WEST JERSEY and
East Jersey were two distinct parts of the Province
New Jersey . The political division existed for 28 years, between
1674 and 1702. Determination of an exact location for a border between
* 1 Background * 2 Constitution * 3 See also * 4 Other sources * 5 References * 6 External links
The development of the colony of New Sweden in the lower Delaware began in 1638. Most of the Swedish population was on the west side of the Delaware, but after the New Netherlands' Fort Nassau was re-established to challenge the Swedes, Fort Nya Elfsborg was established in present-day Salem County . Fort Nya Elfsborg was located between present day Salem and Alloway Creek . The New Sweden colony established two primary settlements in New Jersey: Sveaborg, now Swedesboro and Nya Stockholm, now Bridgeport . Trinity Church , located in Swedesboro, was the site of the Church of Sweden for the area.
The Dutch defeated New Sweden in 1655. Settlement of the West Jersey area by Europeans was thin until the English conquest in 1664. Beginning in the late 1670s Quakers settled in great numbers first in present-day Salem County and then in Burlington which became the capital of West Jersey.
Before 1674, land surveyors for
New Jersey considered it as a hundred
and partitioned it into Tenths .
See: History of the New Jersey State Constitution#West Jersey Constitution
* Quintipartite Deed * Colonial history of New Jersey * Concession and Agreement * Lords Proprietor (1665–1703) * List of colonial governors of New Jersey#Governors under the Proprietors (1665–1674) * Newton Colony * Province of New York * Dominion of New England * West Jersey and Seashore Railroad