Wheelchair tennis is one of the forms of tennis adapted for wheelchair
users. The size of courts, balls, and rackets are the same, but there
are two major differences from pedestrian tennis: athletes use
specially designed wheelchairs, and the ball may bounce up to two
times, where the second bounce may also occur outside the court.
Wheelchair tennis is played at Grand Slams, and is one of the sports
contested at the Summer Paralympics. There are three categories; Men,
Women, and Quads; each category has singles and doubles tournaments.
Quads is the category for quadriplegic players and it is sometimes
called Mixed, especially at the Paralympic Games. Quads can use
electric-powered wheelchairs, and players can hold rackets taped to
2 Major tournaments
3 See also
5 External links
Wheelchair tennis increased in popularity in 1976 due to the efforts
of Brad Parks, who is seen as the creator of competitive wheelchair
tennis. In 1982, France became the first country in Europe to put a
wheelchair tennis programme in place. Since then, much effort has
made to promote the sport to rid it of the 'therapy' image that still
affects many sports for disabled people.
The sport quickly became popular worldwide and was introduced to the
Paralympic Games as a demonstration event at the
Seoul 1988 Summer
Paralympics. In 1990 wheelchair tennis was played alongside the
abled players' event in Miami, this lasted for more than 15 years. It
was at the 1992
Summer Paralympics in
Barcelona that wheelchair tennis
acquired the status of a full-fledged competition. The 2000 Summer
Sydney boosted public appreciation immensely and led to
the introduction of the sport to the four annual Grand Slams of
Tennis. In 2004 the Quad category was added to the Paralympic Games.
Tennis Class 8s at the 2002
Australian Open saw
competitive wheelchair tennis take place at the same time and the same
venue at a Grand Slam for the first time. In 2005 the Masters series
was created, comprising all the events at the Grand Slams and the end
of year championships, as Wimbledon and the US Open joined Melbourne.
In 2007 Roland Garros joined and the Classic 8s were replaced by the
Australian Open which had been held at the same venue two weeks later.
In 2009 all events played at the abled players' Grand Slams were
renamed Grand Slams.
The Netherlands has dominated numerous victories at major tournaments
Paralympic Games and the Grand Slams.
Esther Vergeer holds the record for winning four Paralympic gold
medals - one at the 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012 Games. She holds the
record for most consecutive women's wheelchair singles matches won.
For the 2013 season the ITF decided to adopt match tiebreakers in
place of a third and deciding set in doubles matches. However the
tiebreaker would only be used at events which were rated as ITF1 or
lower and at the World Team Cup. The grand slams, however, were free
to decide on the format of their tournaments.
Tennis Tour consists of international tournaments
with different grades and prize money. The wheelchair tennis
tournaments are graded by the ITF. Total prize money for the tour in
2016 was over $2million.  The wheelchair tennis tour includes the
following types of tournaments:
ITF Super Series
ITF 1 Series
ITF 2 Series
ITF 3 Series
ITF Futures Series
The four Grand Slam –Australian Open, Wimbledon, Roland Garros, and
US Open– include a wheelchair tennis draw. Only the US Open and
Australian Open offer a quad draw so far, and only four Quad players
are invited (as opposed to eight for men and women). In November 2017
it was announced that a Quad
Wheelchair Doubles Exhibition match will
be played in Wimbledon in 2018. 
The Super Series events include the
Sydney Open (Sydney), Cajun
Classic (Baton Rouge), British Open (Nottingham), Japan Open (Iizuka),
US Open (St. Louis) and
French Open (Paris, BNP Paribas Open de
France). The ITF publishes a year-long calendar with all tournaments
and their respective grades. 
The ITF BNP Paribas World Team Cup is a wheelchair tennis tournament
for national teams, held annually since 1985. The BNP Paribas World
Team Cup World Group event is played once a year, for men, women,
quads and juniors. There are four continental qualification events in
Europe, Africa, Asia and Americas, in which men and women compete to
qualify for the main event. 
The last two major tournaments of the year are the
Masters  (singles event) and Uniqlo
Wheelchair Doubles Masters
. The top eight men, top eight women and top six quads based on
ranking are invited to compete there each year.
Wheelchair tennis is played at the
Paralympic Games and FESPIC games
Tennis Federation. "Rules of
Tennis Federation. "About
Retrieved 3 March 2015. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ International Paralympic Committee. "'88
Seoul Paralympics: General
Information". Retrieved 2011-07-12.
^ Glenday, Craig (2013). Guinness World Records 2014.
International Paralympic Committee:
Tennis Foundation (Great Britain):
BBC Gloucestershire feature on the 2007 National
Championships in Gloucester.
Paralympic sports recognized by the IPC
Ice sledge hockey
Summer Olympic sports
Summer Olympic sports and Win