Vinton Gray Cerf ForMemRS, (/sɜːrf/; born June 23, 1943) is an
American internet pioneer, who is recognized as one of "the fathers
of the internet", sharing this title with
TCP/IP co-inventor Bob
Kahn. His contributions have been acknowledged and lauded,
repeatedly, with honorary degrees and awards that include the National
Medal of Technology, the Turing Award, the Presidential Medal
of Freedom, the
Marconi Prize and membership in the National
Academy of Engineering.
In the early days, Cerf was a manager for the United States' Defense
Advanced Research Projects Agency (D.A.R.P.A.) funding various groups
TCP/IP technology. When the internet began to transition to
a commercial opportunity during the late 1980s, Cerf
moved to M.C.I. where he was instrumental in the development of the
first commercial E. mail system (MCI Mail) connected to the internet.
Cerf was instrumental in the funding and formation of I.C.A.N.N. from
the start. He waited a year before stepping forward to join the ICANN
Board, and eventually became chairman. He was elected as the president
Association for Computing Machinery
Association for Computing Machinery in May 2012, and in
August 2013 he joined the Council on CyberSecurity's Board of
Cerf is active in many organizations that are working to help the
internet deliver humanitarian value to the world. He is supportive of
innovative projects that are experimenting with new approaches to
global problems, including the digital divide, the gender gap, and the
changing nature of jobs. Cerf is also known for his sartorial style,
typically appearing in a three-piece suit—a rarity in an industry
known for its casual dress norms.
1 Life and career
2 Awards and honors
3 See also
4 Partial bibliography
6 Further reading
7 External links
Life and career
Vinton Cerf in Vilnius, September 2010
Cerf was born in New Haven, Connecticut, the son of Muriel (née
Gray), a housewife, and Vinton Thurston Cerf, an aerospace
executive. Cerf went to
Van Nuys High School
Van Nuys High School in California
Jon Postel and Steve Crocker; he wrote the former's
obituary. Both were also instrumental in the creation of the internet.
While in high school, Cerf worked at Rocketdyne on the Apollo program,
including helping to write statistical analysis software for the
non-destructive tests of the F-1 engines. Cerf's first job after
obtaining his B.S. degree in mathematics from
Stanford University was
at IBM, where he worked for two years as a systems engineer supporting
QUIKTRAN. He left
IBM to attend graduate school at
UCLA where he
earned his M.S. degree in 1970 and his PhD degree in 1972.
During his graduate student years, he studied under Professor Gerald
Estrin, worked in Professor Leonard Kleinrock's data packet networking
group that connected the first two nodes of the ARPANet, the
predecessor to the internet, and "contributed to a host-to-host
protocol" for the ARPANet. While at UCLA, he also met Bob Kahn,
who was working on the
ARPANet hardware architecture. After
receiving his doctorate, Cerf became an assistant professor at
Stanford University from 1972–1976, where he conducted research on
packet network interconnection protocols and co-designed the DoD
TCP/IP protocol suite with Kahn. Cerf then moved to
DARPA in 1976,
where he stayed until 1982.
Cerf playing Spacewar! on the Computer History Museum's PDP-1, ICANN
As vice president of M.C.I. Digital Information Services from 1982 to
1986, Cerf led the engineering of MCI Mail, the first commercial E.
mail service to be connected to the internet. In 1986, he joined Bob
Kahn at the
Corporation for National Research Initiatives as its vice
president, working with Kahn on Digital Libraries, Knowledge Robots,
and gigabit speed networks. It was during this time, in 1992, that he
and Kahn, among others, founded the
Internet Society (I.S.O.C.) to
provide leadership in education, policy and standards related to the
internet. Cerf served as the first president of I.S.O.C. Cerf rejoined
M.C.I. during 1994 and served as Senior Vice President of Technology
Strategy. In this role, he helped to guide corporate strategy
development from a technical perspective. Previously, he served as
M.C.I.'s senior vice president of Architecture and Technology, leading
a team of architects and engineers to design advanced networking
frameworks, including internet-based solutions for delivering a
combination of data, information, voice and video services for
business and consumer use.
During 1997, Cerf joined the Board of Trustees of Gallaudet
University, a university for the education of the deaf and
hard-of-hearing. Cerf himself is hard of hearing. He has also
served on the university's Board of Associates.
