The Info List - Washington Metropolitan Area

--- Advertisement ---

The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
is the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. The area includes all of the federal district and parts of the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia, along with a small portion of West Virginia. While not a part of the Washington metropolitan area, St. Mary's County
St. Mary's County
is part of the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area. The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
is one of the most educated and most affluent metropolitan areas in the United States.[6] The metro area anchors the southern end of the densely populated Northeast megalopolis, with an estimated total population of 6,133,552 as of the 2016 U.S. Census Bureau estimate[update], making it the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the country[7] and largest metropolitan area in the Census Bureau's Southeast region.


1 Nomenclature 2 Composition

2.1 Political subdivisions

2.1.1 District of Columbia 2.1.2 Maryland 2.1.3 Virginia 2.1.4 West Virginia

3 Regional organizations

3.1 Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments

4 Principal cities 5 Demographics

5.1 Politics 5.2 Racial composition 5.3 Social indicators

6 Economy

6.1 Real estate and housing market 6.2 Net worth, wealth disparities, and business ownership 6.3 Primary industries 6.4 Largest companies 6.5 History

7 Transportation

7.1 Major airports 7.2 Rail transit systems 7.3 Bus transit systems 7.4 Major roads 7.5 Bicycle sharing

8 Culture

8.1 Sports teams 8.2 Media

9 Area codes 10 Sister cities 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Nomenclature[edit] The U.S. Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget
defines the area as the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV metropolitan statistical area, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States
United States
Census Bureau and other agencies. The region's three largest cities are the federal territory of Washington, D.C., the county (and census-designated place) of Arlington, and the independent city of Alexandria. The Office of Management and Budget also includes the metropolitan statistical area as part of the larger Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, which has a population of 9,546,579 as of the 2014 Census Estimate.[8] The area is also sometimes referred to as the National Capital Region, particularly by federal agencies such as the military[9] Department of Homeland Security.[10] Another term used to describe the region is the D.C. Area. The area in the region that is surrounded by Interstate 495 is also referred to as being "inside the Beltway". The city of Washington, which is at the center of the area, is referred to as "the District" because it is the federal District of Columbia, and is not part of any state. The Virginian portion of the region is known as Northern Virginia. Composition[edit]

Satellite photo of the Washington metropolitan area

Map highlighting labor patterns of regional counties

Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metropolitan area map

The U.S. Census Bureau divides the Washington statistical metropolitan area into two metropolitan divisions:[11]

Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Division, comprising the majority of the metropolitan area Silver Spring–Frederick–Rockville, MD Metropolitan Division, consisting of Montgomery and Frederick counties

Political subdivisions[edit] The area includes the following counties, districts, and independent cities:[11] District of Columbia[edit]



Calvert County Charles County Frederick County Montgomery County Prince George's County


Alexandria Arlington County Clarke County Culpeper County Fairfax County Fairfax Falls Church Fauquier County Fredericksburg Loudoun County Manassas Manassas Park Prince William County Rappahannock County Spotsylvania County Stafford County Warren County

West Virginia[edit]

Jefferson County

Historical populations - Washington Metropolitan Area

Census Pop.

1950 1,464,089

1960 2,001,897


1970 2,861,123


1980 3,060,922


1990 3,923,574


2000 4,923,153


2010 5,636,232


U.S. Decennial Census 2011 estimate

Regional organizations[edit] Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments[edit] Founded in 1957, the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG) is a regional organization of 21 Washington-area local governments, as well as area members of the Maryland
and Virginia state legislatures, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives. MWCOG provides a forum for discussion and the development of regional responses to issues regarding the environment, transportation, public safety, homeland security, affordable housing, community planning, and economic development.[12] The National Capital Region Transportation Planning Board, a component of MWCOG, is the federally designated metropolitan planning organization for the metropolitan Washington area.[13] Principal cities[edit]

View of downtown Washington, with the skylines of Arlington and Tysons Corner in the distance.

