HOME
The Info List - West Yorkshire


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

WEST YORKSHIRE is a metropolitan county in England
England
. It is an inland and in relative terms upland county having eastward-draining valleys while taking in moors of the Pennines and has a population of 2.2 million . West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972 .

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
consists of five metropolitan boroughs (City of Bradford
Bradford
, Calderdale , Kirklees , City of Leeds
Leeds
and City of Wakefield ) and shares borders with the counties of Derbyshire (briefly to the south), Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
(to the south-west), Lancashire
Lancashire
(to the north-west), North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
(to the north and east) and South Yorkshire
Yorkshire
(to the south and south-east).

Leeds
Leeds
, informally, is the capital of West Yorkshire, Leeds
Leeds
(city) has developed into the third biggest in the UK by population after London and Birmingham, York
York
is the Capital of Yorkshire, the Leeds- Bradford
Bradford
Metropolitan County has grown to become the 4th largest in the UK after Greater London, West Midlands (Birmingham) and Greater Manchester with a population over 2.2 million.

Remnants of a strong industrialisation in coal, wool and iron ore industries remain in the county having attracted people over the centuries, and this can be seen the buildings and architecture. The greatest hub Leeds
Leeds
may become a terminus for a north-east limb of High Speed 2 . Major railways and three major motorways traverse the county. In the heart of the county is Leeds
Leeds
Bradford
Bradford
International Airport .

West Yorkshire County Council was abolished in 1986 so its five districts became effectively unitary authorities . However, the metropolitan county, which covers an area of 2,029 square kilometres (783 sq mi), continues to exist in law, and as a geographic frame of reference. Since 1 April 2014 West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
has been a combined authority area, with the local authorities pooling together some functions over transport and regeneration as the West Yorkshire Combined Authority .

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
includes the West Yorkshire Urban Area , which is the most built-up and biggest urban area within the historic county boundaries of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Climate * 4 Governance * 5 Demography

* 6 Economy

* 6.1 Industries * 6.2 Film and television productions * 6.3 Tourism

* 7 Transport * 8 Sport

* 9 Places of interest

* 9.1 Historic environment * 9.2 Museums * 9.3 Natural environment * 9.4 Waterways

* 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

See also: History of Leeds
Leeds
and History of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Kirkstall Abbey , Kirkstall , Leeds
Leeds
Titus Salt 's mill in Saltaire , Shipley is an UNESCO World Heritage Site . Leeds
Leeds
Town Hall

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
was formed as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972 , and corresponds roughly to the core of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire and the county boroughs of Bradford, Dewsbury, Halifax, Huddersfield, Leeds, and Wakefield.

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Metropolitan County Council inherited the use of West Riding County Hall at Wakefield
Wakefield
, opened in 1898, from the West Riding County Council in 1974. Since 1987 it has been the headquarters of Wakefield
Wakefield
City Council.

The county initially had a two-tier structure of local government with a strategic-level county council and five districts providing most services. In 1986, throughout England
England
the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The functions of the county council were devolved to the boroughs; joint-boards covering fire, police and public transport; and to other special joint arrangements. Organisations such as the West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Passenger Transport Executive (governed by the West Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner ) continue to operate on this basis.

Although the county council was abolished, West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
continues to form a metropolitan and ceremonial county with a Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and a High Sheriff .

Wakefield's Parish Church was raised to cathedral status in 1888 and after the elevation of Wakefield
Wakefield
to diocese, Wakefield
Wakefield
Council immediately sought city status and this was granted in July 1888. However the industrial revolution , which changed West and South Yorkshire
Yorkshire
significantly, led to the growth of Leeds
Leeds
and Bradford, which became the area's two largest cities ( Leeds
Leeds
being the largest in Yorkshire). Leeds
Leeds
was granted city status in 1893 and Bradford
Bradford
in 1897. The name of Leeds
Leeds
Town Hall reflects the fact that at its opening in 1858 Leeds
Leeds
was not yet a city, while Bradford
Bradford
renamed its Town Hall as City Hall in 1965.

