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WILLIAM VINCENT ASTOR (November 15, 1891 – February 3, 1959) was a businessman, philanthropist , and member of the prominent Astor family .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Interests * 3 Philanthropy * 4 Marriages

* 5 Wartime service in the United States Navy

* 5.1 World War I * 5.2 World War II
World War II

* 6 Death * 7 Mount Astor * 8 References * 9 External links

EARLY LIFE

Called Vincent, he was born in New York City
New York City
on November 15, 1891. He was the son of John Jacob Astor IV , millionaire and inventor and his first wife, Ava Lowle Willing , an heiress from Philadelphia
Philadelphia
.

He graduated from St. George\'s School , in Middletown, Rhode Island , in 1910 and attended Harvard University
Harvard University
from 1911 to 1912, leaving school without graduating.

INTERESTS

Like his father, Vincent belonged to the New York Society of Colonial Wars . He served as commodore of the New York Yacht Club from 1928 to 1930.

Astor was interested in trains. In the early 1930s, he established an estate in Bermuda
Bermuda
which included a private narrow-gauge railway and union station with the Bermuda
Bermuda
Railway . The estate is now divided between several private owners, none of whom are part of the Astor family. As recently as 1992, the remains of some of his rolling stock were visible.

PHILANTHROPY

Vincent Astor
Vincent Astor
was, according to Astor family biographer Derek Wilson, "a hitherto unknown phenomenon in America: an Astor with a highly developed social conscience." He was 20 when his father died and having inherited a massive fortune, Vincent Astor
Vincent Astor
dropped out of Harvard University
Harvard University
. He set about to change the family image from that of miserly, aloof slum landlords who enjoyed the good life at the expense of others. Over time, he sold off the family's New York City slum housing and reinvested in reputable enterprises while spending a great deal of time and energy helping others. He was responsible for the construction of a large housing complex in the Bronx that included sufficient land for a large children's playground, and in Harlem
Harlem
, he transformed a valuable piece of real estate into another playground for children.

Vincent Astor
Vincent Astor
appeared as No. 12 on the first list of America's richest people, compiled by _Forbes _ magazine. His net worth at the time was estimated at $75 million.

Amongst his holdings was _ Newsweek _ magazine which had for a time its headquarters in the former Knickerbocker Hotel that had been built by Vincent Astor's father; he was the magazine's chairman. He also inherited Ferncliff, the Astor family's 2,800-acre (11 km2) estate near Rhinebeck, New York , where his father had been born. Vincent Astor, however, would be the last family owner of the estate and occupant of the "Ferncliff Casino", a Stanford White —McKim Mead "> Helen Dinsmore Huntington Helen Dinsmore Huntington

Astor married Helen Dinsmore Huntington, on April 30, 1914. At the ceremony, he was stricken with the mumps , a disease that made him sterile; as for the bride, her friend Glenway Wescott , the novelist, admiringly described her in his unpublished diaries as "a grand, old-fashioned lesbian." The couple divorced in 1940. A year later, Helen became the second wife of Lytle Hull (1882-1958), a real-estate broker who was a friend and business associate of her former husband. Mary Benedict Cushing

Shortly after his divorce, Astor married Mary Benedict Cushing , the eldest daughter of Dr. Harvey Williams Cushing and Katharine Stone Crowell. Mary's sisters were Betsey Maria Cushing and Barbara "Babe" Cushing . They divorced in September 1953, and the following month, Mary wed James Whitney Fosburgh, a painter who worked as an art lecturer at the Frick Museum . Roberta Brooke Russell

On October 8, 1953, several weeks after divorcing his second wife, Astor married the once-divorced, once-widowed Roberta Brooke Russell . According to an oft-told story in society circles, Astor agreed to divorce his second wife only after she had found him a replacement spouse. Her first suggestion was Janet Newbold Ryan Stewart Bush, the newly divorced wife of James Smith Bush II (brother of Prescott Bush ), who turned Astor down with startling candor, saying, "I don't even like you." Astor proceeded to tell her that he was not well and, though only in his early 60s, he could not be expected to live for very long, whereupon she would inherit his millions. At that, Janet Bush reportedly replied, "What if you do live?" Mary Cushing then proposed Brooke. Together, Vincent and Brooke developed the Vincent Astor Foundation, a foundation that was designed to give back to New York City . Brooke died in 2007 at the age of 105.

