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A volcanologist or vulcanologist is a geologist who studies the processes involved in the formation and eruptive activity of volcanoes and their current and historic eruptions, known as volcanology. Volcanologists frequently visit volcanoes, especially active ones, to observe volcanic eruptions, collect eruptive products including tephra (such as ash or pumice), rock and lava samples. One major focus of inquiry is the prediction of eruptions; there is currently no accurate way to do this, but predicting eruptions could alleviate the impact on surrounding populations. Notable volcanologists[edit]

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
(1707–1788) Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu
Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu
(1750–1801) Frank A. Perret
Frank A. Perret
(1867–1943) George P. L. Walker (1926–2005) Katia and Maurice Krafft
Katia and Maurice Krafft
(1942–1991 and 1946–1991, respectively) Peter Francis (1944–1999) David A. Johnston, killed during the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens (1949–1980) Keith Rowley
Keith Rowley
(born 1949; Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago since 2015) Bill McGuire (born 1954)

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