WENDY LOWER (b. 1965 ) is an American historian and a widely
published author on the
World War II
World War II . Since 2012, she
holds the John K. Roth Chair of History at Claremont McKenna College
in Claremont, California. Since 2014, she is also the interim director
at the Mandel Center for Advanced
Holocaust Studies at the United
Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC.
Lower's research areas include the history of Germany and Ukraine in
World War II, the Holocaust, women's history, the history of human
rights and comparative genocide studies. Her 2013 book Hitler's
Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields was translated into 21
languages and was a finalist for the 2013
National Book Award in the
nonfiction category and for the
National Jewish Book Award .
* 1 Education and career
* 2 Research on
World War II
World War II
* 3 Selected works
* 4 References
* 5 Sources
* 6 External links
EDUCATION AND CAREER
Wendy Lower earned her Ph.D. In European History in 1999 from the
American University in Washington, DC. From 2000 to 2004, Lower was a
research associate at the
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ,
from 2004 to 2007 assistant professor at
Towson University in
Maryland. From 2007 to 2012 research associate at the Historical
Seminar of the
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and from 2011 to
2012 Associate Professor at the Strassler Family Center for Holocaust
and Genocide Studies at
Clark University in Worcester.
RESEARCH ON WORLD WAR II
For her research on the history of Germany, Poland and Ukraine Lower
received numerous awards and honors, including 2007 award from Choice
and the Baker-Burton Award of the
Southern Historical Association for
the best first work in European history, Nazi Empire Building and the
Holocaust in Ukraine. The work traces the history of Ukraine in World
War II after that drive to establish German colonies under
Heinrich Himmler and the complex role of German
bureaucrats and military and the local population in the
implementation of the Holocaust. Arrogance, fear, jealousy, Slavic and
Communist hatred are for Lower the central declarations for the
imperial policy of the Nazis in Eastern Europe. The research in the
Zhytomyr , which was part of the German Reichskommissariat
Ukraine from 1941 to 1944, also led Lower to the next project:
exploring the role of the German women in the Nazi genocidal policies
in the occupied Poland and Soviet Union.
Isabel Kershner in The New
York Times finds that Lower's research "sheds new light on the
Holocaust from a gender perspective, according to experts, and have
further underlined the importance of the role of the lower echelons in
the Nazi killing apparatus".
Lower's resulting work, Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi
Killing Fields, was published in English in 2013 and then translated
into 21 languages. In the book, Lower looks at nearly 500,000 women in
World War II
World War II to Poland, to Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia and
Lithuania. She examines their attempts to carry out their designs and
addresses the question of why perpetrators were not brought to justice
after the war. In the US, the book was a finalist for the National
Book Award in the nonfiction category and for the National Jewish Book
Award . The magazine and newspaper reviews were almost unanimously
The Guardian called the book "truly chilling" but was
ambivalent on the presentation: on the one hand the reviewer finds
that Lower has astutely communicated the physical and moral landscape
of the time, on the other hand, her study did not include professional
killers inside the
Reich Security Main Office and in the SS .
The historians Ruth Bettina Birn and Volker Riess expressed
"opposition" to the attempts to use "the
Holocaust as a projection for
gender studies". They provide numerous examples where the text in the
book is not supported by sources provided or have no sources at all,
leading them to conclude that some of the assertions cannot be
substantiated, such as that "the violence and the horrors of the
Holocaust" were not just a backdrop, but a "central drama" in these
* Nazi Empire Building and the
Holocaust in the Ukraine. University
of North Carolina Press , Chapel Hill 2005 ISBN 0-8078-2960-9 .
* The Diary of Samuel Golfard and the
Holocaust in Eastern Galicia.
Altamira Press , Lanham 2011.
* Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields. Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt , Boston 2013, ISBN 978-0-547-86338-2 .
* ^ Profile at the
Claremont McKenna College web site
* ^ Mandel Center at the United States
Holocaust Memorial Museum
* ^ Kershner 2010 .
* ^ Fischel 2013 .
* ^ 2013 Winners,
National Jewish Book Award
* ^ "Hitler\'s Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields by
Wendy Lower – review"
* ^ "Frauen im Nationalsozialismus Sex, Crime und Frauen im
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , 7 July 2016
* Möller, Barbara (August 30, 2014). "They were murderers of
Die Welt .
* Smiljanic, Mirko (August 18, 2014). "Hitler\'s helpers - German
women in the Holocaust". deutschlandfunk.de. Retrieved August 31,
* Fischel, Jack (2013). "Review: Hitler\'s Furies: German Women in
the Nazi Killing Fields".
* Kershner, Isabel (2010). "Women\'s Role in