The voiceless retroflex sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is , sometimes simplified to or , and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is . The affricate occurs in a number of languages: *Asturian: Speakers of the western dialects of this language use it instead of the voiced palatal fricative, writing ḷḷ instead of ll. *Slavic languages: Polish, Belarusian, Old Czech, Serbo-Croatian; some speakers of Russian may use it instead of the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate. *a number of Northwest Caucasian languages have retroflex affricates that contrast in secondary articulations like labialization. *Mandarin and other Sinitic languages.


Features of the voiceless retroflex affricate:


See also

*Index of phonetics articles



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External links

* {{IPA navigation Category:Alveolar consonants Category:Affricates Category:Pulmonic consonants Category:Voiceless oral consonants Category:Central consonants