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Weihai
Weihai
(Chinese: 威海; pinyin: Wēihǎi), formerly called Weihaiwei ( Weihai
Weihai
Guard) (traditional Chinese: 威海衞; simplified Chinese: 威海卫; pinyin: Wēihǎiwèi), is a city in eastern Shandong province, China. It is the easternmost prefecture-level city of the province and a major seaport. Weihai
Weihai
borders Yantai
Yantai
to the west and the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
to the east. Weihai's population was 2,804,800 at the 2010 census. Amongst them, 591,982 live in the built up area ( Huancui district). Rongcheng, a county-level city within Weihai, has a built up area with 1,006,795 inhabitants. Between 1898 and 1930, the city was part of the British leased territory of Weihaiwei; during this time, the city itself was known as Port Edward and served as the capital of Weihaiwei.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Economy

2.1 Industrial Zone 2.2 Transportation

3 Administrative divisions 4 Geography and climate 5 Education 6 Eponymy 7 See also 8 References 9 Sources and external links

History[edit] Weihaiwei was the base for the Beiyang Fleet
Beiyang Fleet
during the Qing Dynasty. In 1895, the Japanese captured it in the Battle of Weihaiwei, which is regarded as the last major battle of the First Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese then evacuated on 24 May 1898, when it was then occupied by the British.[2] Since 2003, the Chinese battleship Dingyuan
Chinese battleship Dingyuan
has been anchored here as a museum ship and memorial honouring Chinese personnel who fought in that war. Weihaiwei was under British rule from 1 July 1898, under lease agreement with the Chinese empire, until 1930, with 'Port Edward' (Weihaiwei city) as capital. A Royal Navy
Royal Navy
base was built on Liugong Island. Weihaiwei became a special administrative region after it was returned to the Republic of China
China
in 1930, [3] but Liugong Island
Liugong Island
and its facilities are leased back to the U.K. until 11 Nov 1940.[4] In 1938, the Roman Catholic Independent Mission of Weihai
Weihai
was promoted to Apostolic Prefecture of Weihai but it has been vacant (dormant) since 1970.[5] In 1949, Weihaiwei City was established, and its name was shortened to Weihai
Weihai
after the Communist revolution. Economy[edit]

Weihai
Weihai
skyline as viewed from the sea

Weihai
Weihai
is a commercial port and major fishing center with some light industries. Due to its close proximity to South Korea, Weihai
Weihai
also has a large Korean business community and receives many Korean tourists. Weihai
Weihai
is also a key production area for peanuts and fruit. Industrial Zone[edit] Weihai
Weihai
Economic & Technological Development Zone is a state-level development zone approved by the State Council on October 21, 1992. The administrative area has an area of 194 km2 (75 sq mi), including the programmed area of 36 km2 (14 sq mi) and an initial area of 11.88 km2 (4.59 sq mi). Its nearest port is Weihai
Weihai
Port, and the airport closest to the zone is Wuhai Airport.[6] Weihai
Weihai
Export Processing Zone (EPZ) was set up by the approval of the State Council on April 27, 2000. Weihai
Weihai
EPZ is located in Weihai Economic & Technological Development Zone with programmed area of 2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi). Weihai
Weihai
EPZ belongs to comprehensive export & processing zone. The EPZ is located 30 km (19 mi) from Weihai
Weihai
Airport, 3 km (1.9 mi) to Weihai
Weihai
Railway Station and 4 km (2.5 mi) from Weihai Harbor.[7] Weihai
Weihai
Torch Hi-Tech Science Park is a state-level development zone approved by the State Council on March 1991. Located in Weihai's northwest zone of culture, education and science, the Park has the total area of 111.9 km2 (43.2 sq mi), a coastline of 30.5 km (19.0 mi) and 150,000 residents. It is 3 km (1.9 mi) away from the city center, 4 km (2.5 mi) away from Weihai
Weihai
Port, 10 km (6.2 mi) away from Weihai
Weihai
Railway Station, 30 km (19 mi) away from Weihai Airport
Weihai Airport
and 80 km (50 mi) away from Yantai
Yantai
Airport.[8] Transportation[edit] Weihai Airport
Weihai Airport
serves the city with regular service to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Harbin
Harbin
domestically and the Korean cities of Seoul and Pusan, as the fourth busiest airport in Shandong
Shandong
following Qingdao, Jinan
Jinan
and Yantai. Qingdao-Rongcheng Intercity Railway offers the high-speed rail services directly to Shanghai
Shanghai
Hongqiao, Beijing
Beijing
South, Jinan, Jimo North ( Qingdao
Qingdao
North soon) and Yantai, with four rail stations, Weihai, Weihai
Weihai
North, Wendeng East and Rongcheng. As for conventional rail services, The K8262 and K8264 trains depart every day at 7:17 AM and 9:52 PM respectively for Jinan, the provincial capital, the K412 goes directly to Beijing
Beijing
at 7:49 PM, and the No. 1064 train leaves at 8:27 AM for Hankou, one of the two railway stations of Wuhan, Hubei. Internally, the city is served by about 50 bus routes. Administrative divisions[edit] The prefecture-level city of Weihai
Weihai
administers four county-level divisions, including two districts and two county-level cities.

