Waldemar Hoven (February 10, 1903 – June 2, 1948) was a Nazi and a
physician at Buchenwald concentration camp.
Hoven was born in Freiburg, Baden, Germany. Between the years 1919 and
1933, he visited Denmark, Sweden, the United States, and France,
returning in 1933 to Freiburg, where he completed his high school
studies. He then attended the Universities of
Freiburg and Munich. In
1934, he joined the SS. In 1939, he concluded his medical studies and
became a physician for the SS. Hoven rose to the rank of
Hauptsturmführer (Captain) in the Waffen SS.
Hoven was involved in the administration of medical experiments
regarding typhus and the tolerance of serum containing phenol, and
which led to the deaths of many inmates. He was also involved in Nazi
euthanasia programs, during which people with disabilities were
killed, along with Jewish people who were considered unfit for work.
He was arrested by the Nazis in 1943, accused of giving a lethal
injection of phenol to an SS officer who was a potential witness in an
investigation against Ilse Koch, with whom Hoven was rumoured to be
having an affair. He was convicted and sentenced to death, although he
was released in March 1945 due to the Nazi shortage of doctors.
Hoven was arrested at the end of World War II by the Allies and put on
trial as a defendant at the
Doctors' Trial (a part of the larger
Nuremberg Trials). He was found guilty of war crimes, crimes against
humanity and membership in a criminal organization. He was sentenced
to death and hanged on June 2, 1948, at
Landsberg prison in Bavaria.
^ Klee, Ernst (2007). Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich (in
German) (2 ed.). Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch. p. 272.
^ Affidavit of Walemar Hoven
 at nuremberg.law.Harvard.eduClosing brief for the United States of
America against Waldemar Hoven