A wedding reception is a party usually held after the completion of a marriage ceremony as hospitality for those who have attended the wedding, hence the name reception: the couple receives society, in the form of family and friends, for the first time as a married couple. Hosts provide their choice of food and drink, although a wedding cake is popular. Entertaining guests after a wedding ceremony is traditional in most societies, and can last anywhere from half an hour to many hours or even days. In some cultures, separate wedding celebrations are held for the bride's and groom's families. Before receptions—a social event that is structured around a receiving line, and usually held in the afternoon, with only light refreshments—became popular, weddings were more typically celebrated with wedding breakfasts (for those whose religious traditions encouraged morning weddings) and wedding balls (for those who were married in the evening). The popularity of receptions, rather than breakfasts, dinners, and balls, during the 20th century led to the name reception being applied to any social event after a wedding, whether it is brunch, tea, dinner, or a dance.
1 Western culture
1.1 Location 1.2 Receiving line 1.3 Grand entrance 1.4 Food 1.5 Toasts 1.6 Dances 1.7 Entertainment 1.8 Departure 1.9 Expense 1.10 Other traditions
2 Chinese culture
2.1 Gifts 2.2 Timing 2.3 Sign-in 2.4 Banquet procedure 2.5 Food
3 Gallery 4 References
Western culture Location
Until after World War II, wedding celebrations were most commonly held
in the bride's home, in whatever style of entertainment was within the
means of the family. This might be a grand ball for a wealthy
family, a luncheon for middle-class families, or an afternoon tea,
featuring cake and lemonade, for working-class families. The choice
depended primarily on the family's economic situation, and in some
cases, mass weddings were favored as a way to share costs. At the
beginning of the 20th century, dance halls became common, and were
rented by those planning a celebration beyond what their homes could
hold. Typical locations for wedding celebrations now include hotel
ballrooms, banquet halls, wedding venues, community halls, social
halls at the church or other sacred place where the wedding ceremony
took place, and, particularly for smaller weddings, restaurants and
garden parties at home. There are also many small businesses that
specialize in providing places for wedding ceremonies and
Technically, to be a reception, instead of some other form of
entertainment, guests must be greeted with a receiving line. In a
receiving line, newly wedded couple, the hosts, and often their
parents and any honour attendants, stand in order of precedence and
greet every guest in turn. Each guest greets the first (lowest
precedence) person in the line and, if necessary, introduces
him/herself. The first person then introduces the guest to the next
person in the line, and turns to the next guest. As each guest
properly speaks little more than his/her name (if necessary) and
conventional greetings or congratulations to each person in turn, the
line progresses steadily without unnecessary delays. Western etiquette
requires at least one of the hosts and the newly married couple, as
the guests of honor, to welcome and greet the guests, but the other
members of the wedding party, parents who are not hosting the party,
siblings, etc., are not required to stand in the receiving line. It is
increasingly common to feature only the couple, since more modern
couples host and pay for their own weddings rather than their parents.
After formally receiving each guest in this fashion, the receiving
line is finished and the people who had been duty-bound to stand in it
can mingle with guests, eat, and enjoy more extended conversations.
Another option, especially popular on the East and West Coast of the
United States, is having a grand entrance instead of a receiving
line. The grand entrance might involve presenting some or all of
the wedding party, the parents, and/or the bride and groom.
The wedding party is usually introduced by a master of ceremonies,
disc jockey, or band leader. It may be done in the same manner as they
walked down the aisle during the wedding ceremony. This is generally
much faster than a receiving line and guests may be seated before the
arrival of the wedding party. In addition, it can be an event in
itself and be as entertaining as wished. Introductions may be
accompanied by music and information about each person to introduce
them to the guests. However, unlike a reception line, it does not give
the guests an opportunity to speak to any of the people being
The wedding cake and other decorations at a wedding reception in Japan
The food served at a wedding reception is determined by the time of the wedding and local customs. Food may range from a single non-alcoholic drink with wedding cake to elaborate, multi-course dinners. The type of food is chosen entirely at the discretion of the hosts. Some receptions, especially if the family's culture or religious faith prohibits alcohol or dancing, focus on dessert. Hosts may also choose to honor regional or local customs, such as by serving a culturally important cake like croquembouche in France, or featuring thousands of homemade cookies in Pittsburgh.