Cerf, as leader of M.C.I.'s internet business, was criticized due to
M.C.I.'s role in providing the I.P. addresses used by Send-Safe.com, a
vendor of spamware that uses a botnet in order to send spam. M.C.I.
refused to terminate the spamware vendor. At the time,
Spamhaus also listed M.C.I. as the I.S.P. with the most Spamhaus Block
Cerf has worked for
Google as a Vice President and Chief Internet
Evangelist since October 2005. In this function he has become well
known for his predictions on how technology will affect future
society, encompassing such areas as artificial intelligence,
environmentalism, the advent of
IPv6 and the transformation of the
television industry and its delivery model.
Since 2010, Cerf has served as a Commissioner for the Broadband
Commission for Digital Development, a UN body which aims to make
broadband internet technologies more widely available.
Cerf joined the board of the
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names
and Numbers (ICANN) in 1999, and served until November 2007. He
was chairman from November 2000 to his departure from the Board.
Cerf was a member of Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov's IT Advisory
Council (from March 2002 – January 2012). He is also a member of the
Advisory Board of Eurasia Group, the political risk consultancy.
Cerf is also working on the Interplanetary Internet, together with
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Jet Propulsion Laboratory and other
It will be a new standard to communicate from planet to planet, using
radio/laser communications that are tolerant of signal degradations
including variable delay and disruption caused, for example, by
On February 7th, 2006, Cerf testified before the U.S. Senate Committee
on Commerce, Science, and Transportation's hearing on network
neutrality. Speaking as Google's Chief
Internet Evangelist, Cerf noted
that nearly half of all consumers lacked meaningful choice in
broadband providers and expressed concerns that without network
neutrality government regulation, broadband providers would be able to
use their dominance to limit options for consumers and charge
Google for their use of bandwidth.
Cerf currently serves on the board of advisors of Scientists and
Engineers for America, an organization focused on promoting sound
science in American government. He also serves on the advisory
CRDF Global (Civilian Research and Development Foundation)
and was on the International Multilateral Partnership Against Cyber
Threats (IMPACT) International Advisory Board.
Cerf is chairman of the board of trustees of A.R.I.N., the Regional
Internet Registry (R.I.R.) of I.P. addresses for United States,
Canada, and part of the Caribbean. Until Fall 2015, Cerf chaired
the board of directors of StopBadware, a non-profit anti-malware
organization that started as a project at Harvard University's Berkman
Internet & Society. Cerf is on the board of
advisors to The Liquid Information Company Ltd of the UK, which works
to make the web more usefully interactive and which has produced the
Mac OS X utility called ‘Liquid'.
Vint Cerf is a member of the
CuriosityStream Advisory Board.
During 2008 Cerf chaired the
Internationalized domain name
Internationalized domain name (IDNAbis)
working group of the IETF. In 2008 Cerf was a major contender to
be designated the US's first Chief Technology Officer by President
Barack Obama. Cerf is the co-chair of
Campus Party Silicon Valley,
the US edition of one of the largest technology festivals in the
world, along with
Al Gore and Tim Berners-Lee. From 2009–2011,
Cerf was an elected member of the Governing Board of the Smart Grid
Interoperability Panel (SGIP). SGIP is a public-private consortium
established by NIST in 2009 and provides a forum for businesses and
other stakeholder groups to participate in coordinating and
accelerating development of standards for the evolving Smart Grid.
Cerf was elected to a two-year term as President of the Association
for Computing Machinery (ACM) beginning July 1, 2012. In 2015 Cerf
co-founded (with Mei Lin Fung), and is currently chairman of,
Internet (P.C.I.). On January 16, 2013, US
Barack Obama announced his intent to appoint Cerf to the
National Science Board.
Cerf is also among the 15 members of governing council of
International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad.
