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West Kensington
Kensington
is an area of West London, England, 3.4 miles (5.5 km) west of Charing Cross. West Kensington, the London postal area of W14 is roughly defined as the area between Brook Green and Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Road to the west, Fulham
Fulham
to the south, Shepherd's Bush to the north and Kensington
Kensington
to the east. It is best known as home to the Olympia Exhibition Centre and the Queen's Club
Queen's Club
at Barons Court.

Contents

1 History 2 Residential 3 Demographics 4 Geography 5 Incidents 6 Commerce and education 7 Transport 8 Nearest locations and places of interest 9 Cultural associations 10 Notable people 11 Future redevelopment 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

A map showing the wards of Fulham
Fulham
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

In 1876 William Henry Gibbs and John P. Flew, builders from Dorset, decided to capitalise on their modest success in Kensington, by recreating another 'South Kensington' on the market gardens west of the West London
London
Railway. They built 1,200 houses in the village of North End in the parish of Fulham. However, the housing slump of the 1880s left them with many unsold properties. Their response was two-fold, to have North End renamed as 'West Kensington' and to build a bridge over the railway, from their estate to link with the Cromwell Road in fashionable Kensington.[1] They succeeded with the first plan, but the second led to bankruptcy and the dissolution of the partnership in 1885. However, the campaign for the bridge was taken up by local residents and the West Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
bridge was eventually commenced in 1938 and opened in 1942. Gibbs and Flew thereafter carried on separate businesses with a measure of success in Fulham.[2] Residential[edit] West Kensington
Kensington
is primarily a residential area consisting mainly of Victorian terraced houses, many of which are subdivided into flats. There are excellent examples of Victorian architecture, with several houses and some entire streets listed – including the imposing mansion blocks of Fitzgeorge Avenue (off North End Road) and the mansion blocks around Avonmore Road including, Glyn Mansions (Built 1897), Avonmore Mansions and Avonmore Gardens (Built 1893) which is located next to the new Kensington
Kensington
Village development. West Kensington
Kensington
Court was purpose built and completed in 1938 with a view of providing what were considered at the time luxury flats for young professionals and families wishing to move from older-style properties. There are also a number of ex-local authority and local authority buildings around the North End Road, including the recently renovated Lytton Estate. Many of buildings have been sold off. A more recent private development, St Paul's Court, was built in 1980 on the former site of St Paul's School. Demographics[edit] West Kensington
Kensington
is a cosmopolitan enclave. There are significant populations of Arabs, Americans, Australians, New Zealanders, Irish, Italians, Spaniards, and French, for some of which private schools teaching in their native language can be found around Brook Green. The area also has a large student population, as it is close to Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, South Kensington, Hammersmith and other Central London
London
Universities. Geography[edit] West Kensington
Kensington
has a major advantage in its location. Spill-over wealth from Kensington
Kensington
(W8) means that the area has brought more speciality shops, catering establishments and other developments. West Kensington
Kensington
straddles the border between the boroughs of Hammersmith & Fulham
Fulham
and Kensington
Kensington
& Chelsea. Although the area has not experienced the same level of investment and rejuvenation as neighbouring Earl's Court
Earl's Court
and Fulham, new building and renovation work continue. W14 became the first London
London
postcode area without a post office, until a sub-post office agreement was reached with North End News in February 2009.[3] Incidents[edit] On 26 February 1975, Stephen Tibble, a 22 year old police officer of the Metropolitan Police, was fatally shot by Liam Quinn, a member of the Provisional IRA, after a chase near Barons Court
Barons Court
tube station. It was later discovered that a flat on Fairholme Road was used by the IRA and Quinn himself as a 'bomb factory'.[4] Commerce and education[edit] Local business consists of small shops, offices and restaurants, with the Olympia Exhibition Centre nearby. West Kensington
Kensington
is within easy reach of Earl's Court, and the Broadways of Fulham, Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Notting Hill. There are several pubs and hotels, including The Albion public house, which is reputedly haunted. The Baron's Court Theatre is also located in basement of The Curtains Up bar and restaurant. The Carnival Store is a longstanding fancy dress and costume shop in Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Road and family owned for the past 40 years. Avonmore Road has become home to Kensington
Kensington
Village, built in the 1880s. Whiteleys
Whiteleys
Furniture Depositories, laundry and stables in Westbourne Grove was London's first department store. The high-ceilinged Warwick Building was used as a depository for Whiteleys-sourced furnishings (grand pianos, chaise longues, oriental room dividers, mahogany wardrobes) for the use of those resident in the colonies. Kensington
Kensington
Village now consists of a blend of modernised Victorian buildings, such as the Warwick Building, and modern additions such as the Pembroke Building, built in a similar style with London
London
stock brick and red lintels and full-height glazing. West Kensington
Kensington
is also home to the Cardinal Vaughan Memorial School, the three St James Independent Schools, and St Paul's School for Girls, where Gustav Holst
Gustav Holst
was once director of music. (Two of his works are entitled the Brook Green
Brook Green
Suite and the St Paul's Suite.)

Transport[edit] West Kensington
Kensington
is well served by public transport.