POST-1974 PRE-1974

METROPOLITAN COUNTY METROPOLITAN BOROUGH COUNTY BOROUGHS NON-COUNTY BOROUGHS URBAN DISTRICTS RURAL DISTRICTS

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
is an amalgamation of 53 former local government districts, including six county boroughs and ten municipal boroughs. Bradford
Bradford
Bradford
Bradford
Keighley
Keighley
Baildon Bingley
Bingley
Denholme Ilkley • Queensbury and Shelf • Silsden • Shipley Skipton

Calderdale Halifax Brighouse Todmorden Elland • Hebden Royd • Queensbury and Shelf Ripponden
Ripponden
Sowerby Bridge

Kirklees Huddersfield Dewsbury
Dewsbury
Batley • Spenborough Colne Valley • Denby Dale Heckmondwike Holmfirth Kirkburton Meltham Mirfield
Mirfield

Leeds
Leeds
Leeds
Leeds
Morley • Pudsey
Pudsey
Aireborough • Garforth Horsforth
Horsforth
Otley • Rothwell Tadcaster • Wharfedale • Wetherby
Wetherby

Wakefield
Wakefield
Wakefield
Wakefield
Castleford Ossett Pontefract
Pontefract
Featherstone
Featherstone
Hemsworth
Hemsworth
Horbury Knottingley • Normanton • Stanley Hemsworth
Hemsworth
• Osgoldcross • Wakefield
Wakefield

GEOGRAPHY

Geology of Yorkshire
Yorkshire

The county borders, going anticlockwise from the west: Lancashire
Lancashire
, Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
, Derbyshire , South Yorkshire and North Yorkshire . It lies almost entirely on rocks of carboniferous age which form the southern Pennine fringes in the west and the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
coalfield further eastwards. In the extreme east of the metropolitan county there are younger deposits of magnesian limestone . The Bradford
Bradford
and Calderdale areas are dominated by the scenery of the eastern slopes of the Pennines, dropping from upland in the west down to the east, and dissected by numerous steep-sided valleys. There is a close conjunction of large scale industry, urban areas and transport routes with open countryside. The dense network of roads, canals and railways and urban development, confined by valleys creates dramatic interplay of views between settlements and the surrounding hillsides.

The carboniferous rocks of the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
coalfield further east have produced a rolling landscape with hills, escarpments and broad valleys. In this landscape there is widespread evidence of both current and former industrial activity. There are numerous derelict or converted mine buildings and recently landscaped former spoil heaps. The scenery is a mixture of built up areas, industrial land with some dereliction, and farmed open country. Ribbon developments along transport routes including canal, road and rail are prominent features of the area although some remnants of the pre industrial landscape and semi-natural vegetation still survive. However, many areas are affected by urban fringe pressures creating fragmented and downgraded landscapes and ever present are urban influences from major cities, smaller industrial towns and former mining villages.

In the magnesian limestone belt to the east of the Leeds
Leeds
and Wakefield
Wakefield
areas is an elevated ridge with smoothly rolling scenery, dissected by dry valleys. Here, there is a large number of country houses and estates with parkland, estate woodlands, plantations and game coverts.

The rivers Aire and Calder drain the area, flowing from west to east.

The table below outlines many of the county's settlements, and is formatted according to their metropolitan borough.

