WERNER HERZOG (German: ; born 5 September 1942) is a German screenwriter, film director, author, actor, and opera director.
Herzog is considered one of the greatest figures of the New German Cinema , along with Rainer Werner Fassbinder , Margarethe von Trotta , Volker Schlöndorff , Werner Schröter , and Wim Wenders . Herzog's films often feature heroes with impossible dreams, people with unique talents in obscure fields, or individuals who are in conflict with nature.
French filmmaker François Truffaut once called Herzog "the most important film director alive." American film critic Roger Ebert said that Herzog "has never created a single film that is compromised, shameful, made for pragmatic reasons, or uninteresting. Even his failures are spectacular." He was named one of the 100 most influential people on the planet by _Time_ magazine in 2009.
* 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Film theory
* 4 Collaborations
* 4.1 Cast
* 4.1.1 Actors/actresses in a leading role * 4.1.2 Actors in a supporting role
* 4.2 Crew
* 4.2.1 Cinematographers * 4.2.2 Producers * 4.2.3 Editors * 4.2.4 Costume designers * 4.2.5 Composers * 4.2.6 Others
* 5 Personal life
* 6 Filmography
* 6.1 Fiction feature films * 6.2 Fiction short films * 6.3 Documentary feature films * 6.4 Documentary short films * 6.5 Screenwriter * 6.6 Actor
* 7 Stage works
* 7.1 Opera * 7.2 Theatre
* 8 Bibliography
* 8.1 Books
* 8.1.1 Writer * 8.1.2 Co-writer
* 8.2 Screenplays
* 8.2.1 Writer * 8.2.2 Co-writer
* 9 References
* 10 Further reading
* 10.1 Primary literature * 10.2 Secondary literature
* 11 External links
Herzog was born Werner Stipetić in Munich , to Elizabeth Stipetić, an Austrian of Croatian descent, and Dietrich Herzog, who was German. When Werner was two weeks old, his mother took refuge in the remote Bavarian village of Sachrang (in the Chiemgau Alps ), after the house next to theirs was destroyed during a bombing raid in World War II . In Sachrang, Herzog grew up without running water, a flushing toilet, or a telephone. He never saw films, and did not even know of the existence of cinema until a traveling projectionist came by the one-room schoolhouse in Sachrang. When Herzog was 12, he and his family moved back to Munich. His father had abandoned the family early in his youth. Werner later adopted his father's surname _Herzog_ (German for "duke"), which he thought sounded more impressive for a filmmaker.
The same year, Herzog was told to sing in front of his class at school, and he adamantly refused, and was almost expelled. Until he was age eighteen, Herzog listened to no music, sang no songs, and studied no instruments. He later said that he would easily give ten years from his life to be able to play the cello. At an early age, he experienced a dramatic phase in which he converted to Catholicism, which only lasted a few years. He started to embark on long journeys, some of them on foot. Around this time, he knew he would be a filmmaker, and learned the basics from a few pages in an encyclopedia which provided him with "everything I needed to get myself started" as a filmmaker—that, and the 35 mm camera he stole from the Munich Film School. In the commentary for _ Aguirre, the Wrath of God _, he says, "I don't consider it theft. It was just a necessity. I had some sort of natural right for a camera, a tool to work with". He won a scholarship to Duquesne University and lasted only a few days, but lived in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania . During his last years of high school, no production company was willing to take on his projects, so Herzog worked night shifts as a welder in a steel factory to earn the funds for his first featurettes. After graduating from high school, he was intrigued by the Congo after its independence, but only reached the south of the Sudan where he fell seriously ill.
While already making films, he had a brief stint at Munich University , where he studied history and literature.
He earned money by participating in preproduction of a documentary for NASA with KQED . Summoned to the immigration office because of a violation of his visa status, he chose to flee to Mexico.
Before leaving school, he bought a house in the UK, in what was likely the Moss Side area of Manchester . There he learned to speak English. In 1962, he made his first short film, Herakles. In school there was an emphasis on Latin and Greek, in which he continues to read to this day.
In 1971, while Herzog was location scouting for _Aguirre, the Wrath of God _ in Peru, he narrowly avoided taking LANSA Flight 508 . Herzog's reservation was cancelled due to a last-minute change in itinerary. The plane was later struck by lightning and disintegrated, but one survivor, Juliane Koepcke , lived after a free fall. Long haunted by the event, nearly 30 years later he made a documentary film, _Wings of Hope _ (2000), which explored the story of the sole survivor.
_ Werner Herzog's star on the Boulevard der Stars_ in Berlin.