The metropolitan area includes the following principal cities (not all of which are incorporated as cities; one, Arlington, is actually a county, and Bethesda, Reston, and Silver Spring are unincorporated CDPs.)[14]

Washington, D.C. Arlington, Virginia Alexandria, Virginia Bethesda, Maryland Frederick, Maryland Gaithersburg, Maryland Reston, Virginia Rockville, Maryland Silver Spring, Maryland


Presidential election results

Year DEM GOP Others

2016 69.0% 1,860,678 25.7% 692,743 5.4% 145,269

2012 67.5% 1,813,963 30.9% 829,567 1.7% 44,708

2008 68.0% 1,603,902 31.0% 728,916 1.0% 25,288

2004 61.0% 1,258,743 38.0% 785,144 1.4% 19,735

2000 58.5% 1,023,089 37.9% 663,590 3.6% 62,437

1996 57.0% 861,881 37.0% 558,830 6.0% 89,259

1992 53.0% 859,889 34.1% 553.369 12.9% 209,651

1988 50.4% 684,453 48.6% 659,344 1.0% 14,219

1984 51.0% 653,568 48.5% 621,377 0.4% 5,656

1980 44.7% 484,590 44.6% 482,506 11.1% 115,797

1976 54.2% 590,481 44.9% 488,995 1.0% 10,654

1972 44.2% 431,257 54.8% 534,235 1.1% 10,825

1968 49.4% 414,345 39.1% 327,662 11.5% 96,701

1964 69.8% 495,490 30.2% 214,293 0.1% 462

1960 52.5% 204,614 47.3% 184,499 0.1% 593

The southern portion of the Capital Beltway
Capital Beltway
along the Potomac River, featuring portions of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia. Old Town Alexandria, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, and National Harbor, Maryland
are visible.

Politics[edit] The relative strength of the major political parties within the region is shown by the presidential election results since 1960, as presented in the adjacent table.[citation needed] Racial composition[edit] The area has been a magnet for international immigration since the late 1960s. It is also a magnet for internal migration (persons moving from one region of the U.S. to another).[15][dubious – discuss] Racial composition of the Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.

2016 American Community Survey

Non-Hispanic White : 45.8% Black or African American : 24.9% Hispanic or Latino : 15.5% Asian : 10.0% Mixed and Other : 3.8%

Hispanic Origin

Asian Origin

5.2% Salvadoran

2.7% Indian

2.3% Mexican

1.8% Chinese

1.2% Honduran

1.3% Korean

1.1% Guatemalan

1.2% Vietnamese

0.9% Puerto Rican

1.0% Filipino

0.8% Peruvian

0.5% Pakistani

0.7% Bolivian

0.2% Japanese

0.5% Colombian

0.2% Thai

0.4% Dominican

0.2% Bangladeshi

2.4% Other

1.0% Other

2010 U.S. Census

White : 54.8% Black : 25.8% Asian : 9.3% Hispanic : 13.8% Mixed and Other : 3.7%


White : 51.7% Black : 26.3% Asian : 8.4% Hispanic : 11.6% Mixed and Other : 2.0%


White : 67.8% Black : 26.0% Asian : 2.5% Hispanic : 2.8% Mixed and Other : 0.9%

Social indicators[edit] The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
has ranked as the highest-educated metropolitan area in the nation for four decades.[17] As of the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, the three most educated places with 200,000 people or more in Washington–Arlington–Alexandria by bachelor's degree attainment (population 25 and over) are Arlington, Virginia
(68.0%), Fairfax County, Virginia
Fairfax County, Virginia
(58.8%), and Montgomery County, Maryland
(56.4%).[18] Forbes
magazine stated in its 2008 "America's Best- And Worst-Educated Cities" report: "The D.C. area is less than half the size of L.A., but both cities have around 100,000 Ph.D.'s."[19] The Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metro area has held the top spot in the American College of Sports Medicine's annual American Fitness Index ranking of the United States' 50 most populous metropolitan areas for two years running. The report cites, among other things, the high average fitness level and healthy eating habits of residents, the widespread availability of health care and facilities such as swimming pools, tennis courts, and parks, low rates of obesity and tobacco use relative to the national average, and the high median household income as contributors to the city's community health.[20]

The average household income within a 5-mile (8 km) radius of Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center
is $174,809.[21]

In the 21st century, the Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
has overtaken the San Francisco Bay Area
San Francisco Bay Area
as the highest-income metropolitan area in the nation.[6] The median household income of the region is US$72,800. The two highest median household income counties in the nation – Loudoun and Fairfax County, Virginia – are components of the MSA (and #3 is Howard County, officially in Baltimore's sphere but strongly connected with Washington's); measured in this way, Alexandria ranks 10th among municipalities in the region – 11th if Howard is included – and 23rd in the entire United States. 12.2% of Northern Virginia's 881,136 households, 8.5% of suburban Maryland's 799,300 households, and 8.2% of Washington's 249,805 households have an annual income in excess of $200,000, compared to 3.7% nationally.[22] According to a report by the American Human Development Project, women in the Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
are ranked as having the highest income and educational attainment among the 25 most populous metropolitan areas in the nation, while Asian American
Asian American
women in the region had the highest life expectancy, at 92.3 years.[23]

