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125 mph (201 km/h) for tilting trains[2] 110 mph (177 km/h) for standard trains

Route map

(interactive map)

[

v t e

]

West Coast Main Line All WCML services & branches

Legend

Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley

Haymarket

Glasgow
Glasgow
Central

Motherwell

Carstairs

Carstairs
Carstairs
South Junction

Lockerbie

Scotland

England

Carlisle

Penrith

Oxenholme
Oxenholme
Lake District

for Windermere

Lancaster

Preston

for Blackpool North

Euxton
Euxton
Junction

Bolton

Wigan
Wigan
North Western

Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay

Liverpool
Liverpool
Lime Street

Runcorn

Weaver Junction

Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly

Stockport

Holyhead

for Dublin
Dublin
Ferry
Ferry
Port

Chester
Chester

Cheadle Hulme Junction

Crewe
Crewe
North Junction

North Wales Coast Line

Crewe

Macclesfield

Stoke-on-Trent

Stone Junction

Norton Bridge Junction

Stafford

Stafford
Stafford
South Junction

Colwich Junction

Wolverhampton

Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley

Cross-City Line

Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street

Tamworth

Cross Country Route

Birmingham
Birmingham
International

Nuneaton

Coventry

Rugby Trent Valley Junction

Rugby

Hillmorton Junction

Northampton

Hanslope Junction

Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central

Watford
Watford
Junction

London
London
Euston

All WCML routes shown. A detailed diagram of the core route can be found at West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
diagram.

[

v t e

] West Coast Main Line Core route

Legend

Glasgow
Glasgow
Central Argyle Line

Ayrshire Coast Line, Inverclyde Line

& Paisley Canal line

Cathcart Circle Lines

& Glasgow
Glasgow
South Western Line

Argyle Line

Whifflet Line

Cambuslang

Cathcart Circle Lines

Newton

Argyle Line

Uddingston

Argyle Line

& Shotts Line

Argyle Line

Motherwell

Shieldmuir

Argyle Line

Wishaw

Carluke

Argyle Line

Carstairs

Glasgow– Edinburgh
Edinburgh
via Carstairs
Carstairs
line

& North Berwick Line

Lockerbie

Scotland

England

Glasgow
Glasgow
South Western Line

Carlisle

Settle–Carlisle line

& Tyne Valley line

Cumbrian Coast line

Penrith

Windermere
Windermere
branch line

Oxenholme
Oxenholme
Lake District

Furness line

Leeds– Morecambe
Morecambe
line

Leeds– Morecambe
Morecambe
line

& Morecambe
Morecambe
branch line

Lancaster

Blackpool branch lines

& Blackpool– Liverpool
Liverpool
line

Preston

to Ribble Steam Railway
Ribble Steam Railway

Ormskirk branch line

East Lancashire line

Leyland

Manchester–Preston line

Euxton
Euxton
Balshaw Lane

(slow only)

Kirkby branch line

& Manchester– Southport
Southport
line

Wigan
Wigan
North Western

Manchester– Southport
Southport
line

Liverpool– Wigan
Wigan
line

Chester– Manchester
Manchester
line

& Liverpool– Manchester
Manchester
lines

Liverpool– Manchester
Manchester
lines

Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay

Chester– Manchester
Manchester
line

& Ellesmere Port– Warrington
Warrington
line

Crewe– Liverpool
Liverpool
line

Acton Bridge

Mid-Cheshire line

Hartford

Winsford

North Wales Coast Line

Crewe– Manchester
Manchester
line

Crewe

Welsh Marches line

Crewe–Derby line

Stafford– Manchester
Manchester
line

Stafford

Rugby–Birmingham– Stafford
Stafford
line

Stafford
Stafford
to Rugby via Nuneaton

also known as Trent Valley line

Stone to Colwich Line

Rugeley
Rugeley
Trent Valley

Chase Line

Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent ValleyCross-City Line

TamworthCross Country Route

Polesworth

Atherstone

Birmingham–Peterborough line

Nuneaton

Birmingham–Peterborough line

Coventry
Coventry
to Nuneaton
Nuneaton
line

Rugby–Birmingham– Stafford
Stafford
line

Rugby

Northampton
Northampton
loop

Wolverton

Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central

Marston Vale line

Bletchley

Leighton Buzzard

Cheddington

Tring

Berkhamsted

Hemel Hempstead

Apsley

Kings Langley

Abbey line

Watford
Watford
Junction

Watford
Watford
DC line

Bushey

Harrow & Wealdstone

Wembley
Wembley
Central

to North London
London
line

West London
London
Line

Queens Park

(slow only)

to North London
London
line

Watford
Watford
DC line

London
London
Euston

A detailed diagram can be found at West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
diagram

The West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
(WCML) is one of the most important railway corridors in the United Kingdom, connecting the major cities of London, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, and Glasgow. It is one of the busiest mixed-traffic railway routes in Europe, carrying a mixture of intercity rail, regional rail, commuter rail and rail freight traffic. The core route of the WCML runs from London
London
to Glasgow, with branches diverging to Northampton, Birmingham, Manchester
Manchester
and Liverpool, totalling a route mileage of 700 miles (1,127 km).[3][4] Services from London
London
to North Wales and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
also run via the WCML; however the main London-Edinburgh route is the East Coast Main Line. In addition, several sections of the WCML form part of the suburban railway systems in London, Birmingham, Manchester
Manchester
and Glasgow, with many more smaller commuter stations, as well as providing links to more rural towns. It is one of the busiest freight routes in Europe, carrying 40% of all UK rail freight traffic. The line is the principal rail freight corridor linking the European mainland (via the Channel Tunnel) through London
London
and South East England
South East England
to the West Midlands, North West England
England
and Scotland.[5] The line has been declared a strategic European route and designated a priority Trans-European Networks (TENS) route. Much of the line has a maximum speed of 125 mph (201 km/h), meeting the European Union's definition of an upgraded high-speed line,[6] although only Class 390 Pendolinos and Class 221 Super Voyagers with tilting mechanisms operated by Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
travel at that speed. Other traffic is limited to 110 mph (177 km/h).

Contents

1 Geography 2 History

2.1 Early history 2.2 LMS era 2.3 British Rail
British Rail
era

2.3.1 Modernisation by British Rail

2.4 Modernisation by Network Rail

3 Infrastructure

3.1 Track 3.2 Electrification 3.3 Rolling stock 3.4 Commuter Trains 3.5 High Speed Trains 3.6 Sleeper Trains 3.7 Future Trains

4 Operators

4.1 Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
(West Coast) 4.2 West Midlands Trains 4.3 TransPennine Express 4.4 Southern 4.5 Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
East Coast 4.6 CrossCountry 4.7 Abellio ScotRail 4.8 Caledonian Sleeper

5 Current developments

5.1 Felixstowe and Nuneaton
Nuneaton
freight capacity scheme 5.2 Stafford
Stafford
Area Improvements Programme 5.3 Weaver Junction to Liverpool
Liverpool
signalling

6 Proposed development

6.1 Increased line speed 6.2 Crossrail
Crossrail
extension

7 Accidents 8 The route in detail

8.1 London
London
to Glasgow
Glasgow
and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 18)

8.1.1 Branches and loops

8.1.1.1 Rugby-Birmingham-Wolverhampton- Stafford
Stafford
( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 17) 8.1.1.2 Crewe- Holyhead
Holyhead
and Chester- Wrexham
Wrexham
( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 22) 8.1.1.3 Crewe-Manchester-Preston ( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 20)

8.1.2 Tunnels viaducts and major bridges 8.1.3 Line-side monitoring equipment

8.2 Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 18 (WCML) – Branches and junctions

9 See also 10 References

10.1 Sources

11 Further reading 12 External links

Geography[edit] The core section between London
London
Euston and Glasgow
Glasgow
Central is 399-mile (642 km) long,[1] with principal InterCity
InterCity
stations at Milton Keynes Central, Rugby, Stafford, Crewe, Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay, Wigan, Preston, Lancaster, Oxenholme, Penrith and Carlisle.

The northern WCML as it weaves through the Lune Gorge in Cumbria alongside the M6 Motorway.

The central core[7] has branches serving the major towns and cities of Northampton, Coventry, Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Stoke-on-Trent, Macclesfield, Stockport, Manchester, Runcorn, and Liverpool; there is also a link to Edinburgh, but this is not the direct route between London
London
and Edinburgh.[8] The route between Rugby and Birmingham, Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and Stafford
Stafford
was the original main line until the Trent Valley Line
Trent Valley Line
was built in 1847. South of Rugby there is a loop that serves Northampton, and there is also a branch north of Crewe
Crewe
to Liverpool
Liverpool
which is notable since Weaver Junction on this branch is the oldest flyover-type junction in use. A loop branches off to serve Manchester, another between Colwich Junction in the Trent Valley south of Stafford
Stafford
via Stoke-on-Trent, one north of Stafford
Stafford
also via Stoke-on-Trent, and one via Crewe
Crewe
and Wilmslow. A further branch at Carstairs
Carstairs
links Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to the WCML, providing a direct connection between the WCML and the East Coast Main Line. The geography of the route was determined by avoiding large estates, and hilly areas, such as the Chilterns ( Tring
Tring
cutting), the Watford Gap and Northampton
Northampton
uplands followed by the Trent Valley, the mountains of Cumbria
Cumbria
with a summit at Shap, and Beattock Summit
Beattock Summit
in South Lanarkshire. This legacy means the WCML has limitations as a long-distance main line, with lower maximum speeds than the East Coast Main Line (ECML) route, the other major main line between London
London
and Scotland. The principal solution has been the adoption of tilting trains, initially with British Rail's APT, and latterly the Class 390 Pendolino
Pendolino
trains constructed by Alstom
Alstom
and introduced by Virgin Trains in 2003. A 'conventional' attempt to raise line speeds as part of the InterCity
InterCity
250 upgrade in the 1990s would have relaxed maximum cant levels on curves and seen some track realignments; this scheme faltered for lack of funding in the economic climate of the time. History[edit] Early history[edit] The WCML was not originally conceived as a single trunk route, but was a number of separate lines built by different companies between the 1830s and the 1880s. After the completion of the successful Liverpool and Manchester
Manchester
Railway in 1830, schemes were mooted to build more inter-city lines. The business practice of the early railway era was for companies to promote individual lines between two destinations, rather than to plan grand networks of lines, as it was easier to obtain backing from investors. And so this is how the early stages of the WCML evolved. The first stretch of what is now the WCML was the Grand Junction Railway connecting Liverpool
Liverpool
and Manchester
Manchester
to Birmingham, via Crewe, Stafford
Stafford
and Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
opening in 1837. The following year the London
London
and Birmingham
Birmingham
Railway was completed, connecting to the capital via Coventry, Rugby and the Watford
Watford
Gap. The Grand Junction and London and Birmingham
Birmingham
railways shared a Birmingham
Birmingham
terminus at Curzon Street station, so that it was now possible to travel by train between London, Birmingham, Manchester
Manchester
and Liverpool.[9][10]

3020 Cornwall, an early LNWR express locomotive (built 1847, as running circa 1890)

These lines, together with the Trent Valley Railway
Trent Valley Railway
(between Rugby and Stafford, avoiding Birmingham), and the Manchester
Manchester
and Birmingham Railway, (Crewe-Manchester), amalgamated operations in 1846 to form the London
London
and North Western Railway (LNWR). Three other sections, the North Union Railway (Wigan-Preston), the Lancaster and Preston Junction Railway and the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway were later absorbed by the LNWR. North of Carlisle, the Caledonian Railway
Caledonian Railway
remained independent, and opened its main line from Carlisle to Beattock on 10 September 1847, connecting to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
in February 1848, and to Glasgow
Glasgow
in November 1849.[11] Another important section, the North Staffordshire Railway
North Staffordshire Railway
(NSR), which opened its route in 1848 from Macclesfield
Macclesfield
(connecting with the LNWR from Manchester) to Stafford
Stafford
and Colwich via Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
also remained independent. Poor relations between the LNWR and the NSR meant that through trains did not run until 1867.[12] The route to Scotland
Scotland
was marketed by the LNWR as The Premier Line. Because the cross-border trains ran over the LNWR and Caledonian Railway, through trains consisted of jointly owned "West Coast Joint Stock" to simplify operations.[13] The first direct London
London
to Glasgow trains in the 1850s took 12.5 hours to complete the 400-mile (640 km) journey.[14] The final sections of what is now the WCML were put in place over the following decades by the LNWR. A direct branch to Liverpool, bypassing the earlier Liverpool
Liverpool
and Manchester
Manchester
line was opened in 1869, from Weaver Junction north of Crewe
Crewe
to Ditton Junction
Ditton Junction
via the Runcorn Railway Bridge over the River Mersey.[15] To expand capacity, the line between London
London
and Rugby was widened to four tracks in the 1870s. As part of this work, a new line, the Northampton
Northampton
Loop was built, opening in 1881, connecting Northampton before rejoining the main line at Rugby.[10] The worst-ever rail accident in UK history, the Quintinshill rail disaster, occurred on the WCML during World War I, on 22 May 1915, between Glasgow
Glasgow
Central and Carlisle, in which 227 were killed and 246 injured. LMS era[edit]

The Coronation Scot
Coronation Scot
in 1937. Hauled by a streamlined Coronation Class locomotive.