Herzog, along with Rainer Werner Fassbinder and Volker Schlöndorff, led the beginning of the West German cinema movement. The West German cinema movement consisted of documentarians that filmed on low budgets and were influenced by the French New Wave of cinema.
Besides using professional actors—German, American and otherwise—Herzog is known for using people from the locality in which he is shooting. Especially in his documentaries, he uses locals to benefit what he calls "ecstatic truth." He uses footage of the non-actors both playing roles and being themselves.
Herzog and his films have been nominated for and won many awards. His first major award was the Silver Bear Extraordinary Prize of the Jury for his first feature film _Signs of Life _ (_ Nosferatu the Vampyre _ was also nominated for Golden Bear in 1979). Most notably, Herzog won the best director award for _ Fitzcarraldo _ at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival . In 1975, his movie _ The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser _ won the _Grand Prix Spécial du Jury _ (also known as the 'Silver Palm') at the Cannes Festival. Other films directed by Herzog nominated for Golden Palm are: _Woyzeck _ (1979) and _ Where the Green Ants Dream _ (1984).
His films have been nominated at many other important festivals around the world: César Awards (_ Aguirre, the Wrath of God _), Emmy Awards (_ Little Dieter Needs to Fly _), European Film Awards (_My Best Fiend _) and Venice Film Festival (_ Scream of Stone _ and _The Wild Blue Yonder _).
In 1987, Herzog and his half-brother Lucki Stipetić won the Bavarian Film Award for Best Producing for the film _ Cobra Verde _. In 2002 he won the _Dragon of Dragons Honorary Award_ during Kraków Film Festival in Kraków .
Herzog was honored at the 49th San Francisco International Film Festival , receiving the 2006 Film Society Directing Award. Four of his films have been shown at the San Francisco International Film Festival: _ Wodaabe - Herdsmen of the Sun _ in 1990, _Bells from the Deep _ in 1993, _ Lessons of Darkness _ in 1993, and _The Wild Blue Yonder _ in 2006. Herzog's April 2007 appearance at the Ebertfest in Champaign, Illinois earned him the Golden Thumb Award, and an engraved glockenspiel given to him by a young film maker inspired by his films. _ Grizzly Man _, directed by Herzog, won the Alfred P. Sloan Prize at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival . _Encounters at the End of the World _ won the award for Best Documentary at the 2008 Edinburgh International Film Festival and was nominated for the Academy Award for Documentary Feature , Herzog's first nomination. Herzog in Brussels, 2007
Herzog once promised to eat his shoe if Errol Morris completed the movie project on pet cemeteries that he had been working on, in order to challenge and motivate Morris, whom Herzog perceived as incapable of following up on the projects he conceived. In 1978, when the film _ Gates of Heaven _ premiered, Werner Herzog cooked and publicly ate his shoe, an event later incorporated into a short documentary _Werner Herzog Eats His Shoe _ by Les Blank . At the event, Herzog suggested that he hoped the act would serve to encourage anyone having difficulty bringing a project to fruition.
In 2009, Herzog became the only filmmaker in recent history to enter two films in competition in the same year at the prestigious Venice Film Festival . Herzog's _The Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans _ was entered into the festival's official competition schedule, and his _ My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done? _ entered the competition as a "surprise film". Herzog also provided the narration for the short film _Plastic Bag_ directed by Ramin Bahrani which was the opening night film in the Corto Cortissimo section of the festival.
Dissatisfied with the way film schools are run, Herzog founded his own Rogue Film School in 2009. The program is a 4-day seminar with Herzog, which occurs annually (the last of which was held in March, 2016 in Munich). Courses include "the art of lockpicking. Traveling on foot. The exhilaration of being shot at unsuccessfully. The athletic side of filmmaking. The creation of your own shooting permits. The neutralization of bureaucracy. Guerrilla tactics. Self reliance." For the students, Herzog has said, "I prefer people who have worked as bouncers in a sex club, or have been wardens in the lunatic asylum. You must live life in its very elementary forms. The Mexicans have a very nice word for it: _pura vida_. It doesn’t mean just purity of life, but the raw, stark-naked quality of life. And that’s what makes young people more into a filmmaker than academia."
Herzog was the president of the jury at the 60th Berlin International Film Festival in 2010.
Herzog completed a documentary called _ Cave of Forgotten Dreams _ in 2010, which shows his journey into the Chauvet Cave in France. Although generally skeptical of 3-D film as a format, Herzog premiered the film at the 2010 Toronto International Film Festival in 3-D and had its European premiere at the 2011 Berlinale. Also in 2010, Herzog co-directed with Dimitry Vasuykov _Happy People: A Year in the Taiga _, which portrays the life of fur trappers from the Siberian part of the Taiga , and had its premiere at the 2010 Telluride Film Festival .
