Wendy Lower (b. 1965 ) is an American historian and a widely published
author on the
Holocaust and World War II. Since 2012, she holds the
John K. Roth Chair at
Claremont McKenna College
Claremont McKenna College in Claremont,
California, and in 2014 was named the Director of the Mgrublian Center
for Human Rights at Claremont. Since 2016, she has served as the
Acting Director of the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for
Holocaust Studies at the United States
Museum in Washington, DC.
Lower's research areas include the history of Germany and Ukraine in
World War II, the Holocaust, women's history, the history of human
rights and comparative genocide studies. Her 2013 book Hitler's
Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields was translated into 21
languages and was a finalist for the 2013
National Book Award in the
nonfiction category and for the National Jewish Book Award.
1 Education and career
2 Research on World War II
3 Selected works
6 External links
Education and career
Wendy Lower earned her Ph.D. In European History in 1999 from the
American University in Washington, DC. From 2000 to 2004, Lower was
the director of visiting scholars programs at the United States
Holocaust Memorial Museum, from 2004 to 2007 assistant professor at
Towson University in Maryland. From 2007 to 2012 research associate at
the Historical Seminar of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich,
director of oral history research for the USHMM in Germany, and from
2011 to 2012 Associate Professor at the Strassler Family Center for
Holocaust and Genocide Studies at
Clark University in Worcester.
Research on World War II
For her research on the history of Germany, Poland and Ukraine Lower
received numerous awards and honors, including 2007 award from Choice
and the Baker-Burton Award of the
Southern Historical Association for
the best first work in European history, Nazi Empire Building and the
Holocaust in Ukraine. The work traces the history of Ukraine in World
War II after that drive to establish German colonies under
Heinrich Himmler and the complex role of German
bureaucrats and military and the local population in the
implementation of the Holocaust. Arrogance, fear, jealousy, Slavic and
Communist hatred are for Lower the central declarations for the
imperial policy of the Nazis in Eastern Europe. The research in the
archives of Zhytomyr, which was part of the German Reichskommissariat
Ukraine from 1941 to 1944, also led Lower to the next project:
exploring the role of the German women in the Nazi genocidal policies
in the occupied Poland and Soviet Union.
Isabel Kershner in The New
York Times finds that Lower's research "sheds new light on the
Holocaust from a gender perspective, according to experts, and have
further underlined the importance of the role of the lower echelons in
the Nazi killing apparatus".
Lower's resulting work, Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi
Killing Fields, was published in English in 2013 and then translated
into 21 languages. In the book, Lower looks at nearly 500,000 women in
World War II
World War II to Poland, to Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia and
Lithuania. She examines their attempts to carry out their designs and
addresses the question of why perpetrators were not brought to justice
after the war. In the US, the book was a finalist for the National
Book Award in the nonfiction category and for the National Jewish Book
Award. The magazine and newspaper reviews were almost unanimously
The Guardian called the book "truly chilling" but was
ambivalent on the presentation: on the one hand the reviewer finds
that Lower has astutely communicated the physical and moral landscape
of the time, on the other hand, her study did not include professional
killers inside the
Reich Security Main Office
Reich Security Main Office and in the SS.
Nazi Empire Building and the
Holocaust in the Ukraine. University of
North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill 2005 ISBN 0-8078-2960-9 .
The Diary of Samuel Golfard and the
Holocaust in Eastern Galicia.
Altamira Press, Lanham 2011.
Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields. Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt, Boston 2013, ISBN 978-0-547-86338-2 .
^ Profile at the
Claremont McKenna College
Claremont McKenna College web site
^ Mandel Center at the
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum web
^ Kershner 2010.
^ Fischel 2013.
^ 2013 Winners, National Jewish Book Award
^ "Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields by Wendy
Lower – review"
Möller, Barbara (August 30, 2014). "They were murderers of
opportunity". Die Welt.
Smiljanic, Mirko (August 18, 2014). "Hitler's helpers - German women
in the Holocaust". deutschlandfunk.de. Retrieved August 31,
Fischel, Jack (2013). "Review: Hitler's Furies: German Women in the
Nazi Killing Fields".
Kershner, Isabel (2010). "Women's Role in
Holocaust May Exceed Old
Notions". The New York Times.
Nazi Empire-Building and the
Holocaust in Ukraine: official web page
University of North Carolina Press
University of North Carolina Press web page.
Hitler's Furies: official book page at the National Book Foundation
web site, including a recording of the reading by Lower from the book
ISNI: 0000 0001 1025 3456
BNF: cb150643048 (dat