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VORONEZH OBLAST (Russian : Воро́нежская о́бласть, Voronezhskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia
Russia
(an oblast ). Its administrative center is the city of Voronezh
Voronezh
. Its population was 2,335,380 as of the 2010 Census .

Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
is the birthplace of Pavel Cherenkov
Pavel Cherenkov
, co-recipient of the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Main rivers * 1.2 Climate

* 2 History * 3 Administrative divisions

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Agriculture

* 5 Sights * 6 Politics

* 7 Demographics

* 7.1 Religion

* 8 See also

* 9 References

* 9.1 Notes * 9.2 Sources

* 10 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
borders internally with Belgorod Oblast
Oblast
, Kursk Oblast
Oblast
, Lipetsk Oblast
Oblast
, Tambov Oblast
Oblast
, Saratov Oblast
Oblast
, Volgograd Oblast
Oblast
and Rostov Oblast
Oblast
and internationally with Ukraine
Ukraine
.

Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
is located in the central belt of the European part of Russia, in a very advantageous strategic location, transport links to the site going to the industrial regions of Russia. Within the radius (12 hours of driving 80 km/h) 960 kilometers around Voronezh more than 50% of the population Russia, and 40% in Ukraine
Ukraine
live.

The area of the region - 52.4 thousand km2, which is about one third of the whole area of Central Black Earth Region
Central Black Earth Region
. The length of the region from north to south - 277.5 km, and from west to east - 352 km. Much of the area is steppe, among the predominant soil fertile soil black earth.

MAIN RIVERS

Don River , Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast

The oblast has 738 lakes and ponds in 2408, in 1343 the river flows over 10 km long. The main river is the Don, 530 of its 1,870 km flows through the area, forming a drainage area of 422,000 square kilometers.

* Don * Voronezh
Voronezh
* Bityug * Khopyor

CLIMATE

The climate in the region is temperate continental , with an average January temperatures of −4.5 °C (23.9 °F), and with an average July temperatures of +25 to +30 °C (77 to 86 °F). Average annual temperature varies from +5 °C (41 °F) in the north to +6.5 °C (43.7 °F) in the south. Precipitation
Precipitation
varies from 600 millimeters (24 in) in the northwest to 450 millimeters (18 in) in the southeast.

HISTORY

The oblast was established on June 13, 1934.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Main article: Administrative divisions of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
map

ECONOMY

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The structure of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
the industrial-agrarian. As part of the industry is dominated by mechanical engineering , power systems engineering , food industry , processing industry of agricultural raw materials. They account for 4/5 of the total volume of industrial output. Industry specialization of the region is the food industry (27%), second place is occupied by engineering and metalworking (23%), third place - power (18%).

Industry of the region specializes in the production of machine tools, oil and gas equipment, rocket engines, metal bridge structures, press-forging and mining equipment, electronic equipment, passenger aircraft Airbus

AGRICULTURE

A lake near Voronezh
Voronezh

Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
is a major supplier of agricultural products. For the first time in the history of farming region in 2011 produced record crops: sugar beet (factory) - 6 million. 992 thousand. Tons (3.9 times more than in 2010) and sunflower - 1 million. 002 thousand tons (2, 4 times more than in 2010) 2014 Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
ranked first in Russia in terms of gross harvest of potatoes , in farms of all categories have been collected 1.757 million tons of potatoes.

In general, the profile of agriculture - with crops of sunflowers and grain crops, dairy and beef cattle , pigs . Beet
Beet
, sugar beet industry in Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
in terms of gross production of sugar beets and making sugar beet is one of the largest in the country. In 2014, sugar mills were produced 495.1 ths. tons of sugar.

Milk
Milk
production in Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
in 2013 increased by 1.8% - up to 755,700. tons. In 2014, it increased by 4.2% to ↗788 000 tons, according to this indicator Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
takes first place in the Central Federal District. Milk
Milk
yield per cow dairy herd in 2014 increased by 10.9% and amounted to 5545 kg.

SIGHTS

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The cave church Sicilian Mother of God in the Big Divah Museum, Reserve Divnogorie, Liski district of Voronezh
Voronezh
region

Kostyonki , which is located within the Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast, is known for high concentration of cultural remains of anatomically modern humans from the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic
Upper Paleolithic
era. The first and oldest camp rights in Europe. A layer of Campanian volcanic ash from about 40,000 years ago has been found above some of the finds, showing that "unknown humans" inhabited the site before this. The earliest directly dated human remains from this site are dated to 32,600 ± 1,100 14C years and consist of tibia and fibula , with traits classifying the bones to European early modern humans.

In 2009, DNA was extracted from the remains of a male hunter-gatherer who lived 40,000 years BP and died aged 20–25. His maternal lineage was found to be U2. He was buried in an oval pit in a crouched position and covered with red ochre.

POLITICS

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During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Voronezh
Voronezh
CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast
Oblast
administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament .

The Charter of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia
Russia
.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Population: 2,335,380 (2010 Census ); 2,378,803 (2002 Census ); 2,469,766 (1989 Census ).

