Godavari district or Paschima
Godavari Jilla is one of the 13
districts in the
Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The district is
Coastal Andhra region of the state. The administrative
headquarters of the district is situated at Eluru. As of
2011[update] census of India, the district has an area of
7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi) and a population of
39,36,966. It is bounded by
Krishna district on the west, East
Godavari district on the east,
Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal on the south and the
Telangana on the north.
2.1 Rivers and Topography
6.1 Tourism and landmarks
7 Administrative divisions
11 External links
Eluru was a part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi. The Eastern
Chalukyas ruled coastal Andhra from 700 to 1200, with Vengi, near
Pedavegi village, as their capital. Historical evidences are found at
Pedavegi and Guntupalli (Jilakarragudem).
became a part of the Kalinga Empire until 1471. Later it fell into the
hands of the Gajapathis. In 1515 Sri Krishna Deva Raya captured it.
After the fall of the Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was taken by the Sultan
of Golkonda, Kutub Shah. In 1925, West
Godavari District was formed
Eluru as its headquarters and all the district offices and
regional offices were set up in
Eluru District Collector Office
Godavari district was formed from old
Godavari District in the
year 1925. The
Godavari district was renamed as East
and the new district is named as West
The district occupies an area of 7,742 km2
(2,989 sq mi). The district is bounded by Khammam district
on the north,
Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal on the south. The
Godavari River separates
East Godavari district
East Godavari district on east and
Tammileru River and Kolleru Lake
separates it from
Krishna district on the west.:22
Rivers and Topography
Name of the Basin
% of the Area covered
Tammileru near Eluru
Godavari is a flat country with a slight eastern slope along the
rivers of the district flow. The rivers in the West
generally flow from West to East. Three rivers cut through the
Godavari (after which the district is named), Yerrakaluva
and Tammileru. Dowleswaram barrage,
Eluru canal, Vijayarai Anicut,
Tammileru, Jalleru and
Yerrakaluva reservoirs are the source of
The region has a tropical climate similar to the rest of the Coastal
Andhra region. The summers (March–June) are very hot and dry while
the winters are fairly pleasant. The temperatures in the summers often
rise over 50 degrees during the day. The rainy season
(July–December) is often the best time for tourist visits, as fields
are brilliantly green with paddy crops, rivers flowing with monsoon
water, and a relatively cool climate. The region has long been home to
the Indian nobles due to its climate and fertile soil, and several
zamindar large mansions are scattered around the
Caves on Dhammalingesvarasvami Hill at Guntupalle
As of 2011[update] Census of India, West
Godavari district has a
population of 3,936,966 with 1,091,525 households, which is the 11th
most populous district in the state. The district population is
approximately equals to the population of Liberia and Oregon.
In Andhra Pradesh, the West
Godavari district is the 19th largest in
terms of area with an area of 7,742 km2
(2,989 sq mi)(Before bifurcation) and has a population
density of 509/km2 (1,320/sq mi), which is the fourth most
densely populated district in the state. Its population growth rate
over the decade 2001-2011 was 3.45%. West
Godavari has a sex ratio
of 1004 females for every 1000 males and stands it at eighth position.
It stands at first position in terms of literacy rate in Andhra
Pradesh with 26,52,389 (74.63%) literates. 20.6% of District's
population lives in Urban areas.
The gross district domestic product (GDDP) is ₹45,963 crore
(US$7.0 billion) and it contributes 8.8% to the gross state
domestic product (GSDP). For the FY 2013-14, the per capita income at
current prices was ₹86,974 (US$1,300).
Paddy, banana, sugarcane, and coconut are the main agricultural
products cultivated in the district. The agriculture sector
contributea ₹18,385 crore (US$2.8 billion), industries
contribute ₹7,086 crore (US$1.1 billion), and services
contribute ₹20,491 crore (US$3.1 billion) to GDDP. The
major products contributing to the gross value added (GVA) of the
district from agriculture and allied services are paddy, sugarcane,
banana, coconut, milk, meat and fisheries. The GVA to the industrial
and service sector is contributed from construction, electricity,
manufacturing, unorganised trade, and transport.
Cashew nut, mango and tobacco are other important production from the
Shrimp production is also a main activity along with
pisciculture. The woolen pile carpet industry in
eco-friendly carpets from wool that are exported.
Culture and traditions at Kalavalapalli village in West Godavari
Telugu is the most widely spoken language. Vedas, which has oral
heritage recognition from by
UNESCO are taught at Sri Venkateswara
Veda Patasala of I.
Bhimavaram village in the district. The
district is well known for its wool-pile carpets and hand woven
Dwaraka Tirumala Temple Gopuram
Tourism and landmarks
There are many landmarks and tourism destinations in the district.
Eluru is the largest city of the district with many destinations
Buddhists and Archeological importance such as Guntupalli
Caves near the city.
Eluru city hosts 74feet high Buddha statue in
the heart of the city.
Buddha Park at Eluru
Some of the religious destinations include,
Dwaraka Tirumala known
with the name as Chinna Tirumala,
Pancharama Kshetras of Palakollu
Bhimavaram etc. Other destinatins of tourism importance are
Perupalem Beach at Narasapuram, the
Kolleru Lake being the largest
fresh water in the country and a bird sanctuary, Dowleswaram
Godavari river etc.
Districts of Andhra Pradesh
See also: List of revenue divisions in
Andhra Pradesh and List of
mandals in Andhra Pradesh
The district has five revenue divisions, namely Eluru,
Jangareddigudem, Kovvur, Kukunuru and Narasapuram. These revenue
divisions are divided into 48 mandals in the district. These 48
mandals consists of 881 villages, 1 municipal corporation, 8
municipalities and 5 census towns.
