Western Saharan cuisine comprises the cuisine of Western Sahara, a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by Morocco to the north, Algeria to the extreme northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The Western Saharan cuisine has several influences, as the population of that area (Sahrawi), in their most part are of Arabic and Berber origin. The Saharawi cuisine is also influenced by Spanish cuisine owing to Spanish colonisation.

Food is primarily into Western Sahara, as minimal rainfall in the territory inhibits agricultural production.[1] Indigenous sources of food include those derived from fishing and nomadic pastoralism.[1][2] The labor and business in these indigenous provisions of foods are also a primary contributor of income for the territory's population, and are among the primary contributors to the economy of Western Sahara.[1][2]

A major staple food is the couscous that often accompanies one way or another all the food dishes. The influences of southern cuisine makes them consume peanut as an accompaniment of some dishes.

For meat, the Sahrawis favour the camel and goat; pork is not eaten, since it is not halal. Lamb also occupies a prominent place. Some tribes are famous for growing wheat, barley and cereals in general.

Some fruits and vegetables are grown in oases that are scattered within the territory.[2]

As of 2012, all economic activity and trade in Western Sahara is governed by the government of Morocco.[2]

Common foods and dishes

Being almost entirely nomadic, the diet of Saharan tribes was based mainly on meat, milk and derivatives. The coastal tribes added to this diet fish dishes, rice and so on.


Saharawi Tea
  • It is very usual intake of tea. Tea is more than just a drink for the Saharawi people. It is a way to meet with friends and family to share moments of conversation and friendship.

It usually follows a ritual, in which are taken three vessels. In this regard, there is a popular comment: "The first glass of tea is bitter like life, the second cup sweet like love and the third soft as death."[3]

See also


Further reading

External links