Wallerfangen (French: Vaudrevange/Valdrevange) is a municipality of
Saarlouis district, Saarland, Germany. Located west of
along the French border, it is the seat of the villages of Ittersdorf,
Ihn, Leidingen, St. Barbara, Kerlingen, Gisingen, Rammelfangen,
Oberlimberg, Bedersdorf, and Düren.
Formerly called Walderfinga, it was established by the Duchy of
Lorraine, and belonged to the Duchy until the
Napoleonic Wars in the
late 18th century, at which time it came under French control. Up
Wallerfangen possessed town privileges. In that year, the
fortifications and most of the buildings were destroyed and the
inhabitants were moved to the newly found town-fortress of Saarlouis.
In 1815, under the Treaty of Paris,
Prussia assumed control of the
area. For all intents and purposes, it remained in the possession of
the German Federation of States until 1919. The Treaty of Versailles
created an independent and autonomous territory of Saargebiet,
France and the
League of Nations
League of Nations until 1935. Under the
terms of Versailles, the citizens of the
Saargebiet voted to become
part of Germany, doing so in spite of
Adolf Hitler having assumed
power in 1933.
World War II
World War II brought much despair and bloodshed for
its citizens. Being the western border of the German Reich, the area
became battleground in 1944/45, and the area was evacuated en masse
twice. After World War II,
Wallerfangen belonged to the newly
independent, but French-controlled, Saarland.
Irene Gammel, author and biographer
Franz von Papen, buried there
^ "Fläche und Bevölkerung - Stand: 31.12.2016 (Basis Zensus 2011)"
Statistisches Amt des Saarlandes (in German). January
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