WADJET (/ˈwɑːdˌdʒɛt/ or /ˈwædˌdʒɛt/ ; Egyptian wȝḏyt,
"green one"), known to the Greek world as UTO (Οὐτώ//ˈuːtoʊ/
or Βουτώ/BUTO /ˈbuːtoʊ/ ) among other names, was originally
the ancient local goddess of the city of Dep (
As the patron goddess, she was associated with the land and depicted as a snake -headed woman or a snake —usually an Egyptian cobra , a venomous snake common to the region; sometimes she was depicted as a woman with two snake heads and, at other times, a snake with a woman's head. Her oracle was in the renowned temple in Per-Wadjet that was dedicated to her worship and gave the city its name. This oracle may have been the source for the oracular tradition that spread to Greece from Egypt.
The Going Forth of
In the relief shown to the right, which is on the wall of the
* 1 Etymology * 2 Protector of country, pharaohs, and other deities * 3 Associations with other deities * 4 Other uses * 5 See also * 6 Footnotes * 7 References * 8 External links
Her name means "papyrus-colored one", as wadj is the Ancient Egyptian word for the color green (in reference to the color of the papyrus plant) and the et is an indication of her gender. Its hieroglyphs differ from those of the Green Crown ( Red Crown ) of Lower Egypt only by the determinative, which in the case of the crown was a picture of the Green Crown and, in the case of the goddess, a rearing cobra.
PROTECTOR OF COUNTRY, PHARAOHS, AND OTHER DEITIES
The Ancient Egyptian word Wadj signifies blue and green. It is also the name for the well-known Eye of the Moon. Indeed, in later times, she was often depicted simply as a woman with a snake's head, or as a woman wearing the uraeus. The uraeus originally had been her body alone, which wrapped around or was coiled upon the head of the pharaoh or another deity.
Another early depiction of
Her image also rears up from the staff of the "flag" poles that are used to indicate deities, as seen in the hieroglyph for uraeus above and for goddess in other places.
ASSOCIATIONS WITH OTHER DEITIES
An interpretation of the
When identified as the protector of Ra, who was also a sun deity associated with heat and fire, she was sometimes said to be able to send fire onto those who might attack, just as the cobra spits poison into the eyes of its enemies. In this role she was called the Lady of Flame.
She later became identified with the war goddess of Lower Egypt, Bast , who acted as another figure symbolic of the nation, consequently becoming WADJET-BAST. In this role, since Bast was a lioness , Wadjet-Bast was often depicted with a lioness head.
Eventually, Wadjet's position as patron led to her being identified
as the more powerful goddess
When the pairing of deities occurred in later Egyptian myths, since
she was linked to the land, after the unification of Lower and Upper
Egypt she came to be thought of as the wife of
Hapy , a deity of the
Wadjet, as the goddess of Lower Egypt, had a big temple at the
ancient Imet (now
The Nazit Mons, a mountain on Venus , is named for Nazit, an "Egyptian winged serpent goddess". According to Elizabeth Goldsmith, the Greek name for Nazit was Buto.
* ^ Also spelled WADJIT, WEDJET, UADJET or UA ZIT * ^ Wilkinson, Early Dynastic Egypt, p.297 * ^ Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, 1, 268.18 * ^ Herodotus ii. 55 and vii. 134 * ^ Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, 1, 268.17 * ^ Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, 1, 263.7–264.4 * ^ J. A. Coleman, The Dictionary of Mythology: A–Z Reference of Legends and Heroes * ^ Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, 1, 268.16; * ^ Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache 1, 268.13 * ^ Curl, The Egyptian Revival, p.469 * ^ Jetsu, L.; Porceddu, S. (2015). "Shifting Milestones of Natural Sciences: The Ancient Egyptian Discovery of Algol\'s Period Confirmed". PLOS ONE. 10 (12): e.0144140 (23pp). doi :10.1371/journal.pone.0144140 . * ^ Ana Ruiz, The Spirit of Ancient Egypt, p.119 * ^ Vincent Razanajao, D\'Imet à Tell Farâoun : recherches sur la géographie, les cultes et l\'histoire d\'une localité de Basse-Égypte orientale. (English synopsis) * ^ "Nazit Mons". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. * ^ Goldsmith, Elizabeth Edwards. Life Symbols as Related to Sex Symbolism. Putnam. p. 419.
* James Stevens Curl, The Egyptian Revival:
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