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War in Afghanistan, Afghan war, or Afghan civil war may refer to: * Conquest of Afghanistan by Alexander the Great (330 BC – 327 BC) * Muslim conquests of Afghanistan (637–709) *Conquest of Afghanistan by the
Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire of the 13th and 14th centuries was the List of largest empires, largest contiguous land empire in history and the second largest empire by landmass, second only to the British Empire. Originating in Mongolia in East Asia, the ...
(13th century), see Mongol conquest of Central Asia * Mughal conquests in Afghanistan * Anglo−Afghan Wars (first involvement of the British Empire in Afghanistan via
India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, second-most populous country, the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest ...
) ** First Anglo−Afghan War (1839–1842) ** Second Anglo−Afghan War (1878–1880) ** Third Anglo−Afghan War (1919) * Panjdeh incident (1885), first major incursion into Afghanistan by the
Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia Eurasia () is the largest continental area on Earth, comprising all of Europe and Asia. Primarily in the Northern Hemisphere, Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, it ...
during the Great Game with Britain * Afghan Civil War (1928–1929), revolts by the Shinwari and the Saqqawists, the latter of whom managed to take over the
capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of the government. A capital ...

capital city
for a 9-month period. Modern-era conflicts: * 1973 Afghan coup d'état,King Mohammed Zahir Shah overthrown, monarchy abolished. *Afghanistan conflict (1978–present) **Saur Revolution (1978), Communism, communist insurrection against the Republic of Afghanistan government **Soviet–Afghan War (1979–1989), war between the Mujahideen#Afghanistan, Afghan mujahideen and Soviet Union following Soviet Armed Forces, Soviet military intervention in support of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government **Afghan Civil War (1989–1992), First Afghan Civil War (1989–1992), collapse of the communist Afghan government of Mohammad Najibullah **Afghan Civil War (1992–1996), Second Afghan Civil War (1992–1996), expansion of the Taliban across most of Afghanistan and establishment of the Taliban-ruled Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in 1996 **Afghan Civil War (1996–2001), Third Afghan Civil War (1996–2001), lead-up to the United States invasion of Afghanistan, 2001 United States-led invasion of Afghanistan, during which the Taliban controlled most of Afghanistan, with the Northern Alliance controlling northern Afghanistan **War in Afghanistan (2001–2021), War in Afghanistan (2001–2021), multiple stages: ***United States invasion of Afghanistan against the Taliban and al-Qaeda ***Combatting the Taliban insurgency with ''International Security Assistance Force'' (a coalition of countries including all NATO members) ***Resolute Support Mission post-2014 phase consisting of anti-insurgency operations against the Taliban, al-Qaeda, and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL ***2021 Taliban offensive, Taliban victory and fall of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Military history of Afghanistan Former disambiguation pages converted to set index articles *** **Panjshir conflict, a conflict between ruling Taliban militias and rebels in Panjshir Valley. {{SIA