METROPOLITAN COUNTY METROPOLITAN BOROUGH CENTRE OF ADMINISTRATION OTHER PLACES

WEST YORKSHIRE City of Bradford

Bradford
Bradford
Addingham , Baildon , Bingley
Bingley
, Burley-in-Wharfedale , Cottingley , Crossflatts , Cullingworth , Denholme , East and West Morton , Eccleshill , Eldwick , Esholt , Gilstead , Harden , Haworth , Ilkley , Keighley
Keighley
, Menston , Oakworth
Oakworth
, Oxenhope , Queensbury , Riddlesden , Saltaire , Sandy Lane , Shipley , Silsden , Stanbury , Steeton , Thornbury , Thornton , Tong , Undercliffe , Wilsden

Calderdale

Halifax Bailiff Bridge , Boothtown , Brighouse , Copley , Cragg Vale , Elland , Greetland , Hebden Bridge , Heptonstall , Hipperholme , Holywell Green , Luddendenfoot , Mytholmroyd , Norwood Green , Rastrick , Ripponden
Ripponden
, Shelf , Shibden , Sowerby Bridge , Todmorden

Kirklees

Huddersfield Almondbury , Batley , Birkby , Birkenshaw , Birstall , Cleckheaton , Dalton , Denby Dale , Dewsbury
Dewsbury
, Emley , Golcar , Gomersal , Hartshead , Hartshead Moor , Heckmondwike , Holmfirth , Honley , Kirkburton , Kirkheaton , Linthwaite , Liversedge , Marsden , Meltham , Mirfield
Mirfield
, New Mill , Norristhorpe , Roberttown , Scammonden , Shelley , Shepley , Skelmanthorpe , Slaithwaite , Thornhill

City of Leeds
Leeds

Leeds
Leeds
Allerton Bywater , Beeston , Boston Spa , Collingham , Garforth , Guiseley , Harewood , Headingley
Headingley
, Holbeck , Horsforth
Horsforth
, Kippax , Kirkstall , Ledsham , Ledston , Methley , Middleton , Morley , New Farnley , Otley , Oulton , Pool-in-Wharfedale , Pudsey
Pudsey
, Rothwell , Rawdon , Scarcroft , Scholes , Stourton , Swillington , Walton (Leeds) , Wetherby
Wetherby
, Yeadon

City of Wakefield

Wakefield
Wakefield
Ackworth , Alverthorpe , Castleford , Crigglestone , Crofton , Durkar , Fairburn Ings , Featherstone
Featherstone
, Ferrybridge , Fitzwilliam , Hemsworth
Hemsworth
, Horbury , Knottingley , Newmillerdam , Normanton , Nostell , Ossett , Outwood , Pontefract
Pontefract
, Ryhill , Sandal , Sharlston , Stanley , Walton (Wakefield) , West Bretton

CLIMATE

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
has an Oceanic climate, similar to other parts of the United Kingdom. West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
tends to be cooler than counties further south, due to inland location and high elevation (especially in western areas). Snow is common, as are sub-zero temperatures. In December 2010, many rivers in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
froze over.

Temperatures over the year usually remain between −1 °C (30 °F) and 20 °C (68 °F) with rare extremes near 30 °C (86 °F) and −16 °C (3 °F).

CLIMATE DATA FOR WEST YORKSHIRE

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 5 (41) 5 (41) 8 (46) 11 (52) 15 (59) 18 (64) 19 (66) 19 (66) 17 (63) 13 (55) 8 (46) 6 (43) 12 (53.5)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 0 (32) 0 (32) 1 (34) 3 (37) 5 (41) 8 (46) 10 (50) 10 (50) 8 (46) 6 (43) 2 (36) 1 (34) 4.5 (40.1)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 61 (2.4) 45 (1.77) 52 (2.05) 48 (1.89) 54 (2.13) 54 (2.13) 51 (2.01) 65 (2.56) 57 (2.24) 55 (2.17) 57 (2.24) 61 (2.4) 660 (25.99)

Source #1: www.worldtravels.com

Source #2: www.wunderground.com

GOVERNANCE

See also: List of civil parishes in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
The coat of arms of the former West Yorkshire County Council

In Parliament, 15 out of 23 of West Yorkshire's M.P.s are Labour , 6 are Conservative and 2 are Liberal Democrats . At local level, the councils are generally divided, apart from the Wakefield
Wakefield
district, which has long been one of the safest Labour councils in the country.