Herzog has narrated many of his documentary films, and he lent his voice to an animated television program for the first time in 2010, appearing in _The Boondocks _ in its third-season premiere episode _It\'s a Black President, Huey Freeman _. In the episode, he played a fictionalized version of himself filming a documentary about the series' cast of characters and their actions during the 2008 election of Barack Obama .
Continuing with voice work, Herzog played Walter Hotenhoffer (formerly known as Augustus Gloop ) in the Simpsons episode _The Scorpion\'s Tale _ which aired in March 2011. The next year, he also appeared in the 8th-season episode of _ American Dad! _ called _Ricky Spanish _, and lent his voice to a recurring character during the 4th season of the Adult Swim animated series _ Metalocalypse _. In 2015 he voiced a character for Adult Swim's Rick and Morty . He also appeared opposite Tom Cruise as the villain in the 2012 action film _Jack Reacher _.
Herzog gained attention in 2013 when he released a 35-minute Public Service Announcement -style documentary, _From One Second to the Next_, demonstrating the danger of texting while driving and financed by AT"> A notable example is _ Fitzcarraldo _, in which the obsessiveness of the central character was reflected by the director during the making of the film. _ Burden of Dreams _, a documentary filmed during the making of _Fitzcarraldo_, explored Herzog's efforts to make the film in harsh conditions.
His treatment of subjects has been characterized as Wagnerian in its scope, and _ Fitzcarraldo _ and his later film _Invincible _ (2001) are directly inspired by opera, or operatic themes. He is proud of never using storyboards and often improvising large parts of the script. He explains this technique in the commentary track to _Aguirre, the Wrath of God _.
Herzog considers his prose and poetry writings, such as "Of Walking in Ice", and "Conquest of the Useless", as having more enduring value than his films.
Herzog has preferred to develop a team to work with, both of actors and technical people. He has gathered a group who appeared in numerous films.
Actors/actresses In A Leading Role
* Klaus Kinski : _ Aguirre, the Wrath of God _, _Nosferatu the Vampyre _, _Woyzeck _, _ Fitzcarraldo _ and _ Cobra Verde _. In 1999, Herzog directed and narrated the documentary film _ My Best Fiend _ (or _My Favorite Enemy_), a retrospective on his often rocky relationship with Kinski. * Brad Dourif in _ Scream of Stone _, _ The Wild Blue Yonder _, _Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans _ and _My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done _ * Bruno S. in _ The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser _ and _ Stroszek _ * Josef Bierbichler in _Heart of Glass _ and _Woyzeck _ * Eva Mattes in _Woyzeck _ and _ Stroszek _ * Michael Shannon in _Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans _, _ My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done _ and _ Salt and Fire _
Actors In A Supporting Role
* Clemens Scheitz in _ The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser _, _Heart of Glass _, _ Stroszek _ and _ Nosferatu the Vampyre _ * Peter Berling in _ Aguirre, the Wrath of God _, _ Fitzcarraldo _ and _ Cobra Verde _ * Volker Prechtel in _ The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser _, _Heart of Glass _, _Woyzeck _ and _ Scream of Stone _ * Irma P. Hall in _Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans _ and _ My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done? _ * Udo Kier in _Invincible _ and _My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done? _ * José Lewgoy in _ Fitzcarraldo _ and _ Cobra Verde _ * Walter Ladengast in _ The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser _ and _Nosferatu the Vampyre _
Thomas Mauch worked with Herzog on ten films: starting with _Signs of Life_ and _Last Words_ and ending with _Fitzcarraldo_. He helped to create hallucinogenic atmosphere in _Aguirre_ and the realistic style of _Stroszek_. Mauch won Film Award in Gold and National Society of Film Critics Awards for _Aguirre_. He was Herzog's first choice to be cinematographer during _Cobra Verde._ After excessive verbal abuse from Klaus Kinski, Mauch walked out of the project. That was Mauch and Herzog's final collaboration.
Jörg Schmidt-Reitwein worked with Herzog on seventeen films. Reitwein was Thomas Mauch's assistant camera during _Even Dwarfs Started Small_. His first independent work for Herzog was _Precautions Against Fanatics_ in 1969. He helped to create the poetical atmosphere of _Fata Morgana_, _Heart of Glass_, _The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser_ and _Nosferatu_. He won the Film Award in Gold for _Heart of Glass_ and _Where the Green Ants Dream_ at the German Film Awards. He last collaborated with Herzog during _Pilgrimage_ in 2001.
