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VITEZ is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
. It is administratively part of the Central Bosnia Canton
Central Bosnia Canton
of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Name * 2 History

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 1971 * 3.2 1991

* 4 Sport * 5 Notable people * 6 References * 7 External links

NAME

The word "vitez" literally means knight in the South Slavic languages , Bosnian ; Croatian ; Slovenian ; Serbian and Macedonian , it is also used in Hungarian . The Russian cognate is Vityaz .

HISTORY

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The first settlements belonged to the " Butmir Culture
Butmir Culture
". One of the most famous artifacts found from that age in Veliki Mošunj, is a "Big Bronze Sword", uniquely crafted. During Roman time, the first urban settlements are being built. Through the river Lašva valley there were communication routes in which the caravans, armies, missionaries, etc. used to travel.

On Castoriusovoj Tabuli Peutingeriani, there were caravan's routes from which the important one goes through this valley to connect from Pannonia at the North to Aegnatia at the South. U lower levels of the valley there were findings and lots of tombs, foundations, ... According to excavated articles from the middle age significant findings are discovered in ZABILJE, POčULICA, KREMENIK, GAčICE, VEčERISKA, PREOčICA etc.. During Big Migration in Europe, caused by the decay of Roman Empire, in this region the Slavs
Slavs
begin to come from nowadays Ukraine and Poland, and are organizing their first states. At nearby BILINO POLJE (Zenica) the great Bosnian ruler Kulin Ban left the Charter of Ban Kulin , the oldest written document of all South Slavic states, 29 August 1189, written in Bosančica (Old Bosnian Alphabet). In the time of Ban Stjepan Kotromanić there was a census in which old Bosnia had seven counties.

It is also known that Vitez
Vitez
was part of Bosnia until the decay of Bosnia when Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
occupied this region. This was the period in Vitez
Vitez
got its name. It is known that the first settlement in nowadays urban area was formed around the mosque, built in 1590. Knowing that mosques are being erected in urban areas, it is logical to say that this settlement existed even before. Vitez
Vitez
is mentioned once again during an uprising against Turks led by Husein Gradaščević , when he defeated Turkish Army at Kosovo
Kosovo
, after which he was named for Bosnian de facto ruler (Vezir). According to the Austrian officer Božića (1785), Vitez
Vitez
had 18 houses, mosque and Motel (Han).

After many centuries under the Ottoman rule, 1878 Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Vitez
Vitez
got occupied by Austro-Hungary
Austro-Hungary
Monarchy, and later 1908 annexed. During this time there were many changes in Bosnian society, both political and economical. For a short period they built many roads, railroads, mines,... But, unluckily only with goal to exploit Bosnian natural resources. At the place of old Turkish wood plant, Austrian entrepreneur Guido Rütgers built the enterprise for mechanical wood processing which was a milestone in a development of urban area. In 1879. Vitez
Vitez
had 510 inhabitants. Other companies existed as well, but were all owned by foreigners. It this period many people from parts of Monarchy came to work in Vitez, especially from Slovenia, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Switzerland.

DEMOGRAPHICS

1971

20,628 total

* Croats - 10,196 (49.42%) * Bosniaks
Bosniaks
- 8.527 (41,33%) * Serbs - 1,502 (7.28%) * Yugoslavs - 178 (0.86%) * Others - 225 (1.11%)

1991

In 1991 the population of the Vitez
Vitez
municipality was 27,859, of which were 45.49% Croats (12,675), 41.32% Bosniaks
Bosniaks
(11,514), 5.38% Serbs (1,501), 4.94% Yugoslavs (1,377), 2.87% others and unknown (792). The population of the town itself was 7,200:

* Bosniaks
Bosniaks
- 2,647 (36.76%) * Croats - 2,607 (36.20%) * Yugoslavs - 937 (13.01%) * Serbs - 741 (10.29%) * others and unknown - 268 (3.72%)

SPORT

The town is home to the association footballfootball club NK Vitez , basketball club HKK Vitez
Vitez
Paladij, handball club R.K. Vitez, table tennis club STK Vitez
Vitez
and STK CM Vitez.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Davor Badrov , singer * Sasha Skenderija , poet * Zlatan Bajramović , footballer * Vejsil Varupa , footballer * Galib Mujcic , footballer * Ante Rajkovic , footballer * Senad Galijasevic , musician

REFERENCES

* Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo
Sarajevo
1991.

EXTERNAL

.