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The Info List - Werner Herzog


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Werner Herzog[1] (German: [ˈvɛɐ̯nɐ ˈhɛɐ̯tsoːk]; born 5 September 1942) is a German screenwriter, film director, author, actor, and opera director. Herzog is a figure of the New German Cinema, along with Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Margarethe von Trotta, Volker Schlöndorff, Werner Schröter, and Wim Wenders. Herzog's films often feature ambitious protagonists with impossible dreams,[2] people with unique talents in obscure fields, or individuals who are in conflict with nature.[3] French filmmaker François Truffaut
François Truffaut
once called Herzog "the most important film director alive."[4] American film critic Roger Ebert said that Herzog "has never created a single film that is compromised, shameful, made for pragmatic reasons, or uninteresting. Even his failures are spectacular."[5] He was named one of the world's 100 most influential people by Time magazine in 2009.[6]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Film theory 4 Collaborations

4.1 Cast

4.1.1 Actors/actresses in a leading role 4.1.2 Actors in a supporting role

4.2 Crew

4.2.1 Cinematographers 4.2.2 Producers 4.2.3 Editors 4.2.4 Costume designers 4.2.5 Composers 4.2.6 Others

5 Personal life 6 Filmography

6.1 Fiction feature films 6.2 Fiction short films 6.3 Documentary feature films 6.4 Documentary short films 6.5 Television series 6.6 Screenwriter 6.7 Actor 6.8 Producer

7 Stage works

7.1 Opera 7.2 Theatre 7.3 Concerts

8 Bibliography

8.1 Books

8.1.1 Writer 8.1.2 Co-writer

8.2 Screenplays

8.2.1 Writer 8.2.2 Co-writer

9 References 10 Further reading

10.1 Primary literature 10.2 Secondary literature

11 External links

Early life[edit] Herzog was born Werner Stipetić in Munich, to Elizabeth Stipetić, an Austrian of Croatian descent, and Dietrich Herzog, who was German. When Werner was two weeks old, his mother took refuge in the remote Bavarian village of Sachrang
Sachrang
(in the Chiemgau Alps), after the house next to theirs was destroyed during a bombing raid in World War II.[7] In Sachrang, Herzog grew up without running water, a flushing toilet, or a telephone. He never saw films, and did not even know of the existence of cinema until a traveling projectionist came by the one-room schoolhouse in Sachrang.[8] When Herzog was 12, he and his family moved back to Munich. His father had abandoned the family early in his youth. Werner later adopted his father's surname Herzog (German for "duke"), which he thought sounded more impressive for a filmmaker.[9] The same year, Herzog was told to sing in front of his class at school, and he adamantly refused, and was almost expelled. Until he was age eighteen, Herzog listened to no music, sang no songs, and studied no instruments. He later said that he would easily give ten years from his life to be able to play the cello. At an early age, he experienced a dramatic phase in which he converted to Catholicism, which only lasted a few years. He started to embark on long journeys, some of them on foot. Around this time, he knew he would be a filmmaker, and learned the basics from a few pages in an encyclopedia which provided him with "everything I needed to get myself started" as a filmmaker—that, and the 35 mm camera he stole from the Munich
Munich
Film School.[10] In the commentary for Aguirre, the Wrath of God, he says, "I don't consider it theft. It was just a necessity. I had some sort of natural right for a camera, a tool to work with". He won a scholarship to Duquesne University
Duquesne University
and lasted only a few days, but lived in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During his last years of high school, no production company was willing to take on his projects, so Herzog worked night shifts as a welder in a steel factory to earn the funds for his first featurettes. After graduating from high school, he was intrigued by the Congo after its independence, but only reached the south of the Sudan where he fell seriously ill. While already making films, he had a brief stint at Munich
Munich
University, where he studied history and literature.[11] He earned money by participating in preproduction of a documentary for NASA
NASA
with KQED. Summoned to the immigration office because of a violation of his visa status, he chose to flee to Mexico. Before leaving school, he bought a house in the UK, in what was likely the Moss Side
Moss Side
area of Manchester. There he learned to speak English.[12] In 1962, he made his first short film, Herakles. In school there was an emphasis on Latin and Greek, in which he continues to read to this day. In 1971, while Herzog was location scouting for Aguirre, the Wrath of God in Peru, he narrowly avoided taking LANSA Flight 508. Herzog's reservation was cancelled due to a last-minute change in itinerary. The plane was later struck by lightning and disintegrated, but one survivor, Juliane Koepcke, lived after a free fall. Long haunted by the event, nearly 30 years later he made a documentary film, Wings of Hope (2000), which explored the story of the sole survivor. Career[edit]

Werner Herzog's star on the Boulevard der Stars in Berlin.

