The WAKES WEEK is a holiday period in parts of England and Scotland.
Originally a religious celebration or feast, the tradition of the
wakes week developed into a secular holiday, particularly in North
West England during the
Although a strong tradition during the 19th and 20th centuries, the observance of the holiday has almost disappeared in recent times due to the decline of the manufacturing industries in the United Kingdom and the standardisation of school holidays across England.
* 1 History * 2 Present day * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links
In 601 AD
Pope Gregory I
When, therefore, Almighty God shall bring you to the most reverend man our brother bishop, St Augustine, tell him what I have, upon mature deliberation on the affair of the English, thought of; namely, that the temples of the idols in that nation ought not to be destroyed. Let holy water be made, and sprinkled in the said temples; let altars be erected, and let relics be deposited in them. For since those temples are built, it is requisite that they be converted from the worship of the devils to the service of the true God; that the nation, not seeing those temples destroyed, may remove error from their hearts, and knowing and adoring the true God, may the more familiarly resort to the same places to which they have been accustomed. And because they are wont to sacrifice many oxen in honour of the devils, let them celebrate a religious and solemn festival, not slaughtering the beasts for devils, but to be consumed by themselves, to the praise of God...
Every church at its consecration was given the name of a patron saint
, and either the day of its consecration or the saint's feast day
became the church's festival . Church services began at sunset on
Saturday and the night of prayer was called a vigil , eve or, due to
the late hour "wake", from the
Each town in
There was a long-held belief amongst the working classes of the north
of England in the benefits of bathing in the sea during the months of
August and September, as there was said to be "physic in the sea". The
expansion of the railway network led
In the last quarter of the 19th century, trips increased from day trips to full weeks away and 'Wakes Saving' or 'Going-Off' clubs became popular. The saving clubs were a feature of the industrial north until paid holidays became a reality in the 1940s and '50s.
There is a merry, happy time,
To grace withal this simple rhyme:
There is jovial, joyous hour,
Of mirth and jollity in store:
The Wakes! The Wakes!
The jocund wakes!
My wandering memory now forsakes
The present busy scene of things,
Erratic upon Fancy's wings,
For olden times, with garlands crown'd
And rush-carts green on many a mound.
In hamlets bearing a great name,
The first in astronomic fame.
— From The Village
The tradition has now disappeared in most of the UK due to the decline of traditional manufacturing industries and schools objecting to the holidays at crucial exam times. It was common for local authorities to allocate a one-week school holiday to coincide with wakes week in lieu of holiday time elsewhere in the year but schools began to discontinue the wakes week holiday after the introduction of the National Curriculum and the standardisation of school holidays across England. Councils no longer have a statutory power to set dates for public holidays following the introduction of the Employment Act 1989 and the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994 .
* ^ Harland 1873 , pp. 123–124 * ^ Harland 1873 , pp. 123–124 * ^ Barton 2005 , p. 74 * ^ Barton 2005 , p. 75 * ^ Fowler 2003 , p. 63 * ^ Fowler 2003 , p. 63 * ^ Fowler 2003 , p. 63 * ^ Walton