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Griekwastad
Griekwastad
( Afrikaans
Afrikaans
for "Griqua city") is a country town in South Africa. It is sometimes still called Griquatown, a name which is now considered historical. The town is in the Northern Cape
Northern Cape
Province of South Africa
South Africa
168 kilometres (104 mi) by road[3] west from the city of Kimberley. It was the first town to be established in the country north of the Orange River.

Flint
Flint
Biface
Biface
Lower Paleolithic
Lower Paleolithic
Former collection of Edward John Dunn

Contents

1 History 2 Crime 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] In 1801 William Anderson and Cornelius Kramer, of the London Missionary Society, established a station among the Griqua at Leeuwenkuil. The site proved too arid for cultivation. In about 1805 they moved the station to another spring further up the valley and called it Klaarwater. Their second choice was little better than their first, and for many years a lack of water prevented any further development. The name of the settlement was changed later to Griquatown or Griekwastad
Griekwastad
in Afrikaans. They lived among a mixed nomadic community of the Chaguriqua tribe and "bastaards" (people of mixed origin) from Piketberg. Their two leaders Andries Waterboer
Andries Waterboer
and Adam Kok II later had a dispute and Kok left for Philippolis. From 1813 to 17 July 1871, the town and its surrounding area functioned as Waterboer's Land. Waterboer himself lived in a "palace", which in reality was a house with six rooms. A monument for Waterboer was later erected near the town's hospital. Dr. Robert Moffat and his wife Mary, on their way to the town of Kuruman, were residing in Griquatown when their daughter, also Mary (later Mrs. David Livingstone), was born in 1821. There is now a museum that is dedicated to her rather than the founder of the town, William Anderson. That Griekwastad
Griekwastad
was later the capital of British Colony Griqualand West from 1873 to 1880, with its own flag and currency, before it was annexed into the Cape Colony.[4] Nowadays, the town is best known for the semi-precious stones found there, particularly tiger's eye and jasper. Sheep farming
Sheep farming
occurs with dorpers, a South African breed, which can now be found in places such as Australia.[citation needed] Crime[edit] An infamous murder in Griekwastad
Griekwastad
took place on a farm on Easter Friday, 2012. A 15-year-old youth was accused of the murders of Northern Cape
Northern Cape
farmer Deon Steenkamp, 44, his wife Christelle, 43, and daughter Marthella, 14. The son, Don Steenkamp, aged 17, the only surviving member and brother to Marthella, stood to inherit a sizable share of the inheritances. [5] References[edit]

^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa
South Africa
based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.  ^ a b c d "Main Place Griekwastad". Census 2011.  ^ Distances from Griekwastad ^ "British Empire: The Map Room: Griqualand West". britishempire.co.uk. August 27, 2007.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/Griekwastad-teen-to-inherit-R23m-20130424

External links[edit]

Images of Griquatown taken in 2006 Images of Griquatown taken in 2007 Children of the Mist Griquatown Andersons[permanent dead link] Griqua Coinage

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Pixley ka Seme District Municipality, Northern Cape

District seat: De Aar

Emthanjeni

Britstown De Aar Deelfontein Hanover

Kareeberg

Carnarvon Vanwyksvlei Vosburg

Renosterberg

Petrusville Philipstown Vanderkloof

Siyancuma

Campbell Douglas Griekwastad Plooysburg Schmidtsdrift

Siyathemba

Marydale Niekerkshoop Prieska

Thembelihle

Hopetown Orania Strydenburg

Ubuntu

Hutchinson Loxton Merriman Richmond Victoria West

Umsobomvu

Colesberg Norvalspont Noupoort

v t e

Boer Republics
Boer Republics
and Griqua States in Southern Africa
Southern Africa
1795–1902

Est. 1795–1830

Swellendam Graaff-Reinet Philippolis
Philippolis
/ Adam Kok's Land Waterboer's Land

Est. 1830–1840

Zoutpansberg Winburg Potchefstroom Winburg-Potchefstroom Natalia Republic

Est. 1840–1870

South African Republic Lydenburg Republic Orange Free State Utrecht Republic Griqualand East Griqualand West

Est. 1880–1902

Goshen Small Free State New Republic Stellaland United States of Stellaland Republic of Upingt

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