There are three underground stations near at hand:

West Kensington
Kensington
(District line) Barons Court
Barons Court
(District and Piccadilly lines) Kensington
Kensington
(Olympia) ( District line
District line
and London
London
Overground)

There are seven more in the vicinity:

Hammersmith
Hammersmith
(Piccadilly and District lines) Hammersmith
Hammersmith
( Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& City line and Circle lines) Earl's Court
Earl's Court
(District, Circle and Piccadilly lines) High Street Kensington
Kensington
(District line) Fulham
Fulham
Broadway (District line) West Brompton (District and London
London
Overground) Gloucester Road (District, Circle and Piccadilly lines) Goldhawk Road ( Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& City and Circle lines) Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
(Central and Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& City lines)

West Kensington
Kensington
Station, the District line
District line
branch (running between Kensington
Kensington
Olympia-Earl's Court- Kensington
Kensington
High Street), Piccadilly line from Barons Court/Earl's Court, Circle and District line
District line
from High Street Kensington, Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& City line from Hammersmith tube station, and the Central line from Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
and Holland Park.

Overground: The London
London
Overground is available from Kensington (Olympia) station and Shepherd's Bush. Bus: Several Bus routes are available in the area including the 9, 10, 27, 28, 49, 391 and C1. Along Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Road, there are numerous buses linking the area to Paddington, Hammersmith, Chiswick, Notting Hill, Oxford Street, Aldwych, King's Cross and Trafalgar Square. The N9 bus also runs from Olympia to Heathrow
Heathrow
via Isleworth
Isleworth
and West Middlesex Hospital. Road: West Kensington
Kensington
is also conveniently located close to the A4 (West Cromwell Road) with links to the West and Heathrow
Heathrow
and High Street Kensington
Kensington
with links to the Central London/West End.

Nearest locations and places of interest[edit]

Queen's Club
Queen's Club
– home to The Queen's Club
Queen's Club
Championships Olympia Exhibition Centre Sotheby's
Sotheby's
central London
London
sales room is located at the Olympia Blythe House
Blythe House
stores and off-site facilities for Victoria & Albert, Science and British Museums North End Road Market Charing Cross Hospital Earls Court
Earls Court
Exhibition Centre Kensington
Kensington
High Street Holland Park Hyde Park Fulham
Fulham
Broadway Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Broadway Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Apollo Westfield London

Cultural associations[edit] Blythe House
Blythe House
has been used as a filming location for numerous films including Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy.[5] In the film Trainspotting, the flat that Renton shows the young couple around when he gets the job as an estate agent and ultimately stashes Begbie and Sickboy in is 78A North End Road, opposite West Kensington tube station. The Nashville Rooms, now the Famous Three Kings pub, hosted many rock and punk concerts in the 1970s and early 1980s. Joy Division, The Sex Pistols and The Police all played there regularly. In Hanif Kureishi's novel The Buddha of Suburbia, the main character moves from the southern suburbs of London
London
to West Kensington
Kensington
and lives by the Nashville. He witnesses one of the first presentations of a punk band, probably The Sex Pistols. The flat featured in the 1969 BBC series 'Take Three Girls' was at 17 Glazbury Road. Heather Graham and Mia Kirshner
Mia Kirshner
play upper-middle-class dilettantes from West Kensington
Kensington
in the 2008 movie Buy Borrow Steal.[6] Notable people[edit]

Edward Burne-Jones, artist, resided at the Grange, North End Crescent, West Kensington.[7] William Crathern, composer, was organist of St Mary's, West Kensington (at that time known as North End).[8] Edward Elgar, composer, lived at 51 Avonmore Road, W14, 1890–1891. Peg Entwistle, Broadway actress whose 1932 suicide from atop the Hollywood Sign
Hollywood Sign
forever tagged her as "The Hollywood Sign
Hollywood Sign
Girl", had her earliest childhood at 53 Comeragh Road.[9] Estelle, rapper, was born and raised in West Kensington; her song "1980" was written about growing up in the area. Marcus Garvey, Pan Africanist, founder of the Black Star Line
Black Star Line
shipping company and the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, lived and died in West Kensington. Mahatma Gandhi, lived on 20 Barons Court
Barons Court
Road (West Kensington) while studying law. Henry Rider Haggard, author, lived for several years in Gunterstone Road and wrote King Solomon's Mines
King Solomon's Mines
and She while there. Adelaide Hall
Adelaide Hall
Jazz singer and entertainer lived at 54A Fairholme Road until her death in 1993. Stephen Hester, chief executive, Royal Bank of Scotland[10] Gustav Holst, composer, music director at St Paul's Girls School, an independent school on the south side of Brook Green, 1905–1934; for his pupils he wrote the St Paul's and Brook Green
Brook Green
suites, the latter being his last composition in 1933; girls from St.Paul's formed the choir at the first public performance of Neptune from the suite The Planets. James Hunt, Formula 1 champion, lived in Normand Mews, 1980–82.[11] James MacLaren, architect, designed 22 and 22A Avonmore Road for sculptor HR Pinker.[12] Freddie Mercury, rock singer, and Mary Austin lived at 100 Holland Road, W14.[13] Stirling Moss,British former Formula One racing driver, was born in West Kensington
Kensington
in 1929 Queen (band)
Queen (band)
shared a flat at 36 Sinclair Road.[13] Sir John Tenniel
John Tenniel
(1820–1914), artist and cartoonist, lived at 52 FitzGeorge Avenue, West Kensington
Kensington
until his death on 25 February 1914.[14] William Butler Yeats
William Butler Yeats
lived in Edith Villas with his family in 1867.[15]

