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Warner Leroy Baxter (March 29, 1889 – May 7, 1951)[1][note 1] was an American film actor from the 1910s to the 1940s. Baxter became known for his role as The Cisco Kid
The Cisco Kid
in the 1928 film In Old Arizona
In Old Arizona
for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor
Academy Award for Best Actor
at the 2nd Academy Awards.[4] He frequently played womanizing, charismatic Latin bandit types in westerns, and played The Cisco Kid
The Cisco Kid
or a similar character throughout the 1930s, but had a range of other roles throughout his career. Baxter began his movie career in silent films with his most notable roles being in The Great Gatsby (1926) and The Awful Truth (1925). Baxter's most notable talkies are In Old Arizona
In Old Arizona
(1929), 42nd Street (1932), Slave Ship (1937), Kidnapped (1938), and the 1931 ensemble short film, The Stolen Jools. In the 1940s, he was well known for his recurring role as Dr. Robert Ordway in the Crime Doctor series of ten films. For his contributions to the motion picture industry, Baxter has a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame.[5]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Film career 3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Recognition 6 Filmography 7 See also 8 Note 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Baxter was born in Columbus, Ohio[2] to Edwin F. Baxter (1867–1889) and Jane Barrett (1869–1962). Baxter was 5 months old when his father died. Baxter and his mother went to live with her brother in Columbus, Ohio. They later moved to New York City, where he became active in dramatics, both participating in school productions and attending plays. In 1898, the two moved to San Francisco where he graduated from Polytechnic High School. When the 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck, Baxter and his mother lived in Golden Gate Park
Golden Gate Park
for eight days and then went to live with friends in Alameda for three months. In 1908, they returned to Columbus. After selling farm implements for a living, Baxter worked for four months as the partner of Dorothy Shoemaker in an act on the Keith Vaudeville Circuit.[3] Film career[edit]

With June Lang and Fredric March

Baxter began his film career as an extra in 1914 in a stock company. He had his first starring role in Sheltered Daughters
Sheltered Daughters
(1921), and starred in 48 features during the 1920s. His most notable silent roles were in The Great Gatsby (1926), Aloma of the South Seas (1926) as an island love interest opposite dancer Gilda Gray, and an alcoholic doctor in West of Zanzibar (1928) with Lon Chaney. Baxter's most notable starring role was as the Cisco Kid in In Old Arizona (1929), the first all-talking western, for which he won the second Academy Award for Best Actor. He also starred in 42nd Street (1933), Grand Canary (1934), Broadway Bill
Broadway Bill
(1934) and Kidnapped (1938). By 1936, Baxter was the highest paid actor in Hollywood, but by 1943 he had slipped to B movie
B movie
roles, and he starred in a series of "Crime Doctor" films for Columbia Pictures. Baxter had roles in more than 100 films between 1914 and 1950.[6] Personal life[edit] Baxter married Viola Caldwell in 1911, but they were soon separated and then divorced in 1913. He married actress Winifred Bryson
Winifred Bryson
in 1918, remaining married until his death in 1951.[7] He was a close friend of William Powell
William Powell
with whom he had starred in three films, and was at Powell's side when Jean Harlow
Jean Harlow
died in 1937.[6] When not acting, Baxter was an inventor who co-created a searchlight for revolvers in 1935 which allowed a shooter to more clearly see a target at night. He also developed a radio device that would allow emergency crews to change traffic signals from two blocks away, providing them with safe passage through intersections. He financed the device's installation at a Beverly Hills intersection in 1940.[6] Death[edit] Baxter suffered from arthritis for several years, and in 1951 he underwent a lobotomy to ease the pain.[8] On May 7, 1951, he died of pneumonia at age 62[2] and was interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. He was survived by his second wife and his mother. Recognition[edit] In 1960, Baxter posthumously received a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
at 6284 Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard.[5] Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes

1914 Her Own Money Lew Alden uncredited

1918 All Woman

uncredited

1919 Lombardi, Ltd.

uncredited

1921 First Love Donald Halliday Incomplete; Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
(New York)

Cheated Hearts Tom Gordon

The Love Charm Thomas Morgan

Sheltered Daughters Pep Mullins

1922 If I Were Queen Vladimir

A Girl's Desire Jones/Lord Dysart

The Ninety and Nine Tom Silverton/Phil Bradbury

The Girl in His Room Kirk Waring

Her Own Money Lew Alden

1923 St. Elmo Murray Hammond Lost

Blow Your Own Horn Jack Dunbar

In Search of a Thrill Adrian Torrens

Those Who Dance Bob Kane Extant; Library of Congress (per Tave/ IMDb
IMDb
review)

1924 Christine of the Hungry Heart Stuart Knight Extant; Library of Congress (per Tave/ IMDb
IMDb
review)

The Female Col. Valentia

His Forgotten Wife Donald Allen/John Rolfe Extant; Library of Congress

Alimony Jimmy Mason

The Garden of Weeds Douglas Crawford

1925 The Best People Henry Morgan Lost

A Son of His Father Big Boy Morgan

Rugged Water Calvin Horner Lost

Welcome Home Fred Prouty Extant

The Awful Truth Norman Satterlee print preserved at UCLA Film and Television (per IMDb)

The Air Mail Russ Kane Incomplete

The Golden Bed Bunny O'Neill Extant

Mismates Ted Carroll Lost

1926 Aloma of the South Seas Nuitane Lost

The Runaway Wade Murrell Lost

Mannequin John Herrick Extant

The Great Gatsby Jay Gatsby Lost

Miss Brewster's Millions Thomas B. Hancock Jr Lost

1927 The Coward Clinton Philbrook

Singed Royce Wingate

Drums of the Desert John Curry Lost

The Telephone Girl Matthew Standish

Craig's Wife Walter Craig Lost

1928 Danger Street Rolly Sigsby

Ramona Alessandro Extant

Three Sinners James Harris Lost

The Tragedy of Youth Frank Gordon Lost

West of Zanzibar Doc directed by Tod Browning; Extant

A Woman's Way Tony Lost

In Old Arizona The Cisco Kid Academy Award for Best Actor
Academy Award for Best Actor
- Extant

1929 Romance of the Rio Grande Pablo Wharton Cameron

Behind That Curtain Col. John Beetham Extant

The Far Call ? Lost

Thru Different Eyes Jack Winfield Extant (special silent version only, incomplete)