The bride and groom cut the wedding cake at an American wedding reception in 1955.
The wedding cake is often a multi-tiered layer cake that is elaborately decorated with white frosting. Some couples have a smaller display cake, which is supplemented by sheet cake. The groom's cake is a tradition observed mainly in the southern United States. In the Colonial and Victorian eras, the white-iced bride's cake was considered "too light" for male tastes, and a second cake choice—usually a dark, liquor-soaked fruitcake—was also offered. Today, chocolate is popular, although the groom's cake may be in any flavor and is usually shaped or decorated as something significant to the groom, such as a favorite hobby or sport. If a full meal is served, the wedding cake is usually served after the meal. Otherwise, the cake may be served as soon as the family has received all of the guests. Commonly, the couple ceremonially cut the first piece of the cake, and in a nod to an ancient Roman wedding rite, may feed a bite to one another and perhaps sip a glass of wine or other drink with linked arms. Then the cake is served to the guests. Like being asked to pour tea at a formal tea party, being asked to serve the cake is generally considered an honor. Toasts Main article: Toast (honor) In most Western countries, either before or after food is served, toasts are made by the wedding party, wishing the couple well. Commonly, toasts are proposed by the bride's father, the groom, the best man, and/or the maid of honor, although there is no absolutely required list of people who must make toasts, or indeed any requirement to offer toasts at all. A new trend involves the addition of a DVD slideshow or photo montage video, featuring pictures of the new spouses growing up and meeting. These are created using home movies and photos taken over the couple's life, edited and set to music. The montage is shown either on a large TV or monitor or with an LCD projector. Dances
Flemish wedding, 17th century
"A Gorals' Wedding" – bride and groom dance
If there is dancing at the celebrations after the wedding, the newly
married couple typically open the dancing with their first dance.
When waltzing was popular, it was sometimes called a bridal waltz,
although other dance styles are more commonly used now. The style of
dancing depends on the nature of the music chosen. Fox trot, two-step,
or rumba match most four-count pop ballads. While most contemporary
Western couples select a romantic song and a relatively formal dance
style, some couples choose to perform humorous choreographed dances.
Modern chart hits are becoming an increasingly popular option for the
first dance – the most popular first dance song at UK weddings in
2016 is Thinking Out Loud, a soft rock ballad co-written by Ed Sheeran
and Amy Wadge.
Traditionally, shortly after the dance begins, guests would promptly
join in the dancing, in order of precedence, exactly like at any other
ball. In very recent times, some families have told guests to not
start dancing until after watching a sometimes lengthy sequence of
"special" dances. For example, after the first dance, the newly
married couple might dance with their parents or new in-laws. However,
there is no requirement that any particular people dance at all, much
less with any particular person, and no absolutely required order for
the bridal couple, their families, or the bridal party to begin
A black tie wedding reception held at the Society Room in Hartford, Connecticut.
The median cost of a wedding, including both the ceremony and
reception, in the United States, as of 2012, was about US $18,000,
according to a large survey at an online wedding website. Regional
differences are significant, with residents of Manhattan paying more
than six times as much as residents of Alaska. Additionally, the
survey probably overestimates the typical cost because of a biased
The wedding industry grosses $161 billion annually, according to
Rebecca Mead, author of One Perfect Day. Approximately 50% of a
couple's entire wedding budget is spent on the reception alone. This
is primarily due to the cost of food and alcohol.