In June 2016 his work with NASA led to
Delay-tolerant networking being
installed on the
International Space Station
International Space Station with an aim towards an
Awards and honors
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Cerf and Bob E. Kahn being awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
by President George W. Bush
Cerf and Bulgarian President Parvanov being awarded the St. Cyril and
Methodius in the Coat of Arms Order
Cerf has received a number of honorary degrees, including doctorates,
from the University of the Balearic Islands,
ETHZ in Zurich,
Switzerland, Capitol College, Gettysburg College, Yale University,
George Mason University, Marymount University, Bethany College
(Kansas), University of Pisa, University of Rovira and Virgili
(Tarragona, Spain), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Luleå
University of Technology (Sweden),
University of Twente
University of Twente (Netherlands),
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Tsinghua
University (Beijing), Brooklyn Polytechnic, UPCT (University of
Cartagena, Spain), Zaragoza University (Spain), University of Reading
Royal Roads University
Royal Roads University (Canada), MGIMO (Moscow State
University of International Relations), Buenos Aires Institute of
Technology (Argentina), Polytechnic University of Madrid, Keio
University of South Australia
University of South Australia (Australia),
University of St Andrews
University of St Andrews (Scotland),
University of Pittsburgh
University of Pittsburgh and 
Gallaudet University (United States). Other awards include:
ACM Fellow (1994)
Edward A. Dickson Alumnus of the Year Award from UCLA
Prince of Asturias award for science and technology
Fellow of the IEEE, 1988, "for contributions and leadership in the
design, development, and application of internet protocols"
Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, 1994, for "vision
and leadership in the design, implementation, evolution, and
dissemination of the
TCP/IP computer communication protocol suite"
Yuri Rubinsky Memorial Award, 1996
SIGCOMM Award for "contributions to the
Internet [spanning] more than
25 years, from development of the fundamental
Certificate of Merit from The Franklin Institute, in 1996.
In December 1997 he, along with his partner Robert E. Kahn, was
presented with the
National Medal of Technology
National Medal of Technology by President Bill
Clinton, "for creating and sustaining development of Internet
Protocols and continuing to provide leadership in the emerging
industry of internetworking."
He received the
Living Legend Medal from the Library of Congress in
In 2000, he was made a Fellow of the
Computer History Museum
Computer History Museum "for his
contributions to computer architecture, operating systems, and
Cerf was selected as a Fellow of the Association for Women in Science
(AWIS) in 2000.
Cerf was awarded the Award of Technology from the Telluride Tech
Festival in 2002, also known as the Tesla Festival since the world's
first AC hydro-power power plant was built in Telluride in 1891 by
L.L. Nunn who purchased the generator and plans from George
Westinghouse and Tesla.
Cerf and Kahn were the winners of the
Turing Award for 2004, for
their "pioneering work on internetworking, including .. the Internet's
basic communications protocols .. and for inspired leadership in
In November 2005, Vinton Cerf and Kahn were awarded the Presidential
Medal of Freedom by President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush for their contributions
to the creation of the internet.
He and Robert Kahn were inducted into the National Inventors Hall of
Fame in May 2006
Vinton Cerf was awarded the St. Cyril and Methodius in the Coat of
Arms Order in July 2006
Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn were each inducted as an Honorary Fellow
Society for Technical Communication (STC) in May 2006
He and Robert Kahn were awarded the
Japan Prize in January 2008.
Cerf was inducted into the Worshipful Company of Information
Technologists and given the
Freedom of the City
Freedom of the City of London in April
Cerf was awarded an honorary membership in the Yale Political Union
after keynoting a lively debate on the subject "Resolved: Online
Communities are Real Communities." The motion passed.
In celebration of the five year-anniversary of YouTube he was selected
as a guest curator by the site, and chose the six videos on YouTube he
found most memorable.
In May 2011, he was awarded an HPI Fellowship as “[...]a tribute to
his work for a new medium which influenced the everyday life of our
society like no other one.”
In September 2011 he was made a distinguished fellow of British
Computer Society, in recognition of his outstanding contribution and
service to the advancement of computing.
In 2012 he was inducted as a Pioneer into the
Internet Hall of
In 2013, Cerf was one of five internet and web pioneers awarded the
inaugural Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering.
In 2013, Cerf presented the Bernard Price Memorial Lecture
In 2014, Cerf was awarded the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, 1st
class for his role in invention of
TCP/IP by president of Estonia
Toomas Hendrik Ilves
In 2014, Cerf was awarded Officer of the
French Légion d'honneur
French Légion d'honneur 
Cerf was elected a Foreign Member of The UK
Royal Society in 2016
In 2018, Cerf was named the recipient of Benjamin Franklin Medal
List of pioneers in computer science
Cerf at 2007 Los Angeles I.C.A.N.N. meeting
Vint Cerf, before his talk in memory of Dr.