Herzog, along with Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Rainer Werner Fassbinder
and Volker Schlöndorff, led the beginning of the West German cinema movement. The West German cinema movement consisted of documentarians that filmed on low budgets and were influenced by the French New Wave of cinema. Besides using professional actors—German, American and otherwise—Herzog is known for using people from the locality in which he is shooting. Especially in his documentaries, he uses locals to benefit what he calls "ecstatic truth" (as opposed to the literal or factual truth). He uses footage of the non-actors both playing roles and being themselves. Herzog and his films have been nominated for and won many awards. His first major award was the Silver Bear
Silver Bear
Extraordinary Prize of the Jury for his first feature film Signs of Life[13] (Nosferatu the Vampyre was also nominated for Golden Bear in 1979). Most notably, Herzog won the best director award for Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival. In 1975, his movie The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
won the Grand Prix Spécial du Jury (also known as the 'Silver Palm') at the Cannes Festival. Other films directed by Herzog nominated for Golden Palm are: Woyzeck (1979) and Where the Green Ants Dream
Where the Green Ants Dream
(1984). His films have been nominated at many other important festivals around the world: César Awards
César Awards
(Aguirre, the Wrath of God), Emmy Awards (Little Dieter Needs to Fly), European Film Awards
European Film Awards
(My Best Fiend) and Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
( Scream of Stone and The Wild Blue Yonder). In 1987, Herzog and his half-brother Lucki Stipetić
Lucki Stipetić
won the Bavarian Film Award for Best Producing for the film Cobra Verde.[14] In 2002 he won the Dragon of Dragons Honorary Award during Kraków
Kraków
Film Festival in Kraków. In 1999, before a public dialogue with critic Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
at the Walker Art Center, Herzog read a new manifesto, which he dubbed Minnesota Declaration: Truth and Fact in Documentary Cinema.[15] Subtitled "Lessons of Darkness," the 12-point declaration began: "Cinema Verité is devoid of verité. It reaches a merely superficial truth, the truth of accountants." Ebert later wrote of its significance: “For the first time, it fully explained his theory of ‘ecstatic truth.’”[16] In 2017, Herzog wrote a six-point addendum to the manifesto,[17] prompted by a question about "truth in an age of alt-facts."[18] Herzog was honored at the 49th San Francisco International Film Festival, receiving the 2006 Film Society Directing Award.[19] Four of his films have been shown at the San Francisco International Film Festival: Wodaabe - Herdsmen of the Sun
Wodaabe - Herdsmen of the Sun
in 1990, Bells from the Deep in 1993, Lessons of Darkness
Lessons of Darkness
in 1993, and The Wild Blue Yonder
The Wild Blue Yonder
in 2006. Herzog's April 2007 appearance at the Ebertfest
Ebertfest
in Champaign, Illinois earned him the Golden Thumb Award, and an engraved glockenspiel given to him by a young film maker inspired by his films. Grizzly Man, directed by Herzog, won the Alfred P. Sloan Prize at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival. Encounters at the End of the World
Encounters at the End of the World
won the award for Best Documentary at the 2008 Edinburgh International Film Festival and was nominated for the Academy Award
Academy Award
for Documentary Feature, Herzog's first nomination.

