A WEBSITE , or simply SITE, is a collection of related web pages ,
including multimedia content, typically identified with a common
domain name , and published on at least one web server . A website may
be accessible via a public
Internet Protocol (IP) network, such as the
Websites have many functions and can be used in various fashions; a
website can be a personal website , a commercial website for a
company, a government website or a non-profit organization website.
Websites are typically dedicated to a particular topic or purpose,
ranging from entertainment and social networking to providing news and
education. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute
World Wide Web
Web pages, which are the building blocks of websites, are documents , typically composed in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language ( HTML , X HTML ). They may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors . Web pages are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which may optionally employ encryption ( HTTP Secure , HTTPS) to provide security and privacy for the user. The user's application, often a web browser , renders the page content according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal .
Hyperlinking between web pages conveys to the reader the site structure and guides the navigation of the site, which often starts with a home page containing a directory of the site web content . Some websites require user registration or subscription to access content. Examples of subscription websites include many business sites, news websites, academic journal websites, gaming websites, file-sharing websites, message boards , web-based email , social networking websites, websites providing real-time stock market data, as well as sites providing various other services. As of 2016 end users can access websites on a range of devices, including desktop and laptop computers , tablet computers , smartphones and smart TVs .
* 1 History
* 2 Overview
* 3 Static website
* 4 Dynamic website
Main article: History of the
World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Websites have many functions and can be used in various fashions; a
website can be a personal website , a commercial website, a government
website or a non-profit organization website. Websites can be the work
of an individual, a business or other organization, and are typically
dedicated to a particular topic or purpose. Any website can contain a
hyperlink to any other website, so the distinction between individual
sites, as perceived by the user, can be blurred. Websites are written
in, or converted to,
Hyper Text Markup Language ) and are
accessed using a software interface classified as a user agent . Web
pages can be viewed or otherwise accessed from a range of computer
-based and Internet-enabled devices of various sizes, including
desktop computers, laptops , PDAs and cell phones. A website is hosted
on a computer system known as a web server , also called an HTTP
server. These terms can also refer to the software that runs on these
systems which retrieves and delivers the web pages in response to
requests from the website's users. Apache is the most commonly used
web server software (according to
Netcraft statistics) and Microsoft
's IIS is also commonly used. Some alternatives, such as
Main article: Static web page
A static website is one that has web pages stored on the server in
the format that is sent to a client web browser. It is primarily coded
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML);
Cascading Style Sheets
Static websites can be edited using four broad categories of software:
* Text editors , such as Notepad or
TextEdit , where content and
HTML markup are manipulated directly within the editor program
Static websites may still use server side includes (SSI) as an editing convenience, such as sharing a common menu bar across many pages. As the site's behaviour to the reader is still static, this is not considered a dynamic site.
A dynamic website is one that changes or customizes itself frequently
and automatically. Server-side dynamic pages are generated "on the
fly" by computer code that produces the
HTML (CSS are responsible for
appearance and thus, are static files). There are a wide range of
software systems, such as CGI ,
Java Servlets and Java Server Pages
Active Server Pages and
A site can display the current state of a dialogue between users,
monitor a changing situation, or provide information in some way
personalized to the requirements of the individual user. For example,
when the front page of a news site is requested, the code running on
the web server might combine stored
HTML fragments with news stories
retrieved from a database or another website via
MULTIMEDIA AND INTERACTIVE CONTENT
Early websites had only text, and soon after, images. Web browser
plug ins were then used to add audio, video, and interactivity (such
as for a rich
While "web site" was the original spelling (s ometimes capitalized
"Web site", since "Web" is a proper noun when referring to the World
Wide Web ), this variant has become rarely used, and "website" has
become the standard spelling. All major style guides, such as The
Chicago Manual of Style and the
Websites can be divided into two broad categories—static and
interactive. Interactive sites are part of the
* Posting interesting content and selling contextual advertising
either through direct sales or through an advertising network.
E-commerce : products or services are purchased directly through
* Advertising products or services available at a brick and mortar
There are many varieties of websites, each specializing in a particular type of content or use, and they may be arbitrarily classified in any number of ways. A few such classifications might include:
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TYPE OF WEBSITE DESCRIPTION EXAMPLES
AFFILIATE A site, typically few in pages, whose purpose is to sell a third party's product. The seller receives a commission for facilitating the sale.
Enabled portal that renders not only its custom CMS but also
syndicated content from other content providers for an agreed fee.
There are usually three relationship tiers (see Affiliate Agencies ).
