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West Godavari
Godavari
district or Paschima Godavari
Godavari
Jilla is one of the 13 districts in the Indian state
Indian state
of Andhra Pradesh. The district is situated in Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
region of the state. The administrative headquarters of the district is situated at Eluru.[2] As of 2011[update] census of India, the district has an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi) and a population of 39,36,966.[3] It is bounded by Krishna district
Krishna district
on the west, East Godavari
Godavari
district on the east, Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
on the south and the state of Telangana
Telangana
on the north.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Rivers and Topography

3 Climate 4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Culture

6.1 Tourism and landmarks

7 Administrative divisions

7.1 Mandals 7.2 Constituencies

8 Transport 9 Education 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Eluru
Eluru
was a part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi[5]. The Eastern Chalukyas ruled coastal Andhra from 700 to 1200, with Vengi, near Pedavegi
Pedavegi
village, as their capital. Historical evidences are found at the villages, Pedavegi
Pedavegi
and Guntupalli (Jilakarragudem). Eluru
Eluru
then became a part of the Kalinga Empire until 1471. Later it fell into the hands of the Gajapathis. In 1515 Sri Krishna Deva Raya captured it. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was taken by the Sultan of Golkonda, Kutub Shah[6]. In 1925, West Godavari District was formed with Eluru
Eluru
as its headquarters and all the district offices and regional offices were set up in Eluru
Eluru
city.[7]

Eluru
Eluru
District Collector Office

West Godavari
Godavari
district was formed from old Godavari District in the year 1925. The Godavari
Godavari
district was renamed as East Godavari
Godavari
district and the new district is named as West Godavari
Godavari
district.[8] Geography[edit] The district occupies an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi). The district is bounded by Khammam district on the north, Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
on the south. The Godavari River
Godavari River
separates East Godavari district
East Godavari district
on east and Tammileru
Tammileru
River and Kolleru Lake separates it from Krishna district
Krishna district
on the west.[9]:22 Rivers and Topography[edit]

S.No. Name of the Basin % of the Area covered

01 Godavari 20.20%

02 Yerrakaluva 48.10%

03 Tammileru 26.80%

04 Ramileru 01.40%

05 Kolleru 3.50%

[10]

River Tammileru
Tammileru
near Eluru

West Godavari
Godavari
is a flat country with a slight eastern slope along the rivers of the district flow. The rivers in the West Godavari
Godavari
district generally flow from West to East. Three rivers cut through the district are Godavari
Godavari
(after which the district is named), Yerrakaluva and Tammileru. Dowleswaram barrage, Eluru
Eluru
canal, Vijayarai Anicut, Tammileru, Jalleru and Yerrakaluva reservoirs are the source of irrigation.[11] Climate[edit] The region has a tropical climate similar to the rest of the Coastal Andhra region. The summers (March–June) are very hot and dry while the winters are fairly pleasant. The temperatures in the summers often rise over 50 degrees during the day. The rainy season (July–December) is often the best time for tourist visits, as fields are brilliantly green with paddy crops, rivers flowing with monsoon water, and a relatively cool climate. The region has long been home to the Indian nobles due to its climate and fertile soil, and several zamindar large mansions are scattered around the Godavari
Godavari
area.

Caves on Dhammalingesvarasvami Hill at Guntupalle

Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update] Census of India, West Godavari
Godavari
district has a population of 3,936,966 with 1,091,525 households, which is the 11th most populous district in the state.[9] The district population is approximately equals to the population of Liberia[12] and Oregon.[13] In Andhra Pradesh, the West Godavari
Godavari
district is the 19th largest in terms of area with an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi)(Before bifurcation) and has a population density of 509/km2 (1,320/sq mi), which is the fourth most densely populated district in the state.[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 3.45%.[14] West Godavari
Godavari
has a sex ratio of 1004 females for every 1000 males and stands it at eighth position. It stands at first position in terms of literacy rate in Andhra Pradesh with 26,52,389 (74.63%) literates.[3][9] 20.6% of District's population lives in Urban areas.[15] Economy[edit] The gross district domestic product (GDDP) is ₹45,963 crore (US$7.0 billion) and it contributes 8.8% to the gross state domestic product (GSDP). For the FY 2013-14, the per capita income at current prices was ₹86,974 (US$1,300). Paddy, banana, sugarcane, and coconut are the main agricultural products cultivated in the district. The agriculture sector contributea ₹18,385 crore (US$2.8 billion), industries contribute ₹7,086 crore (US$1.1 billion), and services contribute ₹20,491 crore (US$3.1 billion) to GDDP.[15] The major products contributing to the gross value added (GVA) of the district from agriculture and allied services are paddy, sugarcane, banana, coconut, milk, meat and fisheries. The GVA to the industrial and service sector is contributed from construction, electricity, manufacturing, unorganised trade, and transport.[15] Cashew nut, mango and tobacco are other important production from the district.[11] Shrimp
Shrimp
production is also a main activity along with pisciculture.[16] The woolen pile carpet industry in Eluru
Eluru
produces eco-friendly carpets from wool that are exported.[17][18] Culture[edit]

