The Vilayet of Syria
( ota|ولايت سوريه|Vilâyet-i Suriye), also known as Vilayet of Damascus,
[''Geographical Dictionary of the World in the early 20th Century''](_blank)
Logos Press, New Delhi, 1906.
was a first-level administrative division (vilayet
) of the Ottoman Empire
At the beginning of the 20th century, it reportedly had an area of , while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 1,000,000.
by A. H. Keane, page 460
The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.
In 1864, the Vilayet Law
[''The Arabs of the Ottoman Empire, 1516–1918: A Social and Cultural History''](_blank)
pp. 177, 181-182. Bruce Masters, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
The new provincial law was implemented in Damascus
in 1865, and the reformed province was named Suriyya/Suriye, reflecting a growing historical consciousness among the local intellectuals.
Jerusalem was separated from the rest of the province, and made into an independent sanjak of Jerusalem
that reported directly to Istanbul, rather than Damascus. Mount Lebanon
had been similarly made into a self-governing mutesarrifate
In 1872, a new administrative region was created, with its center in Ma'an
, but the costs for the new administrative unit far outweighed the revenues, and it was closed the following year.
In 1884, the governor of Damascus made a proposal to establish a new vilayet of southern Syria
, though nothing came out of this.
In 1888, a vilayet of Beirut
was formed from the vilayet of Syria.
In May 1892, another proposal was made for a regional government centered in Ma'an, which was approved in August.
In mid-1895, the centre of this mutasarrifiyya
was moved to Karak
(Mutasarrifate of Karak
), marking the southernmost extent of Ottoman rule in the vilayet of Syria.
As of 1897, the Vilayet Syria was divided into four sanjaks
. The Vilayet's capital was Damascus.
[''First Encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913–1936''](_blank)
File:Ottoman levant.png|Map of Ottoman Levant showing the Beirut Vilayet and its Sanjaks and the Syria Vilayet and its Sanjaks.
File:Ottoman Asia (partial, 1893).jpg|1893 map of administrative divisions of Ottoman Asia
File:Ottoman Empire Administrative Divisions.png|A map showing the administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire in 1317 Hijri, 1899 Gregorian, Including the Beirut Vilayet and its Sanjaks and the Syria/Damascus Vilayet and its Sanjaks.
Volume II, p. 909. BRILL, 1927, 1993.
* Ottoman Syria
* Administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire
Category:Vilayets of the Ottoman Empire in Asia
Category:1865 establishments in the Ottoman Empire
Category:1918 disestablishments in the Ottoman Empire