The route came under the control of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) on 1 January 1923 when railway companies were grouped, under the Railways Act 1921. The LMS competed fiercely with the rival LNER's East Coast Main Line for London
London
to Scotland
Scotland
traffic (see Race to the North). Attempts were made to minimise end-to-end journey times for a small number of powerful lightweight trains that could be marketed as glamorous premium crack expresses, especially between London
London
and Glasgow, such as the 1937–39 Coronation Scot, hauled by streamlined Princess Coronation Class locomotives, which made the journey in 6 hours 30 minutes,[16] making it competitive with the rival East Coast Flying Scotsman. ( British Railways
British Railways
in the 1950s could not match this, but did achieve a London- Glasgow
Glasgow
timing of 7 hours 15 minutes in the 1959–60 timetable by strictly limiting the number of coaches to eight and not stopping between London
London
and Carlisle.[17]) British Rail
British Rail
era[edit] In 1948, following nationalisation, the line came under the control of British Railways' London
London
Midland and Scottish Regions, when the term "West Coast Main Line" came into use officially,[citation needed] although it had been used informally since at least 1912.[18] Modernisation by British Rail[edit] As part of the 1955 modernisation plan, the line was modernised and electrified in stages between 1959 and 1974. The first stretch to be electrified was Crewe
Crewe
to Manchester, completed on 12 September 1960. This was followed by Crewe
Crewe
to Liverpool, completed on 1 January 1962. Electrification was then extended south to London. The first electric trains from London
London
ran on 12 November 1965, with full public service from 18 April 1966. Electrification of the Birmingham
Birmingham
line was completed on 6 March 1967. In March 1970 the government approved electrification between Weaver Junction (where the route to Liverpool diverges) and Glasgow, and this was completed on 6 May 1974.[7][19] A new set of high-speed long-distance services was introduced in 1966, launching British Rail's highly successful "Inter-City" brand[20] (the hyphen was later dropped) and offering journey times as London
London
to Manchester
Manchester
or Liverpool
Liverpool
in 2 hours 40 minutes (and even 2 hours 30 minutes for the twice-daily Manchester
Manchester
Pullman).[21] A new feature was that these fast trains were offered on a regular-interval service throughout the day: hourly to Birmingham, two-hourly to Manchester, and so on.[22] With the completion of the northern electrification in 1974, London
London
to Glasgow
Glasgow
journey times were reduced to 5 hours.[7]

BR Class 87 electric locomotive, 87020 in BR blue livery with a train of Mark 2 coaches. These, along with the similar Class 86 formed the backbone of express passenger services on the WCML from the 1970s until the 2000s.

Along with electrification came modern coaches such as the Mark 2 and from 1974 the fully integral, air-conditioned Mark 3 design. These remained the mainstay of express services until the early 2000s. Line speeds were raised to a maximum 110 miles per hour (180 km/h), and these trains, hauled by Class 86 and Class 87 electric locomotives, came to be seen as BR's flagship passenger product. Passenger traffic on the WCML doubled between 1962 and 1975.[23] The modernisation also saw the demolition and redevelopment of several of the key stations on the line: BR was keen to symbolise the coming of the "electric age" by replacing the Victorian-era buildings with new structures built from glass and concrete. Notable examples were Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street, Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly, Stafford, Coventry
Coventry
and London
London
Euston. To enable the latter, the famous Doric Arch portal into the original Philip Hardwick-designed terminus was demolished in 1962 amid much public outcry.[24] Electrification of the Edinburgh
Edinburgh
branch was carried out in the late 1980s as part of the East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
electrification project in order to allow InterCity
InterCity
225 sets to access Glasgow
Glasgow
via Carstairs Junction.[25]

The Advanced Passenger Train
Advanced Passenger Train
British Rail's ill-fated tilting train Seen here next to the WCML at Crewe
Crewe
Heritage Centre

Modernisation brought great improvements in speed and frequency. However some locations and lines were no longer served by through trains or through coaches from London, such as: Windermere; Barrow-in-Furness, Whitehaven
Whitehaven
and Workington; Huddersfield, Bradford Interchange, Leeds
Leeds
and Halifax (via Stockport); Blackpool South; Colne (via Stockport); Morecambe
Morecambe
and Heysham; Southport
Southport
(via Edge Hill); Blackburn
Blackburn
and Stranraer
Stranraer
Harbour. Notable also is the loss of through service between Liverpool
Liverpool
and Scotland, although these will be reinstated in December 2018.[26] British Rail
British Rail
introduced the Advanced Passenger Train
Advanced Passenger Train
APT project which proved that London- Glasgow
Glasgow
WCML journey times of less than 4 hours were achieveable and paved the way for the later tilting Virgin Pendolino
Pendolino
trains.[27] In the late 1980s British Rail
British Rail
put forward a track realignment scheme to raise speeds on the WCML; a proposed project called InterCity
InterCity
250, which entailed realigning parts of the line in order to increase curve radii and smooth gradients in order to facilitate higher-speed running. The scheme, which would have seen the introduction of new rolling stock derived from that developed for the East Coast electrification, was scrapped in 1992.

Modernisation by Network Rail[edit]

A tilting Class 390 Pendolino
Pendolino
on the WCML (introduced since 2002)

By the dawn of the 1990s, it was clear that further modernisation was required. Initially this took the form of the InterCity
InterCity
250 project. But then the privatisation of BR intervened, under which Virgin Trains won a 15-year franchise in 1996 for the running of long-distance express services on the line. The modernisation plan unveiled by Virgin and the new infrastructure owner Railtrack
Railtrack
involved the upgrade and renewal of the line to allow the use of tilting Pendolino
Pendolino
trains with a maximum line speed of 140 mph (225 km/h), in place of the previous maximum of 110 mph (177 km/h). Railtrack estimated that this upgrade would cost £2 billion, be ready by 2005, and cut journey times to 1 hour for London
London
to Birmingham and 1 hr 45 mins for London
London
to Manchester. However, these plans proved too ambitious and were subsequently aborted. Central to the implementation of the plan was the adoption of moving block signalling, which had never been proven on anything more than simple metro lines and light rail systems – not on a complex high-speed heavy-rail network such as the WCML. Despite this, Railtrack
Railtrack
made what would prove to be the fatal mistake of not properly assessing the technical viability and cost of implementing moving block prior to promising the speed increase to Virgin and the government. By 1999, with little headway on the modernisation project made, it became apparent to engineers that the technology was not mature enough to be used on the line.[28] The bankruptcy of Railtrack in 2001 and its replacement by Network Rail
Network Rail
following the Hatfield crash brought a reappraisal of the plans, while the cost of the upgrade soared. Following fears that cost overruns on the project would push the final price tag to £13 billion, the plans were scaled down, bringing the cost down to between £8 billion and £10 billion, to be ready by 2008, with a maximum speed for tilting trains of a more modest 125 mph (201 km/h) – equalling the speeds available on the East Coast route, but some way short of the original target, and even further behind BR's original vision of 155 mph (250 km/h) speeds planned and achieved with the APT.

A Virgin Pendolino
Pendolino
and EWS Class 66 freight train on the WCML

The first phase of the upgrade, south of Manchester, opened on 27 September 2004 with journey times of 1 hour 21 minutes for London
London
to Birmingham
Birmingham
and 2 hours 6 minutes for London
London
to Manchester. The final phase, introducing 125 mph (201 km/h) running along most of the line, was announced as opening on 12 December 2005, bringing the fastest journey between London
London
and Glasgow
Glasgow
to 4 hours 25 mins (down from 5 hours 10 minutes).[2] However, considerable work remained, such as the quadrupling of the track in the Trent Valley, upgrading the slow lines, the second phase of remodelling Nuneaton, and the remodelling of Stafford, Rugby, Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and Coventry
Coventry
stations, and these were completed in late 2008. The upgrading of the Crewe- Manchester
Manchester
line via Wilmslow
Wilmslow
was completed in summer 2006. In September 2006, a new speed record was set on the WCML – a Pendolino
Pendolino
train completed the 401-mile (645 km) Glasgow Central – London
London
Euston run in a record 3 hours 55 minutes, beating the APT's record of 4 hours 15 minutes, although the APT still holds the overall record on the northbound run. The decade-long modernisation project was finally completed in December 2008.[29] This allowed Virgin's VHF (Very High Frequency) timetable to be progressively introduced through early 2009, the highlights of which are a three-trains-per-hour service to both Birmingham
Birmingham
and Manchester
Manchester
during off-peak periods, and nearly all Anglo-Scottish timings brought under the 4 hours 30 minutes barrier – with one service (calling only at Preston) achieving a London- Glasgow
Glasgow
time of 4 hours 8 minutes. Some projects that were removed from the modernisation as a result of the de-scoping such as a Flyover at Norton Bridge station were later restarted. A £250 million project to grade separate the tracks at Norton Bridge that would allow for increased service frequency as well as improved line-speeds was completed in Spring 2016.[30] Other projects such as the replacement of a weak bridge in Watford
Watford
will allow line-speeds to be increased from 90 mph (145 km/h) to 125 mph (201 km/h) in the coming years to decrease journey times.[31] Infrastructure[edit] Track[edit]

Quadruple track
Quadruple track
section of line at Roade cutting in Northamptonshire

The main spine of the WCML is quadruple track almost all of the way from London
London
to Crewe
Crewe
(where the line diverges into sections to Manchester, North Wales, Liverpool, and Scotland)[32] The remaining sections are mainly double track, except for a few busy sections around Glasgow, Manchester
Manchester
and Liverpool. The complete route has been cleared for W10 loading gauge freight traffic, allowing use of higher 9 ft 6 in (2,896 mm) hi-cube shipping containers.[33][34] Electrification[edit] Nearly all of the WCML is electrified with overhead wires at 25 kV AC.[35] Several of the remaining unelectrified branches of the WCML in the North West are scheduled to be electrified such as the Manchester to Preston, Preston to Blackpool, and Wigan
Wigan
to Lostock branches. [36] Rolling stock[edit]