Eluru is the only municipal
corporation, 7 municipalities include, Kovvur, Narasapuram,
Nidadavolu, Palakollu, Tadepalligudem, Tanuku, Bhimavaram,
Jangareddigudem and the 5 census towns are Dwarakatirumala,
Revenue divisions map of West
The list of 48 mandals in West
Godavari district under 5 revenue
divisions are listed in the following table::22–23
There are two parliamentary and 15 assembly constituencies in the
district. The parliamentary constituencies are Eluru, and
The Assembly constituencies are:
The total of core road network of the district is 1,224.287 km
(760.737 mi). It includes, 523.081 km (325.027 mi) of
existing and a proposed length of 701.206 km
(435.709 mi). Of which 108 km (67 mi) are National
Highway (India) and 281 km (175 mi) are State Highways.
The district relies mostly on public transport such as, buses of
APSRTC operating from all parts of the district. Most of the major
highways and national highways pass through major towns in the
district such as, AH 45, NH-16, NH-214A. South Central Railway
Indian Railways operates many passenger and freight
transport. Howrah-Chennai main line, Vijayawada–
Nidadavolu section, Bhimavaram–
lines are the major lines and sections that provide rail connectivity
in the district.
There are no air transport in the district, but has water transport.
National Waterway 4
National Waterway 4 passes through the district and connects
Eluru canal. It has access to Bay of
Bengal at Narsapuram.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government,
aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of
the state. As per the school information report for the
academic year 2015-16, there are a total of 4,408 schools. They
include, 19 government, 2,664 mandal and zilla parishads, 1
residential, 1,344 private, 3 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV),
208 municipal and 169 other types of schools. The total number of
students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the
district are 522,793.
National Institute of Technology, Tadepalligudem(NIT,Tadepalligudem).
Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem,
Andhra University Campus at Tadepalligudem.
^ "Katamaneni Bhaskar New WG Collector". The New Indian Express. 13
July 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
^ "District - West Godavari". Online
Portal - Government of Andhra
Pradesh. Government of Andhra Pradesh.
^ a b "West
Godavari district profile".
Andhra Pradesh State
^ "West Godavari". Official portal of
Andhra Pradesh Government.
Retrieved 13 March 2016.
^ "Controversies in
Vengi History". Retrieved 16 August 2017.
^ "FOCUS: WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT FORMATION DAY". Retrieved 16 August
^ "Ellora - "Encyclopedia". Retrieved 16 August 2017.
Godavari district profile". The Hindu. 15 April 2008.
Retrieved 9 June 2015.
^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook - West Godavari" (PDF). Census
of India. p. 24. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
^ "IRRIGATION PROFILE WESTGODAVARI DISTRICT".
^ a b "Ground Water Brochure, West
Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh
(AAP- 2012-13)" (PDF). Central Ground Water Board. Ministry of Water
Resources. p. 7. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population".
Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Liberia 3,786,764July 2011 est.
^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30
^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30
^ a b c "Economy of West
Andhra Pradesh Economic
Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
^ a b Mannan, M.A (3 January 2013). "Farmers turn away from
agriculture to fish farming in Andhra Pradesh". indiatoday.intoday.in.
Retrieved 14 March 2016.
^ Nagaraja, G (20 March 2014). "Handmade carpet industry in doldrums".
The Hindu. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
^ Sajnani, Manohar (2001). Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in
India. New Delhi: Kalpaz Pub. p. 66. ISBN 978-81-7835-018-9.
Retrieved 26 November 2015.
^ "President inaugurates TTD's veda patasala in A.P." The Hindu.
Godavari district). 25 December 2015. Retrieved 14
^ Babu, A. Satish (2008). Tourism development in India : a case
study. New Delhi: A.P.H.Pub.Corp. p. 87.
ISBN 978-81-313-0346-7. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
^ "Guntupalli caves are selected as India's top 30 heritage
^ "Lord Venkateswara Temple".
^ "Someswaralayam in Bhimavaram".
Kolleru Lake gets facelift".
District-wise Assembly-Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh
^ ":: APRDC ::".
Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation.
Roads and Buildings Department. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department,
Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government
Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education.
Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education.
Child info 2015-16, District School Education - Andhra Pradesh.
Retrieved 8 November 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to West
Godavari district official website
Places adjacent to West
Khammam district, Telangana
Bay of Bengal
State of Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati (de facto),
Hyderabad (de jure)
(population over 1 lakh)
List of cities in Andhra Pradesh
List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh
List of urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh
List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh
List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh
Portal: Andhra Pradesh
Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project
Sriram Sagar Project
Upper Wardha Dam
Neher water system
Devadula lift irrigation scheme
Upper Dudhana Dam
Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects
Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project
features / regions
Komaram Bheem Asifabad
Languages / people
Godavari Valley Coalfield
Wardha Valley Coalfield
Pench Kanhan Coalfield
Oil / gas fields
Ravva oil field
Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station
Koradi Thermal Power Station
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station
Wardha Warora Power Plant
Vidarbha Power Plant
Nashik Thermal Power Station
Dhariwal Power Station
Nashik Thermal Power Station
Kothagudem Thermal Power Station
Kakatiya Thermal Power Station
Parli Thermal Power Station
NTPC Mauda Super Thermal Power Station
Ramagundam B Thermal Power Station
Tiroda Thermal Power Station
Butibori Power Project
Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru
Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park
National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering)
Godavari Arch Bridge
Godavari Valley Railways
River basin's sustainable
productivity & ecology
Algal bloom in reservoirs
High alkalinity of river water in the river basin upstream of
Frequent floods in tail end area of the river basin
Alkali salts / high pH water run off from ash / red mud dumps of coal
fired power stations / bauxite ore enrichment
Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining
Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal