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WAKAYAMA PREFECTURE (和歌山県, Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan
Japan
on the Kii Peninsula in the Kansai region
Kansai region
on Honshū
Honshū
island . The capital is the city of Wakayama .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 1953 flood disaster

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Cities * 2.2 Towns and villages * 2.3 Mergers

* 3 Demographics * 4 Culture

* 5 Agriculture

* 5.1 Orange * 5.2 Japanese apricot (Ume)

* 6 Sister relationships * 7 Tourism

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Rail

* 8.2 Road

* 8.2.1 Expressway * 8.2.2 National Highway

* 8.3 Ferry * 8.4 Airport

* 9 Education

* 9.1 Universities

* 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 External links

HISTORY

Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii .

1953 FLOOD DISASTER

On July 17–18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed Japanese Government report, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.

GEOGRAPHY

Map of Wakayama Prefecture.

CITIES

Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

* Arida * Gobō * Hashimoto

* Iwade * Kainan * Kinokawa

* Shingū * Tanabe * Wakayama (capital)

TOWNS AND VILLAGES

These are the towns and villages in each district :

* Arida District

* Aridagawa * Hirogawa * Yuasa

* Hidaka District

* Hidaka * Inami * Hidakagawa * Mihama * Minabe * Yura

* Higashimuro District

* Kitayama * Kozagawa * Kushimoto * Nachikatsuura
Nachikatsuura
* Taiji

* Ito District

* Katsuragi * Kōya * Kudoyama

* Kaisō District

* Kimino

* Nishimuro District

* Kamitonda * Shirahama * Susami

MERGERS

Main article: List of mergers in Wakayama Prefecture

DEMOGRAPHICS

Wakayama is ranked 39th by population in Japan
Japan
with a population of 989,983. It is the least populated prefecture in the Kansai region
Kansai region
of Japan.

Its population is declining.

CULTURE

Mount Kōya
Mount Kōya
(高野山, Kōya-san) in the Ito District is the headquarters of the Shingon
Shingon
sect of Japanese Buddhism
Japanese Buddhism
. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan
Japan
and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan's 11th UNESCO World Heritage site .

The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima (a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture.

AGRICULTURE

ORANGE

Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
ranks first in the production of oranges in Japan. Wakayama has its own brand of oranges, which is produced in Arida District and called 'Arida-Orange'. Arida District, where oranges have been produced for more than 400 years , yields about half of the orange crops in Wakayama today . Furthermore, the yield of Arida-Oranges accounts for about 10 percent of Japanese domestic production of oranges.

JAPANESE APRICOT (UME)

According to the survey by The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Wakayama stands first in the production of Japanese apricots in Japan. As of 2016, Wakayama made up about 70 percent of Japanese domestic production of Japanese apricots.

SISTER RELATIONSHIPS

Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
has friendship and sister relationships with six places outside Japan: Richmond , Canada
Canada
; Shandong
Shandong
, People\'s Republic of China ; Pyrénées-Orientales
Pyrénées-Orientales
, France
France
; Florida
Florida
, United States ; Sinaloa
Sinaloa
, Mexico
Mexico
; and Galicia , Spain
Spain
.

TOURISM

Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
has hot springs such as Shirahama , Kawayu , and Yunomine Onsen
Onsen
.

*

Saikazaki, Wakanoura *

Wakayama Castle
Wakayama Castle
*

The Museum of Modern Art, Wakayama *

Konpon Daido ( Mount Koya
Mount Koya
) *

Chōhō-ji *

Onsen
Onsen
in Nachikatsuura
Nachikatsuura
*

Nachi Falls *

Daimonzaka ( Kumano Kodō
Kumano Kodō
)

TRANSPORTATION

RAIL

* JR West
JR West

* Hanwa Line
Hanwa Line
* Kinokuni Line * Wakayama Line

* JR Central
JR Central

* Kisei Line
Kisei Line

* Nankai

* Nankai Line * Koya Line * Kada Line

* Kishu Railway * Wakayama Electric Railway

ROAD

Expressway

* Hanwa Expressway * Keinawa Expressway * Yuasa Gobo Road * Nachi Katsuura Road

National Highway

* Route 24 * Route 26 * Route 42 * Route 168 (Shingu-Gojo -Ikoma - Hirakata
Hirakata
) * Route 169 (Shingu-Kumano -Kawakami-Yoshino-Asuka - Kashihara
Kashihara
-Nara ) * Route 311 (Kamitonda-Tanabe-Shingu-kumano- Owase ) * Route 370 (Kainan-Hashimoto-Gojo-Uda -Nara) * Route 371 ( Kawachinagano -Hashimoto-Koya-Kushimoto) * Route 424

FERRY

* Wakayama- Tokushima
Tokushima

AIRPORT

* Nanki Shirahama Airport

EDUCATION

UNIVERSITIES

* Wakayama University * Koyasan University * Kinki University
Kinki University
* Wakayama Medical University

NOTES

* ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wakayama prefecture" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 1026, p. 1026, at Google Books
Google Books
; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books
Google Books
. * ^ Nussbaum, "Wakayama" in p. 1025, p. 1025, at Google Books
Google Books
. * ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
Google Books
. * ^ UNESCO.org * ^ 今月の旬 Wakayama Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
website, acessed May 31, 2017 * ^ 農林水産 特産品 Wakayama Prefecture