Dancing guests at a wedding party in Mauritania
The money dance, or "dollar dance". Guests pay a small amount of money to dance with the bride or groom. In some cultures, the money is pinned to a special apron worn by the bride or groom. In others, the money is collected by friends. This is prevalent among Polish and Italian couples, although many other brides and grooms often incorporate it. There is considerable debate about the propriety of a money dance in English-speaking countries, where the practice is frowned upon because making guests pay for dancing or socializing with the bridal couple seems inhospitable, greedy, or distasteful. It is accepted when the couple and the majority of their guests are of one of the cultures in which it is traditional. Tossing of the bride's bouquet and garter. The bride tosses her bouquet over her shoulder to a group of all the single women present. Whoever catches it is supposed to be the next to get married. Similarly, the groom tosses the bride's garter to the single men, often after removing it from her leg. On occasion, the bride will "rig" the bouquet toss by tossing the bouquet to a woman who is engaged. The groom then arranges for the fiancé of the bouquet-toss winner to receive the bride's garter. Sometimes, the man who catches the garter is supposed to put it on the leg of the woman who catches the bouquet, or the garter is sold in a raffle instead of being tossed. Clinking glasses. Guests will often clink their glasses during dinner to ask the newlyweds to stand up and kiss. Some couples pass out wedding favor bells for guests to ring instead of clinking glasses. Favors. The hosts may provide a small gift for each guest. Favors may include chocolates, candles, picture frames, or other small gifts. Such favors are not required.
Chinese culture Gifts Unless the wedding couple has a wedding registry, it is best not to give gifts or gift certificates. For Chinese weddings, cash or a cheque is always the best gift. In addition to that, some elder relatives might also give gold jewelry. The cash or cheque should be in a red envelope or red pocket with the givers' names on it, and it is always given when signing in at the restaurant. In choosing the amount of money to give, givers scrupulously avoid unlucky numbers, such as 4 and favor combinations of lucky numbers, such as 8 and 9. Also, white envelopes are never used to wrap gifts for a wedding or other joyful event, as the color white is associated with death. Timing There are two times listed on the invitation: 恭候 (gōnghòu/greeting) and 入席 (rùxí/reception). Typically, they are at least two hours apart (some may be four hours). The first one is the time the groom and bride, along with their family, will be ready to receive guests and greet them; the second one is the time the reception/banquet will start. The gap between those hours is referred to as entertainment time. Very often, the restaurant will provide poker and mahjong (麻將) for gambling; the time can also be used to socialize with other guests and take photos with the bride/groom and their families. Nowadays, for Chinese couples' weddings in the U.S., you are less likely to see mahjong being played before the banquet; it is often replaced by a cocktail party. However, if the wedding reception takes place in southern China, Hong Kong, Macau, and even parts of Canada (where there is a large Cantonese population), mahjong might still be played before the dinner. Sign-in
Gifts of money may be placed in a special box at the sign-in table.
Two people will be at the sign-in tables (one from the bride’s family and one from the groom’s) to register guests and receive gifts/red envelopes. Often, they will have two separate guest lists, one from the groom’s side and one from the bride’s. Then the best man and the maid of honor will direct ushers to escort guests to their seat. Banquet procedure Typically, the banquet will include a speech from the parents, the best man, the maid of honor, and the guest speaker. There will be cake cutting, toasts, a tea ceremony, some games designed by the DJ, and dancing. The two tables at the center of the room are for the groom’s and bride’s families. Food A Chinese wedding reception typically has nine or ten courses. Expensive dishes such as shark fin, abalone, lobster, jumbo shrimp, squab, sea bass, or sea cucumber are common on a wedding banquet menu. A whole fish, chicken, or pig means luck and completeness in Chinese wedding culture. Traditionally, after the fifth dish of the dinner, the groom and bride and their families will approach each table to toast the guests. Very often, the bride will change into a traditional Chinese red wedding dress (鳳褂, or qípáo) at that time, if she has been wearing a different style of clothing before. Gallery The decorations vary by culture and budget.
Reception held at a village hall in United Kingdom
Modern reception in Vietnam
An elaborate wedding reception in 1894 in Australia
This wedding reception was held outdoors.
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