County 2016 Estimate 2010 Census Change Area Density

Washington, D.C. 681,170 601,723 7001132032513299310♠+13.20% 61.05 sq mi (158.1 km2) 11,158/sq mi (4,308/km2)

Calvert County, Maryland 91,251 88,737 7000283309104432200♠+2.83% 213.15 sq mi (552.1 km2) 428/sq mi (165/km2)

Charles County, Maryland 157,705 146,551 7000761100231318790♠+7.61% 457.75 sq mi (1,185.6 km2) 345/sq mi (133/km2)

Frederick County, Maryland 247,591 233,385 7000608693789232380♠+6.09% 660.22 sq mi (1,710.0 km2) 375/sq mi (145/km2)

Montgomery County, Maryland 1,043,863 971,777 7000741795700042290♠+7.42% 491.25 sq mi (1,272.3 km2) 2,125/sq mi (820/km2)

Prince George's County, Maryland 908,049 863,420 7000516886335734639♠+5.17% 482.69 sq mi (1,250.2 km2) 1,881/sq mi (726/km2)

Alexandria, Virginia 155,810 139,966 7001113198919737650♠+11.32% 15.03 sq mi (38.9 km2) 10,367/sq mi (4,003/km2)

Arlington County, Virginia 230,050 207,627 7001107996551508230♠+10.80% 25.97 sq mi (67.3 km2) 8,858/sq mi (3,420/km2)

Clarke County, Virginia 14,374 14,034 7000242268775830129♠+2.42% 176.18 sq mi (456.3 km2) 82/sq mi (32/km2)

Culpeper County, Virginia 50,083 46,689 7000726937822613460♠+7.27% 379.23 sq mi (982.2 km2) 132/sq mi (51/km2)

Fairfax County, Virginia 1,138,652 1,081,726 7000526251564629120♠+5.26% 390.97 sq mi (1,012.6 km2) 2,912/sq mi (1,124/km2)

Fairfax City, Virginia 24,164 22,565 7000708619543540880♠+7.09% 6.24 sq mi (16.2 km2) 3,872/sq mi (1,495/km2)

Falls Church, Virginia 14,014 12,332 7001136393123580929♠+13.64% 2.00 sq mi (5.2 km2) 7,007/sq mi (2,705/km2)

Fauquier County, Virginia 69,069 65,203 7000592917503795840♠+5.93% 647.45 sq mi (1,676.9 km2) 107/sq mi (41/km2)

Fredericksburg, Virginia 28,297 24,286 7001165156880507290♠+16.52% 10.44 sq mi (27.0 km2) 2,710/sq mi (1,047/km2)

Loudoun County, Virginia 385,945 312,311 7001235771394539420♠+23.58% 515.56 sq mi (1,335.3 km2) 749/sq mi (289/km2)

Manassas, Virginia 41,483 37,821 7000968245154808180♠+9.68% 9.88 sq mi (25.6 km2) 4,199/sq mi (1,621/km2)

Manassas Park, Virginia 15,915 14,273 7001115042387725080♠+11.50% 2.53 sq mi (6.6 km2) 6,291/sq mi (2,429/km2)

Prince William County, Virginia 455,210 402,002 7001132357550459950♠+13.24% 336.40 sq mi (871.3 km2) 1,353/sq mi (522/km2)

Rappahannock County, Virginia 7,388 7,373 6999203445002034440♠+0.20% 266.23 sq mi (689.5 km2) 28/sq mi (11/km2)

Spotsylvania County, Virginia 132,010 122,397 7000785395066872550♠+7.85% 401.50 sq mi (1,039.9 km2) 329/sq mi (127/km2)

Stafford County, Virginia 144,361 128,961 7001119415947456980♠+11.94% 268.96 sq mi (696.6 km2) 537/sq mi (207/km2)

Warren County, Virginia 39,155 37,575 7000420492348636060♠+4.20% 213.47 sq mi (552.9 km2) 183/sq mi (71/km2)

Total 6,131,977 5,636,232 7000879568122816800♠+8.80% 5,564.6 sq mi (14,412 km2) 1,102/sq mi (425/km2)

[citation needed] Economy[edit]

Rosslyn is home to the tallest high-rises in the region, partly due to the District's height restrictions. As a result, many of the region's tallest buildings are outside the city proper.[24][25]

The Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
area has the largest science and engineering work force of any metropolitan area in the nation in 2006 according to the Greater Washington Initiative at 324,530, ahead of the combined San Francisco Bay Area work force of 214,500, and Chicago metropolitan area at 203,090, citing data from U.S. Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Claritas Inc., and other sources.[6] The Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
area was ranked as the second best High-Tech Center in a statistical analysis of the top 100 Metropolitan areas in the United States
United States
by American City Business Journals in May 2009, behind the Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
and ahead of the Boston
metropolitan area.[26] Fueling the metropolitan area's ranking was the reported 241,264 tech jobs in the region, a total eclipsed only by New York, Los Angeles, and the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as the highest master's or doctoral degree attainment among the 100 ranked metropolitan areas.[26] A Dice.com report showed that the Washington– Baltimore
area had the second-highest number of tech jobs listed: 8,289, after the New York metro area with 9,195 jobs.[27] Real estate and housing market[edit] Changes in house prices for the D.C. area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market. McLean ZIP code
ZIP code
22102 had the highest median home prices among ZIP codes within the Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
as of 2013.[28] Net worth, wealth disparities, and business ownership[edit] The economy of the Washington metropolitan region is characterized by significant wealth disparities, which were heightened by the Great Recession and the 2007–09 housing crisis, which adversely affected black and Hispanic households more than other households.[29][30] A 2016 Urban Institute
Urban Institute
report found that the median net worth (i.e., assets minus debt) for white households in the D.C. region was $284,000, while the median net worth for Hispanic/Latino households was $13,000, and for African American
African American
households as $3,500.[29][30] Asian Americans had the highest median net worth in the Washington area ($220,000 for Chinese American
Chinese American
households, $430,000 for Vietnamese American
Vietnamese American
households, $496,000 for Korean American households, and $573,000 for Indian American
Indian American
households).[29][30] Although the median net worth for white D.C.-area households was 81 times that of black D.C.-area households, the two groups had comparable rates of business ownership (about 9%). The Urban Institute report suggests that this "may be driven by the presence of a large federal government and a local district government whose membership and constituents have been largely Black, coupled with government policies designed to increase contracting opportunities for minority-owned businesses."[29][30] Primary industries[edit]

NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda.

See also: List of federal installations in Maryland
and List of federal agencies in Northern Virginia Biotechnology The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
has a significant biotechnology industry; companies with a major presence in the region as of 2011 include Merck, Pfizer, Human Genome Sciences, Martek Biosciences, MedImmune
and Qiagen.[31] Defense contracting Many defense contractors are based in the region to be close to the Pentagon in Arlington. Local defense contractors include Lockheed Martin, the largest, as well as Raytheon, General Dynamics, BAE Systems, Northrup Grumman,[32] Computer Sciences Corporation
Computer Sciences Corporation
(CSC), Science Applications International Corporation
Science Applications International Corporation
(SAIC), CACI, and Orbital Sciences Corporation. Tourism Tourism is a significant industry in the Washington metropolitan region. In 2015, more than 74,000 tourism-sector jobs existed in the District of Columbia, a record-setting 19.3 million domestic tourists visited the city, and domestic and international tourists combined spent $7.1 billion.[33][34] The convention industry is also significant; in 2016, D.C. hosted fifteen "city-wide conventions" with an estimated total economic impact of $277.9 million.[33] Tourism is also significant outside the District of Columbia; in 2015, a record-setting $3.06 billion in tourism spending was reported in Arlington, Virginia, and $2.9 million in Fairfax County, Virginia.[35] A 2016 National Park Service
National Park Service
report estimated that there were 56 million visitors to national parks in the National Capital Region, sustaining 16,917 and generating close to $1.6 billion in economy impact.[36] Largest companies[edit] See also: List of companies headquartered in Northern Virginia

1812 N Moore
1812 N Moore
in Arlington, currently the tallest office building in the region and home to the U.S. operations of Nestlé.

Largest public companies ( Fortune 500
Fortune 500

Company Industry Headquarters National rank

AES Corporation Energy Arlington, Virginia 190

Booz Allen Hamilton Defense McLean, Virginia 487

Capital One Finance McLean, Virginia 112

Computer Sciences Corporation Defense Falls Church, Virginia 233

Danaher Corporation Conglomerate Washington, D.C. 133

Discovery Communications Mass Media Silver Spring, Maryland 406

Fannie Mae Finance Washington, D.C. 16

Freddie Mac Finance McLean, Virginia 43

General Dynamics Defense Falls Church, Virginia 88

Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. Hospitality McLean, Virginia 254

Host Hotels and Resorts Hospitality Bethesda, Maryland 472

Lockheed Martin Defense Bethesda, Maryland 60

Marriott International Hospitality Bethesda, Maryland 195

Northrop Grumman Defense Falls Church, Virginia 118

NVR, Inc. Construction Reston, Virginia 498

Largest private companies ( Forbes
America's Largest Private Companies 2016)[38]