Herzog in Brussels, 2007

Herzog once promised to eat his shoe if Errol Morris
Errol Morris
completed the movie project on pet cemeteries that he had been working on, in order to challenge and motivate Morris, whom Herzog perceived as incapable of following up on the projects he conceived. In 1978, when the film Gates of Heaven
Gates of Heaven
premiered, Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
cooked and publicly ate his shoe, an event later incorporated into a short documentary Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe by Les Blank. At the event, Herzog suggested that he hoped the act would serve to encourage anyone having difficulty bringing a project to fruition. In 2009, Herzog became the only filmmaker in recent history to enter two films in competition in the same year at the prestigious Venice Film Festival. Herzog's The Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans was entered into the festival's official competition schedule, and his My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
entered the competition as a "surprise film".[20] Herzog also provided the narration for the short film Plastic Bag directed by Ramin Bahrani
Ramin Bahrani
which was the opening night film in the Corto Cortissimo section of the festival.[21] Dissatisfied with the way film schools are run, Herzog founded his own Rogue Film School in 2009. The program is a 4-day seminar with Herzog, which occurs annually (the last of which was held in March, 2016 in Munich). Courses include "the art of lockpicking. Traveling on foot. The exhilaration of being shot at unsuccessfully. The athletic side of filmmaking. The creation of your own shooting permits. The neutralization of bureaucracy. Guerrilla tactics. Self reliance."[22] For the students, Herzog has said, "I prefer people who have worked as bouncers in a sex club, or have been wardens in the lunatic asylum. You must live life in its very elementary forms. The Mexicans have a very nice word for it: pura vida. It doesn’t mean just purity of life, but the raw, stark-naked quality of life. And that’s what makes young people more into a filmmaker than academia."[23] Herzog was the president of the jury at the 60th Berlin International Film Festival in 2010.[24][25][26] Herzog completed a documentary called Cave of Forgotten Dreams
Cave of Forgotten Dreams
in 2010, which shows his journey into the Chauvet Cave
Chauvet Cave
in France. Although generally skeptical of 3-D film
3-D film
as a format,[27] Herzog premiered the film at the 2010 Toronto International Film Festival
2010 Toronto International Film Festival
in 3-D and had its European premiere at the 2011 Berlinale. Also in 2010, Herzog co-directed with Dimitry Vasuykov Happy People: A Year in the Taiga, which portrays the life of fur trappers from the Siberian part of the Taiga, and had its premiere at the 2010 Telluride Film Festival. Herzog has narrated many of his documentary films, and he lent his voice to an animated television program for the first time in 2010, appearing in The Boondocks in its third-season premiere episode It's a Black President, Huey Freeman. In the episode, he played a fictionalized version of himself filming a documentary about the series' cast of characters and their actions during the 2008 election of Barack Obama. Continuing with voice work, Herzog played Walter Hotenhoffer (formerly known as Augustus Gloop) in the Simpsons episode The Scorpion's Tale which aired in March 2011. The next year, he also appeared in the 8th-season episode of American Dad!
American Dad!
called Ricky Spanish, and lent his voice to a recurring character during the 4th season of the Adult Swim animated series Metalocalypse. In 2015 he voiced a character for Adult Swim's Rick and Morty. He also appeared opposite Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
as the villain, Zec Chelovek, in the 2012 action film Jack Reacher. Herzog gained attention in 2013 when he released a 35-minute Public Service Announcement-style documentary, From One Second to the Next, demonstrating the danger of texting while driving and financed by AT&T, Sprint, Verizon, and T-Mobile
T-Mobile
as part of their It Can Wait driver safety campaign. The film, which documents four stories in which texting and driving led to tragedy or death, initially received over 1.7 million YouTube views and was subsequently distributed to over 40,000 high schools.[28] In July 2013, Herzog contributed to an art installation entitled "Hearsay of the Soul", for the Whitney Biennial, which was later acquired as a permanent exhibit by the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. In late 2013 he also lent his voice to the English-language dub of Hayao Miyazaki's The Wind Rises. In 2011, Herzog competed with Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
for making a film based around the life of explorer Gertrude Bell.[29] In 2012, it was confirmed that Herzog would start production on his long-in-development project in March 2013 in Morocco
Morocco
with Naomi Watts to play Gertrude Bell
Gertrude Bell
along with Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
to play T. E. Lawrence and Jude Law
Jude Law
to play Henry Cadogan.[30] The film was completed in 2014 with a different cast: Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
as Gertrude Bell, James Franco
James Franco
as Henry Cadogan, Damian Lewis
Damian Lewis
as Charles Doughty-Wylie, and Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
as a 22-year-old archaeologist T. E. Lawrence. Queen of the Desert had its world premiere at the 2015 Berlin International Film Festival. In 2015, Herzog shot a feature film, Salt and Fire, in Bolivia, starring Veronica Ferres, Michael Shannon, and Gael García Bernal. It is described as a "highly explosive drama inspired by a short story by Tom Bissell." [31] In 2016, Herzog released an online masterclass sharing in-depth knowledge of his craft entitled Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
teaches filmmaking.[32] Film theory[edit] Herzog's films have received considerable critical acclaim and achieved popularity on the art house circuit. They have also been the subject of controversy in regard to their themes and messages, especially the circumstances surrounding their creation.[citation needed] A notable example is Fitzcarraldo, in which the obsessiveness of the central character was reflected by the director during the making of the film. Burden of Dreams, a documentary filmed during the making of Fitzcarraldo, explored Herzog's efforts to make the film in harsh conditions. His treatment of subjects has been characterized as Wagnerian in its scope, and Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
and his later film Invincible (2001) are directly inspired by opera, or operatic themes. He is proud of never using storyboards and often improvising large parts of the script. He explains this technique in the commentary track to Aguirre, the Wrath of God. Collaborations[edit] Herzog has preferred to develop a team to work with, both of actors and technical people. He has gathered a group who [see below] have appeared in numerous films. Additionally, Herzog was co-executive producer along with Errol Morris
Errol Morris
on Joshua Oppenheimer’s documentary film, The Act of Killing, which reported on the mass slayings that took place in Indonesia in 1965 and 1966, following the overthrow of Indonesia's first president, Sukarno
Sukarno
by anti-communists of suspected communists and interviewed a number of its perpetrators.[33] Cast[edit] Actors/actresses in a leading role[edit]

Klaus Kinski: Aguirre, the Wrath of God, Nosferatu the Vampyre, Woyzeck, Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
and Cobra Verde. In 1999, Herzog directed and narrated the documentary film My Best Fiend
My Best Fiend
(or My Favorite Enemy), a retrospective on his often rocky relationship with Kinski. Brad Dourif
Brad Dourif
in Scream of Stone, The Wild Blue Yonder, Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans and My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done Bruno S. in The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
and Stroszek Josef Bierbichler
Josef Bierbichler
in Heart of Glass and Woyzeck Eva Mattes
Eva Mattes
in Woyzeck and Stroszek Michael Shannon
Michael Shannon
in Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans, My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done and Salt and Fire

Actors in a supporting role[edit]

Clemens Scheitz in The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser, Heart of Glass, Stroszek
Stroszek
and Nosferatu the Vampyre Peter Berling in Aguirre, the Wrath of God, Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
and Cobra Verde Volker Prechtel in The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser, Heart of Glass, Woyzeck and Scream of Stone Irma P. Hall in Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans and My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done? Udo Kier
Udo Kier
in Invincible and My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done? José Lewgoy in Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
and Cobra Verde Walter Ladengast in The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
and Nosferatu the Vampyre

