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The WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN AREA is the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, the capital of the United States. The area includes all of the federal district and parts of the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia
Virginia
, along with a small portion of West Virginia
Virginia
.

The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
is one of the most educated and most affluent metropolitan areas in the United States. The metro area anchors the southern end of the densely populated Northeast megalopolis , with an estimated total population of 6,097,684 as of the 2014 U.S. Census Bureau estimate , making it the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the country and largest metropolitan area in the Census Bureau's Southeast region.

CONTENTS

* 1 Nomenclature

* 2 Composition

* 2.1 Political subdivisions

* 2.1.1 District of Columbia
District of Columbia
* 2.1.2 Maryland
Maryland
* 2.1.3 Virginia
Virginia
* 2.1.4 West Virginia
Virginia

* 3 Regional organizations

* 3.1 Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments

* 4 Principal cities

* 5 Demographics

* 5.1 Politics * 5.2 Racial composition * 5.3 Social indicators

* 6 Economy

* 6.1 Real estate and housing market * 6.2 Net worth, wealth disparities, and business ownership * 6.3 Primary industries * 6.4 Largest companies * 6.5 History

* 7 Transportation

* 7.1 Major airports * 7.2 Rail transit systems * 7.3 Bus transit systems * 7.4 Major roads * 7.5 Bicycle sharing

* 8 Culture

* 8.1 Sports teams * 8.2 Media

* 9 Area codes * 10 Sister cities * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

NOMENCLATURE

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget defines the area as the WASHINGTON–ARLINGTON–ALEXANDRIA, DC–VA–MD–WV METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States
United States
Census Bureau and other agencies. The region's three largest cities are the federal territory of Washington, D.C., the county (and Census-designated place ) of Arlington , and the independent city of Alexandria . The Office of Management and Budget also includes the metropolitan statistical area as part of the larger Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area , which has a population of 9,546,579 as of the 2014 Census Estimate.

The area is also sometimes referred to as the NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION, particularly by federal agencies such as the military Department of Homeland Security . Another term used to describe the region is the D.C. AREA. The area in the region that is surrounded by Interstate 495 is also referred to as being "inside the Beltway ". The city of Washington, which is at the center of the area, is referred to as "the District" because it is the federal District of Columbia, and is not part of any state. The Virginian portion of the region is known as Northern Virginia
Virginia
.

COMPOSITION

Satellite photo of the Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
Map highlighting labor patterns of regional counties Washington, D.C. metropolitan area map

The U.S. Census Bureau divides the Washington statistical metropolitan area into two metropolitan divisions:

* Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Division, comprising the majority of the metropolitan area * Silver Spring–Frederick–Rockville, MD Metropolitan Division, consisting of Montgomery and Frederick counties

POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS

The area includes the following counties, districts, and independent cities:

District Of Columbia

* Washington

Maryland

* Calvert County * Charles County * Frederick County * Montgomery County * Prince George\'s County

Virginia

* Alexandria * Arlington County * Clarke County * Culpeper County * Fairfax County * Fairfax * Falls Church * Fauquier County * Loudoun County * Manassas * Manassas Park * Prince William County * Rappahannock County * Spotsylvania County * Fredericksburg * Stafford County * Warren County

West Virginia

* Jefferson County

REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

METROPOLITAN WASHINGTON COUNCIL OF GOVERNMENTS

Founded in 1957, the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG) is a regional organization of 21 Washington-area local governments, as well as area members of the Maryland
Maryland
and Virginia state legislatures, the U.S. Senate , and the U.S. House of Representatives . MWCOG provides a forum for discussion and the development of regional responses to issues regarding the environment, transportation, public safety, homeland security, affordable housing, community planning, and economic development.

The National Capital Region Transportation Planning Board , a component of MWCOG, is the federally designated metropolitan planning organization for the metropolitan Washington area.

PRINCIPAL CITIES

View of downtown Washington , with the skylines of Arlington and Tysons Corner in the distance.

The metropolitan area includes the following principal cities (not all of which are incorporated as cities; one, Arlington, is actually a county, and another, Bethesda, is not a city, simply a census-designated unincorporated area.

* Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
* Arlington, Virginia * Alexandria, Virginia * Bethesda, Maryland
Maryland
* Frederick, Maryland
Maryland
* Gaithersburg, Maryland
Maryland
* Reston, Virginia
Virginia
* Rockville, Maryland
Maryland
* Silver Spring, Maryland
Maryland

DEMOGRAPHICS

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION RESULTS YEAR DEM GOP OTHERS

2012 67.5% _1,813,963_ 30.9% _829,567_ 1.7% _44,708_

2008 68.0% _1,603,902_ 31.0% _728,916_ 1.0% _25,288_

2004 61.0% _1,258,743_ 38.0% _785,144_ 1.4% _19,735_

2000 58.5% _1,023,089_ 37.9% _663,590_ 3.6% _62,437_

1996 57.0% _861,881_ 37.0% _558,830_ 6.0% _89,259_

1992 53.0% _859,889_ 34.1% _553.369_ 12.9% _209,651_

1988 50.4% _684,453_ 48.6% _659,344_ 1.0% _14,219_

1984 51.0% _653,568_ 48.5% _621,377_ 0.4% _5,656_

1980 44.7% _484,590_ 44.6% _482,506_ 11.1% _115,797_

1976 54.2% _590,481_ 44.9% _488,995_ 1.0% _10,654_

1972 44.2% _431,257_ 54.8% _534,235_ 1.1% _10,825_

1968 49.4% _414,345_ 39.1% _327,662_ 11.5% _96,701_

1964 69.8% _495,490_ 30.2% _214,293_ 0.1% _462_

1960 52.5% _204,614_ 47.3% _184,499_ 0.1% _593_

The southern portion of the Capital Beltway along the Potomac River , featuring portions of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia. Old Town Alexandria
Old Town Alexandria
, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling , and National Harbor, Maryland
Maryland
are visible.

POLITICS

The relative strength of the major political parties within the region is shown by the presidential election results since 1960, as presented in the adjacent table.

RACIAL COMPOSITION

The area has been a magnet for international immigration since the late 1960s. It is also a magnet for internal migration (persons moving from one region of the U.S. to another).

Racial composition of the Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
area: 2011 American Community Survey

* Non-Hispanic White : 48.2% * Black or African American
African American
: 25.3% * Hispanic or Latino : 14.1% * Asian : 9.3% * Mixed and Other : 3.1%

2010 U.S. Census

* White : 54.8% * Black : 25.8% * Asian : 9.3% * Hispanic : 13.8% (4.1% Salvadoran, 2.1% Mexican, 1.1% Colombian, 0.9% Guatemalan, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.8% Peruvian, 0.7% Honduran, 0.7% Bolivian) * Mixed and Other : 3.7%

2006

* White : 51.7% * Black : 26.3% * Asian : 8.4% * Hispanic : 11.6% * Mixed and Other : 2.0%

1980

* White : 67.8% * Black : 26.0% * Asian : 2.5% * Hispanic : 2.8% * Mixed and Other : 0.9%

SOCIAL INDICATORS

The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
has ranked as the highest-educated metropolitan area in the nation for four decades. As of the 2006–2008 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
, the three most educated places with 200,000 people or more in Washington–Arlington–Alexandria by bachelor\'s degree attainment (population 25 and over) are Arlington, Virginia
Virginia
(68.0%), Fairfax County, Virginia (58.8%), and Montgomery County, Maryland
Maryland
(56.4%). _ Forbes
Forbes
_ magazine stated in its 2008 "America's Best- And Worst-Educated Cities" report: "The D.C. area is less than half the size of L.A., but both cities have around 100,000 Ph.D.'s."

The Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metro area has held the top spot in the American College of Sports Medicine 's annual American Fitness Index ranking of the United States' 50 most populous metropolitan areas for two years running. The report cites, among other things, the high average fitness level and healthy eating habits of residents, the widespread availability of health care and facilities such as swimming pools, tennis courts, and parks, low rates of obesity and tobacco use relative to the national average, and the high median household income as contributors to the city's community health. The average household income within a 5-mile (8 km) radius of Tysons Corner Center is $174,809.