* Births (2012): 25 374 (Birth rate: 10.9) * Deaths (2012): 36 174 (Death rate: 15.6) * TOTAL FERTILITY RATE:

2009 - 1.37 2010 - 1.36 2011 - 1.36 2012 - 1.45 2013 - 1.44 2014 - 1.47 2015 - 1.52 2016 - 1.48(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):

* Russians
Russians
- 95.5% * Ukrainians
Ukrainians
- 1.9% * Armenians
Armenians
- 0.5% * Romani people
Romani people
- 0.2% * Others - 1.9% * 110,749 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.

RELIGION

RELIGION IN VORONEZH OBLAST AS OF 2012 (SREDA ARENA ATLAS)

Russian Orthodoxy   62%

Other Orthodox   0.7%

Other Christians   3.8%

Spiritual but not religious   21.5%

Atheism
Atheism
and irreligion   6%

Other and undeclared   6%

According to a 2012 survey 62% of the population of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church
, and 3.4% are unaffiliated Christians . In addition, 21.5% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 6% is atheist , and 7.1% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.

SEE ALSO

* List of Chairmen of the Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
Duma

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ Article 12 of the Charter of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast, which enumerates the symbols of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast, does not include an anthem, nor has a separate law establishing an anthem been adopted in the oblast. * ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г.(President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.). * ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР.( Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ). * ^ A B C Charter of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast, Article 1 * ^ "Путин уволил губернатора Воронежской области". РБК. Retrieved 2017-12-25. * ^ Official website of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast. Alexey Vasilyevich Gordeyev, Governor of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
(in Russian) * ^ A B Charter of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast, Article 25 * ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. * ^ A B C D Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Russian Federal State Statistics Service
(2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" . Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service . Retrieved June 29, 2012. * ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population. * ^ Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service . Численность постоянного населения Воронежской области на 1 января 2015 года (in Russian) * ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г.(Government of the Russian Federation . Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). * ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia
Russia
. * ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Russian Federal State Statistics Service
(May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. * ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" . Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики . Retrieved August 9, 2014. * ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm * ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312 * ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936 * ^ A B C "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012. * ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

SOURCES

* Воронежская областная Дума. 7 июня 2006 г. «Устав Воронежской области», в ред. Закона №96-ОЗ от 5 июня 2015 г. «О поправках к Уставу Воронежской области». Вступил в силу 20 июня 2006 г. Опубликован: "Коммуна", №87–88, 10 июня 2006 г.( Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
Duma. June 7, 2006 Charter of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast, as amended by the Law #96-OZ of June 5, 2015 On the Amendments to the Charter of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast. Effective as of June 20, 2006.).

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Media related to Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
at Wikimedia Commons * (in Russian) Official website of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast * Central Eurasian Information Resource: Images of Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast
Oblast
- University of Washington Digital Collections

* v * t * e

Subdivisions of Russia
Russia

FEDERAL SUBJECTS

REPUBLICS

* Adygea
Adygea
* Altai * Bashkortostan
Bashkortostan
* Buryatia
Buryatia
* Chechnya
Chechnya
* Chuvashia
Chuvashia
* Crimea 1 * Dagestan
Dagestan
* Ingushetia
Ingushetia
* Kabardino-Balkaria
Kabardino-Balkaria
* Kalmykia
Kalmykia
* Karachay-Cherkessia
Karachay-Cherkessia
* Karelia * Khakassia
Khakassia
* Komi * Mari El
Mari El
* Mordovia
Mordovia
* North Ossetia-Alania
North Ossetia-Alania
* Sakha * Tatarstan
Tatarstan
* Tuva
Tuva
* Udmurtia
Udmurtia

KRAIS

* Altai * Kamchatka * Khabarovsk * Krasnodar * Krasnoyarsk * Perm * Primorsky * Stavropol * Zabaykalsky

OBLASTS

* Amur * Arkhangelsk * Astrakhan * Belgorod * Bryansk * Chelyabinsk * Irkutsk * Ivanovo * Kaliningrad * Kaluga * Kemerovo * Kirov * Kostroma * Kurgan * Kursk * Leningrad * Lipetsk * Magadan * Moscow
Moscow
* Murmansk * Nizhny Novgorod * Novgorod * Novosibirsk * Omsk * Orenburg * Oryol * Penza * Pskov * Rostov * Ryazan * Sakhalin * Samara * Saratov * Smolensk * Sverdlovsk * Tambov * Tomsk * Tula * Tver * Tyumen * Ulyanovsk * Vladimir * Volgograd * Vologda * Voronezh * Yaroslavl

FEDERAL CITIES

* Moscow
Moscow
* St. Petersburg * Sevastopol
Sevastopol
1

AUTONOMOUS OBLAST

* Jewish

AUTONOMOUS OKRUGS

* Chukotka * Khanty-Mansi 2 * Nenets 3 * Yamalo-Nenets 2

* 1Claimed

.