John Niparko at the 2017
MidWinter Meeting of the
Association for Research in Otolaryngology
Association for Research in Otolaryngology in
Zero Text Length EOF Message (RFC 13, August 1969)
IMP-IMP and HOST-HOST Control Links (RFC 18, September 1969)
ASCII format for network interchange (RFC 20, October 1969)
Host-host control message formats (RFC 22, October 1969)
Data transfer protocols (RFC 163, May 1971)
PARRY encounters the DOCTOR (RFC 439, January 1973)
'Twas the night before start-up (RFC 968, December 1985)
Report of the second Ad Hoc Network Management Review Group,
RFC 1109, August 1989
Internet Activities Board, RFC 1120, September 1989
Thoughts on the National Research and Education Network,
RFC 1167, July 1990
Networks, Scientific American
Special Issue on Communications,
Computers, and Networks, September 1991
Internet Measurement Activities, October 1991
A VIEW FROM THE 21ST CENTURY, RFC 1607, April 1, 1994
An Agreement between the
Internet Society and Sun Microsystems, Inc.
in the Matter of ONC RPC and XDR Protocols, RFC 1790, April 1995
I REMEMBER IANA, RFC 2468, October 17, 1998
Memo from the Consortium for Slow Commotion Research (CSCR,
RFC 1217, April 1, 1999
Internet is for Everyone, RFC 3271, April 2002
Vinton Cerf, Robert Kahn, A Protocol for Packet Network
IEEE Transactions on Communications, May 1974)
Vinton Cerf, Y. Dalal, C. Sunshine, Specification of Internet
Transmission Control Program (RFC 675, December 1974)
Vinton Cerf, Jon Postel, Mail transition plan (RFC 771, September
Vinton Cerf, K.L. Mills Explaining the role of GOSIP, RFC 1169,
Clark, Chapin, Cerf, Braden, Hobby, Towards the Future Internet
Architecture, RFC 1287, December 1991
Vinton Cerf et al., A Strategic Plan for Deploying an
Directory Service, RFC 1430, February 1993
Vinton Cerf & Bob Kahn,
Al Gore and the Internet, 2000-09-28
Vinton Cerf et al.,
Internet Radio Communication System July 9, 2002,
U.S. Patent 6,418,138
Vinton Cerf et al., System for Distributed Task Execution June 3,
2003, U.S. Patent 6,574,628
Vinton Cerf et al., Delay-Tolerant Networking Architecture
(Informational Status), RFC 4838, April 2007
^ a b c Anon (2016). "Dr
Vint Cerf ForMemRS". London: Royal Society.
Archived from the original on 2016-04-29. One or more of the
preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org
“All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile
pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License.” --"
Royal Society Terms, conditions and
policies". Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved
March 9, 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
^ a b c d e f g h i j Cerf's curriculum vitae as of February 2001,
attached to a transcript of his testimony that month before the United
States House Energy Subcommittee on
Telecommunications and the
Internet, from I.C.A.N.N.'s website
^ "Governing Council - IIIT Hyderabad". www.iiit.ac.in.
^ Gore Deserves
Internet Credit, Some Say, a March 1999 Washington
^ a b Cerf's up at Google, from the
Google Press Center
^ a b Cerf, Vinton (1972). Multiprocessors, Semaphores, and a Graph
Model of Computation (PhD thesis). University of California, Los
Angeles. OCLC 4433713032.
^ (see Interview with Vinton Cerf Archived June 9, 2007, at the
Wayback Machine., from a January 2006 article in Government Computer
News), Cerf is willing to call himself one of the internet fathers,
Bob Kahn and
Leonard Kleinrock in particular as being others
with whom he should share that title.
^ Cerf, V. G. (2009). "The day the
Internet age began". Nature. 461
(7268): 1202–1203. doi:10.1038/4611202a. PMID 19865146.
^ "ACM Turing Award, list of recipients". Awards.acm.org. Archived
from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved December 2,
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell Medal". Ieee.org. July 7, 2009.
Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ a b Cerf wins
Turing Award February 16, 2005
^ a b 2005
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients from the White
^ ACM Elects
Vint Cerf as President Archived May 26, 2012, at the
Wayback Machine. from the ACM website
^ "Advisory Board" Archived September 17, 2013, at the Wayback
Machine., Council on CyberSecurity website. Retrieved September 27,
Vint Cerf looks to the future", Todd Bishop,
Seattle P-I, July 23, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
^ Ghosh, Pallab. "Google's
Vint Cerf warns of 'digital Dark Age'". BBC
News. BBC. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
^ Jerome, Richard (September 18, 2000). "Lending An Ear –
Health, Real People Stories". People. Retrieved December 2,
^ "Vinton Gray Cerf Biography". BookRags.com. Retrieved December 2,
^ Wientjes, Greg (2011). Creative Genius in Technology : Mentor
Principles from Life Stories of Geniuses and Visionaries of the
Singularity. p. 93. ISBN 978-1463727505.
UCLA School of Engineering Alumnus Chosen for Prestigious Turing
UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science.