In the 21st century, the Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
has overtaken the San Francisco Bay Area as the highest-income metropolitan area in the nation. The median household income of the region is US$72,800. The two highest median household income counties in the nation – Loudoun and Fairfax County, Virginia – are components of the MSA (and #3 is Howard County , officially in Baltimore
Baltimore
's sphere but strongly connected with Washington's); measured in this way, Alexandria ranks 10th among municipalities in the region – 11th if Howard is included – and 23rd in the entire United States. 12.2% of Northern Virginia's 881,136 households, 8.5% of suburban Maryland's 799,300 households, and 8.2% of Washington's 249,805 households have an annual income in excess of $200,000, compared to 3.7% nationally.

According to a report by the American Human Development Project , women in the Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
are ranked as having the highest income and educational attainment among the 25 most populous metropolitan areas in the nation, while Asian American women in the region had the highest life expectancy, at 92.3 years.

ECONOMY

Rosslyn is home to the tallest high-rises in the region, partly due to the District\'s height restrictions . As a result, many of the region's tallest buildings are outside the city proper.

The Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
area has the largest science and engineering work force of any metropolitan area in the nation in 2006 according to the Greater Washington Initiative at 324,530, ahead of the combined San Francisco Bay Area work force of 214,500, and Chicago metropolitan area at 203,090, citing data from U.S. Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Claritas Inc., and other sources.

The Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
area was ranked as the second best High-Tech Center in a statistical analysis of the top 100 Metropolitan areas in the United States
United States
by American City Business Journals in May 2009, behind the Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
and ahead of the Boston metropolitan area . Fueling the metropolitan area's ranking was the reported 241,264 tech jobs in the region, a total eclipsed only by New York , Los Angeles , and the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as the highest master's or doctoral degree attainment among the 100 ranked metropolitan areas. A Dice.com report showed that the Washington– Baltimore
Baltimore
area had the second-highest number of tech jobs listed: 8,289, after the New York metro area with 9,195 jobs.

REAL ESTATE AND HOUSING MARKET

Changes in house prices for the D.C. area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index ; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor\'s and is also a component of S"> NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda . See also: List of federal installations in Maryland
Maryland
and List of federal agencies in Northern Virginia
Virginia

BIOTECHNOLOGY

The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
has a significant biotechnology industry; companies with a major presence in the region as of 2011 include Merck , Pfizer , Human Genome Sciences , Martek Biosciences , MedImmune and Qiagen .

DEFENSE CONTRACTING

Many defense contractors are based in the region to be close to the Pentagon in Arlington. Local defense contractors include Lockheed Martin , the largest, as well as Raytheon
Raytheon
, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
, BAE Systems , Northrup Grumman , Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) , Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) , CACI , and Orbital Sciences Corporation .

TOURISM

Tourism is a significant industry in the Washington metropolitan region. In 2015, more than 74,000 tourism-sector jobs existed in the District of Columbia, a record-setting 19.3 million domestic tourists visited the city, and domestic and international tourists combined spent $7.1 billion. The convention industry is also significant; in 2016, D.C. hosted fifteen "city-wide conventions" with an estimated total economic impact of $277.9 million.

Tourism is also significant outside the District of Columbia; in 2015, a record-setting $3.06 billion in tourism spending was reported in Arlington, Virginia , and $2.9 million in Fairfax County, Virginia . A 2016 National Park Service
National Park Service
report estimated that there were 56 million visitors to national parks in the National Capital Region, sustaining 16,917 and generating close to $1.6 billion in economy impact.

LARGEST COMPANIES

See also: List of companies headquartered in Northern Virginia
Virginia
1812 N Moore in Arlington, currently the tallest office building in the region and home to the U.S. operations of Nestlé .

Largest public companies ( Fortune 500 2016) COMPANY INDUSTRY HEADQUARTERS NATIONAL RANK

AES Corporation
AES Corporation
Energy Arlington, Virginia 190

Booz Allen Hamilton Defense McLean, Virginia
Virginia
487

Capital One
Capital One
Finance McLean, Virginia
Virginia
112

Computer Sciences Corporation Defense Falls Church, Virginia 233

Danaher Corporation Conglomerate Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
133

Discovery Communications Mass Media Silver Spring, Maryland
Maryland
406

Fannie Mae Finance Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
16

Freddie Mac Finance McLean, Virginia
Virginia
43

General Dynamics
General Dynamics
Defense Falls Church, Virginia 88

Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. Hospitality McLean, Virginia
Virginia
254