Linda Dr. Paul Randall Extant

1930 Renegades Deucalion Extant

Such Men Are Dangerous Ludwig Kranz Extant; Library of Congress

The Arizona Kid The Cisco Kid Extant; Library of Congress

The Squaw Man James 'Jim' Wingate, aka Jim Carston Extant

1931 Their Mad Moment Esteban Cristera

Doctors' Wives Dr. Judson Penning

The Stolen Jools The Cisco Kid

Daddy Long Legs Jervis Pendleton

The Cisco Kid The Cisco Kid

Surrender Sgt. Dumaine

1932 Six Hours to Live Capt. Paul Onslow

Man About Town Stephen Morrow

Amateur Daddy Jim Gladden

1933 Dangerously Yours Andrew Burke

42nd Street Julian Marsh

I Loved You Wednesday Philip Fletcher

Paddy the Next Best Thing Lawrence Blake

Penthouse Jackson 'Jack' Durant

1934 Hell in the Heavens Lt. Steve Warner

As Husbands Go Charles Lingard

Grand Canary Dr. Harvey Leith

Stand Up and Cheer! Lawrence Cromwell

Such Women Are Dangerous Michael Shawn

Broadway Bill Dan Brooks

1935 Under the Pampas Moon Cesar Campo

One More Spring Jaret Otkar

La Fiesta de Santa Barbara Himself Short film

1936 White Hunter Capt. Clark Rutledge

To Mary - with Love Jack Wallace

The Road to Glory Captain Paul La Roche

The Prisoner of Shark Island Dr. Samuel Mudd

King of Burlesque Kerry Bolton

The Robin Hood of El Dorado Joaquin Murrieta

1937 Wife, Doctor and Nurse Dr. Judd Lewis

Vogues of 1938 George Curson

Slave Ship Jim Lovett

1938 I'll Give a Million Tony Newlander

Kidnapped Alan Breck

1939 Barricade Hank Topping

Wife, Husband and Friend Leonard Borland aka Logan Bennett

The Return of the Cisco Kid The Cisco Kid

1940 Earthbound Nick Desborough

1941 Adam Had Four Sons Adam Stoddard

1943 Crime Doctor Dr. Robert Ordway/Phil Morgan first of 10 films in the Crime Doctor B-film series

Crime Doctor's Strangest Case Dr. Robert Ordway

1944 Shadows in the Night Dr. Robert Ordway

Lady in the Dark Kendall Nesbitt

1945 Crime Doctor's Warning Dr. Robert Ordway

The Crime Doctor's Courage Dr. Robert Ordway

1946 Crime Doctor's Man Hunt Dr. Robert Ordway

Just Before Dawn Dr. Robert Ordway

1947 Crime Doctor's Gamble Dr. Robert Ordway

The Millerson Case Dr. Robert Ordway

1948 The Gentleman from Nowhere Earl Donovan/Robert Ashton

1949 The Crime Doctor's Diary Dr. Robert Ordway last of the Crime Doctor series

The Devil's Henchman Jess Arno

Prison Warden Warden Victor Burnell

1950 State Penitentiary Roger Manners

1952 O. Henry's Full House

clip of Baxter from The Cisco Kid

See also[edit]

List of actors with Academy Award nominations

Note[edit]

^ the book Celebrities in Los Angeles Cemeteries: A Directory gives his date of birth as March 29, 1891,[2] while American Classic Screen Profiles gives the date as March 29, 1892[3]

References[edit]

^ "Los Angeles Times Hollywood
Hollywood
Star Walk - Warner Baxter". latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. May 8, 1951. Retrieved May 4, 2017.  ^ a b c Ellenberger, Allan R. (2001). Celebrities in Los Angeles Cemeteries: A Directory. McFarland. p. 35. ISBN 9780786450190. Retrieved 11 February 2017.  ^ a b Tibbetts, John C.; Welsh, James M. (2010). American Classic Screen Profiles. Scarecrow Press. pp. 26–29. ISBN 9780810876774. Retrieved 11 February 2017.  ^ "The Official Academy Awards Database". oscars.org. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved May 4, 2017.  ^ a b " Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
- Warner Baxter". Hollywood
Hollywood
Chamber of Commerce. 8 February 1960. Archived from the original on 2016-04-03. Retrieved 2016-10-06.  ^ a b c Cliff Aliperti (29 March 2010). "Warner Baxter-A Brief Biography". Things and Other Stuff. Retrieved 2011-11-16.  ^ "Warner Baxter, 62, Star Of Motion Pictures, Dies". The Morning Herald. Maryland, Hagerstown. Associated Press. May 8, 1951. p. 1. Retrieved February 11, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Warner Baxter, 59, Film Star, Is Dead: Winner of 'Oscar' in 1929– Best Known for Cisco Kid and 'Crime Doctor' Portrayals". The New York Times. psychosurgery.org. 8 May 1951. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Warner Baxter.

Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
on IMDb Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
at AllMovie Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
at Find a Grave Photographs of Warner Baxter Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
and his mother Jane tour the Fox lot in Hollywood: #1...#2

v t e

Academy Award for Best Actor

1928–1950

Emil Jannings
Emil Jannings
(1928) Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
(1929) George Arliss
George Arliss
(1930) Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
(1931) Fredric March
Fredric March
/ Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
(1932) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1933) Clark Gable
Clark Gable
(1934) Victor McLaglen
Victor McLaglen
(1935) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1936) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1937) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1938) Robert Donat
Robert Donat
(1939) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1940) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1941) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1946) Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1950)

1951–1975

Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
(1951) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1952) William Holden
William Holden
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1962) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1969) George C. Scott1 (1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Marlon Brando1 (1972) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1973) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975)

1976–2000

Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1976) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1983) F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1992) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2001) Adrien Brody
Adrien Brody
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

1 refused award that year

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61810113 LCCN: n86138540 ISNI: 0000 0000 8141 4475 GND: 142223050 SUDOC: 073398047 BNF: cb146596358 (data) BNE: XX1554085 SN

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