Company Industry Headquarters National rank

BrightView Landscaping Rockville, Maryland 220

Carahsoft Defense Reston, Virginia 161

Clark Construction Construction Bethesda, Maryland 102

Mars, Incorporated Food processing McLean, Virginia 7


NGA headquarters in Fort Belvoir.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2013)

The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure resulted in a significant shuffling of military, civilian, and defense contractor employees in the Washington D.C. area. The largest individual site impacts of the time are as follows:[39]

Fort Belvoir
Fort Belvoir
gained 11,858 employees, primarily as a result of the relocation of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
(NGA) into a massive new headquarters within the fort. Fort Meade gained 5,361 employees, primarily as a result of the expansion of the National Security Agency. Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
lost 5,630 employees as part of its realignment. It was later closed and consolidated into Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.

BRAC 2005 was the largest infrastructure expansion by the Army Corps of Engineers since World War II, resulting in the Mark Center, tallest building they have ever constructed, as well as National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Campus East, which at 2.4 million square feet is the largest building the Corps have constructed since the Pentagon.[40] Transportation[edit] Main article: Transportation in Washington, D.C.

Washington Dulles International Airport

The Metro Center station on the Washington Metro

'WMATA'-indicated systems are run by Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority and always accept Washington Metro
Washington Metro
fare cards, others may or may not. Major airports[edit]

Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport
(IAD), located in Dulles, Virginia – the busiest in the region Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport
(DCA), located in Arlington County, Virginia – the closest to Washington Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport
(BWI), located in Linthicum, Maryland – in the Baltimore
metropolitan area

Rail transit systems[edit]

Washington Metro – DC, MD, VA (rapid transit) (WMATA) MARC Train – DC, MD, WV (commuter rail) Virginia
Railway Express – DC, VA (commuter rail) Amtrak – US (commuter rail, inter-city rail)

Bus transit systems[edit]

DC Circulator – Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(DDoT, WMATA) Metrobus – Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
(WMATA) Metroway – Arlington County, Virginia
and Alexandria, Virginia (bus rapid transit) (WMATA) Ride On – Montgomery County, Maryland TheBus – Prince George's County, Maryland ART – Arlington County, Virginia DASH – Alexandria, Virginia Fairfax Connector – Fairfax County, Virginia CUE Bus – Fairfax, Virginia Loudoun County Transit – Loudoun County, Virginia PRTC – Prince William County, Manassas and Manassas Park TransIT – Frederick County, Maryland Regional Transportation Agency of Central Maryland – Howard County, Anne Arundel County, Prince George's County, Laurel, Maryland Maryland
Transit Administration – Washington, D.C., Montgomery County, Maryland, Prince George's County, Frederick County, Maryland, Charles County, Maryland, Calvert County, Maryland, Howard County, Anne Arundel County, Saint Mary's County, Maryland Eastern Panhandle Transit Authority – Jefferson County, West Virginia, Berkeley County, West Virginia Virginia
Regional Transit – Loudoun County, Virginia, Culpeper County, Virginia, Fauquier County, Virginia, Warren County, Virginia Fredericksburg Regional Transit – Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County and Stafford County

Major roads[edit]

Capital Beltway – Maryland
and Virginia

Bicycle sharing[edit]

Capital Bikeshare – Washington, D.C., Arlington, Virginia, Alexandria, Virginia, Fairfax County, Virginia, and Montgomery County, Maryland

Culture[edit] Sports teams[edit] Further information: Sports in Washington, D.C. Listing of the professional sports teams in the Washington metropolitan area:

National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association

Washington Wizards

Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball

Washington Nationals

National Football League
National Football League

Washington Redskins

National Hockey League
National Hockey League

Washington Capitals

Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer

D.C. United

Women's National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association

Washington Mystics

Atlantic League of Professional Baseball
Atlantic League of Professional Baseball

Southern Maryland
Blue Crabs

Arena Football League
Arena Football League

Washington Valor

National Women's Soccer League
National Women's Soccer League

Washington Spirit

Media[edit] Main article: Media in Washington, D.C. The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
is home to USA Today, C-SPAN, PBS, NPR, POLITICO, BET, TV One and Discovery Communications. The two main newspapers are The Washington Post
The Washington Post
and The Washington Times. Local television channels include WRC-TV
20 (MyNetworkTV), WETA-TV
26 (PBS), WDCW
50 (CW), and WPXW 66 (Ion). NewsChannel 8
NewsChannel 8
is a 24/7 local news provider available only to cable subscribers. Radio stations serving the area include: WETA-FM, WIHT, WMAL-AM, and WTOP. Area codes[edit]

202 – Washington, D.C. 571/703 – Northern Virginia
including the cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, and Falls Church as well as Arlington, Fairfax, and Loudoun counties (571 created March 1, 2000; 703 in October 1947). 240/301 – portions of Maryland
in the Greater Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metro area, southern Maryland, and western Maryland 540 – Fredericksburg/Spotsylvania/Warrenton 304 – Jefferson County, West Virginia

Sister cities[edit]

City Country Year

Washington, D.C.

