The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨d͡ʑ⟩, ⟨d͜ʑ⟩, ⟨ɟ͡ʑ⟩ and ⟨ɟ͜ʑ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbols are
J\_z\, though transcribing the stop component with ⟨ɟ⟩ (
J\ in X-SAMPA) is rare. The tie bar is sometimes omitted, yielding ⟨dʑ⟩ or ⟨ɟʑ⟩ in the IPA and
J\z\ in X-SAMPA. This is potentially problematic in case of at least some affricates, because there are languages that contrast certain affricates with stop-fricative sequences. Polish words czysta ('clean (f.)', pronounced with an affricate /t͡ʂ/) and trzysta ('three hundred', pronounced with a sequence /tʂ/) are an example of a minimal pair based on such a contrast.
Neither [d] nor [ɟ] are a completely narrow transcription of the stop component, which can be narrowly transcribed as [d̠ʲ] (retracted and palatalized [d]), [ɟ̟] or [ɟ˖] (both symbols denote an advanced [ɟ]). The equivalent X-SAMPA symbols are
J\_+, respectively. There is also a dedicated symbol ⟨ȡ⟩, which is not a part of the IPA. Therefore, narrow transcriptions of the voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate include [d̠ʲʑ], [ɟ̟ʑ], [ɟ˖ʑ] and [ȡʑ].
This affricate used to have a dedicated symbol ⟨ʥ⟩, which was one of the six dedicated symbols for affricates in the International Phonetic Alphabet. It is the sibilant equivalent of voiced palatal affricate.
Features of the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate:
|Bengali||যখন||[d͡ʑɔkʰon]||'when'||See Bengali phonology|
|Catalan||All dialects||metge||[ˈmedd͡ʑə]||'doctor'||See Catalan phonology|
|Irish||Some dialects||[example needed]||Realization of the palatalized alveolar stop /dʲ/ in dialects such as Erris, Teelin and Tourmakeady. See Irish phonology|
|Japanese||知人/chijin||[t͡ɕid͡ʑĩɴ]||'acquaintance'||See Japanese phonology|
|Korean||편지/pyeonji||[pʰjɘːnd͡ʑi]||'letter'||See Korean phonology|
|Polish||dźwięk||[d͡ʑvjɛŋk] (help·info)||'sound'||See Polish phonology|
|Romanian||Banat dialect||des||[d͡ʑes]||'frequent'||Corresponds to [d] in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology|
|Russian||дочь бы||[ˈd̪o̞d͡ʑ bɨ]||'daughter would'||Allophone of /t͡ɕ/ before voiced consonants. See Russian phonology|
|Sema||aji||[à̠d͡ʑì]||'blood'||Possible allophone of /ʒ/ before /i, e/; can be realized as [ʑ ~ ʒ ~ d͡ʒ] instead.|
|Serbo-Croatian||ђаво / đavo||[d͡ʑâ̠ʋo̞ː]||'devil'||Merges with /d͡ʒ/ in most Croatian and some Bosnian accents. See Serbo-Croatian phonology|