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Datuk Seri Wan Azizah binti Wan Ismail (born 3 December 1952) is a Malaysian politician. She is currently serving as the Leader of the Opposition in Dewan Rakyat
Dewan Rakyat
after elected as the Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
from 2015. She is the first woman to hold the position and she is also the president of People's Justice Party (Parti KeADILan Rakyat) and elected Selangor state legislative assembly member for Kajang. Wan Azizah was previously also elected as the Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
from 1999 to 2008 and was the Leader of Opposition in Dewan Rakyat
Dewan Rakyat
from March 2008 until 31 July 2008, before she vacated both the positions to expedite her husband Anwar Ibrahim's return to political office.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career

2.1 Party founder 2.2 Member of Parliament 2.3 March 2008 general elections 2.4 Honorary title 2.5 2014 Kajang
Kajang
by-election 2.6 2015 Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
by-election 2.7 2018 General election

3 Election results 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Early life[edit] Born in 1952 in Singapore,[1] Wan Azizah received her early education in St. Nicholas Convent School, Alor Setar. She continued her education at Tunku Kurshiah College[2] in Seremban
Seremban
before she went on to study medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
where she was awarded a gold medal in obstetrics and gynaecology[citation needed] and she later graduated as a qualified ophthalmologist. Wan Azizah served as a government doctor for 14 years before deciding to focus on volunteering work, when her husband, Anwar Ibrahim
Anwar Ibrahim
was appointed the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Malaysia
in 1993. As part of her voluntary pursuits, she became a patron of MAKNA
MAKNA
(Majlis Kanser Nasional or National Cancer Council) in that period [3][4] and became the second woman to lead a political party in Malaysia's history (Ganga Nayar founded and became the first president of the Malaysian Workers' Party in 1978 [5]). Wan Azizah has said that she has a Peranakan
Peranakan
(Straits Chinese) grandfather but identifies as a Malay Muslim.[6][by whom?] Political career[edit] Party founder[edit] Following the dismissal and arrest of her husband on 20 September 1998, Wan Azizah became leader of the fledgling Reformasi movement. She first led the Social Justice Movement (ADIL), a civil rights NGO, before helping to establish the Parti Keadilan Nasional
Parti Keadilan Nasional
on 4 April 1999. The establishment of the party saw Wan Azizah elected as the first party president.[7] On 3 August 2003, Wan Azizah brought the party into a merger with the older Malaysian People's Party
Malaysian People's Party
(or Parti Rakyat Malaysia) which saw the establishment of the People's Justice Party and was elected as the president of the newly merged party.[citation needed] Member of Parliament[edit] In the first elections competed by the party in 1999, Wan Azizah led the party to win five seats in the Parliament and was herself elected as the Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh; the seat formerly held by Anwar Ibrahim; with a majority of 9,077 votes. She successfully retained the seat in the 2004 elections, after five recounts, with a reduced majority.[8] As a political party leader and also a parliamentary representative, Wan Azizah has spoken at UN-sponsored programs, and the local and international media. She is also the Vice-Chair of the Malaysian Parliamentary Caucus for Democracy in Myanmar and a member of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus.[9] March 2008 general elections[edit] Wan Azizah won her parliamentary seat of Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
in the 12th Malaysian general election with a majority of 13,388.[10] She was supported by all the component parties of Pakatan Rakyat
Pakatan Rakyat
to lead the opposition in the lower house of parliament, House of Representatives. With the public announcement by Anwar Ibrahim
Anwar Ibrahim
regarding his intention to return to active politics despite being legally barred from doing so,[11] Wan Azizah indicated her readiness to vacate the position of party president if he was elected.[12] Nonetheless, she has also indicated that she intends to defend her parliamentary seat for Permatang Pauh.[13] She resigned her parliamentary seat for Permatang Pauh on 31 July 2008, to make way for her husband, who won the subsequent by-election on 26 August 2008 with a large majority.[citation needed] Honorary title[edit] Wan Azizah was honoured on the occasion of the official birthday of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (State Governor) of Penang
Penang
on 12 July 2008 when she was awarded the Darjah Panglima Pangkuan Negeri (Order of the Defender of the State), a chivalric order of the second rank in the state. The award carries the title Datuk Seri.[14][15] 2014 Kajang
Kajang
by-election[edit] Main article: Kajang
Kajang
Move On 9 March 2014, PKR announced Wan Azizah as its new candidate for the Kajang
Kajang
by-election.[16] This was following Anwar Ibrahim's sentencing to five years in prison after Malaysia's court of appeal overturned his sodomy acquittal, causing Anwar to be unable to run in the by-election.[17] On 23 March 2014, Wan Azizah was elected as the Selangor state legislative assembly member for Kajang.[18] 2015 Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
by-election[edit] Main article: Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
by-election, 2015 A by-election was held for the Dewan Rakyat
Dewan Rakyat
seat of Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
on 7 May 2015,[19] after Wan Azizah's husband Anwar Ibrahim
Anwar Ibrahim
was disqualified from holding the seat after being found guilty of sodomy in a controversial trial.[20] Wan Azizah contested the seat against three other candidates,[21] retaining it for PR with a majority of 8,841 votes.[22] 2018 General election[edit] Main article: Malaysian general election, 2018 On 7 January 2018, the opposition alliance Pakatan Harapan
Pakatan Harapan
announced Mahathir Mohamad
Mahathir Mohamad
as their candidate for Prime Minister in the 2018 election, with Wan Azizah as Deputy.[23] It was announced as part of a deal for Mahathir to serve as interim if elected, seeking a pardon for Anwar and making way for him to take over.[24] Others have speculated, however, that it would be Wan Azizah who would make way for her husband.[25] Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia

Year Constituency

Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout

1999 Permatang Pauh

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(KeADILan) 23,820 61.77%

Ibrahim Saad (UMNO) 14,743 38.23% 39,210 9,077 78.95%

2004

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(PKR) 21,737 50.47%

Pirdaus Ismail (UMNO) 21,147 49.1% 43,734 590 80.93%

2008

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(PKR) 30,338 64.1%

Pirdaus Ismail (UMNO) 16,950 35.81% 47,442 13,388 81.17%

2015

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(PKR) 30,316 57.09%

Suhaimi Sabudin (UMNO) 21,475 40.44% 53,102 8,841 74.53%

Selangor State Legislative Assembly

Year Constituency

Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout

2014 Kajang

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(PKR) 16,741 59.6%

Chew Mei Fun (MCA) 11,362 40.4% 28,314 5,379 72%

See also[edit]

Pakatan Rakyat Reformasi (Malaysia)

References[edit]

^ Habibu, Sira; Rahim, Rahimy (3 September 2014). "Party lists PKR president and deputy for Selangor MB post". The Star. Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Retrieved 3 September 2014.  ^ P Ramakrishnan (8 May 1999). "In Desperate Straits". Aliran.com.  ^ Parti Keadilan Rakyat: Datin Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail ^ Asiaweek : A Woman of Grace ^ Bernama Library & Infolink Service: Ganga Nayar Profile ^ Healy, Tim; Oorjitham, Santha (30 November 2000). "Readying for Elections?". Asiaweek. Retrieved 26 September 2007.  ^ Parti Keadilan Rakyat: Background & History Archived 24 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Malaysian General Election
Malaysian General Election
2004 : Results for Permatang Pauh ^ ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus ^ Malaysian General Election
Malaysian General Election
2008 : Results for Permatang Pauh Archived 19 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Radio Australia: MALAYSIA: Anwar Ibrahim
Anwar Ibrahim
to make political comeback ^ Daily Express: Wan Azizah agrees to make way for Anwar ^ Malaysiakini : She's ready to make way for hubby ^ "CJ and Dr Wan Azizah top Penang
Penang
awards list". The Star. Star Publications (M) Bhd. 10 July 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2008.  ^ "Darjah Panglima Pangkuan Negeri". Penang
Penang
State Government Portal. Government of the State of Penang, Malaysia. Retrieved 12 July 2008.  ^ Wan Azizah to replace Anwar in Kajang ^ " Anwar Ibrahim
Anwar Ibrahim
sentenced to five years' prison after Malaysia's court of appeal overturns sodomy acquittal". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 8 March 2014.  ^ Eileen Ng (23 March 2014). "Barisan claims to regain Chinese support despite losing Kajang
Kajang
by-election". The Malaysian Insider.  ^ "Four cornered fight in Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
by-election". The Star (Malaysia). 25 April 2015.  ^ "Anwar no longer Permatang Pauh
Permatang Pauh
MP". The Malaysian Insider. 1 April 2015.  ^ http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/election-commission-expects-permatang-pauh-by-election-results-by-9pm-polli ^ "Official: PKR retains Pmtg Pauh, smaller majority". Malaysiakini. 7 May 2015.  ^ "Mahathir Mohamad: Ex- Malaysia
Malaysia
PM, 92, to run for office". BBC. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2018.  ^ Kee Beng, Ooi (8 January 2018). "Commentary: Why the opposition has a shot at toppling the Barisan Nasional with Mahathir at the helm". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 12 January 2018.  ^ Kamarudin, Raja Petra (9 January 2018). "RPK asks: Is Dr Mahathir the interim PM or is Wan Azizah the interim DPM?". New Straits Times. Retrieved 12 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Asia Week: A Woman of Grace Result of Malaysian General Election
Malaysian General Election
2008 for Permatang Pauh