Spring 2005. Archived from the original on 2006-03-05.
^ a b "
Internet predecessor turns 30". CNN. 1999-09-02. Archived from
the original on July 25, 2008.
^ a b c "INTERNET PIONEERS CERF AND KAHN TO RECEIVE ACM TURING AWARD".
^ Dr. Vinton G. Cerf Appointed to Gallaudet University's Board of
Trustees Archived August 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., from that
^ "Vinton Cerf – Father of the Internet, Vinton Cerf".
Deafness.about.com. August 28, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "Board of Associates". Gallaudet University. Archived from the
original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
^ Socks the Whitehouse Cat (February 19, 2005). "Re: ACM ethics
complaint against Cerf – first draft". Newsgroup: comp.org.acm.
Retrieved June 9, 2014.
^ McWilliams, Brian (February 16, 2005). "Protest brewing against
Internet pioneer". Spam Kings Blog. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
^ Socks the Whitehouse Cat (February 25, 2005). "ACM ethics complaint
against Cerf – first draft". Newsgroup: comp.org.acm. Retrieved
June 9, 2014.
^ The Daily Telegraph, August 2007
ICANN Board of Directors – Vinton G. Cerf". Icann.org.
February 14, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "Eurasia Group". Eurasia Group. Archived from the original on
September 28, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "The InterPlaNetary
Internet Project IPN
Special Interest Group".
Ipnsig.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "Testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce" (PDF).
Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ SEA’s Board of Advisors. sefora.org
^ "Govt red tape adds to security threats", Vivian Yeo, ZDNet, October
^ "ARIN Announces Newly Elected Board of Trustees". Arin.net.
Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "Board of Directors". StopBadware. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
^ "Harvard's Berkman Center and the Oxford
Internet Institute Unveil
StopBadware.org Backed by Google, Lenovo, Sun; Consumer Reports
WebWatch Takes Unpaid
Special Advisor Role". StopBadware. January 23,
2006. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "The Liquid Information Company". Liquid.info. Retrieved July 1,
CuriosityStream Advisory Board". Retrieved 31 August 2015.
^ "IDNAbis WG". Tools.ietf.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "The 5 best jobs Obama has yet to fill – Craig Gordon and Ben
Smith". Politico.Com. December 4, 2008. Retrieved December 2,
^ Daniel Ben-Horin (November 21, 2011). "The Kids Are Alright: Campus
Party, Silicon Valley Tech Festival Rocks NASA". Huffington Post.
Retrieved March 6, 2013.
Smart Grid Interoperability Panel Launched; Governing Board
Elected". Retrieved November 19, 2009.
^ "ACM Elects
Vint Cerf as President". ACM. Archived from the original
on May 26, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
^ "Economies grow far better with inclusivity and compromise".
DailyNation. November 23, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
^ "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". Retrieved
January 20, 2013.
^ "Governing Council". International Institute of Information
Technology, Hyderabad. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
^ Mahoney, Erin (21 June 2016). "Space
Internet Technology Debuts on
the International Space Station".
^ , website news archive, last accessed June 24, 2015
^ "Vinton Cerf M.S. '70, PhD '72
UCLA Alumni". Alumni.ucla.edu.
Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "SIGCOMM Awards". Sigcomm.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "Office of Science and Technology Policy The White House".
Ostp.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "National Medals of Science and Technology Foundation".
^ "Vinton Cerf". Computer History Museum. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
^ "ACM: Fellows Award / Vinton G. Cerf". amturing.acm.org. June 4,
2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
^ "ISOC-Bulgaria: IT-delegation in Sofia". Isoc.bg. Retrieved December
^ 2008 (24th)
Japan Prize Laureate[dead link]
^ MINUTES OF THE FLOOR MEETING OF THE YALE POLITICAL UNION. Yale.edu,
April 15, 2009
^ FiveYear. "Vint Cerf's Top YouTube Videos". Youtube. Retrieved
December 2, 2011.
^ “Vinton G. Cerf, who developed together with Robert E. Kahn the
TCP/IP protocol was awarded as a HPI Fellow on May 25th 2011. The HPI
award is a tribute to his work for a new medium which influenced the
everyday life of our society like no other one.” "HPI Fellows &
Guests". Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved May 27,
^ British Computer Society. "
Vint Cerf named BCS Distinguished
Fellow". Retrieved September 28, 2011.