Crew[edit] Cinematographers[edit] Thomas Mauch worked with Herzog on ten films: starting with Signs of Life and Last Words and ending with Fitzcarraldo. He helped to create hallucinogenic atmosphere in Aguirre and the realistic style of Stroszek. Mauch won Film Award in Gold and National Society of Film Critics Awards for Aguirre. He was Herzog's first choice to be cinematographer during Cobra Verde. After excessive verbal abuse from Klaus Kinski, Mauch walked out of the project. That was Mauch and Herzog's final collaboration. Jörg Schmidt-Reitwein worked with Herzog on seventeen films. Reitwein was Thomas Mauch's assistant camera during Even Dwarfs Started Small. His first independent work for Herzog was Precautions Against Fanatics in 1969. He helped to create the poetical atmosphere of Fata Morgana, Heart of Glass, The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
and Nosferatu. He won the Film Award in Gold for Heart of Glass and Where the Green Ants Dream at the German Film Awards. He last collaborated with Herzog during Pilgrimage in 2001. Peter Zeitlinger collaborated with Herzog on more than twenty films, from Gesualdo: Death for Five Voices (1995) to the documentary Into the Inferno (2017), including Rescue Dawn
Rescue Dawn
and Grizzly Man. He was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans in 2009. He also photographed Encounters at the End of the World which was nominated for the Academy Award. Producers[edit] Walter Saxer produced sixteen of Herzog's films, including Nosferatu and The White Diamond. He worked in the Sound Department during seven of Herzog's films, including The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner and Echoes from a Somber Empire. He co-wrote Scream of Stone which Herzog directed. Saxer appeared as himself in Herzog's My Best Fiend and in Les Blank's Burden of Dreams, in which he was also subjected to the verbal abuse of Kinski. Lucki Stipetić
Lucki Stipetić
is Herzog's half-brother, and he produced several Herzog films, including Aguirre and Invincible. He is a head of Werner Herzog Productions. He won the Bavarian Film Award in 1988 for Cobra Verde and International Documentary Association Award for Little Dieter Needs to Fly in 1998. He was also nominated for an Emmy Award in 1998. André Singer worked either as an executive producer or producer on eight of Herzog’s documentaries, starting with "Lessons of Darkness" in 1991 and ending with "The Wild Blue Yonder." He won the International Critics Award at the Venice Film Festival, 2006. He worked on the recent "La Bohème" (2009), and "Into the Abyss"/"Death Row", 2011. Editors[edit] Beate Mainka-Jellinghaus worked with Herzog on twenty films, from Signs of Life and Last Words (both from 1968) to Where the Green Ants Dream (1984). She won the Film Award in Gold during the German Film Awards for The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
in 1975. Joe Bini has collaborated with Herzog on nineteen films, from Little Dieter Needs to Fly (1997) to Cave of Forgotten Dreams
Cave of Forgotten Dreams
(2009). He was nominated by American Cinema Editors for Best Edited Documentary Film for Grizzly Man
Grizzly Man
in 2005. Costume designers[edit] Ann Poppel collaborated with Herzog on four films, including Nosferatu the Vampyre and Scream of Stone. Gisela Storch worked with Herzog on six films: The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser, Heart of Glass, Nosferatu the Vampyre, Woyzeck, Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
and Cobra Verde. She was nominated for a Saturn Award for Nosferatu the Vampyre
Nosferatu the Vampyre
in 1979. Composers[edit] German Krautrock
Krautrock
band Popol Vuh, founded by pianist and keyboardist Florian Fricke, have composed music for eight of Herzog's films: Aguirre, the Wrath of God, The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner, Heart of Glass, Nosferatu, The Dark Glow of the Mountains, Fitzcarraldo, Cobra Verde
Cobra Verde
and My Best Fiend. Their compositions were also used by Herzog in Rescue Dawn. Florian Fricke made a cameo as a pianist in Signs of Life and The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser. The band took its name from the Popol Vuh, a manuscript of the Quiché Maya kingdom. They had seen Herzog's Fata Morgana, in which Lotte Eisner reads parts of the Popol Vuh. Since 2001 and the passing of Florian Fricke, for orchestral scores Herzog has mostly chosen Klaus Badelt. The first of so far four collaborations, "Invincible" (2001) was actually one of Badelt's first film scores. Badelt also wrote the scores to "Rescue Dawn" (2006), "Happy People: A Year in the Taiga" (2010), and is currently working on Herzog's upcoming feature "Queen of the Desert" (2015). Herzog has invited Ernst Reijseger
Ernst Reijseger
to compose scores to five of his films. Two were documentaries ( The White Diamond
The White Diamond
and Cave of Forgotten Dreams) and three were features (The Wild Blue Yonder, My Son, My Son What Have Ye Done, and Salt and Fire). His music was also used in Rescue Dawn
Rescue Dawn
and in a video documentary about recording music for Grizzly Man. It was entitled In the Edges: The 'Grizzly Man' Session directed by Erik Nelson. Reijseger also had a cameo in My Son, My Son What Have Ye Done. Others[edit] Henning von Gierke collaborated with Herzog on seven films and several operas. He was Production Designer during The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser, Nosferatu the Vampyre
Nosferatu the Vampyre
and Fitzcarraldo. As a Set Decorator he worked on Heart of Glass and Woyzeck, as Stage Designer on operas Lohengrin and Giovanna d'Arco, and as Costume Designer on the film The Transformation of the World Into Music. Gierke shot additional still photographs on Stroszek's set. He appeared twice in Herzog's film The Transformation of the World Into Music as himself and in Herzog's TV realisation of the opera Giovanna d'Arco. Von Gierke won the Film Award in Gold for The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
at the German Film Awards and the Silver Bear
Silver Bear
for an outstanding single achievement for Nosferatu, at the 29th Berlin International Film Festival.[34] Personal life[edit] Herzog has been married three times and has three children, one from an outside relationship. In 1967,[35] he married Martje Grohmann, with whom he had a son Rudolph Amos Achmed, born in 1973. In 1985, Herzog was divorced from Grohmann.[36] In 1980, Herzog had a daughter Hanna Mattes (now a photographer and an artist), born to his companion Eva Mattes.[citation needed] In 1987, he married Christine Maria Ebenberger.[37] Their son, Simon Herzog, was born in 1989.[38] Herzog and Ebenberger divorced in 1997.[39] In 1996, Herzog moved to the United States. In 1999, he married photographer Elena Pisetski, now Lena Herzog.[citation needed] Herzog is an atheist.[40] Filmography[edit]