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The majority of stock used on the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
is new-build, part of Virgin's initial franchise agreement having been a commitment to introduce a brand-new fleet of tilting Class 390 "Pendolino" trains for long-distance high-speed WCML services. The 53-strong Pendolino fleet, plus three tilting SuperVoyager diesel sets, were bought for use on these InterCity
InterCity
services. One Pendolino
Pendolino
was written off in 2007 following the Grayrigg
Grayrigg
derailment. After the 2007 franchise "shake-up" in the Midlands, more SuperVoyagers were transferred to Virgin West Coast, instead of going to the new CrossCountry
CrossCountry
franchise. The SuperVoyagers are used on London- Chester
Chester
and Holyhead
Holyhead
services because the Chester/North Wales line is not electrified, so they run "under the wires" between London
London
and Crewe. SuperVoyagers were also used on Virgin's London- Scotland
Scotland
via Birmingham
Birmingham
services, even though this route is entirely electrified – this situation is however changing since the expansion of the Pendolino
Pendolino
fleet; from 2013 onward Class 390 sets have been routinely deployed on Edinburgh/Glasgow-Birmingham services. By 2012, the WCML Pendolino
Pendolino
fleet was strengthened by the addition of two coaches to 31 of the 52 existing sets, thus turning them into 11-car trains. Four brand new 11-car sets are also part of this order, one of replaced the set lost in the Grayrigg
Grayrigg
derailment. Although the new stock is to be supplied in Virgin livery, it was not expected to enter traffic before 31 March 2012, when the InterCity
InterCity
West Coast franchise was due to be re-let, though the date for the new franchise was later put back to December 2012,[37] and any effect of this on the timetable for introducing the new coaches remains unclear. Previous franchisees Central Trains
Central Trains
and Silverlink
Silverlink
(operating local and regional services partly over sections of the WCML) were given 30 new "Desiro" Class 350s, originally ordered for services in the south-east. Following Govia's successful bid for the West Midlands franchise in 2007, another 37 Class 350s were ordered to replace its older fleet of Class 321s. The older BR-vintage locomotive-hauled passenger rolling stock still has a limited role on the WCML, with the overnight Caledonian Sleeper services between London
London
Euston and Scotland
Scotland
using Mark 3 and Mark 2 coaches. Virgin has also retained and refurbished one of the original Mark 3 rakes with a Driving Van Trailer
Driving Van Trailer
and a Class 90 locomotive as a standby set to cover for Pendolino
Pendolino
breakdowns. This set was retired from service on 25 October with a rail tour the following day. In November 2014 the "Pretendolino" was transferred to Norwich Crown Point depot to enter service with Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
having come to the end of its agreed lease to Virgin Trains. The following table lists the rolling stock which forms the core passenger service pattern on the WCML serving its principal termini; it is not exhaustive since many other types use sections of the WCML network as part of other routes – notable examples include the InterCity
InterCity
125 HST on certain CrossCountry
CrossCountry
services (primarily through the West Midlands area) and the Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
East Coast InterCity
InterCity
225 between Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Glasgow
Glasgow
Central. Commuter Trains[edit]

Class Image Type Cars per set Top speed Number Operator Routes Built

mph km/h

Class 67

Diesel-electric locomotive 2 x 4 125 200 3 Arriva Trains Wales Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly to: Holyhead 1988—91

Mark 3 carriage

Passenger coach 12 1988-91

Driving Van Trailer

Driving Van Trailer 3 1988-91

Class 156

DMU 2 75 120 90 Abellio ScotRail Northern Settle to Carlisle Line, Glasgow
Glasgow
South Western Line 1987-89

Class 158

DMU 2 90 145 61 Northern Arriva Trains Wales N: Settle to Carlisle Line ATW: Birmingham
Birmingham
International to Shrewsbury, Aberystwyth, Pwllheli, Chester
Chester
and Holyhead. 1989-92

3 8

Class 175 Coradia

DMU 2 75 120 11 Arriva Trains Wales Holyhead
Holyhead
to: Cardiff Central and Llanelli via Llandudno, Manchester Airport and Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly to Bangor via Llandudno, Manchester Piccadilly, Crewe, Chester
Chester
to Cardiff Central, Swansea, Milford Haven 1998-2001

3 16

Class 185 Pennine

DMU 3 100 160 51 TransPennine Express TransPennine North West 2005–2006

Class 318 (gangway removed)

EMU 3 90 145 21 Abellio ScotRail Glasgow
Glasgow
Central to Lanark/Carstairs 1985-86

Class 319

EMU 4 100 160 39 London
London
Northwestern Railway Northern LNMR: Watford
Watford
Junction to: St Albans Abbey, London
London
Euston to Milton Keynes (Peak Hours) N: Liverpool
Liverpool
and Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay to Preston, Manchester
Manchester
Victoria to Liverpool
Liverpool
via Earlestown 1987-1988

Class 320/3

EMU 3 90 145 22 Abellio ScotRail North Clyde Line, Argyle Line, Whifflet Line 1990

Class 320/4 (ex-Class 321/4)

3[38] 100 161 7 1989–90

323

EMU 3 90 145 26 West Midlands Railway Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street to: Redditch, Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Four Oaks, Longbridge and Birmingham
Birmingham
International 1992–93

Class 334 Juniper

EMU 3 90 145 40 Abellio ScotRail Glasgow
Glasgow
Central to Lanark/Carstairs 1999-2002

Class 350/1, 350/2 & 350/3 Desiro Class 350/4 Desiro

EMU 4 110 180 30 London
London
Northwestern Railway TransPennine Express LNMR: London
London
Euston to Tring, Milton Keynes, Northampton
Northampton
and Birmingham Birmingham
Birmingham
to Liverpool. TPE: Manchester
Manchester
Airport to Glasgow
Glasgow
and Edinburgh. 2004–2005

100 160 37 2008–2009

110 177 10 2014

110 180 10 2013–2014

Class 377/2 Electrostar

EMU 4 100 160 12 Southern Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central to South Croydon 2003–2004

Class 377/7 Electrostar

EMU 5 100 160 8 Southern Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central to South Croydon 2013–14

Class 378/2 Capitalstar

EMU 5 75 120 37 London
London
Overground London
London
Euston to Watford
Watford
Junction 2008–11

Class 380/0 Desiro

EMU 3 100 161 22 Abellio ScotRail Ayrshire Coast Line, Inverclyde Line, North Berwick Line, Paisley Canal Line, Argyle Line, Cathcart Circle Line

2009-2011

Class 380/1 Desiro 4 16

High Speed Trains[edit]

Class Image Type Cars per set Top speed Number Operator Routes Built

mph km/h

Class 43 HST InterCity
InterCity
125

Diesel locomotive 2 x 7 125 200 10 CrossCountry Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street to: York, Newcastle, Edinburgh, Dundee, Aberdeen, Bristol, Exeter, Paignton, Plymouth and Penzance 1976-82

Mark 3 Coach

Passenger coach 40 1975-88

Class 220 Voyager

DEMU 4 125 200 34 CrossCountry Glasgow
Glasgow
Central to: Newcastle, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Leeds
Leeds
via the ECML. Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street to: Coventry, Oxford, Reading, Southampton and Bournemouth, Manchester, Bristol, Exeter, Paignton, Plymouth and Penzance 2000-01

Class 221 SuperVoyager

DEMU 5 125 200 20 Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
West Coast VTWC: Services between London
London
Euston to: North Wales, Chester, Shrewsbury, Blackpool, Chester, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Glasgow
Glasgow
Central. 2001–2002

22 CrossCountry XC: Glasgow
Glasgow
Central to: Newcastle, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Leeds
Leeds
via the ECML. Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street to: Coventry, Oxford, Reading, Southampton and Bournemouth, Manchester, Bristol, Exeter, Paignton, Plymouth and Penzance.

Class 390 Pendolino

EMU 9 or 11 140 (limited to 125) 225 (limited to 200) 56 Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
West Coast Services from London
London
Euston to Manchester, Liverpool, West Midlands, Glasgow
Glasgow
and Edinburgh. Selected Glasgow
Glasgow
Central/ Edinburgh
Edinburgh
services to Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street 2001–2004 2009–2012

Sleeper Trains[edit]

Class Image Type Cars per set Top speed Number Operator Routes Built

mph km/h

Class 92

Electric locomotive 1 87 140 6 Caledonian Sleeper
Caledonian Sleeper
(x6) Hired from GB Railfreight All Caledonian Sleeper
Caledonian Sleeper
services between London
London
Euston as far as Glasgow
Glasgow
& Edinburgh 1993–1996

Mark 2 Coach

Lounge car Seated Sleeper 6 100 161 22 Caledonian Sleeper All Caledonian Sleeper
Caledonian Sleeper
services between London
London
Euston to Scottish destinations 1971–1974

Mark 3 Coach

Sleeping car 10–12 125 (limited to 80 in service) 200 (130 in service) 53 Caledonian Sleeper All Caledonian Sleeper
Caledonian Sleeper
services between London
London
Euston to Scottish destinations 1980–1982

Future Trains[edit]

Class Image Type Cars per set Top speed Number Operator Routes Built

mph km/h

Mark 5 Coach

Lounge car Seated Sleeper Sleeping car 16 125 201 75 Caledonian Sleeper All Caledonian Sleeper
Caledonian Sleeper
services between London
London
Euston to Scottish destinations[39] 2018

Class 397

EMU 5 125 201 12 TransPennine Express Manchester
Manchester
Airport and Liverpool
Liverpool
Lime Street to Edinburgh[40] 2019

Operators[edit] Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
(West Coast)[edit] The current principal train operating company on the West Coast Main Line is Virgin Trains, which runs the majority of long-distance services under the InterCity
InterCity
West Coast rail franchise. During 2011–2012 the Department for Transport conducted a franchise competition for the InterCity
InterCity
West Coast franchise, announcing that FirstGroup
FirstGroup
had been awarded the new franchise, but then cancelled the competition, before any contracts were signed. Subsequently, the contract for Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
to operate the InterCity
InterCity
West Coast franchise has been extended by between 9 and 13 months, while a competition for a new interim franchise agreement is run.[41] Virgin operates nine trains per hour on the WCML from London
London
Euston, with three trains per hour to each of Manchester
Manchester
and Birmingham, one train per hour to each of Chester, Liverpool
Liverpool
and Glasgow
Glasgow
via the Trent Valley (however one Birmingham
Birmingham
train per hour continues to Scotland via Wolverhampton), five trains on a weekday to Holyhead
Holyhead
and three trains on a weekday to Bangor. There is also one weekday train in to/from Wrexham
Wrexham
General. Additional peak terminating services run between London
London
Euston and Preston, Wolverhampton, Crewe, Birmingham International, Lancaster and Carlisle. Virgin also operates a service between Edinburgh
Edinburgh
or Glasgow
Glasgow
and Euston via Birmingham
Birmingham
over the WCML once every two hours, with additional trains during the early morning, late evening, rush hour and night that terminate or start at Birmingham. From December 2014, Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
have also introduced two daily services between London
London
Euston and Shrewsbury and one daily (Monday to Friday) service between London
London
Euston and Blackpool North.

Off-peak departure pattern from London
London
Euston[42]

Time Destination via Duration Calling pattern

xx:00 Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly Stoke-on-Trent 2hr 07min Stoke-on-Trent; Macclesfield; Stockport; Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly

xx:03 Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street

1hr 24min Rugby; Coventry; Birmingham
Birmingham
International; Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street

xx:07 Liverpool
Liverpool
Lime Street Crewe 2hr 14min Stafford; Crewe; Runcorn; Liverpool
Liverpool
Lime Street

xx:10 Chester
Chester
or Holyhead Crewe 2hr 03min Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central; Crewe; Chester; (Flint; Prestatyn; Rhyl; Colwyn Bay; Llandudno
Llandudno
Junction; Bangor; Holyhead)

xx:20 Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly Stoke-on-Trent 2hr 08min Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central; Stoke-on-Trent; Stockport; Manchester Piccadilly

xx:23 Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street

2hr 07min Watford
Watford
Junction (pick up only); Coventry; Birmingham
Birmingham
International; Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street

xx:30 Glasgow
Glasgow
Central Trent Valley 4hr 31min Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay; Wigan
Wigan
North Western; Preston; Lancaster; ( Oxenholme
Oxenholme
Lake District or Penrith North Lakes); Carlisle; Glasgow Central

xx:40 Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly Crewe 2hr 09min Crewe; Wilmslow; Stockport; Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly

xx:43 (odd hours) Glasgow
Glasgow
Central Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street 5hr 34 min Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central; Coventry; Birmingham
Birmingham
International; Birmingham New Street; Sandwell & Dudley; Wolverhampton; Crewe; Warrington Bank Quay then as per the xx:30 Glasgow
Glasgow
Central

xx:43 (even hours) Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street 5hr 39min Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central; Coventry; Birmingham
Birmingham
International; Birmingham New Street; Sandwell & Dudley; Wolverhampton; Crewe; Warrington Bank Quay; Wigan
Wigan
North Western; Preston; Lancaster; ( Oxenholme
Oxenholme
Lake District or Penrith North Lakes); Carlisle; Haymarket; Edinburgh Waverley