Host Hotels and Resorts Hospitality Bethesda, Maryland
Maryland
472

Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
Defense Bethesda, Maryland
Maryland
60

Marriott International Hospitality Bethesda, Maryland
Maryland
195

Northrop Grumman Defense Falls Church, Virginia 118

NVR, Inc. Construction
Construction
Reston, Virginia
Virginia
498

Largest private companies ( Forbes
Forbes
America's Largest Private Companies 2016) COMPANY INDUSTRY HEADQUARTERS NATIONAL RANK

BrightView Landscaping Rockville, Maryland
Maryland
220

Carahsoft Defense Reston, Virginia
Virginia
161

Clark Construction
Construction
Construction
Construction
Bethesda, Maryland
Maryland
102

Mars, Incorporated
Mars, Incorporated
Food processing McLean, Virginia
Virginia
7

HISTORY

_ NGA headquarters in Fort Belvoir .

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (January 2013)_

The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure resulted in a significant shuffling of military, civilian, and defense contractor employees in the Washington D.C. area. The largest individual site impacts of the time are as follows:

* Fort Belvoir gained 11,858 employees, primarily as a result of the relocation of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) into a massive new headquarters within the fort. * Fort Meade gained 5,361 employees, primarily as a result of the expansion of the National Security Agency . * Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
lost 5,630 employees as part of its realignment. It was later closed and consolidated into Walter Reed National Military Medical Center .

BRAC 2005 was the largest infrastructure expansion by the Army Corps of Engineers since World War II
World War II
, resulting in the Mark Center , tallest building they have ever constructed, as well as National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Campus East, which at 2.4 million square feet is the largest building the Corps have constructed since the Pentagon .

TRANSPORTATION

Main article: Transportation in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Washington Dulles International Airport The Metro Center station on the Washington Metro
Washington Metro

'WMATA'-indicated systems are run by Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority and always accept Washington Metro
Washington Metro
fare cards, others may or may not.

MAJOR AIRPORTS

* Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD), located in Dulles, Virginia
Virginia
– the busiest in the region * Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA), located in Arlington County, Virginia
Virginia
– the closest to Washington * Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI), located in Linthicum, Maryland
Maryland
– in the Baltimore metropolitan area

RAIL TRANSIT SYSTEMS

* Washington Metro
Washington Metro
– DC, MD, VA (rapid transit ) (WMATA ) * MARC Train – DC, MD, WV (commuter rail ) * Virginia
Virginia
Railway Express – DC, VA (commuter rail) * Amtrak
Amtrak
– US (commuter rail, inter-city rail )

BUS TRANSIT SYSTEMS

* DC Circulator Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(DDoT, WMATA ) * Metrobus – Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
(WMATA ) * Metroway – Arlington County, Virginia
Virginia
and Alexandria, Virginia (bus rapid transit ) (WMATA ) * Ride On – Montgomery County, Maryland * TheBus – Prince George\'s County, Maryland
Maryland
* ART – Arlington County, Virginia
Virginia
* DASH – Alexandria, Virginia * Fairfax Connector Fairfax County, Virginia * CUE Bus Fairfax, Virginia * Loudoun County Transit Loudoun County, Virginia * PRTC – Prince William County , Manassas and Manassas Park * TransIT
TransIT
Frederick County, Maryland * Regional Transportation Agency of Central Maryland
Maryland
– Howard County , Anne Arundel County , Prince George\'s County , Laurel, Maryland
Maryland
* Maryland
Maryland
Transit Administration – Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, Montgomery County, Maryland
Maryland
, Prince George\'s County , Frederick County, Maryland
Maryland
, Charles County, Maryland , Calvert County, Maryland , Howard County , Anne Arundel County , Saint Mary\'s County, Maryland
Maryland
* Eastern Panhandle Transit Authority – Jefferson County, West Virginia
Virginia
, Berkeley County, West Virginia
Virginia
* Virginia
Virginia
Regional Transit – Loudoun County, Virginia , Fauquier County, Virginia
Virginia
, Warren County, Virginia * Fredericksburg Regional Transit – Fredericksburg , Spotsylvania County and Stafford County

MAJOR ROADS

* Capital Beltway Maryland
Maryland
and Virginia

BICYCLE SHARING

* Capital Bikeshare Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, Arlington, Virginia , Alexandria, Virginia , Fairfax County, Virginia , and Montgomery County, Maryland
Maryland

CULTURE

SPORTS TEAMS

Further information: Sports in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.