Culture and traditions at Kalavalapalli village in West Godavari district

Telugu is the most widely spoken language.[16] Vedas, which has oral heritage recognition from by UNESCO
UNESCO
are taught at Sri Venkateswara Veda Patasala of I. Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram
village in the district.[19] The district is well known for its wool-pile carpets and hand woven products.[20]

Dwaraka Tirumala
Dwaraka Tirumala
Temple Gopuram

Tourism and landmarks[edit] There are many landmarks and tourism destinations in the district. Eluru
Eluru
is the largest city of the district with many destinations related to Buddhists
Buddhists
and Archeological importance such as Guntupalli Caves near the city.[21] Eluru
Eluru
city hosts 74feet high Buddha statue in the heart of the city.

Buddha Park at Eluru

Some of the religious destinations include, Dwaraka Tirumala
Dwaraka Tirumala
known with the name as Chinna Tirumala,[22] Pancharama Kshetras
Pancharama Kshetras
of Palakollu and Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram
etc.[23] Other destinatins of tourism importance are Perupalem Beach at Narasapuram, the Kolleru Lake
Kolleru Lake
being the largest fresh water in the country and a bird sanctuary,[24] Dowleswaram Barrage and Godavari
Godavari
river etc. Administrative divisions[edit]

Districts of Andhra Pradesh

See also: List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
and List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh The district has five revenue divisions, namely Eluru, Jangareddigudem, Kovvur, Kukunuru and Narasapuram. These revenue divisions are divided into 48 mandals in the district. These 48 mandals consists of 881 villages, 1 municipal corporation, 8 municipalities and 5 census towns. Eluru
Eluru
is the only municipal corporation, 7 municipalities include, Kovvur, Narasapuram, Nidadavolu, Palakollu, Tadepalligudem, Tanuku, Bhimavaram, Jangareddigudem
Jangareddigudem
and the 5 census towns are Dwarakatirumala, Sanivarapupeta, Satrampadu, Gavaravaram
Gavaravaram
and Tangellamudi.[9]:22–23,54

Revenue divisions map of West Godavari
Godavari
district

Mandals[edit] The list of 48 mandals in West Godavari
Godavari
district under 5 revenue divisions are listed in the following table:[9]:22–23

# Eluru
Eluru
division Jangareddygudem Division Kovvur
Kovvur
Division Narasapuram
Narasapuram
Division Kukunuru Division

1 Bhimadole Buttayagudem Attili Achanta Velairpadu

2 Chintalapudi Gopalapuram Chagallu Akiveedu Kukunuru

3 Denduluru Koyyalagudem Devarapalle Bhimavaram

4 Dwaraka Tirumala Kukkunoor Iragavaram Kalla

5 Eluru Jeelugu Milli Kovvur Undi

6 Ganapavaram Jangareddigudem Nidadavolu Mogalthur

7 Kamavarapukota Polavaram Penugonda Narasapuram

8 Lingapalem Velerupadu Peravali Palacoderu

9 Nallajerla

Penumantra Palakollu

10 Nidamarru

Tallapudi Poduru

11 Pedapadu

Tanuku Veeravasaram

12 Pedavegi

Undrajavaram Yelamanchili

13 Pentapadu

14 T.Narasapuram

15 Tadepalligudem

16 Ungutur

Constituencies[edit] There are two parliamentary and 15 assembly constituencies in the district. The parliamentary constituencies are Eluru, and Narsapuram.[25] The Assembly constituencies are:

Achanta Bhimavaram Chintalapudi (SC) Denduluru Eluru Gopalapuram Kovvur Nidadavole Narsapur Palakollu Polavaram (ST) Tadepalligudem Tanuku Undi Unguturu