Bangkok Thailand 1962, renewed 2002

Dakar Senegal 1980, renewed 2006

Beijing China 1984, renewed 2004

Brussels Belgium 1985, renewed 2012

Athens Greece 2000

Paris[Note 1] France 2000, renewed 2005

Pretoria South Africa 2002, renewed 2008

Seoul South Korea 2006

Accra Ghana 2006

Sunderland United Kingdom 2006

Alexandria, Virginia

Gyumri Armenia

Helsingborg Sweden

Dundee[Note 2] United Kingdom

Caen France

Arlington County, Virginia

Aachen Germany

Reims France

San Miguel El Salvador

Coyoacán Mexico

Ivano-Frankivsk[Note 3] Ukraine

Herndon, Virginia

Runnymede[Note 4] United Kingdom

Fairfax County, Virginia

Harbin[Note 5] China 2009

Songpa-gu[Note 6] South Korea 2009

Falls Church, Virginia

Kokolopori Congo

District Heights, Maryland

Mbuji-Mayi Congo

Frederick, Maryland

Aquiraz Brazil

Moerzheim Germany

Schifferstadt Germany

La Plata, Maryland

Jogeva County Estonia

Walldorf Germany

Rockville, Maryland

Pinneberg Germany

^ Paris is a "Partner City" due to the one Sister City policy of that commune.[1] ^ "Historic Alexandria City of Alexandria, VA". Oha.alexandriava.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ Exploration phase ^ Town twin [2] ^ Rejected by Washington due to not being a national capital.[3] ^ "Sisterhood Partnerships". Fairfaxcounty.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2012. 

See also[edit]

District of Columbia
District of Columbia
portal Virginia
portal Maryland
portal West Virginia
portal United States
United States

List of people from the Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metropolitan area List of U.S. metropolitan statistical areas in Virginia Potomac primary Northeast megalopolis


^ "After initial obscurity, 'The DMV' nickname for Washington area picks up speed". Washington Post. July 30, 2010.  ^ Yager, Jane (July 30, 2010). "Nation's Capitol Now Known as 'the DMV'". Newser. Retrieved March 11, 2016.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016: MSA". 2016 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016: CSA". 2016 Population Estimates. United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ "Census Urban Area List". United States
United States
Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ a b c "Washington area richest, most educated in US: report". Washingtonpost.com. June 8, 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "Four Texas Metro Areas Collectively Add More Than 400,000 People in the Last Year, Census Bureau Reports". United States
United States
Census Bureau.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 10, 2016. Retrieved April 30, 2016.  ^ "National Capital Region – Office of National Capital Region Coordination". Department of Homeland Security. December 21, 2005. Archived from the original on December 12, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2008.  ^ a b "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. February 20, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.  ^ "About Us". MWCOG.org. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "– Transportation – TPB". Mwcog.org. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). U.S. Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014.  ^ "Metro Magnets for Minorities and Whites: Melting Pots, the New Sunbelt, and the Heartland" (PDF). Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race Alone and Hispanic or Latino Origin for Counties: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006". Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved January 12, 2016.  ^ de Vise, Daniel (July 15, 2010). "Washington region ranks as the best-educated in the country". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "2006–2008 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
3-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ Zumbrun, Joshua (November 24, 2008). "America's Best- And Worst-Educated Cities". Forbes.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "Washington, DC (Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV MSA) 2010 AFI Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 12, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2010.  ^ "Macerich Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center
Market Profile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 3, 2013.  ^ "ACS 2005–2007". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "Women'S Well-Being" (PDF). Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ Downey, Kirstin (May 6, 2007). "High-Rises Approved That Would Dwarf D.C". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ "List of tallest buildings in DC, MD, VA, WV". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ a b "The top 100 tech centers". Bizjournals. May 11, 2009. Archived from the original on February 16, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2010.  ^ Nathan Eddy (March 13, 2012). "Tech Jobs Flourish in Silicon Valley, but Other Regions Offer Opportunities: Dice Report". Eweek.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.  ^ Brennan, Morgan. "America's Most Expensive Zip Codes In 2013: The Complete List". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.  ^ a b c d Perry Stein, Net worth of white households in D.C. region is 81 times that of black households,Washington Post (November 2, 2016). ^ a b c d Kilolo Kijakazi et al., The Color of Wealth in the Nation's Capital, Urban Institute
Urban Institute
(October 31, 2016). ^ Renee Winsky & Mark Herzog, Maryland, Virginia
biotech industries take center stage in D.C., Washington Business Journal (June 28, 2011). ^ Censer, Marjorie (July 30, 2010). "Defense firm Northrop Grumman's second-quarter profit rose nearly 81 percent". The Washington Post.  ^ a b Perry Stein, D.C. breaks tourist record in 2015 with visitors spending $7.1 billion, Washington Post (May 3, 2016). ^ Ben Nuckols, DC sets record with more than 2 million foreign tourists, Associated Press (August 24, 2016). ^ Arlington County Sets Tourism Spending Record with $3 Billion, CBS Washington (September 19, 2016). ^ Tourism at national parks in the Greater Washington area generates almost $1.6 billion in economic benefit (press release), National Park Service (April 21, 2016). ^ "Fortune 500". Fortune.com. Retrieved June 21, 2017.  ^ "America's Largest Private Companies". Forbes. Retrieved June 24, 2017.  ^ Appendix C BRAC 2005 Closure and Realignment Impacts by State ^ Justin Matthew Ward (September 14, 2011). "BRAC 2005: on time, on budget in Northeast". army.mil. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.

