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Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
(/ˈbædʒət/ BAJ-ət; 3 February 1826 – 24 March 1877) was a British journalist, businessman, and essayist, who wrote extensively about government, economics, and literature.

Contents

1 Life 2 Journalism 3 Works 4 Legacy 5 Major publications 6 References

6.1 Bibliography

7 Further reading 8 External links

Life[edit] Bagehot was born in Langport, Somerset, England, on 3 February 1826. His father, Thomas Watson Bagehot, was managing director and vice-chairman of Stuckey's Bank. He attended University College London (UCL), where he studied mathematics, and in 1848 earned a master's degree in moral philosophy.[1] Bagehot was called to the bar by Lincoln's Inn, but preferred to join his father in 1852 in his family's shipping and banking business. In 1858, Bagehot married Elizabeth (Eliza) Wilson (1832–1921), whose father, James Wilson, was the founder and owner of The Economist; the couple were happily married until Bagehot's untimely death at age 51, but had no children.[2] A collection of their love-letters was published in 1933.[3] Journalism[edit] In 1855, Bagehot founded the National Review with his friend Richard Holt Hutton.[4][5] In 1860, he became editor-in-chief of The Economist. In the 17 years he served as its editor, Bagehot expanded The Economist's reporting on politics and increased its influence among policymakers. Works[edit]

Title page of the first edition of Bagehot's The English Constitution, 1867.[6]

In 1867, Bagehot wrote The English Constitution,[6] a book that explores the nature of the constitution of the United Kingdom, specifically its Parliament and monarchy. It appeared at the same time that Parliament enacted the Reform Act of 1867, requiring Bagehot to write an extended introduction to the second edition which appeared in 1872. Bagehot also wrote Physics and Politics (1872), in which he examines how civilisations sustain themselves, arguing that in their earliest phase civilisations are very much in opposition to the values of modern liberalism, insofar as they are sustained by conformism and military success, but once they are secured it is possible for them to mature into systems which allow for greater diversity and freedom. In Lombard Street: A Description of the Money Market (1873) Bagehot seeks to explain the world of finance and banking.[7] His observations on finance are often cited by central bankers, most recently in the wake of the global financial crisis which began in 2007. Of particular importance is "Bagehot's Dictum" that in times of financial crisis central banks should lend freely to solvent depository institutions, yet only against sound collateral and at interest rates high enough to dissuade those borrowers that are not genuinely in need.[8] Legacy[edit]

Lombard Street, 1873.

Bagehot never fully recovered from a bout of pneumonia he suffered in 1867, and he died in 1877 from complications of what was said to be a cold.[9] Collections of Bagehot's literary, political, and economic essays were published after his death. Their subjects ranged from Shakespeare and Disraeli to the price of silver. In honour of his contributions, The Economist's weekly commentary on current affairs in the UK is entitled "Bagehot". Every year, the British Political Studies Association awards the Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
Prize for the best dissertation in the field of government and public administration. Major publications[edit]

Bagehot, Walter (1848). "Principles of Political Economy," The Prospective Review, Vol. 4, No. 16, pp. 460–502. Bagehot, Walter (1858). Estimates of Some Englishmen and Scotchmen. Bagehot, Walter (1867). The English Constitution. Bagehot, Walter (1872). Physics and Politics. Bagehot, Walter (1873). Lombard Street: A Description of the Money Market. Bagehot, Walter (1875). "A New Standard of Value," The Economist, Vol. 33, No. 1682, pp. 1361–63. Bagehot, Walter (1877). Some Articles on the Depreciation of Silver and on Topics Connected with It. Bagehot, Walter (1879). Literary Studies. Bagehot, Walter (1880). Economic Studies. Bagehot, Walter (1881). Biographical Studies. Bagehot, Walter (1885). The Postulates of English Political Economy. Bagehot, Walter (1889). The Works of Walter Bagehot.

References[edit]

^ Hutton, Richard Holt (1915). "Memoirs." In: The Works and Life of Walter Bagehot, Vol. 1. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., pp. 1–54. ^ Roberts, David H. "Walter Bagehot: A Brief Biography". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 10 April 2016.  ^ "Women's Studies Subject Guide: Eliza Wilson". University Archives. The University of Hull. Retrieved 10 April 2016.  ^ Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
by St. Norman John-Stevas The British Council/National Book League/Longmans, Greene & Co. London. (1963) ^ Andrew King, John Plunkett (2005). Victorian Print Media: A Reader. Oxford University Press. p. 50. ISBN 0-19-927037-6. National Review (1855–64) one of the most prestigious quarterlies of mid-century  ^ a b Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
(1867), The English Constitution
The English Constitution
(1st ed.), London: Chapman & Hall, OCLC 60724184 . ^ "Bagehot and International Lending". by Professor M. Lipton. The Financial Times (London, England),Tuesday, June 12, 1984; p. 17; edition 29,344. ^ Paul Tucker, Deputy Governor, Financial Stability, Bank of England, "The Repertoire of Official Sector Interventions in the Financial System: Last Resort Lending, Market-Making, and Capital" Archived 20 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Bank of Japan 2009 International Conference, 27–28 May 2009, p. 5 ^ Roger Kimball, "The Greatest Victorian", The New Criterion October 1998.