West Midlands Trains[edit] West Midlands Trains
West Midlands Trains
provides commuter and long-distance services on the route, which terminate at London
London
Euston. They are all operated under the "Express" brand. There are two trains an hour from London
London
to Birmingham; one calling at the majority of stations en route and one calling only at Watford
Watford
Junction, Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central, Northampton, Rugby, Coventry, Tile Hill, Hampton-in-Arden, Birmingham
Birmingham
International and Marston Green. There are three trains per hour from Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street to London
London
Euston. These London- Birmingham
Birmingham
stopping services are roughly one hour slower, end to end, than the Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
fast service. There is also an hourly service from London
London
Euston to Northampton
Northampton
calling at Leighton Buzzard, Bletchley, Milton Keynes Central and Wolverton. West Midlands Trains
West Midlands Trains
also operates an hourly service between London and Crewe, serving Watford
Watford
Junction, Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central, Northampton
Northampton
(peak times and Sundays only), Rugby, Nuneaton, Atherstone, Polesworth
Polesworth
(once a day on Mondays to Saturdays), Tamworth, Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley, Rugeley
Rugeley
Trent Valley, Stafford, Stone, Stoke-on-Trent, Kidsgrove, Alsager and Crewe. Some services also call at Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamsted, Tring, Cheddington, Leighton Buzzard and Bletchley. Trains also call at Long Buckby
Long Buckby
(Sundays only) and Longport (during engineering works only). This service was introduced in 2008 to coincide with the withdrawal of the similar Virgin Trains service. Under 'Project 110' this service was reconfigured in December 2012 and to operate 10 mph faster using enhanced British Rail Class 350/1 units. A service to Tring
Tring
is provided half-hourly from Euston; one calling at Harrow & Wealdstone, Bushey, Watford
Watford
Junction, Kings Langley, Apsley, Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
and one calling at Wembley Central, Harrow & Wealdstone, Bushey, Watford
Watford
Junction, Kings Langley, Apsley, Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and Berkhamstead. An hourly service operates to Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central calling at Watford
Watford
Junction, Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamstead, Tring, Cheddington, Leighton Buzzard
Leighton Buzzard
and Bletchley. During peak periods London
London
Midland offers "The Watford
Watford
Shuttle", which operates between Euston and Watford
Watford
Junction. London
London
Midland also operates an hourly stopping train on the Marston Vale Line from Bletchley
Bletchley
to Bedford
Bedford
as well as a 45-minute service on the Abbey Line
Abbey Line
to St Albans. These are both local branches off the WCML. After the Central Trains
Central Trains
franchise was revised, London
London
Midland took over services running on the WCML between Birmingham
Birmingham
and Liverpool. TransPennine Express[edit] As part of its North West route, TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
provides services along the WCML between Manchester
Manchester
Airport and Glasgow/ Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(alternating serving each every 2 hours) as part of its Manchester
Manchester
Airport to Scotland
Scotland
service. Also as part of its North West route, services run between Preston and Manchester
Manchester
branches off the WCML encompassing Blackpool North, Windermere
Windermere
and Barrow-in-Furness. Southern[edit] Southern provide an hourly service between East Croydon and Milton Keynes Central, which calls at all stations then Clapham Junction
Clapham Junction
via Selhurst, then all stations on the West London Line
West London Line
then Shepherd's Bush, Wembley
Wembley
Central, Harrow & Wealdstone, Watford
Watford
Junction, Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamsted, Tring, Leighton Buzzard, Bletchley
Bletchley
and Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central. Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
East Coast[edit] Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
East Coast operates one train per day between Glasgow Central and London
London
King's Cross via Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley,[43] operating over the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
route between Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and Glasgow. CrossCountry[edit] CrossCountry
CrossCountry
operates services from Plymouth, Bournemouth and Bristol Temple Meads to Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly; these trains run also the West Coast Main Line between Coventry
Coventry
and Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly. Some trains from Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly to Bristol Temple Meads are extended to Paignton and Plymouth, and on summer weekends to Penzance and Newquay. CrossCountry
CrossCountry
services between Reading and Newcastle also use a small portion of the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
between Coventry
Coventry
and Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street. Services towards Reading are often extended to Southampton Central (or occasionally Bournemouth) and 1 train per day towards Reading is extended to Guildford. CrossCountry
CrossCountry
also operates a 2 hourly service to/from Glasgow
Glasgow
Central, which operates to either Penzance, Plymouth, Newcastle upon Tyne, Bristol Temple Meads or Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street. On summer weekends trains from Glasgow
Glasgow
Central also operate to Paignton, Penzance and Newquay. These services use the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
from Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Glasgow
Glasgow
Central. Abellio ScotRail[edit] Abellio ScotRail
Abellio ScotRail
operates services on sections of the West Coast Main Line for example near Glasgow
Glasgow
with Argyle Line
Argyle Line
trains running on the section from Cambuslang to Carluke before veering off on the short branch to Lanark or heading along till Carstairs. The North Berwick Line runs from Glasgow
Glasgow
Central High Level via Motherwell to Carstairs and onto Haymarket, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley and North Berwick. At Carlisle the Glasgow South Western Line
Glasgow South Western Line
runs for several miles before heading west towards Dumfries, Kilmarnock, Ayr and Stranraer. Caledonian Sleeper[edit] Caledonian Sleeper
Caledonian Sleeper
operates services down the length of the West Coast Main Line, providing an overnight service between London
London
and Scotland. Current developments[edit] Felixstowe and Nuneaton
Nuneaton
freight capacity scheme[edit] Main article: Birmingham
Birmingham
to Peterborough Line A number of items of work are under way or proposed to accommodate additional freight traffic between the Haven ports and the Midlands including track dualling. The ' Nuneaton
Nuneaton
North Chord' was completed and opened on 15 November 2012.[44][45] The chord will ease access for some trains between the Birmingham
Birmingham
to Peterborough Line and the WCML. The Ipswich chord was opened at the end of March 2014 allowing trains to run without reversing from Felixstowe towards the Midlands.[46] Stafford
Stafford
Area Improvements Programme[edit] Planned flying junction and 2.5 mi (4.0 km) track diversion in the Stafford
Stafford
– Norton Bridge area. This will replace the current level junction where the Stafford
Stafford
to Manchester
Manchester
via Stoke-on-Trent line diverges from the trunk route at Norton Bridge, avoiding conflicting train movements to enhance capacity and reduce journey times, additional freight capacity will also be provided around Stafford
Stafford
station. There will be two extra off-peak trains per hour from Euston to the North West, one extra train per hour from Manchester
Manchester
to Birmingham
Birmingham
and one additional freight train per hour. The resignalling work associated with this project is due to be completed in summer 2015 and the Norton Bridge work was complete in December 2016, followed by a new timetable introduced in December 2017.[47] Weaver Junction to Liverpool
Liverpool
signalling[edit] Re-signalling work the WCML spur track from Liverpool
Liverpool
to Weaver Junction was underway in 2016. Signal control will move to the Manchester
Manchester
Rail Operating Centre removing five local signal boxes. The signal improvements will improve journey times on this section of track.[48] Proposed development[edit]

Outline map of the possible future Crossrail
Crossrail
extensions as recommended in the 2011 RUS, which include the WCML.[49]

Increased line speed[edit] Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
put forward plans in 2007 to increase the line speed in places on the WCML – particularly along sections of the Trent Valley Line between Stafford
Stafford
and Rugby from 125 to 135 mph (200 to 217 km/h) after the quadrupling of track had been completed. This would permit faster services and possibly allow additional train paths. 135 mph (217 km/h) was claimed to be achievable by Pendolino
Pendolino
trains while using existing lineside signalling without the need for cab signalling via the use of the TASS system (Tilt Authorisation and Speed Supervision) to prevent overspeeding. In practice, regulations introduced by the HMRI (now ORR) at the time of the ECML high-speed test runs in 1991 are still in force prohibiting this. Network Rail
Network Rail
was aware of Virgin Train's aspirations;[50] however, in November 2009 Chris Mole MP (then Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Transport) announced that there were no plans for this to happen and thus for the foreseeable future the maximum speed will remain at 125 mph (201 km/h).[51] In promoting this proposal, Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
reported that passenger numbers on Virgin West Coast increased from 13.6 million in 1997/98 to 18.7 million in 2005/6, while numbers on CrossCountry grew from 12.6 million to 20.4 million over the same period.[52] Crossrail
Crossrail
extension[edit] In the London
London
& South East Rail Utilisation Strategy (RUS) document published by Network Rail
Network Rail
in 2011, a proposal was put forward to extend the Crossrail
Crossrail
lines, currently under construction in central London, along the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
as far as Tring
Tring
and Milton Keynes Central. The scheme would involve the construction of a tunnel in the vicinity of the proposed new station at Old Oak Common in West London
London
connecting the Crossrail
Crossrail
route to the WCML slow lines with a potential for interchange with the planned High Speed 2
High Speed 2
line. Under current plans, a proportion of westbound Crossrail
Crossrail
trains will terminate at Paddington due to capacity limitations; the RUS recommends the WCML extension as it will enable these services to continue beyond Paddington, maximising the use of the central London tunnels. The RUS also notes that diversion of WCML regional rail services via Crossrail
Crossrail
into central London
London
would alleviate congestion at Euston station, and consequently reduce the need for infrastructure work on the London Underground
London Underground
network which would be required to accommodate HS2 passengers arriving at Euston. The Crossrail
Crossrail
extension proposal has not been officially confirmed or funded.[49] In August 2014, the government launched a study into the Crossrail extension.[53] Accidents[edit] See also: List of rail accidents in the United Kingdom

Grayrigg derailment
Grayrigg derailment
(at Lambrigg Crossovers, south of Grayrigg) – 23 February 2007; 1 killed Tebay rail accident
Tebay rail accident
– 15 February 2004; 4 workers killed (no public involvement) Norton Bridge rail crash – 16 October 2003; 1 injured Winsford
Winsford
rail crash – 23 June 1999; 31 injured Watford rail crash – 8 August 1996; 1 killed, 69 injured Stafford rail crash (1996) – 8 March 1996; 1 killed, 22 injured Newton rail crash – 21 July 1991; 4 killed; 22 injured Stafford rail crash (1990) – 4 August 1990; 1 killed, 35 injured Colwich rail crash
Colwich rail crash
– 19 September 1986; 1 killed 60 injured Wembley Central rail crash
Wembley Central rail crash
– 11 October 1984; 3 killed, 18 injured Nuneaton rail crash
Nuneaton rail crash
– 6 June 1975; 6 killed 67 injured Watford Junction rail crash
Watford Junction rail crash
– 1975; 1 killed, 11 injured Hixon – 6 January 1968; 11 killed, 27 injured Stechford rail crash – 28 February 1967; 9 killed, 16 injured Cheadle Hulme – 28 May 1964; 3 killed Coppenhall Junction – 26 December 1962; 18 killed, 34 injured Harrow and Wealdstone – 8 October 1952; 112 killed, 340 injured – worst accident in England
England
and London. Weedon (1951); – 21 September 1951; 15 killed, 36 injured Lambrigg Crossing signal box between Grayrigg
Grayrigg
and Oxenholme
Oxenholme
– 18 May 1947 (express hit light engine through driver missing a signal while looking in his food box); 4 in hospital, 34 minor injuries[54] Lichfield
Lichfield
– 1 January 1946; 20 killed, 21 injured. Bourne End rail crash – 30 September 1945; 43 killed, 64 injured Winwick Junction – 28 September 1934; 12 killed Weedon (1915); 14 August 1915; 10 killed, 21 injured Quintinshill rail crash
Quintinshill rail crash
– 22 May 1915; 227 killed, 246 injured. – worst ever rail accident in the United Kingdom. Ditton Junction
Ditton Junction
rail crash; 17 September 1912; 15 killed Chelford rail accident; 22 December 1894; 14 killed, 48 injured Wigan rail crash – 1 August 1873; 13 killed, 30 major injuries. Tamworth rail crash – 14 September 1870; 3 killed, 13 injured. Warrington rail crash
Warrington rail crash
– 29 June 1867; 8 killed, 33 injured Atherstone rail accident – 16 November 1860; 10 killed.

