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VOUGHT is the name of several related aerospace firms. These have included, in the past, LEWIS AND VOUGHT CORPORATION, CHANCE VOUGHT, VOUGHT-SIKORSKY, LTV AEROSPACE (part of Ling-Temco-Vought ), VOUGHT AIRCRAFT COMPANIES, and the current VOUGHT AIRCRAFT INDUSTRIES. The first incarnation of Vought
Vought
was established by Chance M. Vought
Chance M. Vought
and Birdseye Lewis in 1917. In 1928, it was acquired by United Aircraft and Transport Corporation , which a few years later became United Aircraft Corporation ; this was the first of many reorganizations and buyouts. During the 1920s and 1930s, Vought
Vought
Aircraft and Chance Vought specialized in carrier-based aircraft for the United States Navy
United States Navy
, by far its biggest customer. Chance Vought
Vought
produced thousands of planes during World War II
World War II
, including the F4U Corsair
F4U Corsair
. Vought
Vought
became independent again in 1954, and was purchased by Ling-Temco-Vought in 1961. The company designed and produced a variety of planes and missiles throughout the Cold War
Cold War
. Vought
Vought
was sold from LTV and owned in various degrees by the Carlyle Group and Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
in the early 1990s. It was then fully bought by Carlyle, renamed Vought Aircraft Industries, with headquarters in Dallas
Dallas
, Texas
Texas
. In June 2010, the Carlyle Group sold Vought
Vought
to the Triumph Group .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Chance Vought
Vought
years 1917–1928 * 1.2 1930s–1960 * 1.3 LTV acquisition 1960–1990 * 1.4 1990s to today

* 2 Products

* 2.1 Aircraft * 2.2 Unmanned aerial vehicles * 2.3 Missiles * 2.4 Rockets * 2.5 Workshare projects

* 3 References * 4 External links

HISTORY

CHANCE VOUGHT YEARS 1917–1928

USS Los Angeles (ZR-3) equipped with a trapeze and a VOUGHT bi-plane (UO-1), probably a VE-7 BLUEBIRD, for parasite fighter tests

The Lewis and Vought
Vought
Corporation was founded in 1917 and was soon succeeded by the Chance Vought
Vought
Corporation in 1922 when Birdseye Lewis retired. A former chief engineer of the Wright Company , Chance M. Vought
Vought
founded the company to take advantage of the growing field of military and civilian aviation after World War I
World War I
. Operations began in Astoria, New York and in 1919 were moved to Long Island City, New York .

Vought
Vought
died from septicemia in 1930, but in that short time period succeeded in producing a variety of fighters , trainers , flying boats , and surveillance aircraft for the United States Navy
United States Navy
and the United States Army Air Service . Vought
Vought
made history in 1922 when their Vought VE-7 trainer made the first takeoff from the deck of the USS Langley , the first American aircraft carrier. Following this success came the VE-11 naval fighter and the Vought O2U Corsair , the first of the Corsair aircraft.

In 1928, the company was acquired by United Aircraft and Transport Corporation , but stayed its own separate division among the likes of Pratt "> A formation of British Corsairs in 1944.

Chief Engineer Rex Beisel began in 1938 to develop the XF4U, recognized by its distinctive inverted gull wings . After its first flight in 1940, thousands of F4U Corsairs were produced for the Navy and Marines in World War II
World War II
. By the end of its production in 1952, Vought, Goodyear , and Brewster had all produced the Corsair fighters. Vought
Vought
was reestablished as a separate division in United Aircraft in 1942.

In postwar 1949, Vought
Vought
moved operations to Dallas, Texas
Texas
where the former North American Aviation "B" plant was located. Initiated by the Navy, who feared having their two main aircraft manufacturers located on the East Coast posed an unnecessary risk, Vought
Vought
moved 27 million pounds of equipment and 1300 employees in 14 months, a record breaking industrial move at the time.

