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The Western Iranian languages
Iranian languages
are a branch of the Iranian languages, attested from the time of Old Persian
Old Persian
(6th century BC) and Median.

Contents

1 Languages 2 See also 3 References 4 Bibliography

Languages[edit] The traditional Northwestern branch is a convention for non-Southwestern languages, rather than a genetic group. The languages are as follows:[2][3]

Old Iranian

Southwest: Old Persian† Northwest: Median†

Middle Iranian

Southwest: Middle Persian† Northwest: Parthian†

Neo-Iranian

Northwestern I (dialects of Kurds)[citation needed]

Kurdish: Central Kurdish, Northern Kurdish, Southern Kurdish Zaza–Gorani

Zaza (dialects: Kirmanjki, Dimli) Gorani (dialects: Hawrami, Bajelan)

 ? Shabak, Sarli

Northwestern II

Balochi: Balochi, ?Koroshi Khuri (Kavir) Tatic

Talysh Tati/Azari: Old Azeri†, Harzandi, Karingani, Kho'ini, Khalkhal, Upper Taromi, Rudbari, Southern Tati, Eshtehardi, dialects N/NE of Qazvin  ? (Talysh? Tati?): Gozarkhani, Kajali, Koresh-e Rostam, Maraghei, Razajerdi, Shahrudi Tafresh (transitional): Ashtiani (Amora’i, Kahaki), Vafsi, Alviri-Vidari (Alviri, Vidari), ?Judeo-Hamadani Central / Central Plateau (Kermanic)[4]

Northwestern: Khunsari, Mahallati, Vanishani, Judeo-Golpaygani Southwestern: Gazi, Sedehi, Ardestani, Nohuji, Sajzi, Jarquya’i, Rudashti, Kafrudi, Kafruni, Judeo-Esfahani Northeastern: Arani, Bidgoli, Delijani, Nashalji, Abuzaydabadi, Qohrudi, Badrudi, Kamu’i, Jowshaqani, Meyma’i, Abyana’i, Soi, Badi, Natanzi, Kasha’i, Tari, Tarqi, Judeo-Kashani Southeastern: Zoroastrian Dari, Nayini, Zefra’i, Varzenei, Tudeshki, Keyjani, Abchuya’i

Northwestern III

Semnani: Semnani, Sangisari, Lasgerdi-Sorkhei (incl. Aftari) Caspian: Gilaki (incl. Taleqani), Mazandarani, Gorgani†, ?Deilami

Southwestern (cf. dialects of Fars)

Persian (dialects: Iranian Persian, Dari Persian (Madaglashti), Tajik Persian, Hazaragi Persian, Aimaq, Sistani, Pahlavani Persian†, Dzhidi Persian (Judeo-Persian), Judeo-Bukharic), Muslim/Christian Tat, Judeo-Tat, Laki Persid

Khuzestani/Dezfuli Luri (dialects: Luri, Mamasani, Kohkiluyeh, Bakhtiari) Sivandi Northwestern Fars Kuhmareyi (incl. Davani)

Larestani–Gulf

Lari (Larestani), Judeo-Shirazi Gulf: Bashkardi, Kumzari, Bandari, Minabi

An Iranian Khalaj language has been claimed but does not exist; the Khalaj speak a Turkic language. The dialects of Central Iran are a geographic rather than genetic grouping. They are spoken mostly in Markazi and Isfahan provinces. Many of them are giving way to Persian in the younger generations.[4] See also[edit]

Eastern Iranian languages

References[edit]

^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Western Iranian". Glottolog
Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ Gernot Windfuhr, 2009, "Dialectology and Topics", The Iranian Languages, Routledge ^ Languages preceded by question marks, and many of the varieties of Persian, are from other sources. The dialects of the Central Plateau are from the source provided there. ^ a b Central dialects, Encyclopedia Iranica

Bibliography[edit]

Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum, ed. Rüdiger Schmitt. Wiesbaden: L. Reichert Verlag, 1989; p. 99.

v t e

Iranian languages

Old

Western

Old Persian Median

Eastern

Avestan Old Scythian

Middle

Western

Middle Persian Parthian

Eastern

Bactrian Khwarezmian Ossetic

Jassic

Saka Scythian Sogdian

Modern

North

Old Azari Balochi Central Iran Zoroastrian Dari Fars Gilaki Gorani Kurdic

Sorani Kurmanji Southern group Laki

Mazandarani Semnani Taleshi Deilami Tati Zazaki

Eastern

Pamir

Ishkashimi Sanglechi Wakhi Munji Yidgha Vanji Yazghulami Shughni Roshani Khufi Bartangi Sarikoli

Others

Ossetian

Digor Iron

Pashto

Central Northern Southern Wanetsi

Yaghnobi Ormuri Parachi

Western

South

Persian

Caucasian Tat Dari Tajik

Luri

Feyli Bakhtiari Kumzari

Larestani Bashkardi

Italics indicate extinc

.