complex Listing of all major events in Wheeling WV, especially the Wheeling Heritage Port Wheeling National Heritage Area History of Ohio
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West Virginia
Department of Transportation - Wheeling- Ohio
County Airport Wheeling Island Website of the Wheeling Police Department The Intelligencer and The News-Register Ohio
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Bellaire Bethlehem Clearview Martins Ferry Moundsville Triadelphia Valley Grove West Liberty

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Ohio
County, West Virginia, United States

County seat: Wheeling




Triadelphia West Liberty


Bethlehem Clearview Valley Grove

Unincorporated communities

Betty Zane Clinton Eden Elm Grove Greggsville Mount Echo Mozart‡ Point Mills Potomac Roneys Point Twilight Valley Camp

Ghost town



‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Marshall County, West Virginia, United States

County seat: Moundsville


Benwood Cameron Glen Dale McMechen Moundsville Wheeling‡

Unincorporated communities

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Ghost towns

Howard Teutonic Wells


‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

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Addison (Webster Springs) Albright Alderson Anawalt Anmoore Ansted Athens Auburn Bancroft Barrackville Belmont Bath (Berkeley Springs) Bayard Belington Belle Bethany Beverly Blacksville Bolivar Bradshaw Bramwell Brandonville Bruceton Mills Buffalo Burnsville Cairo Camden-on-Gauley Capon Bridge Carpendale Cedar Grove Chapmanville Chesapeake Clay Clendenin Cowen Danville Davis Davy Delbarton Durbin East Bank Eleanor Elizabeth Elk Garden Ellenboro Fairview Falling Spring Farmington Fayetteville Flatwoods Flemington Fort Gay Franklin Friendly Gassaway Gauley Bridge Gilbert Glasgow Glenville Grant Town Grantsville Granville Hambleton Hamlin Handley Harman Harpers Ferry Harrisville Hartford City Hedgesville Henderson Hendricks Hillsboro Hundred Huttonsville Iaeger Jane Lew Junior Kermit Kimball Leon Lester Lost Creek Lumberport Mabscott Man Marlinton Mason Masontown Matewan Matoaka Meadow Bridge Middlebourne Mill Creek Milton Mitchell Heights Monongah Montrose Moorefield New Haven Newburg North Hills Northfork Nutter Fort Oakvale Oceana Paw Paw Pax Peterstown Piedmont Pine Grove Pineville Poca Pratt Pullman Quinwood Rainelle Reedsville Reedy Rhodell Ridgeley Rivesville Rowlesburg Rupert Sand Fork Shepherdstown Smithfield Sophia Star City Summersville Sutton Sylvester Terra Alta Thurmond Triadelphia Tunnelton Union Wardensville Wayne West Hamlin West Liberty West Logan West Milford West Union White Hall Whitesville Winfield Womelsdorf (Coalton) Worthington


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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 241843822 LCCN: n81062621 GN