Peter Zeitlinger collaborated with Herzog on more than twenty films, from _Gesualdo: Death for Five Voices _ (1995) to the documentary _Into the Inferno_ (2017), including _ Rescue Dawn _ and _Grizzly Man _. He was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for _Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans _ in 2009. He also photographed _ Encounters at the End of the World _ which was nominated for the Academy Award .
Walter Saxer produced sixteen of Herzog's films, including _Nosferatu_ and _The White Diamond_. He worked in the Sound Department during seven of Herzog's films, including _The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner_ and _Echoes from a Somber Empire_. He co-wrote _Scream of Stone_ which Herzog directed. Saxer appeared as himself in Herzog's _My Best Fiend_ and in Les Blank's _Burden of Dreams_, in which he was also subjected to the verbal abuse of Kinski.
Lucki Stipetić is Herzog's half-brother, and he produced several Herzog films, including _Aguirre_ and _Invincible_. He is a head of Werner Herzog Productions. He won the Bavarian Film Award in 1988 for _Cobra Verde_ and International Documentary Association Award for _Little Dieter Needs to Fly_ in 1998. He was also nominated for an Emmy Award in 1998.
André Singer worked either as an executive producer or producer on eight of Herzog’s documentaries, starting with "Lessons of Darkness" in 1991 and ending with "The Wild Blue Yonder." He won the International Critics Award at the Venice Film Festival, 2006. He worked on the recent "La Bohème" (2009), and "Into the Abyss"/"Death Row", 2011.
Beate Mainka-Jellinghaus worked with Herzog on twenty films, from _Signs of Life_ and _Last Words_ (both from 1968) to _Where the Green Ants Dream_ (1984). She won the Film Award in Gold during the German Film Awards for _The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser_ in 1975.
Joe Bini has collaborated with Herzog on nineteen films, from _Little Dieter Needs to Fly_ (1997) to _Cave of Forgotten Dreams_ (2009). He was nominated by American Cinema Editors for Best Edited Documentary Film for _Grizzly Man_ in 2005.
Ann Poppel collaborated with Herzog on four films, including _Nosferatu the Vampyre_ and _Scream of Stone_. Gisela Storch worked with Herzog on six films: _The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser_, _Heart of Glass_, _Nosferatu the Vampyre_, _Woyzeck_, _Fitzcarraldo_ and _Cobra Verde_. She was nominated for a Saturn Award for _Nosferatu the Vampyre_ in 1979.
German Krautrock band Popol Vuh , founded by pianist and keyboardist Florian Fricke, have composed music for eight of Herzog's films: _Aguirre, the Wrath of God_, _The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner_, _Heart of Glass_, _Nosferatu_, _The Dark Glow of the Mountains_, _Fitzcarraldo_, _Cobra Verde_ and _My Best Fiend_. Their compositions were also used by Herzog in _Rescue Dawn_. Florian Fricke made a cameo as a pianist in _Signs of Life_ and _The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser_. The band took its name from the _Popol Vuh,_ a manuscript of the Quiché Maya kingdom. They had seen Herzog's _Fata Morgana_, in which Lotte Eisner reads parts of the _Popol Vuh._
Since 2001 and the passing of Florian Fricke, for orchestral scores Herzog has mostly chosen Klaus Badelt . The first of so far four collaborations, "Invincible" (2001) was actually one of Badelt's first film scores. Badelt also wrote the scores to "Rescue Dawn" (2006), "Happy People: A Year in the Taiga" (2010), and is currently working on Herzog's upcoming feature "Queen of the Desert" (2015).
Herzog has invited Ernst Reijseger to compose scores to four of his films. Two were documentaries (_The White Diamond_ and _Cave of Forgotten Dreams_) and two were features (_The Wild Blue Yonder_ and _My Son, My Son What Have Ye Done_). His music was also used in _Rescue Dawn_ and in a video documentary about recording music for _Grizzly Man._ It was entitled _In the Edges: The 'Grizzly Man' Session_ directed by Erik Nelson. Reijseger also had a cameo in _My Son, My Son What Have Ye Done_.
Henning von Gierke collaborated with Herzog on seven films and several operas. He was Production Designer during _The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser_, _Nosferatu the Vampyre_ and _Fitzcarraldo_. As a Set Decorator he worked on _Heart of Glass_ and _Woyzeck_, as Stage Designer on operas _Lohengrin_ and _Giovanna d'Arco_, and as Costume Designer on the film _The Transformation of the World Into Music_. Gierke shot additional still photographs on _Stroszek_'s set. He appeared twice in Herzog's film _The Transformation of the World Into Music_ as himself and in Herzog's TV realisation of the opera _Giovanna d'Arco_. Von Gierke won the Film Award in Gold for _The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser_ at the German Film Awards and the Silver Bear for an outstanding single achievement for _Nosferatu_, at the 29th Berlin International Film Festival .
