Wang Xizhi ([wǎŋ ɕí.ʈʂɨ́]; Chinese: 王羲之;
303–361) was a Chinese writer and official who lived during the Jin
Dynasty (265–420), best known for his mastery of Chinese
calligraphy. Wang is generally regarded as the greatest Chinese
calligrapher in history, and was a master of all forms of Chinese
calligraphy, especially the running script. Furthermore, he is known
as one of the Four Talented Calligraphers (四賢) in Chinese
Emperor Taizong of Tang
Emperor Taizong of Tang admired his works so much that
the original Preface to the Poems Composed at the Orchid Pavilion (or
Lanting Xu) was said to be buried with the emperor in his mausoleum.
In addition to the esteem in which he is held in China, he has been
and remains influential in Japanese calligraphy.
2.2 Works cited
3 External links
Born in Linyi, Shandong, Wang spent most of his life in present-day
Shaoxing, Zhejiang and Wenzhou. He learned the art of calligraphy from
Lady Wei Shuo. He excelled in every script but particularly in
semi-cursive script. His representative works include, in
chronological order, Narration on Yue Yi (《樂毅論》), The Yellow
Court Classic (《黃庭經》), Commentaries on the Portrait of
Dongfang Shuo (《東方朔畫讚》), Admonitions to the Emperor from
the Imperial Mentor (《太師箴》), Preface to the Collection of
Poems Composed at the Orchid Pavilion(《蘭亭集序》, also
commonly known as
Lanting Xu ), and The Statement of Pledge
《告誓文》. Unfortunately, none of his original works remains
Wang Xizhi by
Qian Xuan (1235-1305 AD).
His most noted and famous work is the Preface to the Poems Composed at
the Orchid Pavilion, the introduction to a collection of poems written
by a number of poets during a gathering at Lanting near the town of
Shaoxing for the Spring Purification Festival. The original is lost,
but the work survives in a number of finely traced copies, with the
earliest and most well regarded copy being the one made between c.
627-650 by Feng Chengsu, and it is located in the
Palace Museum in
Wang Xizhi is particularly remembered for one of his hobbies, that of
rearing geese. Legend has it that he learned that the key to how to
turn his wrist whilst writing was to observe how geese moved their
necks. There is a small porcelain cup depicting
Wang Xizhi "walking
geese" in the China Gallery of the
Asian Civilisations Museum
Asian Civilisations Museum in
Singapore. The other side of the cup depicts a scholar "taking a
zither to a friend".
Wang Xizhi had seven children, all of whom were notable calligraphers.
The most distinguished was his youngest son, Wang Xianzhi.
In 2010, a small Tang reproduction of one of Wang's calligraphy
scrolls on silk with four lines was sold in China at an auction for
¥308 million RMB ($48 million).
^ "A Narrative on Calligraphy". Vincent's Calligraphy. Retrieved
^ "A Narrative on Calligraphy Part VII". Vincent's Calligraphy.
Chinese calligraphy scroll fetches $46m at auction". BBC NEWS
ASIA-PACIFIC. 22 November 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
Knechtges, David R. (2014). "
Wang Xizhi 王羲之". In Knechtges,
David R.; Chang, Taiping. Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese
Literature: A Reference Guide, Part Two. Leiden: Brill.
pp. 1257–62. ISBN 978-90-04-19240-9.
Li, Siyong, "Wang Xizhi".
Encyclopedia of China (Chinese Literature
Edition), 1st ed.
Khoo Seow Hwa and Penrose, Nancy L, Behind the Brushstrokes: Tales
from Chinese Calligraphy. Singapore: Graham Brash, 1993.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Animation of Wang's Calligraphy AniGraphy by Marion Tzui Yan. broken
Wang Xizhi and his Calligraphy Gallery at China Online Museum
Wang XiZhi's calligraphy
Selections of Wang Xi Zhi by Professor Lu-sheng Chong
Works by or about
Wang Xizhi at Internet Archive
Wang Xizhi at
LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
The Orchid Pavilion by Wang Xizhi.
The Calligraphy Model "Sunny after Snow" by Wang Xizhi
ISNI: 0000 0001 1697 748X