^ 2012 Inductees,
Internet Hall of Fame
Internet Hall of Fame website. Last accessed April
^ "2013 Winners Announced" Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering
^ "62nd Bernard Price Memorial Lecture". South African Institute of
Electrical Engineers (SAIEE). September 5, 2013. Retrieved 25
^ "Bearers of decorations – Vinton Gray Cerf". Retrieved 25
^ "Vinton Cerf Appointed an Officer of the Legion of Honor".
^ "Vinton Gray Cerf". November 2, 2017.
^ Thomas C Greene (2000-10-02). "Net builders Kahn, Cerf recognise Al
Gore: Grateful for the inventor's genius". The Register (UK). Archived
from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
Cerf, Vinton G. (April 24, 1990), Oral history interview with Vinton
G. Cerf, Minnesota, Minneapolis: Charles Babbage Institute
Cerf, Vinton (May 17, 1999), Dr. Vinton Cerf: An Interview Conducted
by David Hochfelder, Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Vint Cerf
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vint Cerf.
Bio at Google
Vint Cerf on the
Vint Cerf on "Reinventing the Internet" (YouTube). Internet
Society. (May 13, 2013)
Vint Cerf at TED
Awards and achievements
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell Medal
with Bob Kahn
Internet Hall of Fame
Elizabeth J. Feinler
Peter T. Kirstein
J. C. R. Licklider†
Tan Tin Wee
Douglas Van Houweling
John Perry Barlow
Anne-Marie Eklund Löwinder
Yvonne Marie Andres
Tracy LaQuey Parker
Turing Award laureates
Alan Perlis (1966)
Maurice Vincent Wilkes (1967)
Richard Hamming (1968)
Marvin Minsky (1969)
James H. Wilkinson (1970)
John McCarthy (1971)
Edsger W. Dijkstra
Edsger W. Dijkstra (1972)
Charles Bachman (1973)
Donald Knuth (1974)
Allen Newell /
Herbert A. Simon
Herbert A. Simon (1975)
Michael O. Rabin
Michael O. Rabin /
Dana Scott (1976)
John Backus (1977)
Robert W. Floyd (1978)
Kenneth E. Iverson
Kenneth E. Iverson (1979)
Tony Hoare (1980)
Edgar F. Codd
Edgar F. Codd (1981)
Stephen Cook (1982)
Ken Thompson /
Dennis Ritchie (1983)
Niklaus Wirth (1984)
Richard Karp (1985)
John Hopcroft /
Robert Tarjan (1986)
John Cocke (1987)
Ivan Sutherland (1988)
William Kahan (1989)
Fernando J. Corbató
Fernando J. Corbató (1990)
Robin Milner (1991)
Butler Lampson (1992)
Juris Hartmanis /
Richard E. Stearns
Richard E. Stearns (1993)
Edward Feigenbaum /
Raj Reddy (1994)
Manuel Blum (1995)
Amir Pnueli (1996)
Douglas Engelbart (1997)
Jim Gray (1998)
Fred Brooks (1999)
Andrew Yao (2000)
Ole-Johan Dahl /
Kristen Nygaard (2001)
Ron Rivest /
Adi Shamir /
Leonard Adleman (2002)
Alan Kay (2003)
Vint Cerf /
Bob Kahn (2004)
Peter Naur (2005)
Frances E. Allen
Frances E. Allen (2006)
Edmund M. Clarke
Edmund M. Clarke /
E. Allen Emerson /
Joseph Sifakis (2007)
Barbara Liskov (2008)
Charles P. Thacker
Charles P. Thacker (2009)
Leslie G. Valiant (2010)
Judea Pearl (2011)
Shafi Goldwasser /
Silvio Micali (2012)
Leslie Lamport (2013)
Michael Stonebraker (2014)
Martin Hellman /
Whitfield Diffie (2015)
Tim Berners-Lee (2016)
John L. Hennessy
John L. Hennessy / David Patterson (2017)
Cable protection system
Prepay mobile phone
The Telephone Cases
Timeline of communication technology
Undersea telegraph line
Edwin Howard Armstrong
John Logie Baird
Alexander Graham Bell
Jagadish Chandra Bose
Lee de Forest
Erna Schneider Hoover
Charles K. Kao
Alexander Stepanovich Popov
Johann Philipp Reis
Vladimir K. Zworykin
Free-space optical communication
Network switching (circuit
Public Switched Telephone
World Wide Web
Fellows of the
Royal Society elected in 2016
Jas Pal Badyal
Marcus du Sautoy
Corinne Le Quéré
Simon Peyton Jones
ISNI: 0000 0000 7850 7187
BNF: cb15972669z (data)