Herzog has been married three times and has three children, one from an outside relationship. In 1967, he married Martje Grohmann, with whom he had a son Rudolph Amos Achmed, born in 1973. In 1985, Herzog was divorced from Grohmann.
In 1980, Herzog had a daughter Hanna Mattes (now a photographer and an artist), born to his companion Eva Mattes .
In 1987, he married Christine Maria Ebenberger. Their son, Simon Herzog, was born in 1989. Herzog and Ebenberger divorced in 1997.
In 1996, Herzog moved to the United States. In 1999, he married photographer Elena Pisetski, now Lena Herzog .
Herzog is an atheist.
Herzog at the 1991 Venice International Film Festival
FICTION FEATURE FILMS
* _Signs of Life _ (1968) * _ Even Dwarfs Started Small _ (1970) * _ Aguirre, the Wrath of God _ (1972) * _ The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser _ (1974) * _Heart of Glass _ (1976) * _ Stroszek _ (1977) * _ Nosferatu the Vampyre _ (1979) * _Woyzeck _ (1979) * _ Fitzcarraldo _ (1982) * _ Where the Green Ants Dream _ (1984) * _ Cobra Verde _ (1987) * _ Scream of Stone _ (1991) * _Invincible _ (2001) * _ The Wild Blue Yonder _ (2005) * _ Rescue Dawn _ (2006) * _Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans _ (2009) * _ My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done? _ (2009) * _Queen of the Desert _ (2015) * _ Salt and Fire _ (2016)
FICTION SHORT FILMS
* _Herakles _ (1962) * _ Game in The Sand _ (1964) * _ The Unprecedented Defence of the Fortress Deutschkreuz _ (1966) * _Last Words _ (1968) * _ Precautions Against Fanatics _ (1969) * _ No One Will Play with Me _ (1976) * _Les Gaulois _ (1988)
DOCUMENTARY FEATURE FILMS
* _ The Flying Doctors of East Africa _ (1969) * _ Handicapped Future _ (1971) * _ Land of Silence and Darkness _ (1971) * _Fata Morgana _ (1972) * _ The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner _ (1974) * _How Much Wood Would a Woodchuck Chuck _ (1976) * _Huie\'s Sermon _ (1981) * _God\'s Angry Man _ (1981) * _ Ballad of the Little Soldier _ (1984) * _ The Dark Glow of the Mountains _ (1984) * _ Herdsmen of the Sun _ (1989) * _ Echoes From a Sombre Empire _ (1990) * _Jag Mandir _ (1991) * _ Lessons of Darkness _ (1992) * _ Bells from the Deep _ (1993) * _ The Transformation of the World into Music _ (1994) * _Gesualdo: Death for Five Voices _ (1995) * _ Little Dieter Needs to Fly _ (1997) * _Wings of Hope _ (1998) * _ My Best Fiend _ (1999) * _Wheel of Time _ (2003) * _ The White Diamond _ (2004) * _ Grizzly Man _ (2005) * _ Encounters at the End of the World _ (2007) * _ Cave of Forgotten Dreams _ (2010) * _Happy People: A Year in the Taiga _ (2010) * _Into the Abyss _ (2011) * _Lo -webkit-column-count: 2; column-count: 2;">
* _Geschichten vom Kübelkind_ (1971) * _ Man of Flowers _ (1983) * _Bride of the Orient_ (1989) * _Hard to Be a God _ (1990) * _Tales from the Opera_ (1994) * _Burning Heart_ (1995) * _What Dreams May Come _ (1998) * _ Julien Donkey-Boy _ (1999) * _ Incident at Loch Ness _ (2004) * _ Mister Lonely _ (2007) * _The Grand _ (2007) * _Plastic Bag _ (2009) * _The Boondocks _ (Season 3) Ep. 31: "It's a Black President, Huey Freeman" (air date May 2, 2010) – voice role * _ The Simpsons _ Ep. 479 (2011) – voice role * _ Metalocalypse _ (Season 4 , recurring character) (2012) – voice role * _ American Dad! _ Ep. 132 (2012) – voice role * _Dinotasia _ (2012) – narrator * _Jack Reacher _ (2012) * _Home from Home _ (2013) * _ The Wind Rises _ (English version) (2013) – voice role * _ Penguins of Madagascar _ (2014) – voice role * _ Parks and Recreation _ (2015) * _ Rick and Morty _ (2015) – voice role