The route in detail[edit] See also: Rugby–Birmingham– Stafford
Stafford
Line, Trent Valley Line, and Stafford
Stafford
to Manchester
Manchester
Line Network Rail, successor from 2001 to Railtrack
Railtrack
plc, in its business plan published in April 2006,[50] has divided the national network into 26 'Routes' for planning, maintenance and operational purposes.[55] Route 18 is named as 'that part of the West Coast Main Line that runs between London
London
Euston and Carstairs
Carstairs
Junction' although it also includes several branch lines that had not previously been considered part of the WCML.[56] The northern terminal sections of the WCML are reached by Routes 26 (to Motherwell and Glasgow) and 24 (to Edinburgh). This therefore differs from the "classic" definition of the WCML as the direct route between London
London
Euston and Glasgow Central. The cities and towns served by the WCML are listed in the tables below. Stations on loops and branches are marked **. Those stations in italics are not served by main-line services run by Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
but only by local trains. Between Euston and Watford
Watford
Junction the WCML is largely but not exactly paralleled by the operationally independent Watford
Watford
DC Line, a local stopping service now part of London Overground, with 17 intermediate stations, including three with additional platforms on the WCML. The final table retraces the route specifically to indicate the many loops, branches, junctions and interchange stations on Route 18, which is the core of the WCML, with the new 'Route' names for connecting lines. The North Wales Coast Line
North Wales Coast Line
between Crewe
Crewe
and Holyhead
Holyhead
and the line between Manchester
Manchester
and Preston are not electrified. Services between London
London
and Holyhead
Holyhead
and those between Manchester
Manchester
and Scotland
Scotland
are mostly operated either by Super Voyager tilting diesel trains or, in the case of one of the Holyhead
Holyhead
services, by a Pendolino
Pendolino
set hauled from Crewe
Crewe
by a Class 57/3 diesel locomotive. London
London
to Glasgow
Glasgow
and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 18)[edit]

Town/City Station Ordnance Survey National Grid Reference Branches and loops

London London
London
Euston TQ295827

Wembley Wembley
Wembley
Central TQ182850

Harrow Harrow and Wealdstone TQ154894

Bushey Bushey TQ118953

Watford Watford
Watford
Junction TQ109973

Kings Langley Kings Langley TL080019

Apsley Apsley TL062048

Hemel Hempstead Hemel Hempstead TL042059

Berkhamsted Berkhamsted SP993081

Tring Tring SP950122

Cheddington Cheddington SP922185

Leighton Buzzard Leighton Buzzard SP910250

Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
( Bletchley
Bletchley
area) Bletchley SP868337

** Bedford ** Bedford TL042497 Marston Vale Line
Marston Vale Line
spur

Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
(centre) Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central SP841380

Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
(at Wolverton
Wolverton
area Wolverton SP820414

** Northampton ** Northampton SP623666 Northampton
Northampton
Loop diverges north of Wolverton

** Long Buckby ** Long Buckby SP511759 Northampton
Northampton
Loop rejoins south of Rugby

Rugby Rugby SP511759 Rugby-Birmingham-Wolverhampton-Stafford (see separate table below)

Nuneaton Nuneaton SP364921

Atherstone Atherstone SP304979

Polesworth Polesworth SK264031

Tamworth Tamworth SK213044

Lichfield Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley SK136099

Rugeley Rugeley
Rugeley
Trent Valley SK048191

Stafford Stafford SJ918229 Rugby-Birmingham- Stafford
Stafford
rejoins Manchester
Manchester
via Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
diverges either before or after Stafford
Stafford
(two routes)

** Stoke-on-Trent ** Stoke-on-Trent SJ879456

** Congleton ** Congleton SJ872623

** Macclesfield ** Macclesfield SJ919736

** Stockport ** Stockport SJ892898

** Manchester ** Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly SJ849977

Crewe Crewe SJ711546 Crewe-Manchester-Preston and Crewe-Chester-North Wales-Holyhead (see separate tables below)

Winsford Winsford SJ670660

Northwich Hartford SJ631717

Acton Bridge Acton Bridge SJ598745 Liverpool
Liverpool
route diverges north of Acton Bridge

** Runcorn ** Runcorn SJ508826

** Liverpool ** Liverpool
Liverpool
Lime Street SJ352905

Warrington Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay SJ599878 Earlestown & Newton Loop diverges at Winwick Junction, rejoining at Golborne Junction

Wigan Wigan
Wigan
North Western SD581053

Euxton Euxton
Euxton
Balshaw Lane

Leyland Leyland

Preston Preston SD534290 Crewe-Manchester-Preston rejoins

Lancaster Lancaster SD471617

Carnforth Carnforth

Oxenholme
Oxenholme
(Kendal) Oxenholme
Oxenholme
Lake District SD531901

Penrith Penrith NY511299

Carlisle Carlisle NY402554

Lockerbie Lockerbie NY137817

Carstairs Carstairs
Carstairs
Junction NS952454

Then either

Motherwell Motherwell NS750572

Glasgow Glasgow
Glasgow
Central NS587651

or

Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(Haymarket/West End) Haymarket NT239731

Edinburgh Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Waverley NT257738

Branches and loops[edit] The WCML is noted for the diversity of branches served between the London
London
and Glasgow
Glasgow
main line. The following map deals with the very complex network of lines in the West Midlands that link the old route via Birmingham
Birmingham
with the new WCML route via the Trent Valley (i.e. 1830s versus 1840s):

Map of the Rugby-Birmingham- Stafford
Stafford
line and other local routes

In the following tables, related to the WCML branches, only the Intercity stations are recorded: Rugby-Birmingham-Wolverhampton- Stafford
Stafford
( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 17)[edit] Main article: Rugby–Birmingham– Stafford
Stafford
Line

Town/City Station Ordnance Survey grid reference

Rugby Coventry Canley (Coventry) Tile Hill (Coventry) Balsall Common Hampton-in-Arden Birmingham
Birmingham
International Airport Marston Green
Marston Green
(Solihull) Lea Hall (Birmingham) Stechford
Stechford
(Birmingham) Adderley Park
Adderley Park
(Birmingham) Birmingham
Birmingham
(centre) Smethwick Smethwick Oldbury Tipton Tipton Coseley
Coseley
(Dudley) Wolverhampton Penkridge Stafford

Rugby Coventry Canley Tile Hill Berkswell Hampton-in-Arden Birmingham
Birmingham
International Marston Green Lea Hall Stechford Adderley Park Birmingham
Birmingham
New Street Smethwick
Smethwick
Rolfe Street Smethwick
Smethwick
Galton Bridge Sandwell and Dudley Dudley Port Tipton Coseley Wolverhampton Penkridge Stafford

SP511759 SP331781 SP187836 SP069866 SO992900 SO919988 SJ918229

Crewe- Holyhead
Holyhead
and Chester- Wrexham
Wrexham
( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 22)[edit] Main articles: North Wales Coast Line
North Wales Coast Line
and Shrewsbury to Chester
Chester
Line

Town/City Station Ordnance Survey grid reference

Crewe Chester

Wrexham

Flint Prestatyn Rhyl Colwyn Bay Llandudno
Llandudno
Junction

Llandudno

Bangor Holyhead
Holyhead
(for Dublin
Dublin
via Irish Ferries
Irish Ferries
and Stena Line
Stena Line
to Dublin
Dublin
Port)

Crewe Chester

Wrexham
Wrexham
General (On London- Wrexham
Wrexham
route)

Flint Prestatyn Rhyl Colwyn Bay Llandudno
Llandudno
Junction

Llandudno

Bangor Holyhead

SJ711546 SJ413669 SJ245731 SJ063830 SJ009811 SH850791 SH794778 SH783819 SH575716 SH248822

Crewe-Manchester-Preston ( Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 20)[edit]

Town/City Station Ordnance Survey grid reference

Crewe Wilmslow Stockport Manchester Bolton Preston

Crewe Wilmslow Stockport Manchester
Manchester
Piccadilly Bolton Preston

SJ711546 SJ850811 SJ892898 SJ849977 SD719086 SD534290

Tunnels viaducts and major bridges[edit] Major civil engineering structures on the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
include the following.[57][58][59][60][61]

Tunnels, viaducts and major bridges on the West Coast Main Line

Railway Structure Length Distance from Carlisle ELR Location

Clyde Bridge 8 chains 102 miles 04 chains – 101 miles 76 chains WCM2 South of Glasgow
Glasgow
Central station

Eglinton Street Tunnels 200 yards (183 m) 101 miles 22 chains – 101 miles 13 chains

Clyde Viaduct No. 37

94 miles 16 chains North of Uddingston station

Orbiston Viaduct No. 24 (River Calder) 5 chains 90 miles 62 chains – 90 miles 57 chains Between Uddingston and Motherwell stations

Mouse Water Viaduct 5 chains 76 miles 13 chains – 76 miles 08 chains WCM1 Between Carluke and Carstairs

Float Viaduct (River Clyde) 5 chains 72 miles 52 chains – 72 miles 47 chains Between Carstairs
Carstairs
South Junction and Lockerbie

Lamington Viaduct (River Clyde) 6 chains 62 miles 70 chains – 62 miles 64 chains

Crawford Viaduct (River Clyde) 5 chains 55 miles 62 chains – 55 miles 57 chains

Harthorpe Viaduct (Elvan Water) 6 chains 47 miles 06 chains – 47 miles 00 chains

Elvan Water Viaduct

42 miles 78 chains

Cogrie Viaduct (River Annan) 4 chains 35 miles 70 chains – 35 miles 66 chains

Dryfe Water Viaduct 4 chains 27 miles 32 chains – 27 miles 28 chains

Milk Water Viaduct 7 chains 23 miles 75 chains – 23 miles 68 chains Between Lockerbie
Lockerbie
and Carlisle stations

Mein Water Viaduct

17 miles 65 chains

Kirtle Water Viaduct

15 miles 60 chains

Sark Viaduct (Scotland/ England
England
Border)

8 miles 55 chains

Esk Viaduct 7 chains 6 miles 50 chains – 6 miles 43 chains

Eden Viaduct 3 chains 1 mile 23 chains – 1 mile 20 chains

Caldew Viaduct 7 chains 0 miles 66 chains – 0 miles 59 chains

Distance from Lancaster

Eamont Viaduct 5 chains 50 miles 12 chains – 50 miles 07 chains CGJ7 Between Penrith and Oxenholme
Oxenholme
stations

Lowther Viaduct 7 chains 48 miles 57 chains – 48 miles 50 chains

Birkbeck Viaduct

33 miles 28 chains

North Lune Viaduct

32 miles 20 chains

River Lune

31 miles 55 chains

Docker Garth’s Viaduct 6 chains 24 miles 03 chains – 23 miles 77 chains

Beela Viaduct

13 miles 02 chains Between Oxenholme
Oxenholme
and Lancaster stations

Lune Viaduct 12 chains 0 miles 38 chains – 0 miles 26 chains

Distance from Preston

Lancaster Canal

20 miles 36 chains CGJ6

Conder Viaduct

16 miles 76 chains Between Lancaster and Preston stations

Wyre Viaduct

13 miles 01 chains

Barton Viaduct

4 miles 30 chains

Fylde Road Viaduct

0 miles 64 chains

Distance from Newton-le-Willows Junction

Ribble Viaduct 12 chains 21 miles 33 chains – 21 miles 21 chains CGJ5 Between Preston and Wigan
Wigan
NW stations

River Yarrow Viaduct 5 chains 14 miles 55 chains – 14 miles 50 chains

Leeds
Leeds
Liverpool
Liverpool
Canal 4 chains 6 miles 04 chains – 6 miles 00 chains Between Wigan
Wigan
NW and Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay

7 chains 4 miles 24 chains –4 miles 17 chains

Distance from London
London
Euston

River Mersey

181 miles 25 chains CGJ2 South of Warrington
Warrington
Bank Quay station

Acton Grange Viaducts ( Manchester
Manchester
Ship Canal) 5 chains 180 miles 40 chains – 180 miles 35 chains

Preston Brook Tunnel 78 yards (71 m) 176 miles 07 chains – 176 miles 04 chains North of Weaver junction

Birdswood Tunnel (Up Liverpool
Liverpool
flyover) 1 chain 175 miles 44 chains – 175 miles 43 chains CGJ1 Weaver junction

Dutton Viaduct (River Weaver) 22 chains 174 miles 18 chains – 173 miles 76 chains North of Acton Bridge
Acton Bridge
station

Vale Royal Viaduct (River Weaver) 6 chains 168 miles 72 chains – 168 miles 66 chains South of Hartford station