Certain services are provided across the county by West Yorkshire Joint Services , and the West Yorkshire Police and West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Fire and Rescue Service are also county-wide.

DEMOGRAPHY

See also: List of settlements in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
by population

DISTRICT AREA KM2 POPULATION POPULATION DENSITY

Bradford
Bradford
! City of Bradford 366.42 523,100 1,346

Calderdale 363.92 200,100 545

Kirklees 408.61 401,000 975

Leeds
Leeds
!City of Leeds
Leeds
551.72 761,100 1,360

Wakefield
Wakefield
! City of Wakefield 338.61 321,600 949

Population density in the 2011 census in West Yorkshire.

DISTRIBUTION OF ETHNIC GROUPS IN WEST YORKSHIRE ACCORDING TO THE 2011 CENSUS.

White

White-British

White-Irish

White-Other

Asian

Asian-Indian

Asian-Pakistani

Asian-Bangladeshi

Asian-Chinese

Black

Black-African

Black-Caribbean

Other-Arab

DISTRIBUTION OF RELIGIONS IN WEST YORKSHIRE ACCORDING TO THE 2011 CENSUS.

Christianity

Islam

Judaism

Hinduism

Sikhism

Buddhism

Other religion

No religion

ECONOMY

See also: List of ceremonial counties in England
England
by gross value added Bridgewater Place , a symbol of Leeds' growing financial importance.

This is a chart of regional gross value added for West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

YEAR REGIONAL GROSS VALUE ADDED AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY SERVICES

1995 21,302 132 7,740 13,429

2000 27,679 80 8,284 19,314

2003 31,995 91 8,705 23,199

INDUSTRIES

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
grew up around several industries. Bradford
Bradford
, Halifax and Huddersfield were grown through the development of woollen mills, Leeds' traditional industry was the manufacturing of cloth, while heavier engineering industries facilitated growth in South Leeds. Wakefield, Castleford, Pontefract
Pontefract
and South and East Leeds
Leeds
were traditional coal mining areas. The woollen and cloth industries declined throughout the twentieth century. Many of the coal mines in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
closed during the Robens era in the 1960s, but mining was still a significant employer in the Wakefield
Wakefield
district at the time of the 1984-5 strike. The last pit in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
to close was Hay Royds Colliery at Denby Dale in 2012 after a flood.

Leeds
Leeds
has since attracted investment from financial institutions, to become a recognised financial centre, with many banks , building societies and insurance companies having offices in the city. Wakefield
Wakefield
has also attracted many service based industries, inparticularly call centres . Two of the big four supermarkets are from West Yorkshire. Morrisons
Morrisons
is based in Bradford, while Asda is based in Leeds. Netto have their British headquarters in South Elmsall. Rhubarb

The Rhubarb Triangle is wholly in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and still produces the vegetable in considerable quantities. Twelve farmers who farm within the Rhubarb Triangle applied to have the name " Yorkshire
Yorkshire
forced rhubarb" added to the list of foods and drinks that have their names legally protected by the European Commission's Protected Food Name scheme. The application was successful and the farmers in the Rhubarb Triangle were awarded Protected Designation of Origin status (PDO) in February 2010. Food protected status accesses European funding to promote the product and legal backing against other products made outside the area using the name. Other protected names include Stilton cheese , Champagne and Parma Ham.

FILM AND TELEVISION PRODUCTIONS

Several films and television series have been filmed in West Yorkshire's historic areas, particularly around the city of Huddersfield . For example, portions of the BBC television series _Happy Valley _ were filmed in Huddersfield; in addition to exteriors, some of the studio filming was done at North Light Film Studios at Brookes Mill, Huddersfield. As well, interiors for the BBC's _Jamaica Inn _, for the BBC's _Remember Me _ and for ITV series _ Black Work _, were also filmed at the studios. More recently, many of the exteriors of the BBC series _Jericho _ were filmed at the nearby Rockingstone Quarry and some interior work was done at North Light Film Studios.