* _ Doktor Faust _ (1986, Teatro Comunale di Bologna ) * _Lohengrin _ (1987, Bayreuth Festival ) * _Giovanna d\'Arco _ (1989, Teatro Comunale di Bologna) * _ La Donna del lago _ (1992, Teatro alla Scala , Milan) * _The Flying Dutchman _ (1993, Opéra Bastille ) * _ Il Guarany _ (1993, Theater Bonn ) * _Norma _ (1994, Verona Arena ) * _ Il Guarany _ (1996, Washington National Opera ) * _ Chushingura _ (1997, Tokyo Opera) * _Tannhäuser _ (1997, 1998 Teatro de la Maestranza ; Teatro di San Carlo ; Teatro Massimo ) * _ The Magic Flute _ (1999, Teatro Massimo Bellini , Catania ) * _ Fidelio _ (1999, Teatro alla Scala) * _ Tannhäuser (Wagner) _ (2000) * _Giovanna d'Arco_ (2001, Teatro Carlo Felice , Genoa ) * _Tannhäuser_ (2001, Teatro Municipal; Houston Grand Opera ) * _ Die Zauberflöte _ (2001, Baltimore Opera ) * _The Flying Dutchman_ (2002, DomStufen Festspiele Erfurt ) * _ Parsifal _ (2008, Palau de les Arts , Valencia )
* _Floresta Amazonica (A Midsummer Night\'s Dream )_ (1992, Teatro Joao Caetano) * _Varété_ (1993, Hebbel Theatre) * _Specialitaeten_ (1993, Etablissement Ronacher)
* _Fitzcarraldo: The Original Story_ (Fjord Pr, January 1983, ISBN 978-0-940242-04-3 ) * _Of Walking in Ice _ (Free Association, New York, 2007, ISBN 978-0-9796121-0-7 ) * _Conquest of the Useless: Reflections from the Making of Fitzcarraldo_ (_Eroberung des Nutzlosen_) (German: 2004; English: Ecco, 2009, ISBN 978-0061575532 ) * _Werner Herzog: A Guide for the Perplexed, Conversations with Paul Cronin_ (London: Faber and Faber Ltd., 2014, ISBN 0-571-20708-1 ) (extracts)
* Lena Herzog. _Pilgrims: Becoming the Path Itself_ (Periplus Publishing London Ltd., 2002, ISBN 1-902699-43-2 )
* _Drehbücher II: Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes: Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle, Land des Schweigens und der Dunkelheit_ (Hanser 1977) * _Drehbücher I: Lebenszeichen, Auch Zwerge haben klein angefangen, Fata Morgana_ (Hanser 1977) * _Drehbücher III: Stroszek, Nosferatu_ (Hanser 1979) * _Screenplays: Aguirre, The Wrath of God, Every Man For Himself and God Against All & Land of Silence and Darkness_ (translated by Alan Greenberg Tanam, New York, 1981, ISBN 0-934378-03-7 ) * _Fitzcarraldo, Nosferatu, Stroszek_ (Mazarine 1982) * _Wo Die Grünen Ameisen Träumen_ (Hanser 1984, ISBN 3-446-14106-5 ) * _Nosferatu_ (Ulbulibri, 1984) * _Cobra Verde_ (Jade-Flammarion 2001, ISBN 2-08-203009-1 )
* With Alan Greenberg and Herbert Achternbusch. _Heart of Glass_. 1976
* ^ Holfelder, Moritz (2012). _Werner Herzog. Die Biografie_. Munich, Germany: Langen Müller. p. 8. ISBN 978-3-7844-3303-5 . * ^ "40 Great Actor & Director Partnerships: Klaus Kinski & Werner Herzog". _Empire Magazine_. Retrieved June 19, 2010. * ^ Mahmud, Jamil (September 30, 2009). " Werner Herzog and his film language". _The Daily Star _. Retrieved June 19, 2010. * ^ Cronin, Paul; Werner Herzog (2002). _Herzog on Herzog_. London: Faber and Faber Limited. pp. vii–viii. ISBN 978-0-571-20708-4 . * ^ Ebert, Roger (2006). _Awake in the Dark: The Best of Roger Ebert_, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0226182002 * ^ "The 2009 TIME 100". _Time Magazine_. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
