WERNER SCHROETER (7 April 1945 – 12 April 2010) was a German film director , screenwriter, and opera director known for his stylistic excess. Schroeter was cited by Rainer Werner Fassbinder as an influence both on his own work and on German cinema at large.
* 1 Life and career * 2 Personal life * 3 Filmography * 4 Shorts * 5 Documentaries * 6 References * 7 External links
LIFE AND CAREER
Schroeter started out as an underground filmmaker in 1967. Garnering
a small cult following, the director also made his mark on the
international festival circuit. Defying categorization, his films lie
somewhere between avant-garde and art cinema. Magdalena Montezuma was
a German underground star that became his muse until her death in
1985. Other notable actors to star in his films include:
After attending the Film Festival at Knokke , Belgium in 1967, Schroeter made his first 8mm film, Maria Callas Portrait, that consisted of animated stills of Callas overlaid with the sound of her singing. Eika Katappa was his first feature, which mixes pop and opera. The film was self-financed and won the Joseph von Sternberg prize for “the most idiosyncratic film” at the 1969 Mannheim Film Festival .
His “total cinema” films were predominantly produced by Das kleine Fernsehspiel (“The Little Television Play”), a small experimental department of the German public-service station. The company supported some of Schroeter’s most controversial projects including: The Bomber Pilot (70), Salome (71), Macbeth (71), and Goldflocken (76). The Reign of Naples (it) marked the director’s shift toward more plot-driven films, commenting: “it is much more radical to play with the content than with the aesthetics of the image. The era of independence is over. Our society has not fulfilled the promises hoped for around ’68-’70.” The film won many prizes domestically and internationally and was his first commercial release. Portrait by Reginald Gray Paris. 1974.
Schroeter had also worked in film as a producer, cinematographer,
editor and actor. As an actor, he appeared in several films directed
by his friend
Rainer Werner Fassbinder , including Beware of a Holy
Whore (1971), and a number of theatre productions. During the second
half of the 1980s, Schroeter became widely known as a theater and
opera director both in
His 1980 film Palermo oder Wolfsburg , telling the story of a Sicilian guest worker in Germany, won the Golden Bear at the 30th Berlin International Film Festival , while his 1991 production Malina was entered into that year's Cannes Film Festival .
Although he is mainly known for elaborate and excessive camp fables, the director also made some hard-hitting documentaries including Smiling Star (83) and For Example, Argentina (83-85) about the Marcos regime in the Philippines and the Galtieri military dictatorship in Argentina, respectively.
At the time of his death Schroeter had been organizing a photography
exhibition with his art-dealer friend Christian Holzfuss featuring his
own works, most of which were manipulated portraits of the many
actresses with whom he had worked over the years. In 2011 a
documentary about the director was made by Elfi Mikesch, a close
friend and collaborator, entitled Mondo Lux: The Visual Worlds of
In 2016 he was awarded posthumously with the Traetta Prize for his work in the rediscovery of the roots of European music.
In the 1960s Schroeter worked with
Rosa von Praunheim , who is also
gay . Schroeter also worked as a theater and opera director, in
* La morte d\'Isotta (1968) * Grotesk - Burlesk - Pittoresk (1968) * Nicaragua (fr) (1969) * Eika Katappa (fr) (1969) * Anglia (fr) (1970, TV film) * Der Bomberpilot (1970, TV film) * Salome (fr) (1971, TV film) * Macbeth (fr) (1971, TV film) * Der Tod der Maria Malibran (fr) (1972) * Willow Springs (fr) (1973) * Der schwarze Engel (fr) (1975) * Goldflocken (1976) * The Reign of Naples (it) (1978) * Weiße Reise (1980) * Palermo or Wolfsburg (1980) * Day of the Idiots (1981) * Liebeskonzil (1982) * Der Rosenkönig (1986) * Malina (1991) * Deux (2002) * This Night (2008)
* 1967 Verona]] * Virginia\'s Death (fr) (1968) * 1968 Übungen mit Darstellern * 1968 Paula - Je reviens * 1968 Mona Lisa * 1968 Maria Callas Porträt * 1968 Himmel hoch * 1968/II Faces * 1968 Callas Walking Lucia * 1968 Callas-Text mit Doppelbeleuchtung * 1968 Aggressionen * Neurasia (fr) (1969) * Argila (1969) * 1975 Johannas Traum
* 1980 Die Generalprobe * 1983 Der lachende Stern * 1986 De l'Argentine * 1986 Auf der Suche nach der Sonne * Poussières d\'amour - Abfallprodukte der Liebe (fr) (1996) * 2000 The Queen
* ^ Obituary
New York Times
* Langford, Michelle. Allegorical Images: Tableau, Time and Gesture in the Cinema of Werner Schroeter. ISBN 1-84150-138-7 .