Herzog at the 1991 Venice International Film Festival

Fiction feature films[edit]

Signs of Life (1968) Even Dwarfs Started Small (1970) Aguirre, the Wrath of God
Aguirre, the Wrath of God
(1972) The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
(1974) Heart of Glass (1976) Stroszek
Stroszek
(1977) Nosferatu the Vampyre
Nosferatu the Vampyre
(1979) Woyzeck (1979) Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
(1982) Where the Green Ants Dream
Where the Green Ants Dream
(1984) Cobra Verde
Cobra Verde
(1987) Scream of Stone (1991) Invincible (2001) The Wild Blue Yonder
The Wild Blue Yonder
(2005) Rescue Dawn
Rescue Dawn
(2006) Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans (2009) My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
(2009) Queen of the Desert (2015) Salt and Fire
Salt and Fire
(2016)

Fiction short films[edit]

Herakles (1962) Game in the Sand (1964) The Unprecedented Defence of the Fortress Deutschkreuz
The Unprecedented Defence of the Fortress Deutschkreuz
(1966) Last Words (1968) Precautions Against Fanatics
Precautions Against Fanatics
(1969) No One Will Play with Me
No One Will Play with Me
(1976) Les Gaulois (1988)

Documentary feature films[edit]

The Flying Doctors of East Africa
The Flying Doctors of East Africa
(1969) Handicapped Future
Handicapped Future
(1971) Land of Silence and Darkness (1971) Fata Morgana (1971) The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner (1974) How Much Wood Would a Woodchuck Chuck (1976) Huie's Sermon
Huie's Sermon
(1981) God's Angry Man
God's Angry Man
(1981) Ballad of the Little Soldier
Ballad of the Little Soldier
(1984) The Dark Glow of the Mountains
The Dark Glow of the Mountains
(1984) Herdsmen of the Sun
Herdsmen of the Sun
(1989) Echoes from a Sombre Empire (1990) Jag Mandir (1991) Lessons of Darkness
Lessons of Darkness
(1992) Bells from the Deep (1993) The Transformation of the World into Music (1994) Gesualdo: Death for Five Voices (1995) Little Dieter Needs to Fly
Little Dieter Needs to Fly
(1997) Wings of Hope (1998) My Best Fiend
My Best Fiend
(1999) Wheel of Time (2003) The White Diamond
The White Diamond
(2004) Grizzly Man
Grizzly Man
(2005) Encounters at the End of the World
Encounters at the End of the World
(2007) Cave of Forgotten Dreams
Cave of Forgotten Dreams
(2010) Happy People: A Year in the Taiga
Taiga
(2010) Into the Abyss (2011) Lo & Behold, Reveries of the Connected World (2016) Into the Inferno (2016)

Documentary short films[edit]

La Soufrière (1977) Portrait Werner Herzog
Portrait Werner Herzog
(1986) Christ and Demons in New Spain (1999) Pilgrimage (2001) Ten Thousand Years Older
Ten Thousand Years Older
(2002) La Bohème (2009) Ode to the Dawn of Man (2011) From One Second to the Next
From One Second to the Next
(2013)

Television series[edit]

On Death Row
On Death Row
(2012-2013, 8 Episodes) Filmstunde (1991-1992, 4 Episodes)

Screenwriter[edit] Films written, not directed, by Herzog:

Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe
Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe
(1980)

Herzog has written all his films, except these which he co-wrote:

Heart of Glass (1976) Scream of Stone (1991) Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans (2009) My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
(2009)

Herzog has also co-written:

Hunger in the world explained to my son (El hambre en el mundo explicada a mi hijo) (2002) Incident at Loch Ness
Incident at Loch Ness
(2004) Happy People: A Year in the Taiga
Taiga
(2010)

Actor[edit]