TOURISM

See also: § Places of interest

Urban tourism varies. National interest features include sporting stadia, museums, theatre and galleries. Royal Armouries is in Leeds, as is the West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Playhouse, Opera North and The Grand Theatre. The First Direct Arena in Leeds
Leeds
seats around 15,000 people. Sheffield (South Yorkshire) Arena is also popular, as is the Alhambra Theatre, St Georges Hall and The Media and Science Museum in Bradford, West Yorkshire. Leeds
Leeds
is the most popular shopping destination in West Yorkshire, probably Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and rivals Manchester having claim to Briggate, the Headrow, the Trinity Centre, Victoria Gate, the Victoria and Northern Quarters, the biggest indoor market in Europe and the White Rose Shopping Centre, as well as many 'first outside of London' labels such as Harvey Nichols and Victoria's Secret. Leeds
Leeds
is also a popular nightlife destination domestically, which is not surprising given its accessibility and central location. All cities are well connected via rail and road, Leeds
Leeds
Railway Station is an important hub seeing 29.7 million passengers 2015-16, making it the fourth busiest station in the UK (London altogether being classed as number one) after London, Birmingham New Street and Glasgow Central. It is the busiest in Northern England. Signposted walks follow rivers and the escarpment of the Pennines, which is scaled in meandering stages and tunnels by the recreational Leeds-Liverpool Canal and Rochdale Canal , navigatable by barge, canoe or kayak. Other tourism features include abbeys, castles, countryside walks, landscapes, picturesque villages, architecture, stately homes, tea rooms , real ale breweries, farmer's markets, restaurants and hiking in villages including Hebden Bridge , Ilkley with its scenic riversides, cherry blossoms and suspension bridge and equally in Wharfedale, Otley .

TRANSPORT

Leeds
Leeds
Bradford
Bradford
International Airport

West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
lies in arguably the most strategic part of Yorkshire: the M62 , M1 and the A1(M) pass through the county, as well as the internal urban motorways in Leeds
Leeds
and Bradford
Bradford
. West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
has two mainline railway stations, Leeds
Leeds
and Wakefield
Wakefield
Westgate . Leeds railway station is the only Network Rail principal station in Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and North East England
England
, and one of only three in the North of England
England
along with Manchester Piccadilly and Liverpool Lime Street . Other important railway stations in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
include Bradford Interchange , Bradford
Bradford
Forster Square , Huddersfield , Halifax , Dewsbury
Dewsbury
, Keighley
Keighley
and Shipley . West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
also has Yorkshire's largest airport, Leeds
Leeds
Bradford
Bradford
International Airport .

Unlike South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
has no light transit system; the Leeds
Leeds
Supertram was proposed, but was later cancelled after the withdrawal of government funding; the Leeds
Leeds
Trolleybus is the current proposed scheme. Public transport is run under the authority of the West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Passenger Transport Executive (Metro).

SPORT

The three major football clubs in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
are Bradford
Bradford
City , Huddersfield Town , who are the sole team in Yorkshire
Yorkshire
to play in the premier league of English football and Leeds
Leeds
United . Rugby league
Rugby league
is also big in West Yorkshire. The teams who are, or have been, in Super League are Bradford
Bradford
Bulls , Castleford Tigers , Halifax , Huddersfield Giants , Leeds
Leeds
Rhinos , and Wakefield
Wakefield
Trinity . Other rugby league clubs in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
are Batley Bulldogs , Dewsbury
Dewsbury
Rams , Featherstone
Featherstone
Rovers , Hunslet Hawks and Keighley
Keighley
Cougars . Any combination of these teams playing against each other would be called a West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
derby even if the rivalry is not as great as other rivalries between teams in the area. The main rugby union club in the county is Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Carnegie .

