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The Info List - Walsh Act


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The Walsh Act is legislation in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New Jersey
New Jersey
that permits municipalities to adopt a non-partisan commission form of government. The legislation was signed by Governor of New Jersey Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
on April 25, 1911. The commissions in Walsh Act municipalities are composed of either three or five members elected for four-year concurrent terms. The commissioners also serve as department heads in addition to their legislative functions. The commissioners elect one commissioner as mayor, however the mayor is only responsible for his or her departments and serves as the chair of the commission. The Walsh Act was modeled on the commission system that was set up in Galveston, Texas
Galveston, Texas
in the wake of the devastating Hurricane of 1900. As part of its reconstruction efforts, the city reorganized itself to a government system in which each elected official had a specific area of responsibility, combining executive and legislative responsibilities. The Walsh Act was enacted in 1911, and specified that commissioners would be elected at large in nonpartisan elections, and would serve four-year, concurrent terms of office. The Walsh Act was the first charter law in New Jersey
New Jersey
to include options for ballot initiatives, referendums and recall.[1]

Contents

1 Municipalities that have a five member commission 2 Municipalities that have a three member commission 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Municipalities that have a five member commission[edit] These communities have five commissioners:

Commissioner of Public Affairs Commissioner of Public Safety Commissioner of Public Works Commissioner of Parks and Public Property Commissioner of Revenue and Finance

Municipality County Year Adopted

Lyndhurst Township Bergen 1913

Millville City Cumberland 1913

North Bergen Township Hudson 1931

Nutley Township Essex 1912

Ridgefield Park Village Bergen 1912

Union City Hudson 1930

West New York Town Hudson 1931

Municipalities that have a three member commission[edit] These communities have three commissioners:

Commissioner of Public Affairs and Public Safety Commissioner of Public Works, Parks and Public Property Commissioner of Revenue and Finance

Municipality County Year Adopted

Allenhurst Borough Monmouth 1916

Audubon Borough Camden 1921

Avon-by-the-Sea Borough Monmouth 1919

Bass River Township Burlington 1972

Beach Haven Borough Ocean 1946

Bordentown City Burlington 1913

Bradley Beach Borough Monmouth 1915

Cape May Point Borough Cape May 1916

Collingswood Borough Camden 1917

Deal Borough Monmouth 1912

Haddon Township Camden 1950

Haddonfield Borough Camden 1913

Harvey Cedars Borough Ocean 1923

Long Beach Township Ocean 1936

Longport Borough Atlantic 1912

Margate City Atlantic 1911

Monmouth Beach Borough Monmouth 1929

Mount Ephraim Borough Camden 1935

Pine Valley Borough Camden 1942

Sea Isle City Cape May 1913

Tavistock Borough Camden 1928

Ventnor City Atlantic 1968

West Cape May Borough Cape May 1948

West Wildwood Borough Cape May 1964

Wildwood Crest Borough Cape May 1937

See also[edit]

1923 Municipal Manager Law

References[edit]

^ Wolfe, Albert J. "A HISTORY OF MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT IN NEW JERSEY SINCE 1798", New Jersey
New Jersey
State League of Municipalities. Accessed April 30, 2008.

External links[edit]

The Commission Form of Municipal Government (PDF) A History of Municipal Government in New Jerse

.