Party political offices

Preceded by Position established President of the People's Justice Party 1999–present Incumbent

Leader of the People's Pact 2008 Succeeded by Anwar Ibrahim

Parliament of Malaysia

Preceded by Anwar Ibrahim Member of the Dewan Rakyat for Permatang Pauh 1999–2008 Succeeded by Anwar Ibrahim

Member of the Dewan Rakyat for Permatang Pauh 2015–present Incumbent

Political offices

Preceded by Lim Kit Siang Leader of the Opposition 2008 Succeeded by Anwar Ibrahim

Preceded by Anwar Ibrahim Leader of the Opposition 2015–present Incumbent

v t e

Leaders of the Opposition of Malaysia

Burhanuddin al-Helmy Tan Chee Khoon Asri Muda Lim Kit Siang James Wong Edmund Langgu Saga Fadzil Noor Abdul Hadi Awang Wan Azizah Wan Ismail Anwar Ibrahim

v t e

Current Members of the Malaysian House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) from Penang

Kepala Batas: Reezal Merican Naina Merican Tasek Gelugor: Shabudin Yahaya Bagan: Lim Guan Eng Permatang Pauh: Wan Azizah Wan Ismail Bukit Mertajam: Steven Sim Chee Keong Batu Kawan: Kasthuriraani Patto Nibong Tebal: Mansor Othman Bukit Bendera: Zairil Khir Johari Tanjong: Ng Wei Aik Jelutong: Jeff Ooi Chuan Aun Bukit Gelugor: Ramkarpal Singh Bayan Baru: Sim Tze Tzin Balik Pulau: Hilmi Yahaya

Johor Kedah Kelantan Malacca Negeri Sembilan Pahang Penang Perak Perlis Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu Kuala Lumpur Putrajaya Labuan

v t e

Pakatan Harapan

Leader

Anwar Ibrahim

Chairman

Mahathir Mohamad

President

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail

Deputy Presidents

Muhyiddin Yassin Lim Guan Eng Mohamad Sabu

Vice-Presidents

Mohamed Azmin Ali Mukhriz Mahathir Chong Chieng Jen Salahuddin Ayub M. Kulasegaran Christina Liew

Chief Secretary

Saifuddin Abdullah

Treasurer

Husam Musa

Parties

People's Justice Party (PKR)

Nurul Izzah Anwar Tian Chua Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin Rafizi Ramli Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad Zuraida Kamaruddin Saifuddin Nasution Ismail Sim Tze Tzin

Democratic Action Party (DAP)

Tan Kok Wai Lim Kit Siang Chow Kon Yeow Ariffin Omar Teresa Kok Chong Eng Ngeh Koo Ham Ramasamy Palanisamy Fong Kui Lun

National Trust Party (PAN)

Mujahid Yusof Rawa Siti Mariah Mahmud Khalid Samad Dzulkefly Ahmad Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin Mohd Hatta Ramli Wan Abdul Rahim

Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM)

Abdul Rashid Abdul Rahman Abdul Rashid Asari Shahruddin Md Salleh Syed Saddiq Abdul Rahman

State Chairman

Johor: Muhyiddin Yassin (PPBM) Kedah: Mukhriz Mahathir
Mukhriz Mahathir
(PPBM) Kelantan: Husam Musa
Husam Musa
(PAN) Malacca: Adli Zahari (PAN) Negeri Sembilan: Aminuddin Harun (PKR) Pahang: Fauzi Abdul Rahman (PKR) Perak: Ahmad Faizal Azumu (PPBM) Perlis: Ameir Hassan (PPBM) Penang: Lim Guan Eng
Lim Guan Eng
(DAP) Sabah: Christina Liew (PKR) Sarawak: Chong Chieng Jen
Chong Chieng Jen
(DAP) Selangor: Mohamed Azmin Ali
Mohamed Azmin Ali
(PKR) Terengganu: Raja Kamarul Bahrin (PAN) Federal Territory: Tan Kok Wai (DAP)

State Governments

Chief Minister Penang

Lim Guan Eng

Menteri Besar Selangor

Mohamed Azmin Ali

Others Related

Barisan Alternatif Pakatan Rakyat List of political parties in Malaysia Malaysian General Election Politics of Malaysia

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 80322721 LCCN: n98930

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