The Headingley
Headingley
Stadium is home of the Yorkshire
Yorkshire
County Cricket Club , Leeds
Leeds
Rhinos and Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Carnegie, whereas the John Smith\'s Stadium is home of Huddersfield Town and Huddersfield Giants. Valley Parade is home of Bradford
Bradford
City, whereas the Odsal Stadium is home of the Bradford
Bradford
Bulls.

There are two racecourses in West Yorkshire: Pontefract
Pontefract
and Wetherby
Wetherby

PLACES OF INTEREST

HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT

See also: List of Museums in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
, List of historic houses in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
, and List of castles in West Yorkshire
Yorkshire

KEY

Abbey/Priory/Cathedral

Accessible open space

Amusement/Theme Park

Castle

Country Park

English Heritage

Forestry Commission

Heritage railway

Historic House

Museum (free/not free)

National Trust

Theatre

Zoo

* Bretton Hall * Cartwright Hall
Cartwright Hall
* Cliffe Hall, also known as Cliffe Castle , Keighley
Keighley
* East Riddlesden Hall * Esholt Hall , Esholt * Firsby Hall * Harewood House * Kershaw House * Keighley
Keighley
and Worth Valley Railway * Kirklees Hall/Priory * Kirkstall Abbey * Roman Lagentium ( Castleford ) * Ledston Hall , Ledston * Linthwaite Hall , Linthwaite * Linton Hall * Lister Park , Bradford
Bradford
* Lotherton Hall * Middleton Railway , the world's oldest steam railway * Nostell Priory * Oakwell Hall * Oulton Hall , Oulton * Piece Hall , Halifax * Pontefract
Pontefract
Castle * Pontefract
Pontefract
Priory , Pontefract
Pontefract
* Queen\'s Park , Castleford * Roundhay Park Leeds * Saltaire , a UNESCO World Heritage Site * Sandal Castle * Scarcroft Watermill , Scarcroft * Shelley Hall , Shelley * Shibden Hall * Shipley Glen Tramway * Tong Hall , Tong * Wetherby
Wetherby
Castle , Wetherby
Wetherby

Harewood House Sandal Castle

MUSEUMS

Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds: Looking up the main stairwell

* Abbey House Museum , Leeds * Armley Mills Industrial Museum , Leeds * Bankfield Museum , Halifax * Bradford
Bradford
Industrial Museum , Eccleshill /Fagley, Bradford
Bradford
* Brontë Parsonage Museum , Haworth * Colne Valley Museum , Golcar , Huddersfield * Eureka , Halifax * Leeds
Leeds
City Museum , Leeds * National Coal Mining Museum for England
England
Overton , Wakefield
Wakefield
* National Media Museum , Bradford * Pennine Farm Museum , Ripponden
Ripponden
, Halifax * Pontefract
Pontefract
Museum * Royal Armouries Museum , Leeds * Thackray Museum , Leeds * The Hepworth Wakefield
Wakefield
* Thwaite Mills , Leeds * Tolson Museum , Dalton , Huddersfield * Wakefield
Wakefield
Museum , Wakefield * West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Folk Museum , Shibden Hall , Halifax * Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Sculpture Park , West Bretton , Wakefield

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Emley Moor Mast

* Emley Moor , site of the tallest self-supporting structure in the UK (a TV mast) * Harewood Estate – Leeds
Leeds
Country Way public footpath runs through the estate, beautiful landscaped gardens and home to Red Kites amongst many other birds * Ilkley Moor , part of Rombalds Moor * New Swillington Ings Nature Reserve * Otley Chevin – extensive wooded parkland on high ground with extensive views North over Wharfedale and South as far as the Peak District * RSPB Fairburn Ings – wetland centre for birds * Seckar Woods LNR, a Local Nature Reserve
Local Nature Reserve
* Walton Hall, West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
, home of naturalist Charles Waterton and the world's first nature reserve