Geschichten vom Kübelkind (1971) Man of Flowers
Man of Flowers
(1983) Bride of the Orient (1989) Hard to Be a God (1990) Tales from the Opera (1994) Burning Heart (1995) What Dreams May Come (1998) Julien Donkey-Boy
Julien Donkey-Boy
(1999) Incident at Loch Ness
Incident at Loch Ness
(2004) Mister Lonely
Mister Lonely
(2007) The Grand (2007) Plastic Bag (2009) The Boondocks (Season 3) Ep. 31: "It's a Black President, Huey Freeman" (air date May 2, 2010) – voice role The Simpsons
The Simpsons
Ep. 479 (2011) – voice role Metalocalypse
Metalocalypse
(Season 4, recurring character) (2012) – voice role American Dad!
American Dad!
Ep. 132 (2012) – voice role Dinotasia (2012) – narrator Jack Reacher (2012) Home from Home (2013) The Wind Rises (English version) (2013) – voice role Penguins of Madagascar
Penguins of Madagascar
(2014) – voice role Parks and Recreation
Parks and Recreation
(2015) Rick and Morty
Rick and Morty
Season 2 Ep. 8: "Interdimensional Cable 2: Tempting Fate" (2015) – voice role

Producer[edit]

A Gray State (2017)

Stage works[edit]

Opera[edit]

Doktor Faust
Doktor Faust
(1986, Teatro Comunale di Bologna) Lohengrin (1987, Bayreuth Festival)[41] Giovanna d'Arco
Giovanna d'Arco
(1989, Teatro Comunale di Bologna) La donna del lago
La donna del lago
(1992, Teatro alla Scala, Milan) The Flying Dutchman (1993, Opéra Bastille) Il Guarany
Il Guarany
(1993, Theater Bonn) Norma (1994, Verona Arena) Il Guarany
Il Guarany
(1996, Washington National Opera) Chūshingura
Chūshingura
(1997, Tokyo Opera) Tannhäuser (1997, 1998 Teatro de la Maestranza; Teatro di San Carlo; Teatro Massimo) The Magic Flute
The Magic Flute
(1999, Teatro Massimo
Teatro Massimo
Bellini, Catania) Fidelio
Fidelio
(1999, Teatro alla Scala) Tannhäuser (Wagner)
Tannhäuser (Wagner)
(2000) Giovanna d'Arco
Giovanna d'Arco
(2001, Teatro Carlo Felice, Genoa) Tannhäuser (2001, Teatro Municipal; Houston Grand Opera) Die Zauberflöte
Die Zauberflöte
(2001, Baltimore Opera) The Flying Dutchman (2002, DomStufen Festspiele Erfurt) Parsifal
Parsifal
(2008, Palau de les Arts, Valencia)

Theatre[edit]

Floresta Amazonica (A Midsummer Night's Dream) (1992, Teatro Joao Caetano) Varété (1993, Hebbel Theatre) Specialitaeten (1993, Etablissement Ronacher)

Concerts[edit]

The Killers: Unstaged (2012, Paradise Theater, New York City)

Bibliography[edit] Books[edit] Writer[edit]

Fitzcarraldo: The Original Story (Fjord Pr, January 1983, ISBN 978-0-940242-04-3) Of Walking in Ice (Free Association, New York, 2007, ISBN 978-0-9796121-0-7) Conquest of the Useless: Reflections from the Making of Fitzcarraldo (Eroberung des Nutzlosen) (German: 2004; English: Ecco, 2009, ISBN 978-0061575532) Werner Herzog: A Guide for the Perplexed, Conversations with Paul Cronin (London: Faber and Faber Ltd., 2014, ISBN 0-571-20708-1)[42]

Co-writer[edit]

Lena Herzog. Pilgrims: Becoming the Path Itself (Periplus Publishing London Ltd., 2002, ISBN 1-902699-43-2)

Screenplays[edit] Writer[edit]

Drehbücher II: Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes: Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle, Land des Schweigens und der Dunkelheit (Hanser 1977) Drehbücher I: Lebenszeichen, Auch Zwerge haben klein angefangen, Fata Morgana (Hanser 1977) Drehbücher III: Stroszek, Nosferatu (Hanser 1979) Screenplays: Aguirre, The Wrath of God, Every Man For Himself and God Against All & Land of Silence and Darkness (translated by Alan Greenberg & Martje Herzog; Tanam, New York, 1981, ISBN 0-934378-03-7) Fitzcarraldo, Nosferatu, Stroszek
Stroszek
(Mazarine 1982) Wo Die Grünen Ameisen Träumen (Hanser 1984, ISBN 3-446-14106-5) Nosferatu (Ulbulibri, 1984) Cobra Verde
Cobra Verde
(Jade-Flammarion 2001, ISBN 2-08-203009-1)

Co-writer[edit]

With Alan Greenberg and Herbert Achternbusch. Heart of Glass. 1976

References[edit]