* ^ " Werner Herzog on the Story Behind \'Rescue Dawn\'". Fresh Air . October 27, 1998. Retrieved June 21, 2007. * ^ Cronin, Paul (2014). _Werner Herzog: A Guide for the Perplexed: Conversations with Paul Cronin_. Faber and Faber Limited. ISBN 978-0571259779 . * ^ Laster, Paul (July 25, 2011). " Werner Herzog Comes Out of the Cave". _New York Observer_. Retrieved August 15, 2013. * ^ Bissell, Tom. "The Secret Mainstream: Contemplating the mirages of Werner Herzog", _Harper\'s _, December 2006 * ^ Cronin, Paul; Werner Herzog (2002). _Herzog on Herzog_. London: Faber and Faber Limited. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-0-571-20708-4 . * ^ "Berlinale 1968: Prize Winners". _berlinale.de_. Retrieved March 3, 2010. * ^ Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Film Society Directing Award". _sffs.org_. Archived from the original on May 27, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2009. * ^ "Filmmaker Herzog is up against himself in Venice Film". Reuters. September 5, 2009. Retrieved October 25, 2009. * ^ "66th Venice Film Festival Corto Cortissimo". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. * ^ "Werner Herzog\'s Rogue Film School". _www.roguefilmschool.com_. Retrieved 2016-06-26. * ^ Beggs, Scott (September 12, 2012). "6 FILMMAKING TIPS FROM WERNER HERZOG". Film School Rejects . Retrieved August 13, 2015. * ^ " Werner Herzog to be President of the Jury of the 60th Berlinale". _berlinale.de_. Archived from the original on November 25, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2009. * ^ " Werner Herzog to head Berlin film festival jury". _thelocal.de_. Retrieved December 22, 2009. * ^ " Werner Herzog is to head the Berlin Film Festival jury". _bbc news_. November 20, 2009. Retrieved December 22, 2009. * ^ " Werner Herzog Interview PLANET°". Planet-mag.com. September 7, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2013. * ^ Leopold, Todd (August 16, 2013). "Film legend Herzog takes on texting and driving". CNN . Retrieved 13 August 2015. * ^ Dang, Simon. "Watch Out, Ridley: Werner Herzog\'s Gertrude Bell Film Starring Naomi Watts Hoping To Shoot In The Fall". IndieWire. Retrieved 25 November 2012. * ^ Chitwood, Adam. " Jude Law Joins Robert Pattinson and Naomi Watts in Werner Herzog’s QUEEN OF THE DESERT". Collider. Retrieved 25 November 2012. * ^ Raup, Jordan. " Gael García Bernal Join Werner Herzog’s ‘Salt and Fire’". The Film Stage. Retrieved 13 August 2013. * ^ "Berlinale 1978: Prize Winners". _berlinale.de_. Retrieved August 15, 2010. * ^ LCRO Standesamt Bayern Muenchen * ^ Standesamt Bayern Muenchen * ^ LCRO Standesamt Wien Landstrasse * ^ "Simon Herzog". * ^ Standesamt Wien Landstrasse * ^ "Herzog is an avowed atheist, but in a certain sense his films, especially in recent years, have become highly spiritual in focus. Thanks to its subject and its characters “Into the Abyss” is suffused with a Christian religiosity that the director treats with great respect." Andrew O'Hehir, _Salon.com_, November 11, 2011. * ^ " Bayreuth Festival web portal: Werner Herzog\'s biography". Bayreuther-festspiele.de. Retrieved 2014-08-09. * ^ "Herzog on Herzog". Thestickingplace.com. Retrieved October 25, 2009.