In 1954, the company fully separated from United Aircraft and became the independent Chance Vought
Vought
Aircraft Inc.

Vought
Vought
began manufacture of its F-8 Crusader for the US Navy in 1957, one of the first Navy fighters capable of supersonic flight and the Navy's last all-gun fighter. The same basic design was later heavily revised and shortened to produce Vought's A-7 Corsair II , a carrier-borne close air support and attack plane in 1965, an aircraft which would become heavily engaged in a variety of close support and strike missions during the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
, beginning in 1967. The A-7 has also participated in the US invasion of Grenada in 1983; a punitive raid on Syrian missile sites, in 1983; reprisal raids against Libya during Operation El Dorado Canyon , in 1986; strikes against Iranian coastal platforms and naval forces during Operation Praying Mantis , in 1988; support of the 1989 invasion of Panama; and throughout operations during Desert Storm in 1991. The A-7A, A-7B, A-7C and A-7E served with the US Navy while the A-7D was purchased by the US Air Force and Air National Guard. Two-seat models known as the TA-7C/E served with the US Navy while the US Air Force purchased the TA-7K. The A-7 served in limited numbers with three foreign air forces, including Greece (A-7H/TA-7H ), Portugal (A-7P/TA-7P ) and Thailand (ex-USN A-7E/TA-7E).

LTV ACQUISITION 1960–1990

Launch of Vought's ASAT in 1983. Further information: Ling-Temco-Vought

Vought
Vought
was bought by James Ling in 1962, forming the new conglomerate Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV). Yet despite the buyout, Vought
Vought
Aeronautics and Vought
Vought
Missiles and Space continued to develop and produce for the Air Force and Navy under the umbrella of LTV Aerospace. By the early 1980s, LTV was struggling, and Vought
Vought
suffered heavy layoffs. The first of two decades of reorganizations began in 1972 with the creation of Vought
Vought
Systems by the merging of the Vought
Vought
Missiles and Space and Aeronautics divisions.

All of LTV Aerospace was renamed the Vought
Vought
Corporation in 1976, but by 1983 the Vought
Vought
company was again split along aeronautic and missile lines under LTV Aerospace and Defense.

1992 proved the end of Vought's relationship with LTV. In mid-year the aircraft division was purchased by Northrop and the Carlyle Group , each owning roughly 50% of the company. Additionally, the entire missile division was sold to the Loral Corporation , and is currently a part of Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control .

1990S TO TODAY

Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
, the successor to Northrop and Grumman
Grumman
, bought out the Carlyle Group's share of Vought
Vought
for $130 million in 1994. The Carlyle Group then purchased the entire company from Northrop Grumman in 2000, establishing Vought
Vought
Aircraft Industries, Inc., the current incarnation. It is now primarily an aerostructures subcontractor. Vought
Vought
is heavily involved in the Boeing
Boeing
747 , Boeing
Boeing
787 aircraft as well as supplying parts for the F-22 Raptor
F-22 Raptor
and F-35 Lightning II
F-35 Lightning II
and the V-22 Osprey . In July 2003, the Aerostructures Corp., owned by the Carlyle Group and based in Nashville, Tennessee
Nashville, Tennessee
, merged with Vought. Vought's Nashville site supplies wing components for Airbus
Airbus
A319 , A320 , A330 , and A340 .

Boeing
Boeing
announced in July 2009 that it had agreed to acquire the North Charleston, South Carolina facility of Vought
Vought
Aircraft Industries, where Vought
Vought
builds sections 47 and 48 of the aft fuselage for Boeing's 787 Dreamliner. Boeing
Boeing
agreed to pay $580 million for the facility.

In June 2010, the Carlyle Group sold Vought
Vought
to the Triumph Group , an aerospace component manufacturer. The Vought
Vought
acquisitions now operate as Triumph Aerostructures - Vought
Vought
Aircraft Division.