Map

Huancui Wendeng Rongcheng (city) Rushan (city)

Subdivision Chinese Pinyin

Huancui District 环翠区 Huáncuì Qū

Wendeng District 文登区 Wéndēng Qū

Rongcheng 荣成市 Róngchéng Shì

Rushan 乳山市 Rǔshān Shì

These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including 52 towns and 14 subdistricts. Geography and climate[edit]

Weihai

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    13     2 −3

    12     3 −3

    18     9 1

    36     16 8

    49     22 13

    75     26 18

    133     28 21

    176     28 22

    80     24 18

    37     19 12

    30     12 6

    22     5 −1

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0.5     36 26

    0.5     38 28

    0.7     47 34

    1.4     61 46

    1.9     71 55

    3     78 64

    5.2     82 70

    6.9     82 72

    3.1     76 65

    1.5     66 54

    1.2     53 42

    0.9     41 31

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Weihai
Weihai
is located on the north-eastern seashore of Shandong, and its administrative area includes Chengshantou (成山头), the eastern tip of the Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula (or Shantung Peninsula). The city is surrounded by sea on three sides and its harbour is protected by Liugong Island. Weihai
Weihai
lies in Humid subtropical
Humid subtropical
(Köppen Cwa), but as it is at the eastern end of the Shandong
Shandong
Peninsula, its climate is strongly influenced by the surrounding Yellow Sea: springtime warming and autumn cooling are delayed by one month, winds are generally high, and the average diurnal temperature variation throughout the year is small—at only 6.73 °C (12.1 °F). Winters are cold and dry, but still warmer than inland places located at the same latitude; the average temperature in January is −0.9 °C (30.4 °F). Summers are hot and humid, and August averages 24.7 °C (76.5 °F); the annual mean is 12.48 °C (54.5 °F). More than two-thirds of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September, and there are nearly 2,540 hours of sunshine per year.

Climate data for Weihai
Weihai
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 13.6 (56.5) 19.8 (67.6) 23.4 (74.1) 29.6 (85.3) 34.2 (93.6) 38.4 (101.1) 37.4 (99.3) 35.4 (95.7) 33.7 (92.7) 30.4 (86.7) 24.0 (75.2) 18.0 (64.4) 38.4 (101.1)

Average high °C (°F) 2.0 (35.6) 3.4 (38.1) 8.5 (47.3) 16.0 (60.8) 21.6 (70.9) 25.5 (77.9) 27.8 (82) 27.8 (82) 24.4 (75.9) 19.1 (66.4) 11.8 (53.2) 5.2 (41.4) 16.1 (61.0)

Daily mean °C (°F) −0.9 (30.4) 0.1 (32.2) 4.6 (40.3) 11.4 (52.5) 16.9 (62.4) 21.2 (70.2) 24.3 (75.7) 24.7 (76.5) 21.2 (70.2) 15.6 (60.1) 8.5 (47.3) 2.1 (35.8) 12.5 (54.5)

Average low °C (°F) −3.4 (25.9) −2.5 (27.5) 1.3 (34.3) 7.5 (45.5) 12.8 (55) 17.7 (63.9) 21.3 (70.3) 22.0 (71.6) 18.2 (64.8) 12.4 (54.3) 5.5 (41.9) −0.5 (31.1) 9.4 (48.8)

Record low °C (°F) −12.3 (9.9) −13.2 (8.2) −8.6 (16.5) −1.2 (29.8) 5.7 (42.3) 10.7 (51.3) 14.4 (57.9) 15.3 (59.5) 7.5 (45.5) 0.8 (33.4) −7.4 (18.7) −11.3 (11.7) −13.2 (8.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.9 (0.508) 12.2 (0.48) 17.8 (0.701) 36.1 (1.421) 49.0 (1.929) 74.5 (2.933) 132.6 (5.22) 175.7 (6.917) 79.9 (3.146) 37.3 (1.469) 29.9 (1.177) 22.1 (0.87) 680.0 (26.772)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.5 5.1 4.6 5.8 6.9 7.9 11.5 10.2 6.9 6.4 7.8 8.2 87.8

Source: Weather China

Education[edit] Campuses of Shandong
Shandong
University, Harbin
Harbin
Institute of Technology, Beijing
Beijing
Jiaotong University are located in Weihai. Eponymy[edit]

The minor planet 207931 Weihai is named after this city.

See also[edit]

Weihaiwei under British rule List of twin towns and sister cities in China Liugong Island Revenue stamps of Weihaiwei

References[edit]

^ Weihai, Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 8 October 2015.  ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/China_Foreign_colonies.html#Weihaiwei WorldStatesMen - China
China
- Foreign colonies - Weihaiwai ^ Vines, Stephen (30 June 1997). "How Britain lost chance to keep its last major colony". The Independent.  ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/China_Foreign_colonies.html#Weihaiwei WorldStatesMen - China
China
- Foreign colonies - Weihaiwai ^ http://www.gcatholic.org/dioceses/diocese/weih1.htm GCatholic ^ " Weihai
Weihai
Economic & Technological Development Zone". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Weihai
Weihai
Export Processing Zone". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Weihai
Weihai
Torch Hi-Tech Science Park". Retrieved 25 May 2015. 

Sources and external links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Weihai.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Weihai.

Government website of Weihai
Weihai
(available in Chinese, English, Japanese and Korean)  "Weihaiwei". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

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