River Sow

137 miles 52 chains LEC4 Between former Norton Bridge and Stafford
Stafford
stations

Baswich Viaducts (Staffs. & Worc. Canal and River Penk) 7 chains 131 miles 57 chains – 131 miles 50 chains LEC2 Between Stafford
Stafford
and Rugeley
Rugeley
TV stations

Shugborough Tunnel 777 yards (710 m) 129 miles 01 chains – 128 miles 46 chains

Shugborough Viaduct (River Trent) 3 chains 127 miles 71 chains – 127 miles 68 chains

Trent & Mersey Canal

127 mile 22 chains

River Trent Viaduct 4 chains 122 miles 18 chains – 122 miles 14 chains Between Rugeley
Rugeley
TV and Lichfield
Lichfield
TV stations

Trent & Mersey Canal

121 miles 29 chains

Coventry
Coventry
Canal

115 miles 18 chains Between Lichfield
Lichfield
TV and Tamworth stations

River Tame 4 chains 112 miles 36 chains – 112 miles 32 chains

Tamworth Viaduct (River Anker)

109 miles 70 chains South of Tamworth station

Polesworth
Polesworth
North Viaduct 4 chains 106 miles 53 chains – 106 miles 49 chains North of Polesworth
Polesworth
station

Polesworth
Polesworth
South Viaduct (River Anker) 4 chains 105 miles 75 chains – 105 miles 71 chains Between Polesworth
Polesworth
and Atherstone
Atherstone
stations

Coventry
Coventry
Canal

105 miles 59 chains

102 miles 05 chains

River Anker Viaduct 2 chains 96 miles 38 chains – 96 miles 36 chains Between Nuneaton
Nuneaton
and Rugby stations

Ashby Canal

94 miles 61 chains

Oxford
Oxford
Canal

89 miles 61 chains

88 miles 10 chains

85 miles 54 chains

Avon Viaduct 5 chains 84 miles 09 chains – 84 miles 04 chains

Oxford
Oxford
Canal

82 miles 16 chains HNR Northampton
Northampton
line, between Rugby and Long Buckby
Long Buckby
stations

Crick Tunnel 595 yards (544 m) 79 miles 47 chains – 79 miles 20 chains

Grand Union Canal

78 miles 60 chains

Watford
Watford
Lodge Tunnel 115 yards 78 miles 52 chains – 78 miles 47

River Nene
River Nene
Viaduct 5 chains 67 miles 77 chains – 67 miles 72 chains Northampton
Northampton
line, between Long Buckby
Long Buckby
and Northampton
Northampton
stations

River Nene
River Nene
Viaduct 5 chains 66 miles 09 chains – 66 miles 04 chains

Earl Cowpers (River Nene) 6 chains 65 miles 19 chains – 65 miles 13 chains Northampton
Northampton
line, between Northampton
Northampton
and Wolverton
Wolverton
stations

Grand Junction Canal 4 chains 65 miles 11 chains – 65 miles 07 chains

Hunsbury Hill Tunnel 1152 yards (1053 m) 64 miles 54 chains – 63 miles 70 chains

Roade Cutting ‘Birdcage’ support structure 49 chains 60 miles 76 chains – 60 miles 27

Oxford
Oxford
Canal

79 miles 71 chains LEC1 Between Rugby and Wolverton
Wolverton
stations

Kilsby Tunnel 1 mile 656 yards (2209 m) 78 miles 13 chains – 76 miles 64 chains

Leicester Branch Canal

75 miles 11 chains

Grand Union Canal

73 miles 09 chains

Weedon Viaduct 4 chains 69 miles 15 chains – 69 miles 11 chains

Stowe Hill Tunnel 491 yards (449 m) 68 miles 32 chains – 68 miles 09 chains

Grand Union Canal

62 miles 59 chains

Wolverton
Wolverton
/ Haversham Viaduct 9 chains 53 miles 01 chains – 52 miles 72 chains

Grand Union Canal 2 chains 52 miles 42 chains – 52 miles 40 chains North of Wolverton
Wolverton
station

52 miles 18 chains South of Wolverton
Wolverton
station

Linslade Tunnels 287 yards (262 m), down fast 283 yards (259 m) 40 miles 73 chains – 40 miles 60 chains North of Leighton Buzzard
Leighton Buzzard
station

Grand Union Canal

34 miles 53 chains Between Cheddington
Cheddington
and Tring
Tring
stations

Northchurch Tunnels 349 yards (319 m) 29 miles 12 chains – 28 miles 76 chains North of Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
station

Grand Union Canal

25 miles 21 chains Between Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
and Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
stations

22 miles 26 chains Between Apsley and Kings Langley
Kings Langley
stations

Watford
Watford
Slow Tunnel 1 mile 230 yards (1820 m) 19 miles 44 chains – 18 miles 33 chains North of Watford
Watford
Junction station

Watford
Watford
Fast Tunnel 1 mile 55 yards (1660 m) 19 miles 40 chains – 18 miles 38 chains

Colne
Colne
Viaduct 3 chains 16 miles 66 chains – 16 miles 63 chains North of Bushey
Bushey
station

Bushey
Bushey
Arches 6 chains 16 miles 11 chains – 16 miles 05 chains

Brent Viaducts

6 miles 77 chains West of Stonebridge Park station

Kensal Green Tunnels 320 yards (293 m) 4 miles 59 chains – 4 miles 45 chains West of Kensal Green station

Primrose Hill Tunnel (Fast) 1182 yards (1081 m) 2 miles 27 chains – 1 mile 54 chains North-West of London
London
Euston station

Primrose Hill Tunnel (Slow) 1170 yards (1070 m) 2 miles 27 chains – 1 mile ? chains

Lower Park Street Tunnel 127 yards (116 m) 0 miles 68 chains – 0 miles 62 chains

Upper Park Street Tunnel 162 yards (148 m) 0 miles 67 chains – 0 miles 60 chains

Line-side monitoring equipment[edit] Line-side train monitoring equipment includes hot axle box detectors (HABD) and wheel impact load detectors (WILD) ‘Wheelchex’, these are located as follows.[60][61][62]

Line-side monitoring equipment on the West Coast Main Line

Name / Type Line Location Engineers Line Reference (ELR)

Braidwood Wheelchex Down Main, Up Main 80 miles 58 chains (from Carlisle) WCM1

Braidwood HABD Up Main 80 miles 57 chain

Leggatfoot HABD Down Main 70 miles 20 chains

Crawford HABD Up Main 55 miles 76 chains

Wamphray HABD Down Main 34 miles 42 chains

Nethercleugh HABD Up Main 28 miles 51 chains

Floriston HABD Up Main, Up Avoiding/Arrival 6 miles 04 chains (7 miles 45 chains on Goods line)

Southwaite HABD Down Main 62 miles 06 chains (from Lancaster) CGJ7

Harrison’s Siding HABD Up Main 41 miles 73 chains

Lowgill HABD Down Main 27 miles 06 chains

Bolton-le-Sands HABD Up Main 5 miles 08 chains

Hest Bank HABD Down Main 2 miles 51 chains

Coppull Hall HABD Down Main, Up Main 10 miles 60 chains (from Newton-le-Willows Junction) CGJ5

Dalham Wheelchex Down Slow, Down Fast, Up Fast, Up Slow 183 miles 40 chains (from Euston) CGJ3

Preston Brook or Norton HABD Down Main 176 miles 39 chains CGJ2

Winsford
Winsford
HABD Up Main 166 miles 38 chains CGJ1

Madeley HABD Down Slow, Down Fast 149 miles 74 chains LEC4

Shallowford HABD Up Slow, Up Fast 138 miles 30 chains

Milford & Brocton HABD Down Main 129 miles 29 chains LEC2

Armitage HABD Down TV Fast, Up TV Slow 121 miles 20 chains

Shilton HABD Down Trent Valley 91 miles 30 chains

Shilton HABD Up TV Fast, Up TV Slow 91 miles 26 chains

Althorpe Park HABD Up Northampton 72 miles 04 chains HNR

Roade HABD Down Northampton 59 miles 72 chains

Castlethorpe North HABD Up Fast, Up Slow 55 miles 63 chains LEC1

Wolverton
Wolverton
HABD (decommissioned?) Up Fast, Up Slow 50 miles 43 chains

Stoke Hammond/ Soulbury Road HABD Down Fast, Down Slow 42 miles 68 chains

Cheddington
Cheddington
Wheelchex Down Fast, Up Fast, Down Slow, Up Slow 34 miles 60 chains

Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 18 (WCML) – Branches and junctions[edit]

Location Type Route Details

Camden Jnct Branch 18 Watford DC Line
Watford DC Line
(WDCL)

+ Junction 6 North London
London
Line from Primrose Hill joins WDCL and WCML

Willesden Jnct Junction 6 North London
London
Line from West Hampstead joins WDCL and WCML

+ Junction 2 West London Line
West London Line
from Clapham Junction
Clapham Junction
joins WCML

+ Junction 6 North London
London
Line from Richmond joins WCML

Willesden Junction Interchange 6 North London
London
Line with Watford
Watford
DC Line

Watford
Watford
Junction Branch 18 Watford DC Line
Watford DC Line
terminates at separate bay platforms

+ Branch 18 St Albans Branch Line
St Albans Branch Line
(AC single line single section) to St Albans

Bletchley Branch 18 Marston Vale Line
Marston Vale Line
to Bedford

Bletchley
Bletchley
High Level (Denbigh Hall South Jnct) Branch 16 Freight only line to Newton Longville
Newton Longville
(remnant of mothballed Varsity Line to Oxford)

Hanslope Junction Loop 18 Northampton
Northampton
Loop leaves a few miles north of Wolverton
Wolverton
and rejoins just south of Rugby

Rugby Junction 17 West Midlands Main Line to Coventry, Birmingham, Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and Stafford

Nuneaton Junction 19 The Birmingham
Birmingham
to Peterborough Line from Peterborough

+ Junction 17 The Coventry
Coventry
to Nuneaton
Nuneaton
Line

+ Junction 17 The Birmingham
Birmingham
to Peterborough Line to Birmingham

Tamworth Interchange 17 The Cross Country Route
Cross Country Route
(MR) Bristol and Birmingham
Birmingham
to Derby and the North East

Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley Interchange 17 The Cross-City Line Redditch to Lichfield

+ Junction 17 north of the station

Rugeley
Rugeley
Trent Valley Junction 17 The Chase Line
Chase Line
from Birmingham
Birmingham
to Rugeley

Colwich Junction Branch 18 to Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
and Manchester
Manchester
(Route 20 from Cheadle Hulme)

Stafford Junction 17 West Midlands Main Line from Coventry, Birmingham
Birmingham
and Wolverhampton

Norton Bridge Branch 18 to Stone to join line from Colwich Jnct to Manchester
Manchester
(Route 20 from Cheadle Hulme)

Stoke-on-Trent Junction 19 from Derby

Kidsgrove Branch 18 to Alsager and Crewe

Cheadle Hulme – 20 Route 18 London – Manchester
Manchester
Line becomes Route 20 through to Manchester

Crewe Branch 18 from Kidsgrove (diesel service from Skegness, Grantham, Nottingham Derby and Stoke-on-Trent)

+ Junction 14 The Welsh Marches Line
Welsh Marches Line
from South Wales, Hereford and Shrewsbury

+ Junction 22 to Chester
Chester
and the North Wales Coast Line

+ Junction 20 to Wilmslow, Manchester
Manchester
Airport, Stockport
Stockport
and Manchester

Hartford North Junction 20 (freight only) from Northwich

Weaver Jnct Branch 18 to Runcorn
Runcorn
and Liverpool
Liverpool
(Route 20 from Liverpool
Liverpool
South Parkway railway station)

Liverpool
Liverpool
South Parkway – 20 Route 18 London
London
to Liverpool
Liverpool
Line becomes Route 20 to Liverpool
Liverpool
Lime Street

Warrington Junction 22 from Llandudno
Llandudno
and Chester
Chester
to Manchester

Winwick Jnct Junction 20 to Liverpool, Earlestown and Manchester

Golborne Jnct Junction 20 to Liverpool, Newton-le-Willows and Manchester

Ince Moss/Springs Branch Junct Junction 20 The Liverpool
Liverpool
to Wigan
Wigan
Line