OMB Bulletin No. 05-02 Urban Areas of Virginia May 2006 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Division May 2005 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Division Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV MSA Population and Components of Change

v t e

Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV metropolitan area

Principal cities


Silver Spring Frederick Rockville Bethesda Gaithersburg


Arlington County Alexandria Reston

District of Columbia


Counties and county equivalents*


Calvert Charles Frederick Montgomery Prince George's



Alexandria city

Clarke Culpeper Fairfax

Fairfax city Falls Church city

Fauquier Loudoun Prince William

Manassas city Manassas Park city

Rappahannock Spotsylvania

Fredericksburg city

Stafford Warren


District of Columbia Jefferson County, West Virginia

The District of Columbia
District of Columbia
itself, and Virginia's incorporated cities, are county equivalents. Virginia's incorporated cities are listed under their surrounding county. The incorporated cities bordering more than one county (Alexandria, Falls Church and Fredericksburg) are listed under the county they were part of before incorporation as a city.

v t e

 District of Columbia

Capital of the United States Book




Geography Media Music Sports Symbols Tourist attractions Emancipation Day


Elections Government Home rule Retrocession Statehood movement Voting rights


Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education


Fire Libraries Mayors Police Public Schools Transportation

v t e

 Commonwealth of Virginia

Richmond (capital)


Administrative divisions Climate Colleges and universities Colony Congressional districts Delegations

Senators Representatives

Environment Furniture Government History Historic Landmarks Law Homes Music People Rights Rivers Scouting Slogan Sports teams State Fair State parks Symbols Tourist attractions Transportation Tribes

Seal of Virginia


Crime Demographics Economy Education

Newspapers Radio TV



Allegheny Mountains Atlantic Coastal Plain Blue Ridge Chesapeake Bay Cumberland Mountains Delmarva Peninsula Eastern Shore Hampton Roads Middle Peninsula Northern Neck Northern Virginia Piedmont Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians Shenandoah Valley South Hampton Roads Southside Southwest Virginia Tennessee Valley Tidewater Tri-Cities Virginia

Metro areas

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford Bluefield Bristol Charlottesville Danville Harrisonburg Lynchburg Martinsville Richmond Roanoke Staunton-Waynesboro Norfolk- Virginia
Beach Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Winchester


Accomack Albemarle Alleghany Amelia Amherst Appomattox Arlington Augusta Bath Bedford Bland Botetourt Brunswick Buchanan Buckingham Campbell Caroline Carroll Charles City Charlotte Chesterfield Clarke Craig Culpeper Cumberland Dickenson Dinwiddie Essex Fairfax Fauquier Floyd Fluvanna Franklin Frederick Giles Gloucester Goochland Grayson Greene Greensville Halifax Hanover Henrico Henry Highland Isle of Wight James City King and Queen King George King William Lancaster Lee Loudoun Louisa Lunenburg Madison Mathews Mecklenburg Middlesex Montgomery Nelson New Kent Northampton Northumberland Nottoway Orange Page Patrick Pittsylvania Powhatan Prince Edward Prince George Prince William Pulaski Rappahannock Richmond Roanoke Rockbridge Rockingham Russell Scott Shenandoah Smyth Southampton Spotsylvania Stafford Surry Sussex Tazewell Warren Washington Westmoreland Wise Wythe York