Listing of the professional sports teams in the Washington metropolitan area:

* National Basketball Association (NBA)

* Washington Wizards

* Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
(MLB)

* Washington Nationals

* National Football League (NFL)

* Washington Redskins

* National Hockey League (NHL)

* Washington Capitals

* Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
(MLS)

* D.C. United

* Women\'s National Basketball Association (WNBA)

* Washington Mystics

* Atlantic League of Professional Baseball (ALPB)

* Southern Maryland
Maryland
Blue Crabs

* Arena Football League (AFL)

* Washington Valor

* National Women\'s Soccer League (NWSL)

* Washington Spirit

MEDIA

Main article: Media in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.

The Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
is home to USA Today , C-SPAN , PBS , NPR , POLITICO
POLITICO
, BET , TV One and Discovery Communications . The two main newspapers are The Washington Post and The Washington Times . Local television channels include WRC-TV 4 (NBC), WTTG 5 (FOX), WJLA 7 (ABC), WUSA 9 (CBS), WDCA 20 (MyNetworkTV), WETA-TV 26 (PBS), WDCW 50 (CW), and WPXW 66 (Ion ). NewsChannel 8 is a 24/7 local news provider available only to cable subscribers. Radio stations serving the area include: WETA-FM , WIHT , WMAL-AM , and WTOP .

AREA CODES

* 202 – Washington, D.C. * 571/703 – Northern Virginia
Virginia
including the cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, and Falls Church as well as Arlington, Fairfax, and Loudoun counties (571 created 1 March 2000; 703 in October 1947). * 240/301 – portions of Maryland
Maryland
in the Greater Washington, D.C. metro area, southern Maryland
Maryland
, and western Maryland
Maryland
* 540 – Fredericksburg/Spotsylvania/Warrenton * 304 – Jefferson County, West Virginia

SISTER CITIES

CITY COUNTRY YEAR

WASHINGTON, D.C.

Bangkok
Bangkok
Thailand
Thailand
1962, renewed 2002

Dakar
Dakar
Senegal
Senegal
1980, renewed 2006

Beijing China
China
1984, renewed 2004

Brussels
Brussels
Belgium
Belgium
1985, renewed 2012

Athens
Athens
Greece
Greece
2000

Paris France 2000, renewed 2005

Pretoria South Africa 2002, renewed 2008

Seoul
Seoul
South Korea
South Korea
2006

Accra
Accra
Ghana
Ghana
2006

Sunderland United Kingdom 2006

ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA

Gyumri
Gyumri
Armenia
Armenia

Helsingborg
Helsingborg
Sweden
Sweden

Dundee
Dundee
United Kingdom

Caen
Caen
France

ARLINGTON COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Aachen
Aachen
Germany

Reims
Reims
France

San Miguel El Salvador
El Salvador

Coyoacán Mexico
Mexico

Ivano-Frankivsk Ukraine
Ukraine

HERNDON, VIRGINIA

Runnymede United Kingdom

FAIRFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Harbin
Harbin
China
China
2009

Songpa-gu South Korea
South Korea
2009

FALLS CHURCH, VIRGINIA

Kokolopori Congo

DISTRICT HEIGHTS, MARYLAND

Mbuji-Mayi Congo

FREDERICK, MARYLAND

Aquiraz Brazil
Brazil

Moerzheim Germany

Schifferstadt Germany

LA PLATA, MARYLAND

Jogeva County Estonia
Estonia

Walldorf Germany

ROCKVILLE, MARYLAND

Pinneberg Germany

* ^ Paris is a "Partner City" due to the one Sister City policy of that commune . * ^ "Historic Alexandria City of Alexandria, VA". Oha.alexandriava.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ Exploration phase * ^ Town twin * ^ Rejected by Washington due to not being a national capital. * ^ "Sisterhood Partnerships". Fairfaxcounty.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2012.