^ Holfelder, Moritz (2012). Werner Herzog. Die Biografie. Munich, Germany: Langen Müller. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-7844-3303-5.  ^ "40 Great Actor & Director Partnerships: Klaus Kinski
Klaus Kinski
& Werner Herzog". Empire Magazine. Retrieved June 19, 2010.  ^ Mahmud, Jamil (September 30, 2009). " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
and his film language". The Daily Star. Retrieved June 19, 2010.  ^ Cronin, Paul; Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(2002). Herzog on Herzog. London: Faber and Faber Limited. pp. vii–viii. ISBN 978-0-571-20708-4.  ^ Ebert, Roger (2006). Awake in the Dark: The Best of Roger Ebert, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0226182002 ^ "The 2009 TIME 100". Time Magazine. Retrieved April 30, 2009.  ^ " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
on the Story Behind 'Rescue Dawn'". Fresh Air. October 27, 1998. Retrieved June 21, 2007.  ^ Cronin, Paul (2014). Werner Herzog: A Guide for the Perplexed: Conversations with Paul Cronin. Faber and Faber Limited. ISBN 978-0571259779.  ^ Laster, Paul (July 25, 2011). " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
Comes Out of the Cave". New York Observer. Retrieved August 15, 2013.  ^ Bissell, Tom. "The Secret Mainstream: Contemplating the mirages of Werner Herzog", Harper's, December 2006 ^ "Does Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
Have a College Degree? Answer". www.wishmachinery.com. Retrieved 2017-11-08.  ^ Cronin, Paul; Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(2002). Herzog on Herzog. London: Faber and Faber Limited. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-0-571-20708-4.  ^ "Berlinale 1968: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved March 3, 2010.  ^ [1] Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
Reads His Minnesota Declaration: Truth and Fact in Documentary Cinema". Walker Art Center. April 30, 1999. Retrieved August 8, 2017.  ^ "HERZOG'S MINNESOTA DECLARATION: DEFINING 'ECSTATIC TRUTH'". rogerebert.com. April 30, 1999. Retrieved August 8, 2017.  ^ " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
Makes Trump-Era Addition to His Minnesota Declaration". Walker Art Center. Jun 19, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2017.  ^ "What is Truth in an Age of Alternative Facts". Walker Art Center. Jun 19, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2017.  ^ "Film Society Directing Award". sffs.org. Archived from the original on May 27, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2009.  ^ "Filmmaker Herzog is up against himself in Venice Film". Reuters. September 5, 2009. Retrieved October 25, 2009.  ^ "66th Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
Corto Cortissimo". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014.  ^ "Werner Herzog's Rogue Film School". www.roguefilmschool.com. Retrieved 2016-06-26.  ^ Beggs, Scott (September 12, 2012). "6 FILMMAKING TIPS FROM WERNER HERZOG". Film School Rejects. Retrieved August 13, 2015.  ^ " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
to be President of the Jury of the 60th Berlinale". berlinale.de. Archived from the original on November 25, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2009.  ^ " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
to head Berlin film festival jury". thelocal.de. Retrieved December 22, 2009.  ^ " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
is to head the Berlin Film Festival jury". bbc news. November 20, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2009.  ^ " Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
Interview PLANET°". Planet-mag.com. September 7, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2013.  ^ Leopold, Todd (August 16, 2013). "Film legend Herzog takes on texting and driving". CNN. Retrieved 13 August 2015.  ^ Dang, Simon. "Watch Out, Ridley: Werner Herzog's Gertrude Bell
Gertrude Bell
Film Starring Naomi Watts
Naomi Watts
Hoping To Shoot In The Fall". IndieWire. Retrieved 25 November 2012.  ^ Chitwood, Adam. " Jude Law
Jude Law
Joins Robert Pattinson
Robert Pattinson
and Naomi Watts
Naomi Watts
in Werner Herzog's QUEEN OF THE DESERT". Collider. Retrieved 25 November 2012.  ^ Raup, Jordan. " Gael García Bernal
Gael García Bernal
Join Werner Herzog's 'Salt and Fire'". The Film Stage. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  ^ ""I Tried Not to Be Didactic": Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
on His MasterClass Filmmaker Magazine". Filmmaker Magazine. Retrieved 2018-02-21.  ^ Rohter, Larry (July 12, 2013). "'The Act of Killing' and Indonesian Death Squads" – via NYTimes.com.  ^ "Berlinale 1978: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved August 15, 2010.  ^ LCRO Standesamt Bayern Muenchen ^ Standesamt Bayern Muenchen ^ LCRO Standesamt Wien Landstrasse ^ "Simon Herzog".  ^ Standesamt Wien Landstrasse ^ "Herzog is an avowed atheist, but in a certain sense his films, especially in recent years, have become highly spiritual in focus. Thanks to its subject and its characters “Into the Abyss” is suffused with a Christian religiosity that the director treats with great respect." Andrew O'Hehir, Salon.com, November 11, 2011. [2] ^ " Bayreuth Festival
Bayreuth Festival
web portal: Werner Herzog's biography". Bayreuther-festspiele.de. Retrieved 2014-08-09.  ^ "Herzog on Herzog". Thestickingplace.com. Retrieved October 25, 2009. 

Further reading[edit] Primary literature[edit]

Werner Herzog. A Guide for the Perplexed: Conversations with Paul Cronin. London: Faber & Faber, 2014. ISBN 978-0-571-25977-9. Eric Ames, ed. Werner Herzog: Interviews. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-61703-969-0.

