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Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
(和歌山県, Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan
Japan
on the Kii Peninsula
Kii Peninsula
in the Kansai region
Kansai region
on Honshū
Honshū
island.[1] The capital is the city of Wakayama.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1953 flood disaster

2 Geography

2.1 Cities 2.2 Towns and villages 2.3 Mergers

3 Demographics 4 Politics 5 Culture 6 Agriculture

6.1 Orange 6.2 Japanese apricot (Ume)

7 Sister relationships 8 Tourism 9 Transportation

9.1 Rail 9.2 Road

9.2.1 Expressway 9.2.2 National Highway

9.3 Ferry 9.4 Airport

10 Education

10.1 Universities

11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii.[3] 1953 flood disaster[edit] On July 17–18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed Japanese Government
Japanese Government
report, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.[citation needed] Geography[edit]

Map of Wakayama Prefecture.

Cities[edit] Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

Arida Gobō Hashimoto

Iwade Kainan Kinokawa

Shingū Tanabe Wakayama (capital)

Towns and villages[edit] These are the towns and villages in each district:

Arida District

Aridagawa Hirogawa Yuasa

Hidaka District

Hidaka Inami Hidakagawa Mihama Minabe Yura

Higashimuro District

Kitayama Kozagawa Kushimoto Nachikatsuura Taiji

Ito District

Katsuragi Kōya Kudoyama

Kaisō District

Kimino

Nishimuro District

Kamitonda Shirahama Susami

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Wakayama Prefecture Demographics[edit] Since 1996, population of Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
has kept declining, and since 2010, it has been the only prefecture in Kinki region with population below 1,000,000. In 2017, Wakayama is ranked 40th by population in Japan
Japan
with a population of 944,320. Politics[edit] See also: Wakayama gubernatorial election, 1999 and Wakayama gubernatorial election, 2006 Culture[edit] Mount Kōya
Mount Kōya
(高野山, Kōya-san) in the Ito District
Ito District
is the headquarters of the Shingon
Shingon
sect of Japanese Buddhism. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan
Japan
and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan's 11th UNESCO World Heritage site.[4] The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima
Tomogashima
(a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture. Agriculture[edit] Orange[edit] Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
ranks first in the production of oranges in Japan. Wakayama has its own brand of oranges, which is produced in Arida District and called 'Arida-Orange'. Arida District, where oranges have been produced for more than 400 years[5], yields about half of the orange crops in Wakayama today[6]. Furthermore, the yield of Arida-Oranges accounts for about 10 percent of Japanese domestic production of oranges.[7] Japanese apricot (Ume)[edit] According to the survey by The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Wakayama stands first in the production of Japanese apricots in Japan. As of 2016, Wakayama made up about 70 percent of Japanese domestic production of Japanese apricots.[8] Sister relationships[edit] Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
has friendship and sister relationships with six places outside Japan:[9] Richmond, Canada; Shandong, People's Republic of China; Pyrénées-Orientales, France; Florida, United States; Sinaloa, Mexico; and Galicia, Spain. Tourism[edit] Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
has hot springs such as Shirahama, Kawayu, and Yunomine Onsen.

Saikazaki, Wakanoura

Wakayama Castle

The Museum of Modern Art, Wakayama

Konpon Daido (Mount Koya)

Chōhō-ji

Onsen
Onsen
in Nachikatsuura

Nachi Falls

Daimonzaka (Kumano Kodō)

Transportation[edit] Rail[edit]

JR West

Hanwa Line Kinokuni Line Wakayama Line

JR Central

Kisei Line

Nankai

Nankai Line Koya Line Kada Line

Kishu Railway Wakayama Electric Railway

Road[edit] Expressway[edit]

Hanwa Expressway Keinawa Expressway Yuasa Gobo Road Nachi Katsuura Road

National Highway[edit]

Route 24 Route 26 Route 42 Route 168 (Shingu-Gojo-Ikoma-Hirakata) Route 169 (Shingu-Kumano-Kawakami-Yoshino-Asuka-Kashihara-Nara) Route 311 (Kamitonda-Tanabe-Shingu-kumano-Owase) Route 370 (Kainan-Hashimoto-Gojo-Uda-Nara) Route 371 (Kawachinagano-Hashimoto-Koya-Kushimoto) Route 424

Ferry[edit]

Wakayama-Tokushima

Airport[edit]

Nanki Shirahama
Shirahama
Airport

Education[edit] Universities[edit]

Wakayama University Koyasan University Kinki University Wakayama Medical University

Notes[edit]

^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wakayama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1026, p. 1026, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Wakayama" in p. 1025, p. 1025, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books. ^ UNESCO.org ^ 今月の旬 Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
website, accessed May 31, 2017 ^ 農林水産 特産品 Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
website, accessed May 31, 2017 ^ 有田みかんについて JA Arida website, accessed May 31, 2017 ^ 作況調査(果樹): 農林水産省 The Ministory of Agriculture, Foresty and Fisheries website, accessed June 1, 2017 ^ 友好・姉妹提携 Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
website, retrieved May 16, 2008

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wakayama prefecture.

Official Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
homepage Wakayama Tourist Guide Nanki Sightseeing Guide

v t e

Wakayama Prefecture

Wakayama (capital)

Core city

Wakayama

Cities

Arida Gobō Hashimoto Iwade Kainan Kinokawa Shingū Tanabe

Arida District

Aridagawa Hirogawa Yuasa

Hidaka District

Hidaka Hidakagawa Inami Mihama Minabe Yura

Higashimuro District

Kitayama Kozagawa Kushimoto Nachikatsuura Taiji

Ito District

Katsuragi Kōya Kudoyama

Kaisō District

Kimino

Nishimuro District

Kamitonda Shirahama Susami

List of mergers in Wakayama Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 34°3′N 135°21′E / 34.050°N 135.350°E / 34.050; 135.350

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 15127

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