PRODUCTS

AIRCRAFT

* Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941 ); Vought-designed; Production was by Consolidated as the TBY.

* Vought
Vought
A-7 Corsair II (1965 )

* Vought YA-7F

* LTV XC-142 (1964 ) * Vought FU
Vought FU
(1927 ) * Vought XF2U
Vought XF2U
(1929 ) * Vought XF3U
Vought XF3U
(1933 ) * Vought
Vought
F4U Corsair
F4U Corsair
(1940 ) * Vought XF5U Flying Flapjack (1947 ) * Vought F6U Pirate
Vought F6U Pirate
(1946 ) * Vought F7U Cutlass (1948 ) * Vought
Vought
F-8 Crusader (1955 ), formerly F8U Crusader. * Vought XF8U-3 Crusader III (1958 ) * LTV L450F - prototype quiet spyplane (1970 ) * Vought O2U Corsair (1926 ) * Vought O4U Corsair
Vought O4U Corsair
* Vought O5U (1935 ) * Vought OS2U Kingfisher
Vought OS2U Kingfisher
(1938 ) * Vought XSO2U
Vought XSO2U
(1939 ) * Vought XS2U * Vought SBU Corsair * Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936 ) * Vought XSB3U (1936 ) * Vought V-141
Vought V-141
(1936 ) * Vought V-173 (1942 ) * Vought VE-7 (1917 ) * Vought Model 1600 (1970s)

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

* LTV XQM-93

MISSILES

* M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System
(1983 ) * ASM-135 ASAT
ASM-135 ASAT
(1984 ) * MGM-52 Lance (1972 ) * SSM-N-8 Regulus (1951 ) * SSM-N-9 Regulus II (1956 ) * Vought HVM (1980s)

ROCKETS

* Scout (rocket family)

* RM-89 Blue Scout I
RM-89 Blue Scout I
* RM-90 Blue Scout II * Scout X
Scout X
* Scout X-1
Scout X-1
* Scout X-1A
Scout X-1A
* Scout X-2
Scout X-2
* Scout X-2B * Scout X-2M
Scout X-2M

WORKSHARE PROJECTS

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* Airbus
Airbus
A320 family (upper wing panel assemblies) * Airbus
Airbus
A330 and A340-200/-300 (mid- and outer-leading edge assemblies, mid-rear spars, center spar assembly, flaps, fairings and upper panel assemblies ) * Airbus
Airbus
A340-500/-600 (mid- and outer-leading edge assemblies, mid-rear spars, center spar assembly, upper panels and stringers) * Boeing
Boeing
C-17 Globemaster III (ailerons, elevators, and rudders) * Bell- Boeing
Boeing
V-22 Osprey (empennage , ramp/ramp door) * Boeing
Boeing
747 (fuselage panels, tail section) * Boeing
Boeing
767 (center wingbox, horizontal stabilizer) * Boeing
Boeing
777 (spoilers, flaps) * Boeing
Boeing
787 (fuselage barrels—Sections 47 and 48) * Rockwell B-1B Lancer (aft fuselage and aft intermediate fuselage ) * Lockheed C-5M Super Galaxy (flight control surfaces) * Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
(empennage) * Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
F-22 Raptor
(stabilator) * Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
B-2 Spirit * Sikorsky UH-60 Blackhawk / Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk

REFERENCES

* ^ Vought
Vought
Nashville Site * ^ Joseph Weber. " Boeing
Boeing
Buys a Vought
Vought
Aircraft Plant". Businessweek.com. Retrieved 10 August 2015. * ^ " Triumph Group - News Release". Retrieved 10 August 2015. * ^ "History : Triumph Aerostructures - Vought
Vought
Aircraft Division". Retrieved 3 January 2011. * ^ Dr Carlo Kopp, AFAIAA, SMIEEE, PEng. "THE LONG RANGE PENETRATOR Parts I - III". Retrieved 10 August 2015. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link )

EXTERNAL

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