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A web page (or webpage) is a specific collection of information provided by a website and displayed to a user in a web browser. A website typically consists of many web pages linked together in a coherent fashion. The name "web page" is a metaphor of paper pages bound together into a book.

Elements

The core element of a web page is one or more text files written in the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).[1] Many web pages also make use of JavaScript code for dynamic behavior and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) code for presentation semantics.[1] Images, videos, and other multimedia files are also often embedded in web pages.

Navigation

Each web page is identified by a distinct Uniform Resource Locator (URL). When the user inputs a URL into their browser, that page's elements are downloaded from web servers. The browser then transforms all of the elements into an interactive visual representation on the user's device.[2]

If the user clicks or taps a link to another page, the browser repeats this process to display the new page, which could be part of the current website or a different one.

Deployment

From the perspective of server-side website deployment, there are two types of web pages: static and dynamic. Static pages are retrieved from the web server's file system without any modification,[3] while dynamic pages must be created by the webserver on the fly, typically drawing from a database to fill out a web template, before being sent to the user's browser.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Flanagan, David. JavaScript - The definitive guide (6 ed.). p. 1. JavaScript is part of the triad of technologies that all Web developers must learn: HTML to specify the content of web pages, CSS to specify the presentation of web pages and JavaScript to specify the behaviour of web pages.