Secondary literature[edit]

Emmanuel Carrère. Werner Herzog. Paris: Ediling, 1982. ISBN 2-85601-017-2 Brad Prager. The Cinema of Werner Herzog: Aesthetic Ecstasy and Truth. New York: Wallflower Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1-905674-18-3. Eric Ames. Ferocious Reality. Documentary according to Werner Herzog. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012. Moritz Holfelder. Werner Herzog. Die Biografie. Munich: LangenMüller, 2012. ISBN 978-3-7844-3303-5. Brad Prager, ed. A Companion to Werner Herzog. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. ISBN 978-1-405-19440-2.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutWerner Herzogat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Official website Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
on IMDb Encounters with Herzog – a film competition. Judged by Herzog on the independent filmmakers networking community Shooting People. Judged on Sunday 27 September 2009

v t e

Werner Herzog

Feature films

Signs of Life (1968) Even Dwarfs Started Small (1970) Fata Morgana (1971) Aguirre, the Wrath of God
Aguirre, the Wrath of God
(1972) The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser
(1974) Heart of Glass (1976) Stroszek
Stroszek
(1977) Nosferatu the Vampyre
Nosferatu the Vampyre
(1979) Woyzeck (1979) Fitzcarraldo
Fitzcarraldo
(1982) Where the Green Ants Dream
Where the Green Ants Dream
(1984) Cobra Verde
Cobra Verde
(1987) Scream of Stone (1991) Lessons of Darkness
Lessons of Darkness
(1992) Invincible (2001) The Wild Blue Yonder
The Wild Blue Yonder
(2005) Rescue Dawn
Rescue Dawn
(2006) Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans (2009) My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done?
(2009) Queen of the Desert (2015) Salt and Fire
Salt and Fire
(2016)

Documentaries

The Flying Doctors of East Africa
The Flying Doctors of East Africa
(1969) Handicapped Future
Handicapped Future
(1971) Land of Silence and Darkness (1971) The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner (1974) How Much Wood Would a Woodchuck Chuck (1976) La Soufrière (1977) Huie's Sermon
Huie's Sermon
(1981) God's Angry Man
God's Angry Man
(1981) Ballad of the Little Soldier
Ballad of the Little Soldier
(1984) The Dark Glow of the Mountains
The Dark Glow of the Mountains
(1984) Herdsmen of the Sun
Herdsmen of the Sun
(1989) Echoes from a Sombre Empire (1990) Jag Mandir (1991) Bells from the Deep (1993) The Transformation of the World into Music (1994) Gesualdo: Death for Five Voices (1995) Little Dieter Needs to Fly
Little Dieter Needs to Fly
(1997) My Best Fiend
My Best Fiend
(1999) Wings of Hope (2000) Pilgrimage (2001) Ten Thousand Years Older
Ten Thousand Years Older
(2002) Wheel of Time (2003) The White Diamond
The White Diamond
(2004) Grizzly Man
Grizzly Man
(2005) Encounters at the End of the World
Encounters at the End of the World
(2007) Happy People: A Year in the Taiga
Taiga
(2010) Cave of Forgotten Dreams
Cave of Forgotten Dreams
(2010) Into the Abyss (2011) On Death Row
On Death Row
(2012) From One Second to the Next
From One Second to the Next
(2013) Lo and Behold, Reveries of the Connected World
Lo and Behold, Reveries of the Connected World
(2016) Into the Inferno (2016)

Shorts

Herakles (1962) Game in the Sand (1964) The Unprecedented Defence of the Fortress Deutschkreuz
The Unprecedented Defence of the Fortress Deutschkreuz
(1967) Last Words (1967) Precautions Against Fanatics
Precautions Against Fanatics
(1969) No One Will Play with Me
No One Will Play with Me
(1976) Portrait Werner Herzog
Portrait Werner Herzog
(1986) Les Gaulois (1988) La bohème (2009)

Other

Incident at Loch Ness
Incident at Loch Ness
(2004)

Books

Of Walking in Ice (1978) Bibliography

Related

Lena Herzog (wife) Lucki Stipetić
Lucki Stipetić
(brother) Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe
Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe
(1980)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival Best Director Award

René Clément
René Clément
(1946) René Clément
René Clément
(1949) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) Christian-Jaque (1952) Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev
Sergei Vasilyev
(1955) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1956) Robert Bresson (1957) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1958) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) Liviu Ciulei (1965) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1966) Ferenc Kósa
Ferenc Kósa
(1967) Glauber Rocha
Glauber Rocha
/ Vojtěch Jasný
Vojtěch Jasný
(1969) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1970) Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1975) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1976) Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1979) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(1982) Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky
(1983) Bertrand Tavernier
Bertrand Tavernier
(1984) André Téchiné
André Téchiné
(1985) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
(1988) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) Pavel Lungin
Pavel Lungin
(1990) Joel Coen (1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(1997) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Edward Yang (2000) Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2002) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(2003) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2009) Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) Carlos Reygadas
Carlos Reygadas
(2012) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) Bennett Miller
Bennett Miller
(2014) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(2015) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2016) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 111607089 LCCN: n80015779 ISNI: 0000 0003 6858 9213 GND: 118550276 SELIBR: 270974 SUDOC: 026921243 BNF: cb119074417 (data) MusicBrainz: 7d02a2b4-d509-4722-8670-70e6960f33be NDL: 00468295 NKC: jn19990003457 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV107681 BNE: XX1

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