WATERWAYS

Clarence Dock in Leeds
Leeds

* Scammonden Reservoir , Deanhead Reservoir – both in the moors near Ripponden
Ripponden
* River Aire , River Calder , River Hebble , River Spen , River Worth * Aire and Calder Navigation
Aire and Calder Navigation
* Calder and Hebble Navigation * Huddersfield Broad Canal * Huddersfield Narrow Canal , Standedge Tunnel * Leeds
Leeds
and Liverpool Canal * Rochdale Canal

SEE ALSO

* List of Lord Lieutenants of West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
* List of High Sheriffs of West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
* The Kingdom of Elmet * West Yorkshire Urban Area * West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Metropolitan Ambulance Service * West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Regiment (The Prince of Wales\'s Own) * List of ceremonial counties in England
England
by gross value added

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ Arnold-Baker, C., _Local Government Act 1972_, (1973) * ^ "Gazetteer of the old and new geographies of the United Kingdom" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. p. 48. Retrieved 14 December 2006. * ^ "Metropolitan Counties and Districts". _Beginners' Guide to UK Geography_. Office for National Statistics . 17 September 2004. Retrieved 11 January 2007. * ^ " Yorkshire
Yorkshire
and Humber Counties". The Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 14 February 2007. * ^ "County Hall". Wakefield
Wakefield
City Council. 20 November 2004. * ^ Redcliffe-Maud and Wood, B., _English Local Government Reformed_, (1974) * ^ Kingdom, J., _Local Government and Politics in Britain_, (1991) * ^ Beckett 2005 , pp. 39,40 * ^ "History of City Hall". _ City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council_. Retrieved 17 January 2009. * ^ _A_ _B_ The urban district of Queensbury and Shelf was split between Bradford
Bradford
and Calderdale in 1974: Queensbury civil parish was amalgamated into Bradford; Shelf civil parish was amalgamated into Calderdale. * ^ " Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Southern Pennine Fringe". www.countryside.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 October 2008. * ^ "Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Coalfield". www.countryside.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 October 2008. * ^ "Southern Magnesian Limestone". www.countryside.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 October 2008. * ^ " Leeds
Leeds
average weather data.". www.worldtravels.com. Retrieved 21 January 2016. * ^ " Leeds
Leeds
average weather data.". www.wunderground.com. Retrieved 21 January 2016. * ^ "Regional Gross Value Added" (PDF). Office for National Statistics. 21 December 2005. pp. 240–253. Retrieved 6 October 2008.

* ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding * ^ includes hunting and forestry * ^ includes energy and construction * ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured * ^ "The Drift remembers Yorkshire\'s industrial past". University of Bolton. Retrieved 29 July 2017. * ^ _Application to register Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Forced Rhubarb_ (PDF), DEFRA, retrieved 25 February 2010 * ^ "Productions at North Light Film Studios". _North Light Film Studios_. North Light Film Studios. 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2017. * ^ "Film & TV". _Examiner_. Huddersfield. 29 October 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2017. * ^ Ballinger, Lauren (5 December 2014). "North Light Film Studios - Remember Me filming locations". _Examiner_. Huddersfield. Retrieved 10 February 2017. * ^ Rees, Caroline (3 November 2013). "Sally Wainwright: not the same old". _The Guardian_. Retrieved 19 January 2014. * ^ Bremner, Jade (11 December 2013). "Last Tango in Halifax actress Sarah Lancashire
Lancashire
begins shooting new crime drama in Yorkshire". _Radio Times_. Retrieved 19 January 2014. * ^ "Creative England
England
provides filming location and crew support to new BBC drama Happy Valley when filming in Yorkshire". _Creative England_. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014. * ^ Gildea, Samantha (1 February 2016). "Jericho filming locations". _Examiner_. Huddersfield. Retrieved 10 February 2017.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Beckett, J. V. (2005), _City status in the British Isles,1830–2002_, Ashgate Publishing, ISBN 0-7546-5067-7

EXTERNAL LINKS

* West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Joint Services * Images of West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
at the English

.