* Werner Herzog. _A Guide for the Perplexed: Conversations with Paul Cronin_. London: Faber padding:0.75em; background:#f9f9f9;"> Find more aboutWERNER HERZOGat's sister projects
* _Media from Commons * Quotations from Wikiquote * Data from Wikidata
* Official website * Werner Herzog at DMOZ * Werner Herzog on IMDb * Encounters with Herzog – a film competition. Judged by Herzog on the independent filmmakers networking community Shooting People. Judged on Sunday 27 September 2009
* v * t * e
* Signs of Life _ (1968) * _ Even Dwarfs Started Small _ (1970) * _Fata Morgana _ (1971) * _ Aguirre, the Wrath of God _ (1972) * _ The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser _ (1974) * _Heart of Glass _ (1976) * _ Stroszek _ (1977) * _ Nosferatu the Vampyre _ (1979) * _Woyzeck _ (1979) * _ Fitzcarraldo _ (1982) * _ Where the Green Ants Dream _ (1984) * _ Cobra Verde _ (1987) * _ Scream of Stone _ (1991) * _ Lessons of Darkness _ (1992) * _Invincible _ (2001) * _ The Wild Blue Yonder _ (2005) * _ Rescue Dawn _ (2006) * _Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans _ (2009) * _ My Son, My Son, What Have Ye Done? _ (2009) * _Queen of the Desert _ (2015) * _ Salt and Fire _ (2016)
* _ The Flying Doctors of East Africa _ (1969) * _ Handicapped Future _ (1971) * _ Land of Silence and Darkness _ (1971) * _ The Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner _ (1974) * _How Much Wood Would a Woodchuck Chuck _ (1976) * _La Soufrière _ (1977) * _Huie\'s Sermon _ (1981) * _God\'s Angry Man _ (1981) * _ Ballad of the Little Soldier _ (1984) * _ The Dark Glow of the Mountains _ (1984) * _ Herdsmen of the Sun _ (1989) * _ Echoes from a Sombre Empire _ (1990) * _Jag Mandir _ (1991) * _ Bells from the Deep _ (1993) * _ The Transformation of the World into Music _ (1994) * _Gesualdo: Death for Five Voices _ (1995) * _ Little Dieter Needs to Fly _ (1997) * _ My Best Fiend _ (1999) * _Wings of Hope _ (2000) * _Pilgrimage _ (2001) * _ Ten Thousand Years Older _ (2002) * _Wheel of Time _ (2003) * _ The White Diamond _ (2004) * _ Grizzly Man _ (2005) * _ Encounters at the End of the World _ (2007) * _Happy People: A Year in the Taiga _ (2010) * _ Cave of Forgotten Dreams _ (2010) * _Into the Abyss _ (2011) * _ On Death Row _ (2012) * _From One Second to the Next_ (2013) * _ Lo and Behold, Reveries of the Connected World _ (2016) * _Into the Inferno _ (2016)
* _Herakles _ (1962) * _ Game in the Sand _ (1964) * _ The Unprecedented Defence of the Fortress Deutschkreuz _ (1967) * _Last Words _ (1967) * _ Precautions Against Fanatics _ (1969) * _ No One Will Play with Me _ (1976) * _ Portrait Werner Herzog _ (1986) * _Les Gaulois _ (1988) * _La bohème _ (2009)
* _ Incident at Loch Ness _ (2004)
* _ Of Walking In Ice _ (1978) * Bibliography
* v * t * e
Cannes Film Festival Best Director Award
* René Clément (1946) * René Clément (1949) * Luis Buñuel (1951) * Christian-Jaque (1952) * Jules Dassin / Sergei Vasilyev (1955) * Sergei Yutkevich (1956) * Robert Bresson (1957) * Ingmar Bergman (1958) * François Truffaut (1959) * Yuliya Solntseva (1961) * Liviu Ciulei (1965) * Sergei Yutkevich (1966) * Ferenc Kósa (1967) * Glauber Rocha / Vojtěch Jasný (1969) * John Boorman (1970) * Miklós Jancsó (1972) * Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras (1975) * Ettore Scola (1976) * Nagisa Oshima (1978) * Terrence Malick (1979) * Werner Herzog (1982) * Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky (1983) * Bertrand Tavernier (1984) * André Téchiné (1985) * Martin Scorsese (1986) * Wim Wenders (1987) * Fernando Solanas (1988) * Emir Kusturica (1989) * Pavel Lungin (1990) * Joel Coen (1991) * Robert Altman (1992) * Mike Leigh (1993) * Nanni Moretti (1994) * Mathieu Kassovitz (1995) * Joel Coen (1996) * Wong Kar-wai (1997) * John Boorman (1998) * Pedro Almodóvar (1999) * Edward Yang (2000) * Joel Coen / David Lynch (2001) * Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson (2002) * Gus Van Sant (2003) * Tony Gatlif (2004) * Michael Haneke (2005) * Alejandro González Iñárritu (2006) * Julian Schnabel (2007) * Nuri Bilge Ceylan (2008) * Brillante Mendoza (2009) * Mathieu Amalric (2010) * Nicolas Winding Refn (2011) * Carlos Reygadas (2012) * Amat Escalante (2013) * Bennett Miller (2014) * Hou Hsiao-hsien (2015) * Olivier Assayas / Cristian Mungiu (2016) * Sofia Coppola (2017)
* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 111607089 * LCCN : n80015779 * ISNI : 0000 0003 6858 9213 * GND : 118550276 * SUDOC : 026921243 * BNF : cb119074417 (data) * MusicBrainz : 7d02a2b4-d509-4722-8670-70e6960f33be * NDL : 00468295 * NKC : jn19990003457 * BNE : XX1130494 * RKD : 404232
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