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Villány (German: Wieland, Croatian: Viljan, Biljan, Vilanje,[1] Serbian: Виљан, translit. Viljan) is a town in Baranya county, Hungary that is famous for its wine. Residents are Magyars, with minority of Serbs.

Etymology

The name derives from the Hungarian word for lightning, villám. Formerly (centuries ago), the settlement was recorded under this form of name.

History

Cancelled in 1900 in the Kingdom of Hungary

After the Ottoman occupation until 1918, VILLÁNY was part of the Austrian monarchy, province of Hungary;[2] in Transleithania after the compromise of 1867 in the Kingdom of Hungary. A post-office was opened end of 1867 (depending from Oedenburg Post Directorate).[3]

Geography

The city is located in the encounter of three large geographical regions: the Great Hungarian Plain from the south, Baranya Hills from the north, and finally Villány Mountains border it from the west. On the plain, agricultural activity is common. The mountains and the hills provide a suitable place for wine producing.

A fossil site known as "Villány locality 6" or "Villány-Kalkberg Süd" has yielded many vertebrate fossils from Lower Pleistocene.[4]

Demographics

A scene in Villány Mountains
Winehouses of Villány

The settlement's population, divided to age groups:

Group 2006
0–5 years old 108
6–13 years old 204
14–17 years old 143
18–54 years old 1450
55–69 years old 328
over 70 404

Twin towns — sister cities

Villány is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ (in Croatian) "Folia onomastica croatica 14/2005".  (462 KB) Živko Mandić: Hrvatska imena naseljenih mjesta u Madžarskoj,
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
  3. ^ Die Poststempel auf der Freimarken-Ausgabe 1867 von Österreich und Ungarn, Edwin Mueller, 1930 (in German)
  4. ^ "Villany locality 6 (Pleistocene of Hungary)". Paleobiology Database. Fossilworks. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 

External links