Transport[edit] The total of core road network of the district is 1,224.287 km (760.737 mi). It includes, 523.081 km (325.027 mi) of existing and a proposed length of 701.206 km (435.709 mi).[26] Of which 108 km (67 mi) are National Highway (India) and 281 km (175 mi) are State Highways. The district relies mostly on public transport such as, buses of APSRTC operating from all parts of the district. Most of the major highways and national highways pass through major towns in the district such as, AH 45, NH-16, NH-214A. South Central Railway division of Indian Railways
Indian Railways
operates many passenger and freight transport. Howrah-Chennai main line, Vijayawada– Nidadavolu
Nidadavolu
loop line, Bhimavaram- Nidadavolu
Nidadavolu
section, Bhimavaram– Narasapuram
Narasapuram
branch lines are the major lines and sections that provide rail connectivity in the district. There are no air transport in the district, but has water transport. National Waterway 4
National Waterway 4
passes through the district and connects Vijayawada
Vijayawada
with Kakinada
Kakinada
via Eluru
Eluru
canal. It has access to Bay of Bengal at Narsapuram. Education[edit] The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[27][28] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015-16, there are a total of 4,408 schools. They include, 19 government, 2,664 mandal and zilla parishads, 1 residential, 1,344 private, 3 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 208 municipal and 169 other types of schools.[29] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 522,793.[30] Universities

National Institute of Technology, Tadepalligudem(NIT,Tadepalligudem). Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem, Tadepalligudem. Andhra University
Andhra University
Campus at Tadepalligudem.

References[edit]

^ "Katamaneni Bhaskar New WG Collector". The New Indian Express. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.  ^ "District - West Godavari". Online Portal
Portal
- Government of Andhra Pradesh. Government of Andhra Pradesh.  ^ a b "West Godavari
Godavari
district profile". Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
State Portal.  ^ "West Godavari". Official portal of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Government. Retrieved 13 March 2016.  ^ "Controversies in Vengi History". Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ "FOCUS: WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT FORMATION DAY". Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ "Ellora - "Encyclopedia". Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ "West Godavari
Godavari
district profile". The Hindu. 15 April 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook - West Godavari" (PDF). Census of India. p. 24. Retrieved 18 January 2015.  ^ "IRRIGATION PROFILE WESTGODAVARI DISTRICT".  ^ a b "Ground Water Brochure, West Godavari
Godavari
District, Andhra Pradesh (AAP- 2012-13)" (PDF). Central Ground Water Board. Ministry of Water Resources. p. 7. Retrieved 10 February 2016.  ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Liberia
Liberia
3,786,764July 2011 est.  ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Oregon
Oregon
3,831,074  ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.  ^ a b c "Economy of West Godavari
Godavari
District". Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Economic Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 2017.  ^ a b Mannan, M.A (3 January 2013). "Farmers turn away from agriculture to fish farming in Andhra Pradesh". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  ^ Nagaraja, G (20 March 2014). "Handmade carpet industry in doldrums". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 November 2015.  ^ Sajnani, Manohar (2001). Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India. New Delhi: Kalpaz Pub. p. 66. ISBN 978-81-7835-018-9. Retrieved 26 November 2015.  ^ "President inaugurates TTD's veda patasala in A.P." The Hindu. Akiveedu
Akiveedu
(West Godavari
Godavari
district). 25 December 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  ^ Babu, A. Satish (2008). Tourism development in India : a case study. New Delhi: A.P.H.Pub.Corp. p. 87. ISBN 978-81-313-0346-7. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ "Guntupalli caves are selected as India's top 30 heritage sites".  ^ "Lord Venkateswara Temple".  ^ "Someswaralayam in Bhimavaram".  ^ " Kolleru Lake
Kolleru Lake
gets facelift".  ^ http://ceoandhra.nic.in/Right%20to%20Infn.Act/annex1.htm District-wise Assembly-Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh ^ ":: APRDC ::". Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Road Development Corporation. Roads and Buildings Department. Retrieved 9 November 2016.  ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016.  ^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015-16, District School Education - Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Godavari
Godavari
district.