Commission Junction , advertisers like eBay , or a consumer like
Used to preserve valuable electronic content threatened with
extinction. Two examples are:
ATTACK SITE A site created specifically to attack visitors' computers on their first visit to a website by downloading a file (usually a trojan horse ). These websites rely on unsuspecting users with poor anti-virus protection in their computers.
BLOG (WEB LOG) Sites generally used to post online diaries which may include discussion forums (e.g., Blogger , Xanga ). Many bloggers use blogs like an editorial section of a newspaper to express their ideas on anything ranging from politics to religion to video games to parenting, along with anything in between. Some bloggers are professional bloggers and they are paid to blog about a certain subject, and they are usually found on news sites. WordPress
BRAND-BUILDING SITE A site with the purpose of creating an experience of a brand online. These sites usually do not sell anything, but focus on building the brand. Brand building sites are most common for low-value, high-volume fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG).
CELEBRITY WEBSITE A website the information in which revolves around a celebrity or public figure. These sites can be official (endorsed by the celebrity) or fan-made (run by a fan or fans of the celebrity without implicit endorsement). jimcarrey.com
Platform to fund projects by the pre-purchase of products or by
asking audience members to make a donation.
CLICK-TO-DONATE SITE A website that allows the visitor to donate to charity simply by clicking on a button or answering a question correctly. An advertiser usually donates to the charity for each correct answer generated. The Hunger Site , Freerice
A site the business of which is the creation and distribution of
CLASSIFIED ADS SITE
A site publishing classified advertisements
CORPORATE WEBSITE Used to provide background information about a business, organization, or service.
DATING WEBSITE A site where users can find other single people looking for long-term relationships, dating, short encounters or friendship. Many of them are pay per services, but there are many free or partially free dating sites. Most dating sites in the 2010s have the functionality of social networking websites. eHarmony , Match.com
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE (E-COMMERCE) SITE
A site offering goods and services for online sale and enabling
online transactions for such sales.
FAKE NEWS WEBSITE A site publishing fake news stories, intending to deceive visitors and profit from advertising.
GALLERY WEBSITE A website designed specifically for use as a gallery; these may be an art gallery or photo gallery and of commercial or non-commercial nature.
A website made by the local, state, department or national
government of a country. Usually these sites also operate websites
that are intended to inform tourists or support tourism.
For example, Richmond.com is the geodomain for
GRIPE SITE A site devoted to the criticism of a person, place, corporation, government, or institution.
GAMBLING WEBSITE A site that lets users play online games such as gambling .
Satirizes, parodies or amuses the audience.
INFORMATION SITE Most websites fit in this category to some extent. They do not necessarily have commercial purposes. Most government, educational and nonprofit institutions have an informational site.
MIRROR WEBSITE A website that is the replication of another website. This type of website is used as a response to spikes in user visitors. Mirror sites are most commonly used to provide multiple sources of the same information, and are of particular value as a way of providing reliable access to large downloads.
NEWS SITE Similar to an information site, but dedicated to dispensing news, politics, and commentary. cnn.com
PERSONAL WEBSITE Websites about an individual or a small group (such as a family) that contains information or any content that the individual wishes to include. Such a personal website is different from a celebrity website, which can be very expensive and run by a publicist or agency.
A website created to fraudulently acquire sensitive information ,
such as passwords and credit card details, by masquerading as a
trustworthy person or business (such as Social Security Administration
PayPal , a bank) in an electronic communication (see
P2P /TORRENTS WEBSITE
Websites that index torrent files . This type of website is
different from a Bit torrent client which is usually a stand-alone
The Pirate Bay
POLITICAL SITE A site on which people may voice political views, provide political humor, campaign for elections, or provide information about a certain candidate, political party or ideology.
QUESTION AND ANSWER (Q&A) SITE
Answer site is a site where people can ask questions
white-space:nowrap;"> company that has tracked Web growth since 1995,
reported that there were 215,675,903 websites with domain names and
content on them in 2009, compared to just 19,732 websites in August
1995. After reaching 1 billion websites in September 2014, a
milestone confirmed by NetCraft in its October 2014 Web Server Survey
Lists of websites
Web content management system
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TheFreeDictionary.com . Retrieved 2011-07-02.
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* ^ Pete LePage. "Responsive Web Design Basics Web". Google
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* ^ "How to start a blogging website? - LoveUMarketing".
LoveUMarketing. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
* ^ "Internet, Web, and Other Post-Watergate Concerns". University
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* ^ "AP tweets that it will change from Web site to website".
* ^ Marketing, Love U (2017-05-21). "What Kind of