Wigan Junction 20 from Manchester

Euxton
Euxton
Jnct Junction 20 The Manchester
Manchester
to Preston Line from Manchester

Farington Jnct Junction 23 East Lancashire Line
East Lancashire Line
and Caldervale Line

Farington Curve Jnct Junction 23 Ormskirk Branch Line, East Lancashire Line
East Lancashire Line
and Caldervale Line

Preston Dock Junction 23 west

Preston Junction 20 to Blackpool

Morecambe
Morecambe
South Jnct Junction 23 to Morecambe

Hest Bank Jnct Junction 23 from Morecambe

Carnforth
Carnforth
Jnct Junction 23 Furness Line
Furness Line
to Barrow-in-Furness
Barrow-in-Furness
and also the Leeds
Leeds
to Morecambe
Morecambe
Line to Leeds

Oxenholme Junction 23 to Windermere

Penrith Junction 23 Route 23 uses two junctions to the north of the station

Carlisle Junction 23 Route 23 Settle-Carlisle Railway
Settle-Carlisle Railway
and Route 9 from Newcastle

+ Junction 23 The Cumbrian Coast Line
Cumbrian Coast Line
from Barrow-in-Furness

Gretna Jnct Junction 26 to the Glasgow
Glasgow
South Western Line

Carstairs
Carstairs
South Jnct Junction 24 Route 18 West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
becomes Route 24 to Edinburgh

Carstairs
Carstairs
South – 26 Route 18 West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
becomes Route 26 to Glasgow

See also[edit]

East Coast Main Line Portpatrick Railway Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway Irish Sea tunnel Rail transport in Great Britain

References[edit]

^ a b " West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
Pendolino
Pendolino
Tilting Trains, United Kingdom". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 1 December 2010.  ^ a b "High-speed tilting train on track", BBC News Online, 12 December 2005. ^ "Railways: West Coast Main Line". parliament.uk. House of Commons Library. 16 March 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2016.  ^ "Supplement to the October 2013 Strategic Case for HS2 Technical Annex: Demand and Capacity Pressures on the West Coast Main Line" (PDF). gov.uk. Department for Transport. November 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2016.  ^ West Coast Main Line, Network Rail, October 2007. ^ "General definitions of highspeed". International Union of Railways. Retrieved 17 March 2011.  ^ a b c British Railways
British Railways
Board (1974).Electric All The Way. Information booklet. ^ History of the West Coast Main Line, Virgin Trains, July 2004. ^ Grand Junction Railway: History of the West Coast Main line, Virgin Trains 2004. ^ a b London
London
and Birmingham
Birmingham
Railway: History of the West Coast Main line, Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
2004. ^ Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-049-7. OCLC
OCLC
19514063. ^ The Manchester
Manchester
Lines: History of the West Coast Main line. Virgin Trains (2004). ^ "Carriages of LNWR Photographs". lnwrs.org.uk.  ^ Thomas, John (1971). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. Volume VI Scotland: The Lowlands and the Borders (1st ed.). Newton Abbot: David & Charles. OCLC 650446341.  ^ Lines in Lancashire: History of the West Coast Main line. Virgin Trains (2004). ^ "Rail Album – LMS Steam Locos – Streamlined Princess Coronation Class Pacifics – Part 1". railalbum.co.uk.  ^ "The winter timetables of British Railways: The West Coast speed-up". Trains Illustrated. Hampton Court: Ian Allan. December 1959. p. 584.  ^ "Auction Announcements of Messrs. Knight, Frank, and Rutley". The Times. London. 27 April 1912. p. 22. "The Abington and Crawford Estates ... extending as they do for some 12 miles either side of the main road and the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
to the North, with Abington and Crawford Stations on the Estate.  ^ Marshall, John (1979). The Guinness Book Of Rail Facts & Feats. Enfield: Guinness Superlatives. ISBN 0-900424-56-7.  ^ Wolmar, Christian (2007). Fire and Steam, A New History of the Railways in Britain. London: Atlantic. ISBN 978-1-84354-629-0.  ^ Passenger Timetable 1 May 1972 to 6 May 1973. British Railways Board, London
London
Midland Region. pp. 83, 06.  ^ British Railways
British Railways
Board (April 1966).Your New Railway: London
London
Midland Electrification. Information booklet. ^ Potter, Stephen; Roy, Robin (1986). Research and development: British Rail's fast trains. Design and Innovation, Block 3. Milton Keynes: Open University Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-335-17273-3.  ^ Stamp, Gavin (1 October 2007). "Steam ahead: the proposed rebuilding of London's Euston station is an opportunity to atone for a great architectural crime". Apollo: the international magazine of art and antiques. Retrieved 9 November 2007.  ^ Semmens, Peter (1991). Electrifying the East Coast Route. ISBN 0-85059-929-6. ^ http://www.tpexpress.co.uk/news/2016/04/new-transpennine-express-franchise-launches/ ^ 'Queasy Rider:' The Failure of the Advanced Passenger Train. ^ Meek, James (1 April 2004). "The £10bn Rail Crash". The Guardian. London.  ^ "West Coast rail works completed". BBC News Online. 14 December 2008.  ^ http://alittlebitofstone.com/2016/03/29/norton-bridge-rail-flyover-opens/ ^ https://www.networkrailmediacentre.co.uk/news/orphanage-road-bridge-to-be-replaced-as-work-to-upgrade-railway-at-watford-continues ^ Network Rail
Network Rail
media centre, December 2008. ^ "West coast main line upgrade". Corus rail. Retrieved 16 May 2009.  ^ "Freight Route Utilisation Strategy – March 2007" (PDF). Network Rail. Retrieved 25 November 2009.  ^ "Railroad/Railway Electric Traction Systems". crbasic.info. Retrieved 30 August 2012.  ^ "North West electrification". Network Rail. Retrieved 30 August 2012.  ^ "Virgin Rail Group welcomes West Coast franchise extension discussions". Rail Network. 21 May 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011.  ^ converted from ex- London
London
Midland Class 321/4 4-car sets ^ TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
coach production begins Railway Gazette International 27 October 2016 ^ More new trains for the North and Scotland
Scotland
TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
20 May 2016 ^ West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
– Written statements to Parliament. GOV.UK (15 October 2012). Retrieved 12 April 2014. ^ " Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
May 2017 Timetables". Virgin Trains.  ^ "Train Times" (PDF). East Coast. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.  ^ " Nuneaton
Nuneaton
North Chord freight line now open". Network Rail. 15 November 2012.  ^ "Work starts on Nuneaton
Nuneaton
chord". Rail. Peterborough. 10 August 2011. p. 20.  ^ "The new Ipswich chord will ease a major bottleneck on the Great Eastern main line". Network Rail. 25 March 2014.  ^ " Stafford
Stafford
Crewe
Crewe
rail enhancements". Network Rail. Retrieved 17 August 2015.  ^ http://www.networkrailmediacentre.co.uk/news/gbp-340m-railway-upgrade-planned-for-liverpool-city-region ^ a b "8. Potential new lines". London
London
and South East Route Utilisation Strategy. Network Rail. 28 July 2011. pp. 149–153.  ^ a b Business plan 2007, Network Rail. ^ Hansard (House of Commons), 4 November 2009. ^ Connor, Neil (25 April 2006). "We won't bid if rail link becomes a 'bus run'". icBirmingham.co.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2013.  ^ "Government launches study into potential Crossrail extension".  ^ "Ministry of Transport Accident Report Between Grayrigg
Grayrigg
and Oxenholme, L.M.S.R., 18 May 1947". Retrieved 18 February 2008.  ^ Route plans, Network Rail. ^ Network Rail
Network Rail
Route 18. ^ [1] ^ [2] ^ [3] ^ a b Brailsford, Martyn (2017). Railway Track Diagrams Book 1: Scotland
Scotland
& Isle of Man. Frome: Trackmaps. pp. 1, 7, 8, 10. ISBN 978-0-9549866-9-8.  ^ a b Bridge, Mike (2013). Railway Track Diagrams Book 4 Midlands & North West. Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. pp. 1, 8–13, 26–29. ISBN 978-0-9549866-7-4.  ^ "Railway Codes - HABD and WILD equipment". 

Sources[edit]

Buck, Martin; Rawlinson, Mark (2000). Line By Line: The West Coast Main Line, London
London
Euston to Glasgow
Glasgow
Central. Swindon: Freightmaster Publishing. ISBN 0-9537540-0-6.  "EUSTON MAIN LINE ELECTRIFICATION, A Technical Conference sponsored jointly by the British Railways
British Railways
Board and the Institutions of Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Locomotive, and Railway Signal Engineers, 25–26th October 1966". Conference Proceedings. Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMECH). 181 (6 (Part 3F)). 1966–67. 

Brentnall, E. G. (1966). "Signalling and telecommunications works on the Euston main line electrification". Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Conference Proceedings 1964–1970 (vols 178-184). 181 (36): 65–86. doi:10.1243/PIME_CONF_1966_181_108_02.  Butland, A. N. (1966). "Civil engineering works of the Euston main line electrification scheme". Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Conference Proceedings 1964–1970 (vols 178-184). 181 (36): 51–64. doi:10.1243/PIME_CONF_1966_181_107_02.  Emerson, A. H. (1966). "Electrification of the London
London
Midland main line from Euston". Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Conference Proceedings 1964–1970 (vols 178-184). 181 (36): 17–50. doi:10.1243/PIME_CONF_1966_181_105_02. 

Further reading[edit]

Ballantyne, Hugh (1989). The Colour of British Rail: West Coast Main Line. 2. Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 9780906899328. OCLC 21600017.  Beecroft, Don; Pirt, Keith (2008). Steam memories: 1950's - 1960's. No. 21, West coast main line & branches in Lancashire : including Wigan, Preston, Lancaster, Morecambe, Carnforth
Carnforth
and Blackpool. Challenger Publications. ISBN 9781899624997. OCLC 528374617.  Joy, David (1967). Main Line Over Shap. Dalesman Publishing Co. Ltd. ISBN 9780852060636. OCLC 12273695.  Longhurst, Roly (1979). Electric Locomotives of the West Coast Main Line. Bardford Barton. ISBN 9780851533551. OCLC 16491712.  McCutcheon, Campbell; Christopher, John (2014). Bradshaw's Guide: West Coast Main Line, Manchester
Manchester
to Glasgow. 10. Amberley Publishing. ISBN 9781445640419. OCLC 902726172.  Allen, David (29 January – 11 February 1997). "West Coast Signalling". RAIL. No. 297. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 34–38. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Coast Main Line.