WARTIME SERVICE IN THE UNITED STATES NAVY

WORLD WAR I

Astor joined the Naval Reserve shortly after it was founded and was commissioned as an ensign on December 28, 1915. He was called to active duty as part of the New York Naval Militia in February 1917 by order of Governor Charles S. Whitman to help guard bridges and aqueducts against possible German sabotage. Vincent was assigned to help guard the Brooklyn and Manhattan
Manhattan
bridges.

Following the declaration of war against Germany, Vincent took advice from his friend and future president Franklin Delano Roosevelt and volunteered for active duty with the Navy on April 7, 1917. He went overseas on June 9 on the USS _Noma_ (Astor's own yacht which had been acquired as a patrol ship by the Navy). He was later assigned to the armed yacht USS _Aphrodite_ .

He was promoted to lieutenant (junior grade) on January 1, 1918, and to lieutenant on July 1, 1918. He was joined in France by his wife, who did charity work with the YMCA
YMCA
at the naval base in Bordeaux, while he served as Port Officer at Royan .

His last assignment was as an officer on the captured German minelaying submarine _U-117_ during her voyage to the United States. Astor returned to the United States on the _U-117_ on April 25, 1919, and was discharged on May 24.

After the war, Astor became a companion of the Naval Order of the United States .

WORLD WAR II

In the quiet before the war, Astor sailed the _Nourmahal _ in 1938 to Japan on a secret civilian mission for President Franklin D. Roosevelt to gather intelligence on the Marshall Islands. As he had done with the _Noma_ in the First World War, he loaned his yacht _Nourmahal _ to the Coast Guard for service in the Second World War.

In World War II
World War II
, Astor again served on active duty with the Navy. He was called to active duty with the rank of commander.

Perhaps Astor's longer lasting contributions were his weekly reports from the Chase Bank where his inside access included USSR
USSR
account balances. On 13 Dec 1940, Astor began reporting to the US Treasury
US Treasury
the Soviet weekly balances in an unbroken sequence (made by occasional substitutes) up through at least 1945.

During the early months of 1942, he suggested equipping fishing boats with radios so they could report U-boat sightings. One boat so equipped was Ernest Hemingway 's fishing yacht _Pilar _.

In June 1943 he was promoted to the rank of captain (with date of rank June 18, 1942).

For his service in the Navy, Captain Astor was awarded the Navy Commendation Medal , Naval Reserve Medal with star, World War I Victory Medal , American Defense Service Medal
American Defense Service Medal
, American Campaign Medal , and World War II
World War II
Victory Medal .

DEATH

Vincent died on February 3, 1959, of a heart attack at his apartment at 120 East End Avenue in Manhattan
Manhattan
. Astor left all of his money to the Vincent Astor
Vincent Astor
foundation and Brooke, surprising many. She continued his philanthropic work. Vincent Astor
Vincent Astor
was first interred on his "Ferncliff Courts " estate _("Astor Courts")_ on the Hudson River near Rhinebeck, New York . When Brooke later disposed of the property he was reinterred in the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Sleepy Hollow, New York . Brooke is buried next to him.

His half-brother Jakey felt cheated and resentfully stated Vincent "had the legal, not the moral right to keep all the money". Jakey sued Brooke to inherit his money. He was certain that Vincent was "mentally incompetent" when signing his last will in June 1958 due to frequent smoking and alcoholism, though Brooke insisted otherwise. While Vincent was hospitalized, Brooke would often bring him liquor. Jakey accused her of using the liquor to influence the will in her favor. Jakey ended up settling for $250,000. The rest of money remained with the Vincent Astor
Vincent Astor
foundation and Brooke.

MOUNT ASTOR

A mountain in Antarctica
Antarctica
bears Astor's name. Rising to a height of 3,710 m, Mount Astor is located in the Hays Mountains of the Queen Maud Range , and was named by Rear Admiral Richard Byrd on his November 1929 expedition flight to the