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Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
([wǎŋ ɕí.ʈʂɨ́]; Chinese: 王羲之; 303–361) was a Chinese writer and official who lived during the Jin Dynasty (265–420), best known for his mastery of Chinese calligraphy. Wang is generally regarded as the greatest Chinese calligrapher in history, and was a master of all forms of Chinese calligraphy, especially the running script. Furthermore, he is known as one of the Four Talented Calligraphers (四賢) in Chinese calligraphy.[1] Emperor Taizong of Tang
Emperor Taizong of Tang
admired his works so much that the original Preface to the Poems Composed at the Orchid Pavilion (or Lanting Xu) was said to be buried with the emperor in his mausoleum. In addition to the esteem in which he is held in China, he has been and remains influential in Japanese calligraphy.

Contents

1 Biography 2 References

2.1 Footnotes 2.2 Works cited

3 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Linyi, Shandong, Wang spent most of his life in present-day Shaoxing, Zhejiang and Wenzhou. He learned the art of calligraphy from Lady Wei Shuo. He excelled in every script but particularly in semi-cursive script. His representative works include, in chronological order, Narration on Yue Yi (《樂毅論》), The Yellow Court Classic (《黃庭經》), Commentaries on the Portrait of Dongfang Shuo (《東方朔畫讚》), Admonitions to the Emperor from the Imperial Mentor (《太師箴》), Preface to the Collection of Poems Composed at the Orchid Pavilion(《蘭亭集序》, also commonly known as Lanting Xu
Lanting Xu
), and The Statement of Pledge 《告誓文》.[2] Unfortunately, none of his original works remains today.

Painting of Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
by Qian Xuan
Qian Xuan
(1235-1305 AD).

His most noted and famous work is the Preface to the Poems Composed at the Orchid Pavilion, the introduction to a collection of poems written by a number of poets during a gathering at Lanting near the town of Shaoxing
Shaoxing
for the Spring Purification Festival. The original is lost, but the work survives in a number of finely traced copies, with the earliest and most well regarded copy being the one made between c. 627-650 by Feng Chengsu, and it is located in the Palace Museum
Palace Museum
in Beijing. Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
is particularly remembered for one of his hobbies, that of rearing geese. Legend has it that he learned that the key to how to turn his wrist whilst writing was to observe how geese moved their necks. There is a small porcelain cup depicting Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
"walking geese" in the China Gallery of the Asian Civilisations Museum
Asian Civilisations Museum
in Singapore. The other side of the cup depicts a scholar "taking a zither to a friend". Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
had seven children, all of whom were notable calligraphers. The most distinguished was his youngest son, Wang Xianzhi. In 2010, a small Tang reproduction of one of Wang's calligraphy scrolls on silk with four lines was sold in China at an auction for ¥308 million RMB ($48 million).[3] References[edit] Footnotes[edit]

^ "A Narrative on Calligraphy". Vincent's Calligraphy. Retrieved 2017-11-15.  ^ "A Narrative on Calligraphy Part VII". Vincent's Calligraphy. Retrieved 2018-01-03.  ^ "Rare Chinese calligraphy
Chinese calligraphy
scroll fetches $46m at auction". BBC NEWS ASIA-PACIFIC. 22 November 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 

Works cited[edit]

Knechtges, David R. (2014). " Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
王羲之". In Knechtges, David R.; Chang, Taiping. Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature: A Reference Guide, Part Two. Leiden: Brill. pp. 1257–62. ISBN 978-90-04-19240-9.  Li, Siyong, "Wang Xizhi". Encyclopedia of China (Chinese Literature Edition), 1st ed. Khoo Seow Hwa and Penrose, Nancy L, Behind the Brushstrokes: Tales from Chinese Calligraphy. Singapore: Graham Brash, 1993.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: 王羲之 (category)

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Author:Wang Xizhi

Animation of Wang's Calligraphy AniGraphy by Marion Tzui Yan. broken link Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
and his Calligraphy Gallery at China Online Museum Wang XiZhi's calligraphy Selections of Wang Xi Zhi by Professor Lu-sheng Chong Works by or about Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
at Internet Archive Works by Wang Xizhi
Wang Xizhi
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks) The Orchid Pavilion by Wang Xizhi.

The Calligraphy Model "Sunny after Snow" by Wang Xizhi

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 108705028 LCCN: n81054128 ISNI: 0000 0001 1697 748X GND: 135789273 SELIBR: 300301 SUDOC: 119291479 ULAN: 500336131 NLA: 3660

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