Independent cities

Alexandria Bristol Buena Vista Charlottesville Chesapeake Colonial Heights Covington Danville Emporia Fairfax Falls Church Franklin Fredericksburg Galax Hampton Harrisonburg Hopewell Lexington Lynchburg Manassas Manassas Park Martinsville Newport News Norfolk Norton Petersburg Poquoson Portsmouth Radford Richmond Roanoke Salem Staunton Suffolk Virginia
Beach Waynesboro Williamsburg Winchester

v t e

 State of Maryland

Annapolis (capital)


Index Cities Government History Media

Newspapers Radio TV

People Congressional delegations Congressional maps Tourist attractions


Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Politics Sports


Allegheny Mountains Atlantic coastal plain Baltimore–Washington metro area Blue Ridge Chesapeake Cumberland Valley Delaware Valley Delmarva Peninsula Eastern Shore Piedmont Ridge and Valley Southern Maryland Western Maryland Western Shore


Aberdeen Annapolis Baltimore Bowie Brunswick Cambridge College Park Cumberland Frederick Gaithersburg Greenbelt Hagerstown Havre de Grace Laurel Rockville Salisbury Takoma Park Westminster


Bel Air Denton Easton Elkton Ocean City Port Deposit


Arbutus Arnold Aspen Hill Baltimore
Highlands Bethesda Camp Springs Carney Catonsville Chillum Clinton Cockeysville-Hunt Valley Colesville Columbia Crofton Dundalk Edgewood Eldersburg Elkridge Ellicott City Essex Fairland Ferndale Fort Washington Germantown Glen Burnie Green Haven Hillcrest Heights Landover Langley Park Lanham Lansdowne Lochearn Lutherville Middle River Milford Mill Montgomery Village Odenton Olney Owings Mills Oxon Hill Parkville Perry Hall Pikesville Potomac Randallstown Redland Reisterstown Rosedale St. Charles Severn Severna Park Silver Spring South Gate Suitland Timonium Towson Urbana Waldorf Wheaton-Glenmont White Oak Woodlawn


Allegany Anne Arundel Baltimore Calvert Caroline Carroll Cecil Charles Dorchester Frederick Garrett Harford Howard Kent Montgomery Prince George's Queen Anne's St. Mary's Somerset Talbot Washington Wicomico Worcester

v t e

 State of West Virginia

Charleston (capital)


Cities Towns Villages Census-designated places History Environment People Government


Delegations Colleges and universities Tourist attractions

Seal of West Virginia


Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Elections Media

Newspapers Radio TV


Coat of arms Flag Motto Seal


Allegheny Mountains Allegheny Plateau Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Blue Ridge Charleston Metropolitan Area Cumberland Plateau Cumberland Mountains Eastern Panhandle Huntington Metropolitan Area North-Central West Virginia Northern Panhandle Potomac Highlands Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians Shenandoah Valley Southern West Virginia Western West Virginia

Metro areas

Charleston Huntington Morgantown Martinsburg Parkersburg-Vienna Wheeling Winchester Weirton

Largest cities

Beckley Charleston Fairmont Huntington Martinsburg Morgantown Parkersburg Wheeling Weirton


Barbour Berkeley Boone Braxton Brooke Cabell Calhoun Clay Doddridge Fayette Gilmer Grant Greenbrier Hampshire Hancock Hardy Harrison Jackson Jefferson Kanawha Lewis Lincoln Logan Marion Marshall Mason McDowell Mercer Mineral Mingo Monongalia Monroe Morgan Nicholas Ohio Pendleton Pleasants Pocahontas Preston Putnam Raleigh Randolph Ritchie Roane Summers Taylor Tucker Tyler Upshur Wayne Webster Wetzel Wirt Wood Wyoming

v t e

The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America


New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO

Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia
Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI

Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM

Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO

Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN

United States
United States
Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

v t e

Northeast megalopolis

Major metropolitan areas (over 1,000,000)

New York














Other cities (over 100,000)

Newark Jersey City Yonkers Worcester Springfield Alexandria Paterson Bridgeport Elizabeth New Haven Stamford Allentown Manchester Waterbury Cambridge Lowell

Coordinates: 38°53′12.33″N 77°2′29.85″W / 38.8867583°N 77.0416250°W / 38.88