SEE ALSO

* District of Columbia
District of Columbia
portal * Virginia
Virginia
portal * Maryland
Maryland
portal * West Virginia
Virginia
portal * United States
United States
portal

* List of people from the Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metropolitan area * List of U.S. metropolitan statistical areas in Virginia
Virginia
* Potomac primary * Northeast megalopolis

REFERENCES

* ^ "After initial obscurity, \'The DMV\' nickname for Washington area picks up speed". Washington Post. July 30, 2010. * ^ Yager, Jane (July 30, 2010). "Nation\'s Capitol Now Known as \'the DMV\'". _ Newser _. Retrieved March 11, 2016. * ^ ( Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas ) * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Washington area richest, most educated in US: report". Washingtonpost.com. June 8, 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "Four Texas Metro Areas Collectively Add More Than 400,000 People in the Last Year, Census Bureau Reports". United States
United States
Census Bureau . * ^ * ^ * ^ "National Capital Region – Office of National Capital Region Coordination". Department of Homeland Security. December 21, 2005. Archived from the original on December 12, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget . February 20, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013. * ^ "About Us". MWCOG.org. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "– Transportation – TPB". Mwcog.org. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). U.S. Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014. * ^ "Metro Magnets for Minorities and Whites: Melting Pots, the New Sunbelt, and the Heartland" (PDF). Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race Alone and Hispanic or Latino Origin for Counties: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006". Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved January 12, 2016. * ^ de Vise, Daniel (July 15, 2010). "Washington region ranks as the best-educated in the country". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "2006–2008 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
3-Year Estimates". United States
United States
Census Bureau . Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ Zumbrun, Joshua (November 24, 2008). "America\'s Best- And Worst-Educated Cities". Forbes.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "Washington, DC (Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV MSA) 2010 AFI Report" (PDF). Retrieved May 26, 2010.

* ^ "Macerich Tysons Corner Center Market Profile" (PDF). * ^ "ACS 2005–2007". United States
United States
Census Bureau . Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "Women\'S Well-Being" (PDF). Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ Downey, Kirstin (May 6, 2007). "High-Rises Approved That Would Dwarf D.C". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ "List of tallest buildings in DC, MD, VA, WV". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ "The top 100 tech centers". Bizjournals. May 11, 2009. Archived from the original on February 16, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2010. * ^ Nathan Eddy (March 13, 2012). "Tech Jobs Flourish in Silicon Valley, but Other Regions Offer Opportunities: Dice Report". Eweek.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012. * ^ Brennan, Morgan. "America\'s Most Expensive Zip Codes In 2013: The Complete List". _ Forbes
Forbes
_. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Perry Stein, Net worth of white households in D.C. region is 81 times that of black households,_Washington Post_ (November 2, 2016). * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Kilolo Kijakazi et al., The Color of Wealth in the Nation\'s Capital, Urban Institute
Urban Institute
(October 31, 2016). * ^ Renee Winsky & Mark Herzog, Maryland, Virginia
Virginia
biotech industries take center stage in D.C., _Washington Business Journal_ (June 28, 2011). * ^ Censer, Marjorie (July 30, 2010). "Defense firm Northrop Grumman\'s second-quarter profit rose nearly 81 percent". _The Washington Post _. * ^ _A_ _B_ Perry Stein, D.C. breaks tourist record in 2015 with visitors spending $7.1 billion, _Washington Post_ (May 3, 2016). * ^ Ben Nuckols, DC sets record with more than 2 million foreign tourists, Associated Press (August 24, 2016). * ^ Arlington County Sets Tourism Spending Record with $3 Billion, CBS Washington (September 19, 2016). * ^ Tourism at national parks in the Greater Washington area generates almost $1.6 billion in economic benefit (press release), National Park Service
National Park Service
(April 21, 2016). * ^ "Fortune 500". _Fortune.com_. Retrieved June 21, 2017. * ^ "America\'s Largest Private Companies". Forbes
Forbes
. Retrieved June 24, 2017. * ^ Appendix C BRAC 2005 Closure and Realignment Impacts by State * ^ Justin Matthew Ward (September 14, 2011). "BRAC 2005: on time, on budget in Northeast". _army.mil_.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for WASHINGTON, D.C. AREA _.

* OMB Bulletin No. 05-02 * Urban Areas of