Route map: Google

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/West Coast Main Line KML is from Wikidata

Electric All The Way – 1974 British Rail
British Rail
information booklet about the completion of electrification to Glasgow. Rail Industry www page which monitors the progress of the project Department of Transport – 2006 – West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
– Update Report Network Rail
Network Rail
Business Plans and Reports British Railways
British Railways
in 1960, Euston to Crewe British Railways
British Railways
in 1960, Crewe
Crewe
to Carlisle British Railways
British Railways
in 1960, Carlisle to Carstairs British Railways
British Railways
in 1960, Carstairs
Carstairs
to Glasgow London
London
to Glasgow
Glasgow
in five minutes – BBC video, December 2008 Origins of 1849 stretch of line from Glasgow
Glasgow
to Carlisle

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Main inter-regional railway lines in Great Britain

High Speed 1 Cross Country Route East Coast Main Line Great Eastern Main Line Great Western main line Midland Main Line West Coast Main Line

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Railway lines in London

Main lines

Primary

High Speed 1 East Coast Main Line Great Eastern Main Line Great Western Main Line Midland Main Line West Coast Main Line

Secondary

Chatham main line Chiltern Main Line Crossrail
Crossrail
(under construction) South Eastern main line South Western main line West Anglia Main Line West London
London
Route Thameslink London, Tilbury and Southend Line

Branch

Regional

Aylesbury Line Bexleyheath line Caterham line Dartford Loop Line Epsom Downs Branch Hampton Court branch line Hertford Loop Line Lea Valley lines North Kent Line Oxted line Shepperton branch line Staines–Windsor line Sutton and Mole Valley lines Tattenham Corner line Watford
Watford
DC line

Intra-London

Acton–Northolt line Bromley North Line Catford Loop Line Chessington branch line Chingford branch line Crystal Palace line Dudding Hill Line East London
London
line Gospel Oak to Barking line Greenford branch line Greenwich line Hayes line Hounslow Loop Line Kingston loop line North London
London
line Northern City Line Nunhead to Lewisham Link Romford–Upminster line South London
London
line West London
London
line

Disused

Addiscombe Line City Widened Lines Croxley Green Line Crystal Palace High Level branch line Greenwich Park branch line North London
London
Line (City Branch) Palace Gates Line Staines & West Drayton Line Stanmore branch line Uxbridge (Vine Street) branch line Watford
Watford
to Rickmansworth Line West Croydon to Wimbledon Line Woodside & Sanderstead Line

London
London
Transport portal

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Railway lines in the North West

Primary to London

West Coast Main Line

Other

Inter-regional

Buxton line Calder Valley line Chester– Manchester
Manchester
line Crewe–Derby line Glossop line Hope Valley line Huddersfield
Huddersfield
line Leeds– Morecambe
Morecambe
line Mid-Cheshire line Morecambe
Morecambe
branch line Ribble Valley line Stafford– Manchester
Manchester
line Tyne Valley line

Intra-regional

Blackpool branch lines Borderlands line Crewe– Manchester
Manchester
line Cumbrian Coast line East Lancashire line Ellesmere Port– Warrington
Warrington
line Furness line Kirkby branch line Liverpool– Manchester
Manchester
lines Liverpool– Wigan
Wigan
line Manchester–Preston line Manchester– Southport
Southport
line Northern line (Merseyrail) Ormskirk branch line Settle–Carlisle line Stockport–Stalybridge line Styal line Windermere
Windermere
branch line Wirral line

Heritage

East Lancashire Railway Eden Valley Railway Lakeside & Haverthwaite Railway Ribble Steam Railway

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Railway lines in the South East

Primary

International

High Speed 1

Ashford Ebbsfleet

National

Great Western main line

Slough Maidenhead Reading Didcot Parkway

West Coast Main Line

Watford
Watford
Junction Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central

Secondary

Berks/Bucks/Oxon to London

Aylesbury line Chiltern Main Line Waterloo–Reading line
Waterloo–Reading line
(and in Surrey) Windsor & Eton Riverside line (and in Surrey) Crossrail
Crossrail
(under construction) (and past London
London
to Essex)

Kent to London

Bexleyheath line Chatham main line Dartford Loop Line Kent Coast line Maidstone line Medway Valley line North Kent line Ramsgate (via Canterbury West) line Sheerness line South Eastern main line Redhill–Tonbridge line
Redhill–Tonbridge line
(and in Surrey)

Surrey/Sussex/Hants to London

Ascot–Guildford line Alton line Arun Valley line Brighton main line Caterham line Eastleigh–Fareham line Hampton Court branch line Hastings line
Hastings line
(and in Kent) Chertsey branch line Epsom Downs Branch New Guildford line Oxted line
Oxted line
(and in Kent) Portsmouth Direct line Shepperton branch line South Western main line Sutton and Mole Valley lines Tattenham Corner line Thameslink
Thameslink
(and past London
London
to Beds/Herts) West of England
England
line

Others

Cherwell Valley line Cotswold Line Eastleigh–Romsey line East Coastway line
East Coastway line
(inc Marshlink line) Henley branch line Island line Lymington branch line Marlow branch line Marston Vale line North Downs Line Oxford–Bicester line Aylesbury–Princes Risborough line Reading–Taunton line West Coastway line Wessex Main Line Slough–Windsor & Eton line Reading–Basingstoke line Seaford branch line

Heritage

Bluebell Railway Chinnor & Princes Risborough Railway Cholsey & Wallingford Railway East Kent Railway Isle of Wight Steam Railway Kent and East Sussex Railway Lavender Line Spa Valley Railway Watercress Line

Non-passenger/ Defunct

Coley branch line Hundred of Hoo Railway Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway

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Railway lines in the West Midlands

Main lines

West Coast Main Line Cross Country Route Chiltern Main Line

Inter-regional

Birmingham–Peterborough line Crewe–Derby line Cotswold Line Shrewsbury– Chester
Chester
line Stafford– Manchester
Manchester
line Welsh Marches line

Local

Birmingham
Birmingham
to Worcester via Bromsgrove Line Birmingham
Birmingham
to Worcester via Kidderminster line Chase Line Coventry–Leamington line Coventry
Coventry
to Nuneaton
Nuneaton
line Cross-City Line Leamington–Stratford line North Warwickshire Line Northampton
Northampton
loop Rugby–Birmingham– Stafford
Stafford
line Stone to Colwich Line Stourbridge Town branch line Trent Valley line Wolverhampton–Shrewsbury line

Freight only

Camp Hill Line South Staffordshire line Sutton Park line Walsall– Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
line

Heritage

Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway Severn Valley Railway Telford Steam Railway

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Railway lines in Scotland

Cross-border lines and services

East Coast Main Line

CrossCountry Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
East Coast

West Coast Main Line

Caledonian Sleeper TransPennine Express Virgin Trains

Glasgow
Glasgow
South Western Line

Abellio ScotRail

ScotRail intercity lines

Glasgow– Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(via Falkirk) Edinburgh–Aberdeen Glasgow–Aberdeen Highland Aberdeen–Inverness

Glasgow
Glasgow
commuter lines

      Argyle       Ayrshire Coast       Carstairs       Cathcart Circle       Croy (and Alloa)       Cumbernauld (and Falkirk)       Inverclyde       Maryhill       Motherwell–Cumbernauld       North Clyde       Paisley Canal       Shotts       South Western       Whifflet

Edinburgh
Edinburgh
commuter lines

      Borders       Carstairs       Dunblane       Fife Circle       North Berwick       North Clyde       Shotts

Rural lines and Great Scenic Railways

Borders Railway Far North Glasgow
Glasgow
South Western Kyle of Lochalsh West Highland

Current projects

Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to Glasgow
Glasgow
Improvement Programme

Completed projects

Airdrie–Bathgate Stirling–Alloa–Kincardine rail link Borders Railway

Heritage railways

Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway Caledonian Railway
Caledonian Railway
(Brechin) Keith and Dufftown Railway Royal Deeside Railway Strathspey Railway

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Transport in Buckinghamshire

Road

Motorways

M1 M4 M25 M40

A-roads

A4 A40 A41 A404 A412 A413 A418 A421 A422 A428 A4010 A4012 A4146 A4155 A5 A508 A509 A5130

Roman roads

Akeman Street Watling Street

Notable junctions

Handy Cross roundabout Denham Roundabout Magic Roundabout (High Wycombe)

Motorway service stations

Beaconsfield Newport Pagnell

Rail

Main lines

West Coast Main Line Chiltern Main Line Great Western main line

Other lines

Marston Vale line London–Aylesbury line Metropolitan line Aylesbury–Princes Risborough line Marlow branch line

Closed lines

Varsity Line Great Central Main Line Banbury to Verney Junction branch line Brill Tramway Wycombe Railway Watlington and Princes Risborough Railway Cheddington
Cheddington
to Aylesbury Line Aylesbury and Buckingham Railway Wolverton–Newport Pagnell line Bedford– Northampton
Northampton
line

Other

Chinnor and Princes Risborough Railway East West Rail Buckinghamshire Railway Centre Seer Green rail crash

Air

Denham Aerodrome Turweston Aerodrome Silverstone Heliport Wycombe Air Park

Waterways

Rivers

River Thames River Great Ouse

Canals

Bedford
Bedford
& Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Waterway (planned) Grand Union Canal

Slough
Slough
Arm Wendover Arm Aylesbury Arm

Footpaths

National Trails

Thames Path The Ridgeway

Long-distance footpaths

Icknield Way
Icknield Way
(path) Chiltern Way Greater Ridgeway Midshires Way Ouse Valley Way Shakespeare's Way Swan's Way

Cycle paths

Route 4 Route 6 Route 51

Related articles

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Transport in Milton Keynes

Road

Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
grid road system A421 A422 A4146 A5 A509 A5130 H6 Childs Way H10 Bletcham Way V6 Grafton Street V8 Marlborough Street

Rail

Bletchley
Bletchley
railway station Bletchley
Bletchley
TMD Bow Brickhill railway station East West Rail Fenny Stratford railway station Marston Vale line Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Central railway station Varsity Line West Coast Main Line Woburn Sands railway station Wolverton
Wolverton
railway station Wolverton–Newport Pagnell line

Bus

Buses in Milton Keynes Arriva Shires & Essex Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Coachway MK Metro Stagecoach in Northants United Counties Omnibus

Water

Bedford
Bedford
& Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Waterway (under construction) Cosgrove aqueduct Grand Union Canal

Other transport

Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
redway system Watling Street Wolverton
Wolverton
and Stony Stratford Tramway

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High-speed railway lines

An asterisk indicates overlap with conventional services.

Africa

None

Asia

China

Beijing–Shanghai Beijing–Shijiazhuang–Wuhan–Guangzhou–Shenzhen Beijing–Tianjin Bengbu–Hefei–Fuzhou Changchun–Jilin Chengdu–Dujiangyan Dalian–Harbin–Qiqihar Guangzhou–Zhuhai Guiyang–Guangzhou Guiyang–Kaiyang Hainan Eastern Ring Hengyang–Liuzhou Jilin–Hunchun Jinan–Qingdao–Rongcheng* Jiujiang–Nanchang–Fuzhou* Lanzhou–Zhongchuan Airport Liuzhou–Nanning* Nanjing–Anqing Nanjing–Hangzhou–Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou–Fuzhou–Xiamen–Shenzhen Nanjing–Hefei–Wuhan* Nanning–Guangzhou Nanning–Kunming Panjin–Yingkou Shanghai–Hangzhou–Changsha–Guiyang Shanghai–Nanjing Shenyang–Dandong Suining–Chongqing* Taiyuan–Shijiazhuang Taiyuan–Xi'an Tianjin–Baoding Tianjin–Qinhuangdao–Shenyang* Wuhan–Xianning Wuhan–Xiaogan Xuzhou–Lanzhou Zhengzhou–Jiaozuo Zhengzhou–Kaifeng Zhengzhou–Xi'an–Baoji–Lanzhou–Urumqi Zhengzhou–Xuzhou

Japan

Hokkaido Shinkansen Hokuriku Shinkansen Jōetsu Shinkansen Kyushu Shinkansen San'yō Shinkansen Tōhoku Shinkansen Tōkaidō Shinkansen

South Korea

Gyeongbu HSR Honam HSR Suseo HSR

Taiwan

Taiwan HSR

Turkey

Ankara–Pendik Polatlı–Konya

Uzbekistan

Tashkent–Samarkand Samarkand–Bukhara

Europe

Belgium

HSL 1 HSL 2 HSL 3 HSL 4

Finland

Kerava-Lahti* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

France

LGV Atlantique LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire LGV Est LGV Interconnexion Est LGV Méditerranée LGV Nord LGV Rhin-Rhône LGV Rhône-Alpes LGV Sud-Est LGV Sud Europe Atlantique LGV Perpignan–Barcelona*

Germany

Cologne–Düren Cologne–Frankfurt Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle Hanover–Würzburg Mannheim–Stuttgart Nuremberg–Ingolstadt Rastatt–Offenburg Wolfsburg–Berlin

Italy

Bologna–Florence Florence–Rome Milan–Bologna Milan–Verona Naples–Salerno Rome–Naples Turin–Milan

Netherlands

HSL-Zuid

Norway

Gardermoen Line

Poland

Grodzisk–Zawiercie

Russia

Moscow–St.Petersburg* St. Petersburg-Helsinki*

Spain

Atlantic Axis Barcelona–Perpignan* Madrid–Barcelona Madrid–León Madrid–Malaga Madrid–Seville Madrid–Toledo Madrid–Levante

Sweden

Botniabanan

United Kingdom

High Speed 1

North America

United States

Northeast Corridor*

Oceania

None

South America

None

v t e

Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T)

Executive Agency (TEN-T EA) See also: Trans-European Networks

Railways (high-speed Conventional) Roads Inland waterways 'Motorways of the Sea' Seaports Airports Combined transport

European Union
European Union
Porta

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