West Godavari
Godavari
district official website

Places adjacent to West Godavari
Godavari
district

Khammam district, Telangana

Krishna district

West Godavari
Godavari
district

East Godavari
Godavari
district

Bay of Bengal

v t e

State of Andhra Pradesh

Capital: Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto), Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(de jure)

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Education Elections Geography Government Highest point History Language Politics Sports People Transport Tourism

Regions

Coastal Andhra Rayalaseema

Districts

Anantapur Chittoor East Godavari Guntur Kadapa Kurnool Krishna Prakasam Nellore Srikakulam Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram West Godavari

Million-plus cities

Visakhapatnam Vijayawada

Cities (population over 1 lakh)

Adoni Anantapur Bhimavaram Chilakaluripet Chittoor Dharmavaram Eluru Gudivada Guntakal Guntur Hindupur Kadapa Kakinada Kurnool Machilipatnam Madanapalle Nandyal Narasaraopet Nellore Ongole Proddatur Rajahmundry Srikakulam Tadepalligudem Tadpatri Tenali Tirupati Vijayawada Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram

Tourism

Dams Forts Lakes National Parks Hindu Temples Churches Wildlife Sanctuaries Waterfalls

Related lists

List of cities in Andhra Pradesh List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh List of urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh

Portal: Andhra Pradesh

v t e

Godavari
Godavari
basin

Rivers

Major tributaries

Godavari Pranhita Indravati Sabari Manjira Manair Wardha Wainganga Penganga

Minor tributaries

Pravara Kinnerasani Purna Sileru Sindphana Taliperu

Sub-tributaries

Adan Banganga Bindusara Darna Kadva Kanhan Kolar Nasardi Pench Purna Shivana

Dams, barrages

Jayakwadi Dam Majalgaon Dam Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project Sriram Sagar Project Nizam Sagar Upper Wardha Dam Singur Reservoir Neher water system Dowleswaram Barrage Balimela Reservoir Devadula lift irrigation scheme Upper Dudhana Dam Godavari River
Godavari River
Basin Irrigation Projects Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project

Geographical features / regions

Marathwada Vidarbha Coastal Andhra Konaseema Deccan Plateau Western Ghats Eastern Ghats

Riparian districts

Maharashtra

Nashik Ahmednagar Aurangabad Parbhani Nanded Gadchiroli Beed Amravati Bhandara Gondia Chandrapur Wardha Nagpur Yavatmal Washim Buldhana Hingoli

Madhya Pradesh

Balaghat Seoni Betul Chhindwara

Odisha

Kalahandi Koraput Malkangiri

Chhattisgarh

Bastar Bijapur

Karnataka

Bidar

Telangana

Medak Sangareddy Siddipet Nizamabad Kamareddy Adilabad Nirmal Mancherial Komaram Bheem Asifabad Karimnagar Jagtial Peddapalli Rajanna Sircilla Warangal
Warangal
Urban Warangal
Warangal
rural Jayashankar Bhupalpally Jangaon Mahabubabad Bhadradri Kothagudem Khammam

Andhra Pradesh

West Godavari East Godavari Vishakapatnam

Cities

Nashik Nagpur Nanded Rajahmundry Warangal Koraput Bastar Bidar

Languages / people

Indo-Aryan languages Marathi Bhili Khandeshi Andh Banjari Odia Bhunjia Hindi Dravidian languages Kolami Goni Telugu Kannadiga Duruwa Multani Urdu

Coalfields

Godavari
Godavari
Valley Coalfield Wardha Valley Coalfield Kamptee Coalfield Pench Kanhan Coalfield

Oil / gas fields

Krishna Godavari
Godavari
Basin Ravva oil field

Industries

Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station Koradi Thermal Power Station Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station Wardha Warora Power Plant Lanco Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Power Plant Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Dhariwal Power Station RattanIndia Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Kothagudem Thermal Power Station Kakatiya Thermal Power Station Parli Thermal Power Station NTPC Ramagundam NTPC Mauda Super Thermal Power Station Ramagundam B Thermal Power Station Tiroda Thermal Power Station Butibori Power Project Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru Waluj MIDC Shendra MIDC Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park Ballarpur Industries HAL Sunabeda NALCO Damanjodi

Transport

NH 5 National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering) NH 7 Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Old Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge Hyderabad- Godavari
Godavari
Valley Railways Visakhapatnam– Vijayawada
Vijayawada
section Bilaspur– Nagpur
Nagpur
section Nagpur– Hyderabad
Hyderabad
line

Pollution concerns, River basin's sustainable productivity & ecology

Algal bloom
Algal bloom
in reservoirs High alkalinity of river water in the river basin upstream of Pochampadu dam Frequent floods in tail end area of the river basin Alkali salts / high pH water run off from ash / red mud dumps of coal fired power stations / bauxite ore enrichment Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining activities

Related topics

Godavari
Godavari
Water Disputes Tribunal

Other basins

Mahanadi–Brahmani–Baitarani Damodar Kosi Narmada

.