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Villa del Priorato di Malta
Villa del Priorato di Malta
or Magistral Villa,[1] located on the Aventine Hill
Aventine Hill
in Rome, is one of the two institutional seats of the government of the Sovereign Order of Malta. Along with Magistral Palace, the estate is granted extraterritorial status by Italy. It also hosts the Grand Priory
Priory
of Rome
Rome
and the embassy of the Sovereign Order of Malta
Order of Malta
to Italy.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Site

2.1 Keyhole

3 Notes

History[edit] The site, on a rise directly overlooking the Tiber
Tiber
and access to the Roman Pons Sublicius, was already a fortified Benedictine monastery
Benedictine monastery
in the tenth century. The monastery passed to the Templars
Templars
and after the destruction of their order, to the Knights Hospitallers, predecessors of the present Order of Malta. Radical rebuilding was undertaken in the 15th through 17th centuries. The villa was granted extraterritoriality in 1869.[3] On the piano nobile is an assemblage of portraits of the Grand Masters of the Order. Site[edit] The site is reached by via Santa Sabina, which ends in the small, picturesque piazza dei Cavallieri di Malta enclosed on two sides by the cypresses of the garden of the Benedictines backing the fantasy screen of obelisks and stele constructed in 1765 to designs by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, one of the very few executed designs by this etcher of Roman views who prided himself on being an architect.[4] Ahead rises the Neo-Romanesque campanile of the Church of San Anselmo (1893-1900) attached to the international Benedictine seminary (Seminario Internazionale Benedettino). Keyhole[edit]

People waiting to get a view of Saint Peter's Basilica
Saint Peter's Basilica
through the keyhole of the door leading to the Villa Malta.

At the northern side of the square the monumental entrance screen is located, also designed by Piranesi under commission from Cardinal Carlo Rezzonico, nephew of Pope Clement XIII. The Villa is arguably best known for a small keyhole (Il Buco Della Serratura) in the arch-headed central portone, through which the copper-green dome of Saint Peter's Basilica, the center of Roman Catholicism, can be viewed at the end of a garden allée framed in clipped cypresses.[5]

Santa Maria del Priorato, by Giovanni Battista Piranesi

The parterre garden links the villa with the Order's Church of Santa Maria del Priorato, an ancient church completely redesigned by Piranesi in 1765, affording perhaps the earliest example in Rome
Rome
of Neoclassical architecture.[6] Its facade is capped with a low pediment; paired pilasters on either side of the door have fanciful capitals each formed of a tower flanked by seated sphinxes; other elements of the classical vocabulary are also combined in fanciful and personal ways.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Villa del Priorato dei Cavalieri di Malta (Rome).

Notes[edit]

^ The Villa in the website of the Sovereign Order of Malta ^ OrderOfMalta.int ^ WorldStatesmen.org ^ Touring Club Italiano, Roma e dintorni, 1965:416. ^ TCI 1965:417; AndrewPatton.com ^ TCI 1965:417.

v t e

 Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Order of Malta
topics

Catholic
Catholic
order of chivalry and sovereign subject of international law, founded in 1099 in Jerusalem,  Kingdom of Jerusalem

Organisation

Grand Master Governance Grand Priories, Bailiwicks, Commanderies, Associations Foreign relations (Diplomacy)

Auxiliaries

Malteser International Order of Malta
Order of Malta
Ambulance Corps Military Corps: Air Force (Historically: Navy)

Culture

Maltese cross Flag and coat of arms Anthem Orders, decorations, and medals

Society

Religion Language (Langues) Passports Currency Postal system

History, including major territories, premises, and battles of the Knights Hospitaller

Rome

Palazzo Malta
Palazzo Malta
(capital) (1869) Villa del Priorato di Malta
Villa del Priorato di Malta
(1869)

Malta

Fortifications

Birgu
Birgu
( Fort St. Angelo
Fort St. Angelo
(2001)) Senglea (Fort St. Michael)^ Mdina Valletta
Valletta
(Fort St. Elmo) Cittadella Floriana Lines Santa Margherita Lines Cottonera Lines Fort Ricasoli Fort Manoel Fort Chambray Fort Tigné others

Palaces

Grand Master's Palace Palazzo Vilhena Verdala Palace San Anton Palace

Churches

Church of Saint Barbara Church of Our Lady of Liesse Church of Saint Catherine Church of Our Lady of Pilar Church of Saint Lawrence Conventual Church of Saint John Church of Our Lady of Victories

Auberges in Birgu

Auberge d'Allemagne^ Auberge d'Angleterre Auberge d'Aragon Auberge d'Auvergne
Auberge d'Auvergne
et Provence Auberge de Castille
Auberge de Castille
et Portugal Auberge de France Auberge d'Italie^

Auberges in Valletta

Auberge d'Allemagne^ Auberge d'Aragon Auberge d'Auvergne^ Auberge de Bavière Auberge de Castille Auberge de France^ Auberge d'Italie Auberge de Provence

Caribbean

Saint Kitts
Saint Kitts
(1651-1665) Saint Martin
Saint Martin
(1651-1665) Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
(1651-1665) Saint Croix (1660-1665)

Rhodes

Fortifications Palace
Palace
of the Grand Master Anatolia: Bodrum Castle

Holy Land

Saint John d'Acre Arqa Abu Ghosh Belvoir Fortress Chastel Rouge Church of Saint John the Baptist Church of Saint Mary of the Germans Coliath^ Gibelacar Krak des Chevaliers Margat Mount Tabor^

Military history

Crusades

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th

Battles

Siege of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(1187) Battle of Arsuf
Battle of Arsuf
(1191) Siege of Acre (1291) Hospitaller conquest of Rhodes Siege of Rhodes
Rhodes
(1480) Siege of Rhodes
Rhodes
(1522) Invasion of Gozo (1551) Siege of Tripoli (1551) Great Siege of Malta
Great Siege of Malta
(1565) Battle of Lepanto
Battle of Lepanto
(1571) French invasion of Malta
French invasion of Malta
(1798)

Extant extraterritoriality (with year of proclamation) World Heritage Site, UNESCO ^ Demolished or sparse remains Pope portal Catholicism portal

Coordinates: 41°53′01″N 12°28′39″E / 41.88361°N 12.47750°E /

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