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West Jersey
West Jersey
and East Jersey
East Jersey
were two distinct parts of the Province of New Jersey. The political division existed for 28 years, between 1674 and 1702. Determination of an exact location for a border between West Jersey and East Jersey
East Jersey
was often a matter of dispute.

Contents

1 Background 2 Constitution 3 See also 4 Other sources 5 References 6 External links

Background[edit] The Delaware Valley
Delaware Valley
had been inhabited by the Lenape
Lenape
(or Delaware) Indians prior to European exploration and settlement starting around 1609, undertaken by the Dutch, Swedish and English. The Dutch West India Company had established one or two Delaware River
Delaware River
settlements but by the late 1620s, it had moved most of their inhabitants to the island of Manhattan. This became the center of New Netherland.[1] The development of the colony of New Sweden
New Sweden
in the lower Delaware Valley began in 1638. Most of the Swedish population was on the west side of the Delaware. After the English re-established the New Netherland' Fort Nassau to challenge the Swedes, the latter constructed Fort Nya Elfsborg
Fort Nya Elfsborg
in present-day Salem County. Fort Nya Elfsborg was located between present day Salem and Alloway Creek. The New Sweden
New Sweden
colony established two primary settlements in New Jersey: Sveaborg, now Swedesboro, and Nya Stockholm, now Bridgeport. Trinity Church, located in Swedesboro, was the site of the Church of Sweden for the area.[2][3] The Dutch defeated New Sweden
New Sweden
in 1655. Settlement of the West Jersey area by Europeans was thin until the English conquest in 1664. Beginning in the late 1670s, Quakers
Quakers
settled in great numbers in this area, first in present-day Salem County and then in Burlington. The latter became the capital of West Jersey.[4] Before 1674, land surveyors for New Jersey
New Jersey
considered it as a hundred and partitioned it into Tenths. West Jersey
West Jersey
comprised five of the Tenths. But demarcation of the boundaries awaited settlement, the quit-rents the settlers would pay, and the land surveying which the money would purchase. Thus it took years and multiple surveys to settle boundary disputes. Burlington County was formed on 17 May 1694 by combining "the first and second Tenths."[5] At least three expensive surveys were conducted of West Jersey. Richard Tindall was surveyor-general of Fenwick's Colony, the fifth Tenth. Constitution[edit]

See: History of the New Jersey
New Jersey
State Constitution#West Jersey Constitution

See also[edit]

Quintipartite Deed Colonial history of New Jersey Concession and Agreement Lords Proprietor (1665–1703) List of colonial governors of New Jersey#Governors under the Proprietors (1665–1674) Newton Colony Province of New York Dominion
Dominion
of New England West Jersey
West Jersey
and Seashore Railroad

Other sources[edit]

Weslager, C. A. Dutch Explorers, Traders, and Settlers in the Delaware Valley, 1609-1644. (Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Press, 1961). Johnson, Amandus The Swedish Settlements on the Delaware Volume I: Their History and Relation to the Indians, Dutch and English, 1638-1664 (Philadelphia: Swedish Colonial Society. 1911)

References[edit]

^ The Delaware Indians: A History, (by Weslager, C. A. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. 1972) ^ The Swedes and Finns in New Jersey
New Jersey
(Federal Writers' Projectejjejjdejje of WPA. Bayonne, New Jersey: Jersey Printing Company, Inc. 1938) ^ A Brief History Of The Early Swedes in New Jersey
New Jersey
(Gloucester County NJ History and Genealogy) http://www.nj.searchroots.com/Gloucesterco/swedesboro.htm ^ British Colony (Burlington County Historical Society. Burlington City, NJ ) [1] ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 93. Accessed September 30, 2013.

External links[edit]

West Jersey
West Jersey
History Project Quaker West New Jersey: Democracy in 1677 1677 Charter 1681 Regulations Where was the West Jersey/ East Jersey
East Jersey
line? Colonial Charters, Grants and Related Documents (at "New Jersey"). The Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. Lillian Goldman Law Library (Yale Law School). Retrieved 2010-03-14.

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and Nevis 1889–1962 Trinidad and Tobago 1907–1949 Newfoundland3 1958–1962 West Indies Federation

1. Occupied jointly with the United States. 2. In 1931, Canada and other British dominions obtained self-government through the Statute of Westminster. See Name of Canada. 3. Gave up self-rule in 1934, but remained a de jure Dominion until it joined Canada in 1949.

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of April–June 1982.

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17th and 18th centuries 19th century 20th century

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6. League of Nations mandate. 7. Self-governing Southern Rhodesia
Southern Rhodesia
unilaterally declared independence in 1965 (as Rhodesia) and continued as an unrecognised state until the 1979 Lancaster House Agreement. After recognised independence in 1980, Zimbabwe was a member of the Commonwealth until it withdrew in 2003.

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Akrotiri and Dhekelia
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18th and 19th centuries 20th century

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Kiribati
and *Tuvalu. 12. Now the *Solomon Islands. 13. Now *Papua New Guinea.

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Australian Antarctic Territory
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Ross Dependency
(transferred to the Realm of New Zealand)

14. Since 2009 part of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha; Ascension Island
Ascension Island
(1922–) and Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha
(1938–) were previously dependencies of Saint Helena. 15. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands).

Coordinates: 40°09′58″N 74°14′02″W / 40.166°N 74.234°W

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