Bibliography[edit]

Barrington, Emilie Isabel Wilson (1914). Life of Walter Bagehot. London: Longmans, Green and Co. Buchan, Alastair (1960). The Spare Chancellor: The Life of Walter Bagehot. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press. Orel, Harold (1984). Victorian Literary Critics. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Sisson C.H. (1972). The Case of Walter Bagehot. London: Faber and Faber Ltd. Stevas, Norman (1959). Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
a Study of His Life and Thought. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Sullivan, Harry R. (1975). Walter Bagehot. Boston: Twayne Publishers. " Bagehot, Walter". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. Wikisource. 1910   "Bagehot, Walter". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

Further reading[edit]

Barrington, Emilie Isabel Wilson (1933). The Love-letters of Walter Bagehot and Eliza Wilson. London: Faber & Faber Baumann, Arthur Anthony (1916). "Walter Bagehot." In: Persons & Politics of the Transition. London: Macmillan & Co., pp. 121–50 Birrell, Augustine (1922). "Walter Bagehot." In: The Collected Essays and Addresses of the Rt. Hon. Augustine Birrell, Vol. 2. London: J.M. Dent & Sons, pp. 213–35 Brogan, Hugh (1977). "America and Walter Bagehot," Journal of American Studies, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 335–56 Brinton, Crane (1962). "Walter Bagehot." In: English Plolitical Thought in the 19th Century. New York: Harper Torchbooks Clinton, David (2003). "'Dash and Doubt': Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
and International Restraint," The Review of Politics, Vol. 65, No. 1, pp. 89–109 Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J.M. Dent & Sons, p. 20 Easton, David (1949). " Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
and Liberal Realism," The American Political Science Review, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 17–37 Edwards, Ruth Dudley (1993). The Pursuit of Reason: The Economist 1843–1993. London: Hamish Hamilton Grant Duff, M.E. (1903). "Walter Bagehot: His Life and Works, 1826–1877." In: Out of the Past. London: John Murray, pp. 1–34 Halsted, John B. (1958). " Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
on Toleration," Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 119–28 Hanley, Brian (2004). "'The Greatest Victorian' in the New Century: The Enduring Relevance of Walter Bagehot's Commentary on Literature, Scholarship, and Public Life", Papers on Language and Literature, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 167–98 Irvine, William (1939). Walter Bagehot. London: Longmans, Green and Co. Kolbe, F.C. (1908). "Walter Bagehot: An Appreciation," The Irish Monthly, Vol. 36, No. 419, pp. 282–87 Morgan, Forrest (1995). Collected Works of Walter Bagehot. Routledge Ostlund, Leonard A. (1956). "Walter Bagehot—Pioneer Social Psychology Theorist," Social Science, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 107–11 Spring, David (1976). " Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
and Deference," The American Historical Review, Vol. 81, No. 3, pp. 524–31 Stephen, Leslie (1907). "Walter Bagehot." In: Studies of a Biographer, Vol. 3. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, pp. 144–74 Stevas, Norman, ed. (1986). The Collected Works of Walter Bagehot: Volumes 1–15. New York: Oxford University Press Westwater, S.A.M. (1977). "Walter Bagehot: A Reassessment," The Antioch Review, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 39–49 Wilson, Woodrow (1895). "A Literary Politician," The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 76, No. 457, pp. 668–80 Wilson, Woodrow (1898). "A Wit and a Seer," The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 82, No. 492, pp. 527–40

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Walter Bagehot.

Wikisource
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has original works written by or about: Walter Bagehot

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Walter Bagehot

Works by Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
at Internet Archive Works by Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
at Hathi Trust Walter Bagehot: at McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought. Works by Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks) Works by Walter Bagehot
Walter Bagehot
on The Online Library of Liberty

v t e

Economists of the English historical school

Edmund Burke Richard Jones Thomas Edward Cliffe Leslie Walter Bagehot Thorold Rogers William J. Ashley

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7411829 LCCN: n79063562 ISNI: 0000 0001 2119 3276 GND: 118651897 SELIBR: 176559 SUDOC: 028852230 BNF: cb12060207n (data) BIBSYS: 90379948 NLA: 35011837 NDL: 00519731 NKC: jn19992000040 BNE: XX1215926 SN

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