Future redevelopment[edit] The London
London
Borough of Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& Fulham
Fulham
and the Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
& Chelsea have resolved to grant outline planning permission for Sir Terry Farrell's Masterplan for the Earl's Court Project. As the Earls Court
Earls Court
Project would bring considerable benefits to the area, it was recognised by the Mayor’s London
London
Plan as an Opportunity Area in July 2011. The project, expected to span 15-20 years, would involve the redevelopment of the land around the Earl's Court Exhibition Centres and the West Kensington
Kensington
& Gibb's Green Estate. The proposals include the redevelopment and creation of four new village centres around North End Road, West Kensington, West Brompton and Earl's Court. References[edit]

^ 'The Edwardes estate: Warwick Road (north) and West Cromwell Road', in Survey of London: Volume 42, Kensington
Kensington
Square To Earl's Court, ed. Hermione Hobhouse (London, 1986), pp. 282-288. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-london/vol42/pp282-288 [accessed 20 October 2016]. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). Fulham
Fulham
Past. London: Historical Publications. pp. 69–70. ISBN 0 948667 43 5.  ^ Campaigners put post office back on the map in Olympia ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY 27 1975: PC murder linked to IRA bomb factory". BBC News. 2002-02-27. Retrieved 2017-04-09.  ^ Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy film locations ^ Daily Brendan Gunn – Dialogue Coach Article ^ Melbury Road, Leighton House, and the Holland Park
Holland Park
Artists' Houses ^ The Elgar Trail ^ The Hollywood Sign
Hollywood Sign
Girl Archived 10 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ New Royal Bank of Scotland Boss Hired ^ Telegraph Article "Colourful Past" Nos 7&8 Normand Mews ^ Olympia and Avonmore Character profile, London
London
Borough of Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& Fulham
Fulham
Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b "Mr.Scully". "Queen places in London". Queen Concerts. Retrieved 2017-04-09.  ^ L. Perry Curtis Jr, "Tenniel, Sir John (1820–1914)" Retrieved 25 February 2014, pay-walled. ^ New York Times WB Yeats "A Life"

External links[edit]

W14 Community Site The Queen's Club Aegon Championships Earl's Court
Earl's Court
& Olympia My Earl's Court
Earl's Court
Website

v t e

London
London
Borough of Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham

Districts

Brook Green Chelsea Harbour
Chelsea Harbour
(including Imperial Wharf) College Park East Acton Fulham Hammersmith Old Oak Common Parsons Green Sands End Shepherd's Bush Walham Green West Kensington White City

Attractions

BBC Television Centre Bush Theatre Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
football stadium Fulham
Fulham
Palace Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Apollo Linford Christie Stadium Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(football stadium) Lyric Theatre Olympia Leighton House Museum O2 Shepherds Bush
Shepherds Bush
Empire Queen's Club Stamford Bridge (stadium)

Parks and open spaces

Bishops Park Eel Brook Common Hurlingham Park Normand Park Parsons Green Ravenscourt Park Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
Green South Park Wormholt Park Wormwood Scrubs

Constituencies

Chelsea and Fulham Hammersmith

Bridges

Battersea Railway Bridge Fulham
Fulham
Railway Bridge Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Bridge Putney Bridge Wandsworth Bridge

Tube and rail stations

Barons Court East Acton Fulham
Fulham
Broadway Goldhawk Road Hammersmith
Hammersmith
( Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& City and Circle lines) Hammersmith
Hammersmith
(Piccadilly and District lines) Imperial Wharf railway station Parsons Green Putney Bridge Ravenscourt Park Shepherd's Bush Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
railway station Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
Market West Kensington White City Wood Lane

Pubs

Aragon House The Black Lion The Blue Anchor The Cock The Cross Keys The Dove Duke of Cumberland Eight Bells, Fulham The George, Hammersmith Golden Lion Hampshire Hog The Hop Poles Hope and Anchor The King's Head Laurie Arms Queen's Head, Brook Green Rutland Arms Salutation The Swan Temperance Billiard Hall, Fulham The White Horse former Coachmakers Arms, Hammersmith former The Favourite former Seven Stars, West Kensington

Other topics

Coat of arms Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

Places adjacent to West Kensington

Shepherds Bush
Shepherds Bush
& Hammersmith Shepherds Bush
Shepherds Bush
& Notting Hill Notting Hill
Notting Hill
& Holland Park

Hammersmith

West Kensington

Kensington

Fulham
Fulham
& Hammersmith Fulham
Fulham
& Earl's Court Earl's Court
Earl's Court
&

.