Afrikaans for "Griqua city") is a country town in South
Africa. It is sometimes still called Griquatown, a name which is now
considered historical. The town is in the
Northern Cape Province of
South Africa 168 kilometres (104 mi) by road west from the
city of Kimberley. It was the first town to be established in the
country north of the Orange River.
Lower Paleolithic Former collection of Edward John Dunn
4 External links
In 1801 William Anderson and Cornelius Kramer, of the London
Missionary Society, established a station among the Griqua at
Leeuwenkuil. The site proved too arid for cultivation. In about 1805
they moved the station to another spring further up the valley and
called it Klaarwater. Their second choice was little better than their
first, and for many years a lack of water prevented any further
development. The name of the settlement was changed later to
Griekwastad in Afrikaans. They lived among a mixed
nomadic community of the Chaguriqua tribe and "bastaards" (people of
mixed origin) from Piketberg. Their two leaders
Andries Waterboer and
Adam Kok II later had a dispute and Kok left for Philippolis.
From 1813 to 17 July 1871, the town and its surrounding area
functioned as Waterboer's Land. Waterboer himself lived in a "palace",
which in reality was a house with six rooms. A monument for Waterboer
was later erected near the town's hospital.
Dr. Robert Moffat and his wife Mary, on their way to the town of
Kuruman, were residing in Griquatown when their daughter, also Mary
(later Mrs. David Livingstone), was born in 1821. There is now a
museum that is dedicated to her rather than the founder of the town,
Griekwastad was later the capital of British Colony Griqualand
West from 1873 to 1880, with its own flag and currency, before it was
annexed into the Cape Colony.
Nowadays, the town is best known for the semi-precious stones found
there, particularly tiger's eye and jasper.
Sheep farming occurs with
dorpers, a South African breed, which can now be found in places such
as Australia.
An infamous murder in
Griekwastad took place on a farm on Easter
Friday, 2012. A 15-year-old youth was accused of the murders of
Northern Cape farmer Deon Steenkamp, 44, his wife Christelle, 43, and
daughter Marthella, 14. The son, Don Steenkamp, aged 17, the only
surviving member and brother to Marthella, stood to inherit a sizable
share of the inheritances. 
^ "Chronological order of town establishment in
South Africa based on
Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
^ a b c d "Main Place Griekwastad". Census 2011.
^ Distances from Griekwastad
^ "British Empire: The Map Room: Griqualand West".
britishempire.co.uk. August 27, 2007. External link in
Images of Griquatown taken in 2006
Images of Griquatown taken in 2007
Children of the Mist
Griquatown Andersons[permanent dead link]
Municipalities and communities of Pixley ka Seme District
Municipality, Northern Cape
District seat: De Aar
Boer Republics and Griqua States in
Southern Africa 1795–1902
Philippolis / Adam Kok's Land
South African Republic
Orange Free State
Small Free State
United States of Stellaland
Republic of Upingt